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FIDE World Chess Championship 1996

BackgroundEdit

At the time the World Chess Champion title was split.

In 1993, Nigel Short had qualified via FIDE's usual format to meet champion Garry Kasparov in a championship match. However, Kasparov and Short broke with FIDE and played under the auspices of a new organization which they had organized, the Professional Chess Association (PCA). Kasparov won this match to remain champion.

With its two top players withdrawn, FIDE awarded the two slots in its 1993 championship match to Anatoly Karpov and Jan Timman, both of whom had been defeated in earlier qualification rounds by Short. Karpov won the match to become the FIDE World Champion.

The FIDE World Chess Championship 1996 was FIDE's first since the 1993 split. Meanwhile, the PCA held its Classical World Chess Championship 1995, in which Kasparov defeated Viswanathan Anand to retain his title.

Many of the same players competed in both organization's qualifying events. However, Kasparov and Short did not compete in the FIDE event.

1993 Interzonal tournamentEdit

FIDE held an Interzonal tournament in Biel in July 1993, run as a 73 player, 13 round Swiss system tournament.[1]

The top 10 from the Interzonal qualified for a Championship tournament. In the event of a tie break, players were ranked by the sum of their opponents' Elo ratings, excluding the lowest rating.

1993 FIDE Interzonal Tournament
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Total Tie break
1   GM Boris Gelfand (Belarus) 2670 +35 +49 =6 +39 =3 +43 =2 +10 +17 =5 =13 =9 =7 9
2   GM Paul van der Sterren (Netherlands) 2525 =51 =41 +71 +31 +26 =13 =1 =6 =4 =7 +17 =8 =3 31545
3   GM Gata Kamsky (United States) 2645 +12 =25 +47 =28 =1 =16 +32 =4 +6 =17 =5 =7 =2 31470
4   GM Alexander Khalifman (Russia) 2645 +58 =43 +45 +8 -10 =6 +24 =3 =2 =16 +26 =5 =9 31390
5   GM Michael Adams (England) 2630 -44 +60 -22 +68 +62 +65 +28 +9 =7 =1 =3 =4 =6 31345
6   GM Leonid Yudasin (Israel) 2605 +67 =44 =1 =36 +48 =4 +23 =2 -3 =11 +29 +13 =5 31340
7   GM Valery Salov (Russia) 2685 =49 +71 =31 +55 +42 +24 =10 -17 =5 =2 +21 =3 =1 31285
8   GM Joël Lautier (France) 2620 +26 +62 =17 -4 =22 =21 +33 =16 =9 =15 +27 =2 +24 31280
9   GM Vladimir Kramnik (Russia) 2710 -45 +19 =35 +38 +55 +37 =17 -5 =8 +31 +16 =1 =4 31240
10   GM Viswanathan Anand (India) 2725 =16 =22 +44 +25 +4 =17 =7 -1 =21 =27 =18 +28 =11 8 31435
11   GM Vladimir Epishin (Russia) 2655 =18 =35 =38 =45 =41 =36 +42 +39 =13 =6 =24 +15 =10 8 31305
12   GM Smbat Lputian (Armenia) 2555 -3 +70 -39 +71 =31 =56 -14 +55 =20 +52 =51 +40 +32 8 31275
13   GM Alexei Shirov (Latvia) 2685 =65 +53 =32 =22 +47 =2 =16 =29 =11 +23 =1 -6 +21 8 31195
14   GM Vassily Ivanchuk (Ukraine) 2705 =22 =16 =21 =65 =25 =47 +12 =37 =23 =29 +33 =24 +27 8 31125
15   GM Ivan Sokolov (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 2610 +66 =23 +57 -17 =21 =22 =37 =27 +36 =8 +35 -11 +30 8 31030
16   GM Lajos Portisch (Hungary) 2585 =10 =14 =40 +44 +56 =3 =13 =8 +29 =4 -9 =18 =20 31855
17   GM Evgeny Bareev (Russia) 2660 +38 +39 =8 +15 =24 =10 =9 +7 -1 =3 -2 =21 =18 31580
18   GM Evgeny Sveshnikov (Latvia) 2570 =11 =29 +20 -37 =50 -33 +70 +43 =28 +45 =10 =16 =17 31515
19   GM Bosko Abramovic (Serbia and Montenegro) 2460 =47 -9 +53 +33 =29 -26 =56 +59 -31 +46 =37 +45 =22 31140
20   GM Judit Polgár (Hungary) 2630 =34 =46 -18 =27 +58 =41 -35 +57 =12 +43 =31 +26 =16 30850
21   GM Alexey Dreev (Russia) 2570 +40 -24 =14 +52 =15 =8 +43 =31 =10 +22 -7 =17 -13 7 31795
22   GM Patrick Wolff (United States) 2585 =14 =10 +5 =13 =8 =15 =31 =40 +52 -21 -28 +56 =19 7 31700
23   GM Yasser Seirawan (United States) 2575 +63 =15 =51 =56 +36 =28 -6 +24 =14 -13 =40 =31 =33 7 31625
24   GM Mikhail Gurevich (Belgium) 2605 +69 +21 =28 +43 =17 -7 -4 -23 +44 +39 =11 =14 -8 7 31465
25   GM Lembit Oll (Estonia) 2595 +70 =3 =56 -10 =14 -40 =46 =34 =38 +65 -30 +63 +51 7 31415
26   GM Dibyendu Barua (India) 2510 -8 +63 +41 +51 -2 +19 -29 +32 =35 +40 -4 -20 =28 7 31405
27   GM Jeroen Piket (Netherlands) 2590 -71 +59 -42 =20 +61 +52 =40 =15 +56 =10 -8 +38 -14 7 31360
28   GM Viktor Korchnoi (Switzerland) 2625 +30 +42 =24 =3 =37 =23 -5 -35 =18 +41 +22 -10 =26 7 31225
29   GM Boris Gulko (United States) 2635 =46 =18 =58 +35 =19 =42 +26 =13 -16 =14 -6 +43 =31 7 31120
30   IM Xu Jun (China) 2535 -28 =68 +72 =50 -39 -51 +62 +65 =32 =36 +25 +37 -15 7 30985
31   GM Robert Hübner (Germany) 2605 +60 =57 =7 -2 =12 +55 =22 =21 +19 -9 =20 =23 =29 7 30980
32   GM Jóhann Hjartarson (Iceland) 2605 +59 =55 =13 -42 +45 +39 -3 -26 =30 =51 +49 +35 -12 7 30970
33   GM Julio Granda (Peru) 2605 -55 =61 +49 -19 +34 +18 -8 +51 =45 =35 -14 +47 =23 7 30930
34   GM Ye Jiangchuan (China) 2535 =20 -48 =68 =46 -33 +69 =57 =25 =47 =42 +65 =36 +45 7 30880
35   GM Eric Lobron (Germany) 2575 =1 =11 =9 -29 +46 =48 +20 +28 =26 =33 -15 -32 =38 31480
36   GM Vasily Smyslov (Russia) 2520 =48 =37 +62 =6 -23 =11 =38 +41 -15 =30 =52 =34 =40 31260
37   GM Jon Speelman (England) 2605 =54 =36 +46 +18 =28 -9 =15 =14 -40 +56 =19 -30 =41 31165
38   IM Ilya Gurevich (United States) 2575 -17 +67 =11 -9 +69 =50 =36 -56 =25 +44 +39 -27 =35 31155
39   GM Zdenko Kožul (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 2595 +64 -17 +12 -1 +30 -32 +65 -11 +42 -24 -38 =48 +61 31150
40   GM Kiril Georgiev (Bulgaria) 2660 -21 +66 =16 +57 -43 +25 =27 =22 +37 -26 =23 -12 =36 30835
41   GM Curt Hansen (Denmark) 2590 =72 =2 -26 +73 =11 =20 =48 -36 +66 -28 +61 =51 =37 30735
42   GM Evgeny Pigusov (Russia) 2585 +74* -28 +27 +32 -7 =29 -11 =48 -39 =34 =46 =52 =49 6 31305
43   GM Ian Rogers (Australia) 2595 +68 =4 +48 -24 +40 -1 -21 -18 +59 -20 +66 -29 =50 6 31195
44   GM Ľubomír Ftáčnik (Slovakia) 2535 +5 =6 -10 -16 =57 +62 +50 -52 -24 -38 =67 =58 +68 6 31130
45   GM Loek van Wely (Netherlands) 2585 +9 =50 -4 =11 -32 =70 +60 +47 =33 -18 +48 -19 -34 6 31090
46   GM Vasil Spasov (Bulgaria) 2540 =29 =20 -37 =34 -35 +73 =25 +50 =48 -19 =42 =62 =47 6 31040
47   GM Vladimir Akopian (Armenia) 2600 =19 +54 -3 +61 -13 =14 =51 -45 =34 =50 +55 -33 =46 6 30995
48   GM Jaan Ehlvest (Estonia) 2620 =36 +34 -43 +58 -6 =35 =41 =42 =46 =49 -45 =39 =52 6 30985
49   GM Jesus Nogueiras (Cuba) 2580 =7 -1 -33 =60 =70 +66 =55 =58 +53 =48 -32 =50 =42 6 30910
50   GM Simen Agdestein (Norway) 2610 +61 =45 -55 =30 =18 =38 -44 -46 +63 =47 =56 =49 =43 6 30910
51   GM Predrag Nikolić (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 2625 =2 +72 =23 -26 -65 +30 =47 -33 +58 =32 =12 =41 -25 6 30840
52   GM Ilya Smirin (Israel) 2640 -57 =69 +73 -21 +63 -27 +53 +44 -22 -12 =36 =42 =48 6 30800
53   IM Artur Frolov (Ukraine) 2535 =56 -13 -19 -69 +72 +71 -52 +64 -49 =59 -63 bye +66 6 30320
54   IM Darcy Lima (Brazil) 2475 =37 -47 -65 =67 -73 =68 +69 =71 =57 -66 bye +59 =63 6 30105
55   GM Walter Arencibia (Cuba) 2485 +33 =32 +50 -7 -9 -31 =49 -12 +71 =62 -47 =68 =56 30935
56   GM Miguel Illescas (Spain) 2625 =53 +65 =25 =23 -16 =12 =19 +38 -27 -37 =50 -22 =55 30880
57   GM Vidmantas Mališauskas (Lithuania) 2540 +52 =31 -15 -40 =44 =59 =34 -20 =54 =58 =68 =66 =62 30820
58   GM Ferdinand Hellers (Sweden) 2560 -4 +64 =29 -48 -20 =67 +72 =49 -51 =57 =59 =44 =60 30690
59   FM Tigran Nalbandian (Armenia) 2485 -32 -27 +64 -62 +68 =57 +63 -19 -43 =53 =58 -54 bye 30505
60   IM Lucas Brunner (Switzerland) 2475 -31 -5 =66 =49 =71 +61 -45 =68 -65 bye =62 =64 =58 30335
61   GM Alex Sherzer (United States) 2500 -50 =33 +69 -47 -27 -60 -68 +73 bye +64 -41 +67 -39 30325
62   GM Semen Dvoirys (Russia) 2590 +73 -8 -36 +59 -5 -44 -30 =67 +70 =55 =60 =46 =57 30285
63   GM Veselin Topalov (Bulgaria) 2650 -23 -26 +67 =70 -52 =64 -59 +72 -50 +73 +53 -25 =54 30225
64   IM Hichem Hamdouchi (Morocco) 2455 -39 -58 -59 bye =66 =63 +73 -53 =68 -61 +70 =60 =65 30200
65   GM Dmitry Gurevich (United States) 2575 =13 -56 +54 =14 +51 -5 -39 -30 +60 -25 -34 =69 =64 5 30965
66   IM Giorgi Bagaturov (Georgia) 2495 -15 -40 =60 =72 =64 -49 +67 +70 -41 +54 -43 =57 -53 5 30435
67   IM Amanmurad Kakagaldyev (Turkmenistan) 2465 -6 -38 -63 =54 bye =58 -66 =62 +69 =68 =44 -61 =72 5 30330
68   IM Werner Hug (Switzerland) 2430 -43 =30 =34 -5 -59 =54 +61 =60 =64 =67 =57 =55 -44 5 30255
69   IM Alexandre Lesiège (Canada) 2485 -24 =52 -61 +53 -38 -34 -54 bye -67 =72 =73 =65 +71 5 30070
70   IM Pablo Zarnicki (Argentina) 2455 -25 -12 bye =63 =49 =45 -18 -66 -62 +71 -64 =72 =73 30270
71   David Gluckman (South Africa) 2330 +27 -7 -2 -12 =60 -53 bye =54 -55 -70 =72 +73 -69 30110
72   IM Nikolaos Kalesis (Greece) 2410 =41 -51 -30 =66 -53 bye -58 -63 -73 =69 =71 =70 =67 4 30170
73   IM Konstantinos Moutousis (Greece) 2425 -62 bye -52 -41 +54 -46 -64 -61 +72 -63 =69 -71 =70 4 30140
74   Esam Aly Ahmed (Egypt) 2320 -42* 0

Esam Aly Ahmed forfeited his first round game against Pigusov and was dropped from the tournament.

1994–96 Championship tournamentEdit

The top 10 from the Interzonal were joined by 1993 FIDE World Champion Anatoly Karpov, 1993 FIDE runner-up Jan Timman, and 1993 Candidates semi-finalist Artur Yusupov.[2][3] (The other 1993 semi-finalist was the excluded Nigel Short).

The first round matches were held in Wijk aan Zee in January 1994, and the second round matches and semifinals in Sanghi Nagar in July–August 1994 and February 1995, respectively. If tied after the specified number of games (which happened only in the Kamsky-Anand match), rapid chess games were played as tie breaks.[4]

The format was a departure from all previous world championships, in that the reigning champion (Karpov) was not seeded directly into a championship match. Instead, he joined the competition at the semifinal stage.

First round (best of 8) Second round (best of 8) Semifinals (best of 10) Final
            
  Gata Kamsky
  Paul van der Sterren
  Gata Kamsky 6
  Viswanathan Anand 4
  Viswanathan Anand
  Artur Yusupov
  Gata Kamsky
  Valery Salov
  Jan Timman
  Joël Lautier
  Jan Timman
  Valery Salov
  Alexander Khalifman 1
  Valery Salov 5
  Gata Kamsky
  Anatoly Karpov 10½
  Boris Gelfand 5
  Michael Adams 3
  Boris Gelfand
  Vladimir Kramnik
  Leonid Yudasin
  Vladimir Kramnik
  Boris Gelfand 3
  Anatoly Karpov 6
 
 
 
 
 
 

1996 Championship finalEdit

The final was held in Elista, Russia in June–July 1996 and played as best of 20 games.

FIDE World Chess Championship Match 1996
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Total
  Anatoly Karpov (Russia) 2770 1 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ 10½
  Gata Kamsky (United States) 2735 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½

Karpov won and retained his title.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1993 FIDE Interzonal - Mark Weeks' Chess Pages
  2. ^ 1994-96 FIDE Candidates Matches - Mark Weeks' Chess Pages
  3. ^ 1996 Karpov - Kamsky FIDE Title Match - Mark Weeks' Chess Pages
  4. ^ WCh 08 g6: Anand Won, Kramnik Done, Mig Greengard blog, October 20, 2008 (see comments in final paragraph)

Further readingEdit

  • Vasiukov, Evgeni (1996). The Chronicle of the World Chess Championship '96. Dhzangar.