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FM-2030 (originally born as Fereidoun M. Esfandiary (Persian: فریدون اسفندیاری‎); October 15, 1930 – July 8, 2000) was a Belgian-born Iranian-American author, teacher, transhumanist philosopher, futurist, consultant and athlete.[1]

BornFereidoun M. Esfandiary
(1930-10-15)October 15, 1930
Brussels, Belgium
DiedJuly 8, 2000(2000-07-08) (aged 69)
New York City, New York, U.S.
OccupationWriter, philosopher, teacher, consultant
GenreScience fiction, futurology
Literary movementTranshumanism
Notable worksAre You a Transhuman?

He became notable as a transhumanist with the book Are You a Transhuman?: Monitoring and Stimulating Your Personal Rate of Growth in a Rapidly Changing World, published in 1989. In addition, he wrote a number of works of fiction under his original name F.M. Esfandiary.

Early life and educationEdit

The son of an Iranian diplomat, he travelled widely as a child, living in 17 countries by age 11; then, as a young man, he represented Iran as a basketball player at the 1948 Olympic Games in London[2] and served on the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine from 1952 to 1954.[3]

Name changeEdit

In the mid-1970s F.M. Esfandiary legally[2] changed his name to FM-2030 for two main reasons. Firstly, to reflect the hope and belief that he would live to celebrate his 100th birthday in 2030; secondly, and more importantly, to break free of the widespread practice of naming conventions that he saw as rooted in a collectivist mentality, and existing only as a relic of humankind's tribalistic past. He viewed traditional names as almost always stamping a label of collective identity - varying from gender to nationality - on the individual, thereby existing as prima facie elements of thought processes in the human cultural fabric, that tended to degenerate into stereotyping, factionalism, and discrimination. In his own words, "Conventional names define a person's past: ancestry, ethnicity, nationality, religion. I am not who I was ten years ago and certainly not who I will be in twenty years. [...] The name 2030 reflects my conviction that the years around 2030 will be a magical time. In 2030 we will be ageless and everyone will have an excellent chance to live forever. 2030 is a dream and a goal."[4]

Personal lifeEdit

He was a lifelong vegetarian and said he would not eat anything that had a mother.[5] FM-2030 once said, "I am a 21st century person who was accidentally launched in the 20th. I have a deep nostalgia for the future."[6] He taught at The New School, University of California, Los Angeles, and Florida International University.[1] He worked as a corporate consultant for Lockheed and J. C. Penney.[1] He was also an atheist.[7] FM-2030 was, in his own words, a follower of "upwing" politics, in which he meant that he endorsed universal progress.[8][9]


On July 8, 2000, FM-2030 died from pancreatic cancer and was placed in cryonic suspension at the Alcor Life Extension Foundation in Scottsdale, Arizona, where his body remains today. He did not yet have remote standby arrangements, so no Alcor team member was present at his death, but FM-2030 was the first person to be vitrified, rather than simply frozen as previous cryonics patients had been.[5] FM-2030 was survived by four sisters and one brother.[2]

Published worksEdit

  • The Day of Sacrifice (1959) available as an eBook
  • The Beggar (1965)
  • Identity Card (1966) (ISBN 0-460-03843-5) available as an eBook
  • Optimism one; the emerging radicalism (1970) (ISBN 0-393-08611-9)
  • UpWingers: A Futurist Manifesto (1973) (ISBN 0-381-98243-2) (pbk.) Available as an eBook ISBN FW00007527, Publisher: e-reads, Pub. Date: Jan 1973, File Size: 153K
  • Telespheres (1977) (ISBN 0-445-04115-3)
  • Are You a Transhuman?: Monitoring and Stimulating Your Personal Rate of Growth in a Rapidly Changing World (1989) (ISBN 0-446-38806-8).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Martin, Douglas (July 11, 2000). "Futurist Known as FM-2030 Is Dead at 69". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  2. ^ a b c "Futurist Known as FM-2030 Is Dead at 69". The New York Times. July 11, 2000. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  3. ^ "F. M. Esfandiary / FM-2030 Papers : 1943-2000" (PDF). May 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-26.
  4. ^ All Things Considered (2000-07-11). "Fm-2030". NPR. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  5. ^ a b Chamberlain, Fred (Winter 2000). "A Tribute to FM-2030" (PDF). Alcor Life Extension Foundation. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  6. ^ Greenwich Village Gazette (A Publication). "Greenwich Village Gazette: Columns: Gay Today: Jack Nichols". Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2011-03-12.
  7. ^ Esfandiary, F.M. Upwingers: A Futurist Manifesto. p. 185.
  8. ^ Ninety-degree revolution: Right and Left are fading away. The real question in politics will be: do you look to the earth or aspire to the skies?
  9. ^ Empowerment Politics: Left Wing, Right Wing, and Up Wing

External linksEdit