The Pars (Turkish for Anatolian leopard) is an amphibious armoured combat vehicle family with 4x4, 6×6 and 8×8 versions, produced by FNSS Defence Systems of Turkey.
|Type||Armoured combat vehicle|
|Place of origin||Turkey|
|In service||2005 – Present|
|Used by||See Operators|
|Designer||FNSS Defence Systems|
|Manufacturer||FNSS Defence Systems|
|Produced||2005 – present|
|No. built||172 (6x6) & (8x8) ordered by Oman|
|Variants||Armored personnel carrier, Infantry fighting vehicle|
|Length||5 m (FNSS Pars 4x4), 6.6 m (FNSS Pars 6×6), 8 m (FNSS Pars8×8), 8,11 m (GPV Colonel), 9,26 m (GPV General) |
|Crew||5 (FNSS Pars 4x4), 10 (FNSS Pars 6×6), 14 (FNSS Pars 8×8), 14 (GPV Colonel), 18 (GPV General) |
|Armor||Baseline 7.62mm AP all-around up to STANAG-4569 Level 4|
|25 mm FNSS Sharpshooter Turret|
|7.62 mm coaxial machine gun|
|Engine||Deutz or Caterpillar Diesel|
500-600 hp (6×6 and 8×8)
|Power/weight||20.4 to 24.5 hp/ton|
|Suspension||semi-automatic computer-controlled pneumatic suspension|
|1,000 km (620 mi)|
|Maximum speed||100 km/h (62 mph) on land, 8 km/h (4.97 mph) on water|
The development of the PARS vehicles commenced in 2002, based on a design by US company GPV (General Purpose Vehicles), and in cooperation with GPV.[unreliable source?] PARS 4x4 and PARS 6x6 is being proposed for the Turkish Army. PARS 8x8 was first displayed in February 2005 during the IDEX defence equipment exhibition held in Abu Dhabi. GPV offered 2 more technically different vehicles, the 8x8 GPV Colonel and the 10x10 GPV General. Since the first PARS vehicles were shown in 2005 development and further enhancements have been carried out on a continuous basis.[unreliable source?]
It was demonstrated in the deserts of the UAE in 2008 covering 11,000 km of desert and road trials. Further testing was again carried out in the UAE deserts in 2010. The PARS 8x8, fitted with a 25mm gun turret, was also successfully tested by another Middle Eastern country in the summer of 2010.
On March 29, 2022, FNSS and Deftech proposed the PARS III 6x6 for Malaysian military service.
The baseline PARS has a hull consisting of a steel armour.
The driver and commander are seated in a cockpit at the front of the vehicle. Each has a single-piece roof hatch that opens to the side. Both have access to flat-panel displays, on which all relevant information is shown. The seating arrangement depends on the role but the troops are normally seated on individual seats down each side of the hull facing inwards. These shock-absorbing seats are fitted with five-point seatbelts as standard. A large ramp fitted at the rear section will be used for entry and exit of troops.
The modular design of the PARS will incorporate external turrets or weapon stations depending on user requirements. It could be a one or two-man turret or a remotely operated weapon station. To allow for PARS to be rapidly reconfigured for different operational roles, all members of the PARS family have removable roofing so that they can be quickly converted for a wide range of specialist roles.
The PARS 8x8 vehicle was examined by the Malaysian Army competing with the Swiss Mowag Piranha and the Finnish Patria AMV for the implementation of technology to the first Malaysian indigenous armoured vehicle. AV8 Gempita was the result of Malaysian-Turkey collaboration in Malaysia's first indigenous armoured vehicle project with the implementation of PARS technology to its new army armoured vehicle.
- Libya - 67 vehicles in both 6x6 & 8x8 configuration. Received from Turkey during the 2019-2020 Tripoli campaign.
- Oman - 172 vehicles in both 6x6 & 8X8 configuration. First delivery on 12 July 2017 and last in August 2020.
- Turkey - Undisclosed number on order and in service.
- Malaysia - 257 vehicles in both 6x6 & 8X8 configuration.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "FNSS Pars". Military Factory. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- ^ a b "GPV 8x8x8 colonel wheeled armoured vehicle personnel carrier army United States description identifi | GPV General Purpose vehicles variantes FR | Equipements et blindés de l'armée des Etats Unis". armyrecognition.com. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
- ^ a b c "GPV 10x10x10 General wheeled armoured vehicle personnel carrier army United States description ident". 29 July 2022. Archived from the original on 29 July 2022. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
- ^ Army Recognition website
- ^ "PARS 4x4 WHEELED ARMOURED COMBAT VEHICLE (WACV) Overview". FNSS. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
- ^ "PARS III 6x6 - FNSS Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş." Archived from the original on 1 September 2020. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
- ^ "PARS III - 8x8 WHEELED ARMOURED COMBAT VEHICLE (WACV) Overview". FNSS. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
- ^ a b GPV Colonel 8x8x8 Armoured Personnel Carrier. Army-technology.com. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- ^ "The Pars ... is based on a design made by the US company GPV". Defense-update.com. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
- ^ "FNSS Savunma Sistemleri Pars armoured fighting vehicle (Turkey) - Jan…". archive.ph. 27 January 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2022.
- ^ a b c d "Pars Combat Vehicle". Army-Technology. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- ^ "DSA 2022: DEFTECH and FNSS proposes PARS III 6x6 armored vehicle to Malaysian army | DSA 2022 News Official Show Daily | Defence security exhibitions 2022 show daily news category".
- ^ "FNSS Umman'a ilk PARS'ı teslim etti". SVT | Savunma ve Teknoloji (in Turkish). Retrieved 12 July 2017.
- ^ Binnie, Jeremy (12 July 2017). "Oman receives First Pars III IFVs". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
- ^ "Turkish Firm FNSS Completes Armored Vehicle Delivery to Oman".
- ^ "PARS SCOUT 8x8 and 6x6 Enter the Turkish Armed Forces' Inventory". 2019.
- ^ "طلب كبير على مركبة "بارس" التركية .. تعرف عليها بالتفصيل". 31 August 2021.
- ^ "Armor: Turkish Pars for Malaysia".
- ^ Azerbaijan could be interested to purchase the PARS armoured produced by FNSS of Turkey - Armyrecognition.com, 7 February 2014
- FNSS wheeled armored combat vehicle(Army recognition)
- FNSS Savunma Sistemleri manufacturer and supplier of armoured vehicles (Army recognition)
- FNSS official website