FIA Formula 3 European Championship
|Drivers||27 (regularly 21 including wildcard and replacement)|
|Engine suppliers||Mercedes and Volkswagen|
|Last Drivers' champion||Mick Schumacher|
|Last Teams' champion||Prema Theodore Racing|
|Official website||Official website|
After one season of the FIA Formula 3 International Trophy, the FIA revived the FIA Formula 3 European Championship. The ten-event season included seven Formula 3 Euro Series rounds, two British Formula Three rounds and DTM-supporting round at Brands Hatch. From 2013, the series started running its own rounds, based upon the defunct Formula 3 Euro Series.
In 2019, the series merged with the GP3 Series to form the FIA Formula 3 Championship, and was due to relaunch as the Formula European Masters and run in support of the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters.. The championship was cancelled ahead of its debut season due to lack of competitors. The championship would have used the current spec cars and were working with Dallara to design a new car for 2020.
Car history and current specificationsEdit
The FIA Formula 3 European Championship is a third-tier single-seater formula car. A spec-series, the championship mandates chassis and engine manufacturers which teams must use each season. The championship controls and specifies the chassis and engine manufacturers that teams are allowed to use each season. The league's choice of manufacturers are changed every three years. Currently, Dallara provides a specification chassis to all teams since inaugural season. Teams are prohibited from performing engine or chassis modifications. The current Dallara F317 features an airboxless roll hoop and also side air intake on upside sidepod. The chassis construction of Dallara F317 car are carbon-fibre monocoque incorporated with honeycomb structure. The Dallara F317 also includes bi-plane front wing, bi-plane rear wing and also lower nose (similar to current Formula One cars)
Transmission, gearbox and clutchesEdit
For the transmission gearboxes, all FIA Formula 3 European cars currently use a semi-automatic transmission with 6-speed gearbox operated by paddle shifters since the 2012 season. The clutch of all FIA Formula 3 European cars are CFRP 3-plate clutch operated by foot-pedal. Mechanical limited-slip differential are also allowed and constant velocity joint tripod driveshafts are also used. The transmission fluid supplier is currently the RAVENOL F3 Gear premium oil.
AP Racing supplies monobloc brake calipers, cast-iron brake discs, pads and disc bells, which are exclusive to all FIA Formula 3 European cars.
ATS exclusively supplies wheel rims for all FIA Formula 3 European cars since the inaugural 2012 season. The wheel rims of all FIA Formula 3 European cars are made of magnesium alloy wheels.
Hankook is currently the sole tyre supplier for the series since the 2012 season until at least 2019. The FIA Formula 3 European tyres runs the bespoke compounds and smaller size since 2012. The front tyre sizes are 180/550-R13 and the rear tyre sizes are 240/570 R13.
Cockpit and other safety componentsEdit
For the safety equipment, all FIA Formula 3 European cars seating uses removable carbon-fibre shell driver's seat with 6-point seat belts. The steering wheel of all FIA Formula 3 European cars are universally supplied by XAP Technologies. All FIA Formula 3 European cars are also equipped with XAP data display units since the 2012 season.
Rear view mirrors for all FIA Formula 3 European cars are fully mandated to easily view opponents behind.
The fuel tank of all FIA Formula 3 European cars are made of kevlar-reinforced rubber safety tank supplied by ATL with FT3 standard. Currently the fuel tank capacity of all FIA Formula 3 European cars are 45 litres (12 US gallons) since 2012.
All FIA Formula 3 European cars carry a Bosch-provided electronic control unit (Motronic MS 5.8 model), but traction control and anti-lock brakes are prohibited. Live telemetry is used only for television broadcasts, but the data can be recorded from the ECU to the computer if the car is in the garage and not on the track.
The cars are powered by naturally-aspirated (no turbocharger or supercharger) direct fuel injection inline-4 engines, with aluminium alloy blocks, and a DOHC valvetrain actuating four-valves per cylinder, and limited to 2.0 L (122 cu in) displacement since the series' inauguration in 2012. DTM car's engines are currently producing over 240 hp (179 kW) power output between 5,000-7,400 rpm. Currently Mercedes-AMG (operated by Mercedes-AMG HPP) and Volkswagen providing the engines currently maximum three teams per one manufacturer. ThreeBond Nissan and Neil Brown Engineering has provided engines in 2012-2016 and 2014-2016 but both companies left at the end of the 2016 season respectively due to competitor reduction to 19 cars.
FIA Formula 3 European engines are rev-limited to 7,400 rpm. The valve train is a dual overhead camshaft configuration with four valves per cylinder. The crankshaft is made of alloy steel, with five main bearing caps. The pistons are forged aluminum alloy, while the connecting rods are machined alloy steel. The firing ignition is a CDI ignition system. The engine lubrication is a dry sump type, cooled by a single water pump.
All FIA Formula 3 European cars carried a spark plugs are made of iridium and supplied exclusively by Bosch since 2012.
The exhaust systems of all FIA Formula 3 European cars are silencer type but made by titanium with operation of three-way catalytic converter. Currently Remus are providing the exhaust systems.
FIA Formula 3 European cars currently use ordinary unleaded racing fuel, which has been the de facto standard in European third-tier single-seater formula racing since Formula 3 Euroseries in 2003 and the formation of FIA Formula 3 European in 2012. Since the 2005 Formula 3 Euroseries season, per agreement with ITR e.V., which has promoted the series from that to FIA European Formula 3 and later Formula European Masters, BP is the official fuel supplier using their German Aral Ultimate brand
Current Aral Ultimate 102 RON unleaded gasoline resembles the ordinary unleaded public vehicles gasoline which has better mileage, environmental-friendly and safer than other fuels.
The current lubricant supplier of all FIA Formula 3 European cars is Ravenol.
According to research and pre-season stability tests, the current model can go 0 to 60 mph in approximately 3 seconds. The car has a top speed of over 160 mph (257 km/h) depending on the circuit and gearing meaning that it is the fourth fastest single-seater formula car behind Formula 1, Formula 2 and GP3 Series.
- Engine displacement: 2.0 L (122 cu in) DOHC inline-4
- Gearbox: 6-speed paddle shift gearbox + 1 reverse
- Weight: 565 kg (1,246 lb)
- Power output: 240 hp (179 kW)
- Fuel: Aral Ultimate 102 RON unleaded
- Fuel capacity: 45.5 litres (12 US gallons)
- Fuel delivery: Direct fuel injection
- Aspiration: Naturally aspirated
- Length: 4,351 mm (171 in)
- Width: 1,845 mm (73 in)
- Wheelbase: 2,800 mm (110 in)
- Steering: Power-assisted rack and pinion
Following two practice sessions, the first of two qualifying sessions will be held on Friday afternoon. Race 1 starts on Saturday morning, while Qualifying 2 is usually scheduled for the afternoon. On Sunday, the two remaining races will be held, with Race 2 taking off on Sunday morning and Race 3 concluding the weekend in the afternoon. Each race will consist of 33 minutes plus one lap and covers a distance of about 100 kilometres.
|2012||Daniel Juncadella||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||5||5||10||5||252||Race 20 of 20||23.5|
|2013||Raffaele Marciello||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||12||13||19||8||489.5||Race 29 of 30||32.5|
|2014||Esteban Ocon||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||15||9||21||7||478||Race 30 of 33||58|
|2015||Felix Rosenqvist||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||17||13||24||13||518||Race 30 of 33||105.5|
|2016||Lance Stroll||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||14||14||20||13||508||Race 26 of 30||187|
|2017||Lando Norris||Carlin||Volkswagen||8||9||20||8||441||Race 28 of 30||53|
|2018||Mick Schumacher||Prema Theodore Racing||Mercedes||7||8||14||4||365||Race 29 of 30||57|
|2013||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||17||17||42||14||810||Race 27 of 30||206|
|2014||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||15||11||34||8||740||Race 31 of 33||36|
|2015||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||23||20||46||18||912||Race 28 of 33||379.5|
|2016||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||22||20||20||18||780||Race 24 of 30||187|
|2017||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||13||11||33||11||829||Race 29 of 30||127|
|2018||Prema Theodore Racing||Mercedes||16||17||14||11||1003.5||Race 28 of 30||214.5|
The result of the championship was decided by different standings. Wins and points of the rookie standings are present in brackets.
|Season||Driver||Team||Engine||Poles||Wins (Rookie)||Podiums||Fastest laps||Points (Rookie)||Clinched||Margin|
|2014||Esteban Ocon||Prema Powerteam||Mercedes||15||9 (15)||21||7||478 (619)||Race 28 of 33||105|
|2015||Charles Leclerc||Van Amersfoort Racing||Volkswagen||3||4 (10)||13||5||363.5 (533.5)||Race 30 of 33||105.5|
|2016||Joel Eriksson||Motopark||Volkswagen||1||1 (8)||10||2||252 (470)||Race 29 of 30||52|
|2017||Lando Norris||Carlin||Volkswagen||8||9 (21)||20||8||441 (628)||Race 28 of 30||89|
|2018||Robert Shwartzman||Prema Theodore Racing||Mercedes||3||2 (1)||11||1||294 (491.5)||Race 28 of 30||61.5|
- "FIA European Formula 3 Championship". FIA. 15 March 2012. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2012.
- "Preparations are running flat out – Formula European Masters". Retrieved 17 January 2019.
- Simmons, Marcus (4 December 2018). "DTM-supporting F3 series to adopt Formula European Masters name". autosport.com. Autosport. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- Simmons, Marcus (12 October 2018). "European Formula 3 successor sticks with DTM for 2019 calendar". autosport.com. Autosport. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- Simmons, Marcus (24 September 2018). "Two Dallara-based 'old-school' European F3 series on cards for 2019". autosport.com. Autosport. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
- Simmons, Marcus (7 December 2018). "Dallara evaluating requests for new 'Formula 3' car for 2020". autosport.com. Autosport. Retrieved 7 December 2018.