FIA Formula 2 Championship

The FIA Formula 2 Championship[1] is a second-tier single-seater championship organised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Held on racing circuits, the championship was introduced in 2017, following the rebranding of the long-term Formula One feeder series GP2. The series' original founders were Flavio Briatore and current managing director Bruno Michel.

FIA Formula 2 Championship
CategoryOne-make open-wheel single-seater Formula auto racing
Inaugural season2017
Chassis suppliersDallara
Engine suppliersMecachrome
Tyre suppliersPirelli
Drivers' championFrance Théo Pourchaire
Teams' championFrance ART Grand Prix
Current season

Designed to make racing relatively affordable for the teams and to make it an ideal training ground for life in Formula One, Formula 2 has made it mandatory for all of the teams to use the same chassis, engine and tyre supplier so that true driver ability is reflected. Formula 2 mainly races on European circuits, but has appearances at other international race tracks as well such as the Bahrain International Circuit in Bahrain, the Jeddah Corniche Circuit in Saudi Arabia, the Yas Marina Circuit in the United Arab Emirates, and the Albert Park Circuit in Australia.

While significantly slower than Formula One, the Formula 2 championship cars are faster than most other circuit racing vehicles. As of 2022, the F2 lap record for the Imola Circuit, while roughly 15 seconds per lap slower than Formula One, is five seconds per lap faster than LMP1 sports cars and the more junior open wheeler category Formula 3, and more than 20 seconds per lap faster than TCR Touring Cars.

Origins edit

Numbering system edit

The numbering system in FIA Formula 2 Championship is currently based on the previous season's team standings (similar to Formula One 1996–2013 numbering system) with the exception of the number 13, which was used since the formation of GP2 Series in 2005 until present. Additionally, since the 2020 season the number 19 has been retired to honor Anthoine Hubert who sustained fatal injuries during one of the 2019 Belgian Grand Prix's support races.[2][3]

Race weekend edit

Pit stops are optional if there is a force majeure event like a change in weather conditions, tyre puncture, front or rear wing damage or others.[4]

On Friday, there is one Free Practice session of 45 minutes and one Qualifying session of 30 minutes.

On Saturday, one Sprint Race (in 2021 there were 2 Sprint Races) will take place and will consist of 120 kilometres[a] or 45 minutes, whichever comes first. The starting grid will be determined by reversing the top 10 finishers of Friday's Qualifying session. Feature Race had earlier taken place on Saturday instead of Sprint Race from 2017 to 2020.

On Sunday, the Feature Race will take place ahead of the Formula 1 Grand Prix and will consist of 170 kilometres[b] or 60 minutes, whichever comes first. Sprint Race had earlier taken place on Sunday instead of Feature Race from 2017 to 2020.

Points system edit

The top 8 finishers in the Sprint Race receive points as follows:

Point system for Sprint Race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th 
10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1

The top 10 finishers in the Feature Race receive points as follows:

Point system for Feature Race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1

The driver who qualified in pole position for the Feature race during Friday's qualifying session receives an additional 2 points.

In each race, one point will be awarded to the driver who achieves the fastest lap time, providing he was in the top 10 positions of the final race classification.

The maximum number of points a driver can score at any round will be 39.

A count-back system is used to decide places of drivers with equal points in the championship with the driver with most wins ranking highest of those with equal points totals. If there is still a tie, the most second-place finishes, then the most third-place finishes, etc., is used to split the tied drivers. This count-back system is applied at all stages of the championship.

Costs edit

One estimate puts the cost of running a Formula Two car at $US 3 million per season.[5] Typically, most of these costs must be paid by the driver, through personal sponsorship, or personal or family wealth. These costs, as well as the costs of competing in more junior categories, represent a major barrier to drivers reaching Formula One.

A number of cost control measures, including freezing car specifications and reducing the number of venues, were introduced by the FIA for the 2021 season.[6]

The car and technology edit

The same FIA Formula 2 Championship car is used by all of the teams, and features a carbon-fiber monocoque Dallara chassis, powered by a single-turbocharged direct-injected Mecachrome V6 engine and mounted dry slick and rain treaded Pirelli tyres. Overall weight is 755 kg including the driver.

Chassis edit

First-generation (third-generation overall) edit

The first-generation (third-generation overall) 2011–17 spec GP2/11 car which was used in the first season of the rebranded championship had been designed by Dallara Automobili. The obsolete GP2/11 car was fitted with the old Mecachrome 4.0-litre V8 naturally-aspirated engine as well as a taller and narrower rear wing inspired by those used in Formula One from 2009 to 2016.

Second-generation (fourth-generation overall) edit

The F2 Championship currently uses the Dallara F2 2018 chassis.

The cost of a Dallara F2 2018 car is approximately €500,000. This includes the wheels, wings, steering wheel and other components but not the engine.

Third-generation (fifth-generation overall) edit

Drivetrain edit

The current gearbox is manufactured by Hewland (utilizing the LFSC-200 model) and features an 8-position barrel with ratchet body and software upgrades as well as a new transverse shafts fixing system designed to facilitate improved gear selection. Currently, the series uses a 6-speed sequential gearbox configuration with electro-hydraulic operation via paddle-shifters with reverse operated by a button on the steering wheel. The clutches of all cars are supplied by ZF Sachs with the multi-plate clutch operated by a hand-paddle lever.[7]

Wheel rims edit

O.Z. Racing exclusively supplies wheel rims for all cars since 2005. The wheel size of O.Z. Racing F2 wheels are 12 in × 13 in (305 mm × 330 mm) on front and 13.7 in × 13 in (348 mm × 330 mm) on rear until 2019. From 2020 onwards all cars will switch to 18 in (457 mm) road car-inspired wheel rims for the preparation of expanding to Formula One from 2022 onwards and also data sharing.[8] The new wheel rim sizes will be 12 in × 18 in (305 mm × 457 mm) on fronts and 13.7 in × 18 in (348 mm × 457 mm) on rears.

The wheel rims of all FIA Formula 2 cars are made of magnesium alloy.

Tyres edit

Similar to the 2011 change for Formula 1, Pirelli is now the sole tyre supplier for the series. The FIA Formula 2 Championship runs the different compounds and size as F1 since 2017 (due to in fact Formula 1's 2017–present tyres are wider, the FIA Formula 2 Championship carried over the pre-2017 Pirelli F1 tyres). The front tyre size are 245/660-R13 (9.6/26-R13) and rear tyre size are 325/660-R13 (12.8/26-R13) and would be used until the end of 2019 season. The compounds of Pirelli Formula 2 tyres are currently four dry compounds: purple supersoft (abolished after 2019), red soft, yellow medium and white hard. They all carry P Zero brand. And only one wet compound is blue wet. These carry Cinturato brand.

The new tyres were unveiled during the 2019 Monza FIA Formula 2 round with 18-inch wheel rims mounted. The tyre sizes will slightly differ from the sizes compared to 2011–2019 but the only changes are the wheel rim diameter increase (275/705-R18 (10.8/27.7-R18) on the fronts and 325/705-R18 (12.8/27.7-R18) on the rears).[9]

Brakes edit

Brembo supplies monoblock brake calipers and disc bells, which are exclusive to Formula 2. Carbone Industrie also supplies carbon brake discs and pads for FIA Formula 2 Championship. The brake discs are 278 mm × 28 mm (10.94 in × 1.10 in) in size.

Fuel tank edit

The current Dallara F2 2018's fuel tank carried over the FIA standard Premier FT5 tank with the capacity up to 125 litres.

Refuelling during a race is currently banned due to safety and cost.

Suspension edit

The suspension of all FIA Formula 2 Championship cars are upper and lower steel wishbones, pushrod operated, coupled with twin Koni dampers and torsion bars suspension (front) and spring suspension (rear) similar to current Formula One car suspension.

Steering actuation system edit

The steering actuation system of all FIA Formula 2 Championship cars are manual, rack and pinion without power steering system (similar to IndyCar Series that has also manual steering actuation system).

Steering wheel edit

Since 2011, XAP Technology exclusively provides the XAP single-seater F2 steering wheel as well as XAP SX steering wheel dash display for all FIA Formula 2 Championship cars. The XAP steering wheel features 6 buttons in the front with 5 paddles (DRS, gear shift and clutch) in the back of steering wheel. From the 2018 season, all FIA Formula 2 Championship cars will utilize the all-new XAP Single-seat Formula 2451 S3 steering wheel with a larger dash screen and also three new rotary switches (similar to the current Formula E steering wheel).

Safety edit

The most current safety innovations are a top priority of the FIA Formula 2 Championship. Front, side, rear and steering column impact tests are the FIA safety standards. All cars include front and rear roll hoops, impact structures and monocoque push tests. Anti-intrusion survival cell protection panels have been used since 2011. Wheel retainer safety cables are also featured to avoid wheels flying similar to Formula One, IndyCar Series (known as SWEMS) and other single-seater Formula racing series. The seat belts of all FIA Formula 2 cars are supplied by OMP Racing since 2018 season (previously Sabelt) with a 6-point seat belt configuration similar to Formula One. From 2018 onwards, the "halo" cockpit protection system has been introduced to protect the drivers in crashes.

Other components edit

All FIA Formula 2 cars carry a Marelli-provided electronic control unit (Marvel SRG 480 model) as well as Marelli PDU 12–42 power supply management unit. Live telemetry is used only for television broadcasts, but the data can be recorded from the ECU to the computer if the car is in the garage and not on the track. Rear-view mirrors for all FIA Formula 2 cars are fully mandated to easily view opponents behind.

Aerodynamics edit

The aerodynamics of current Formula 2 cars are currently resembling the Formula One 2017-style aerodynamics with wider and curved front wings and also lower rear wings with parallelogram rear wing plates. Side winglets are also banned. The undertrays of all cars have ground effect features similar to 2022 Formula One cars.

Drag Reduction Systems (DRS) edit

Since 2015, the Drag Reduction Systems (DRS) were introduced in a purpose for overtaking maneuver assist by tilting the upper-element rear wing while approaching the opponent less than a second away by activating the DRS paddle behind the steering wheel. The upper-element rear wing angle is the same as a Formula One car which has over 40 degrees of angle. In an event of rainy conditions, Drag Reduction Systems are automatically deactivated for safety reasons.

Engine edit

First-generation (2005–2017) edit

Starting in 2005 (under GP2 Series name), Formula 2 cars were powered by 4.0 litres (244 cubic inches) V8, four-stroke piston, Otto cycle unleaded gasoline-burning, prototype production-based, naturally-aspirated engines, produced by Mecachrome. Per Formula 2 rules, the engines sold for no more than €70,000 and were rev-limited to 10,000 rpm. They produced around 612 hp (456 kW; 620 PS) and weighed up to 148 kg (326 lb).

The valve train is a dual overhead camshaft configuration with four valves per cylinder. The crankshaft is made of alloy steel, with five main bearing caps. The pistons are forged aluminium alloy, while the connecting rods are machined alloy steel. The electronic engine management system is supplied by Magneti Marelli, firing a CDI ignition system. The engine lubrication is a dry sump type, cooled by a single water pump.

Second-generation (2018–present) edit

The V634 Turbo engine is a 3.4 litres (207 cubic inches) V6 turbocharged direct injection four-stroke piston Otto cycle 620 hp fuel-efficient engine developed and built by Mecachrome, and maintained by Teos Engineering. The engine was unveiled in 2017 along with the new Dallara F2 2018 chassis.[10] Dutch turbocharger company Van Der Lee Turbo Systems currently supplies the turbochargers for all FIA Formula 2 Championship engines.

The all-new engine fuel delivery system is gasoline direct injection instead of traditional ported multi-point electronic indirect injection. The power output of all-new FIA Formula 2 engine was increased from 612 to 620 hp (456 to 462 kW; 620 to 629 PS). Mecachrome will continue providing new FIA Formula 2 engines from the 2018 season and beyond. The Mecachrome V634 Turbo engine is rev limited down to 8,750 rpm and weighs up to 132 kg (291 lb) including turbocharger. The firing ignition of the Mecachrome V634 Turbo engine is revolutionary digital inductive. The fuel-mass flow restrictor rate of the second-generation FIA Formula 2 Championship engine is roughly rated at 105 kg/h (231 lb/h).

The Mecachrome V634 Turbo 3.4-litre single-turbocharged direct-injected Mecachrome V6 engine is an evolution of the GP3 engine, which is the solely supplied engine for the FIA Formula 2 Championship. With the addition of a single turbo, the engine underwent rigorous dyno testing, ahead of its racing debut. The Mecachrome V634 Turbo engines sells for up to €67,000 per unit by leasing and rebuilding.

The current second-generation FIA Formula 2 engine allocation is limited to one per season and lasts up to 8,000 kilometres (5,000 miles) after being rebuilt. Mid-season engine changes, including during race weekend, are banned and may result in a grid penalty for the session.

Turbocharger edit

Turbochargers were introduced from the start of 2018 season. The turbo configuration is single-turbocharged and produces up to 1.5 bar (22 psi) of boost pressure. Dutch turbocharger company Van Der Lee Turbo Systems currently supplies the turbochargers for all FIA Formula 2 Championship all-new engines using the MT134-50120 model. The turbocharger spin limit is 130,000 rpm but cannot exceed 125,000 rpm due to lower turbo boost pressure.

Fuel and lubricants components edit

All Formula 2 cars currently use ordinary unleaded racing gasoline as fuel (similar to commercial vehicle unleaded street gasoline), which has been the de facto standard in second tier single-seater formula racing since the introduction of GP2 Series in 2005. Since the start of the 2005 GP2 Series season, Elf exclusively has continued to be the exclusive provider of the LMS 102 RON unleaded fuel and also Elf HTX 840 0W-40 lubricants for all competitors in the FIA Formula 2 Championship until 2022.

In 2023, Aramco became the official fuel partner and supplier of all FIA Formula 2 Championship entrants.[11]

Other parts edit

The car also features internal cooling upgrades, a new water radiator, radiator duct, oil/water heat exchanger, modified oil degasser, new oil and water pipes and new heat exchanger fixing brackets.

Performance edit

According to research and pre-season stability tests, the 2005 model can accelerate from 0 to 200 km/h (124 mph) in 6.7 seconds. The car has a top speed of 320 km/h (199 mph) meaning that it is the fastest single seater racing car behind Formula One and IndyCar Series.[citation needed]

The 2011 model can accelerate from 0–200 km/h (0–124 mph) in 6.6 seconds.[citation needed]

The car has a top speed of 330 km/h (205 mph) with the Monza aero configuration.[citation needed]

Specifications edit

2017 edit

2018–2023 edit

  • Engine displacement: 3.4 litres (207 cubic inches) DOHC V6
  • Gearbox: 6-speed sequential paddle shift (must have reverse)
  • Weight: 720 kg (1,587 lb) in 2018 later 755 kg (1,664 lb) since 2020–present including driver and fuel
  • Power output: 620 hp (462 kW)
  • Fuel: Elf LMS 89.6 MON, 101.6 RON, 99.6 AKI unleaded later Aramco Advanced 55% sustainable fuels + 45% unleaded racing gasoline (2023)
  • Fuel capacity: 125 litres (33 US gallons)
  • Fuel delivery: Gasoline direct injection that produced over 200 bar (2,900.75 psi) of GDI pressure
  • Aspiration: Single-turbocharged
  • Turbo boost level pressure: Restricted to 1.5 bar (21.76 psi)
  • Length: 5,224 mm (206 in)
  • Width: 1,900 mm (75 in)
  • Wheelbase: 3,135 mm (123 in)
  • Steering: Manual, rack and pinion (no power steering)
  • Tyres: Pirelli P Zero slick dry and Pirelli Cinturato treaded intermediate (optional but unused until 2019) and wet

2024–present edit

History edit

2017 edit

The 2017 season consisted of eleven rounds, ten of which supported the 2017 Formula One World Championship and a stand-alone event at the Circuito de Jerez.[1] It began at Bahrain International Circuit on 15 April and concluded at Yas Marina Circuit on 26 November. This was the final season for the Dallara GP2/11 chassis which débuted in 2011 when the series was known as GP2, and the Mecachrome 4.0 litre (244 cu in) V8 naturally-aspirated engine package which débuted in the inaugural GP2 season in 2005.

The season saw rookie and reigning GP3 Series champion Charles Leclerc,[12] driving for Prema Racing, take the drivers' title with seven race wins. The inaugural teams' championship was taken by Russian Time. Russian Time driver Artem Markelov finished the season as runner-up and DAMS driver Oliver Rowland was third.

2018 edit

The new Dallara F2 2018, driven by Lando Norris for Carlin.

The 2018 season consisted of twelve rounds, all supporting the 2018 Formula One World Championship, beginning in Bahrain on 7 April and concluding in Abu Dhabi on 25 November. The 2018 season also introduced the new Dallara F2 2018 car as well as the all-new Mecachrome 3.4 litre (207 cu in) V6 turbo engine with a large single turbo and a double waste gate, supplied by Dutch turbocharger manufacturer Van Der Lee Turbo Systems. The car also featured the halo safety device for the first time, a device that was introduced into Formula One in the same year. The Racing Engineering and Rapax teams left the series prior to the 2018 season, having competed in Formula 2 and the predecessor GP2 Series since 2005 and 2010 respectively. Carlin returned to the series after a year's absence and Charouz Racing System joined the championship after the World Series Formula V8 3.5 was discontinued.

Carlin went on to win the Teams' Championship for the first time, having not done so during their time in the GP2 Series. The Drivers' Championship was won by rookie and reigning GP3 Series champion George Russell,[13] who drove for ART Grand Prix and took seven race victories. Carlin driver Lando Norris finished as runner-up with DAMS driver Alexander Albon in third.[14][15]

2019 edit

The 2019 season consisted of twelve rounds supporting the 2019 Formula One World Championship, beginning in Bahrain on 30 March and concluding in Abu Dhabi on 1 December. Russian Time left the championship prior to the start of the season, having competed in Formula 2 and GP2 since 2013. The team was sold and became UNI-Virtuosi Racing.

On 31 August 2019, on the second lap of the feature race at Spa-Francorchamps, a high-speed accident occurred involving Anthoine Hubert, Juan Manuel Correa and Giuliano Alesi. Hubert and Correa were taken to the circuit's medical centre where Hubert died from his injuries.[16] Correa's injuries forced him to miss the rest of the season, whilst Alesi was unhurt. The race was abandoned and the sprint race on the following day was cancelled as a mark of respect. The Formula One Belgian Grand Prix at the circuit on the day after the accident began with a moment of silence. Most drivers wore a black ribbon in remembrance. 2017 Formula 2 champion Charles Leclerc, a friend of Hubert, won the race and dedicated his victory to Hubert.[17]

French team DAMS won the Teams' Championship, having last done so in 2014. The Drivers' Championship was won by ART Grand Prix driver Nyck de Vries in his third year of Formula 2, taking four race victories. DAMS driver Nicholas Latifi finished as runner-up with UNI-Virtuosi Racing driver Luca Ghiotto in third.[18]

2020 edit

Hitech Grand Prix, who had briefly entered the 2005 GP2 Series in partnership with Piquet GP and had since raced only in Formula Three championships, entered Formula 2 as the eleventh team. Arden, who had raced in Formula 2 and its predecessors since 1997, left the series. Their entry was taken over by HWA Team and became BWT HWA Racelab. The season was due to begin in Bahrain on 21 March and was set to include a round at Circuit Zandvoort for the first time, replacing the round at Circuit Paul Ricard. However, a number of races were postponed or cancelled in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and a new calendar was published. The season began at the Red Bull Ring on 4 July and ran alongside the first ten rounds of the 2020 Formula One World Championship, and concluded on 6 December after two rounds in Bahrain.

Prema Racing secured the Teams' Championship for the first time since the 2016 GP2 Series. Prema driver Mick Schumacher won the Drivers' Championship in his second year of Formula 2 with two race victories.[19] UNI-Virtuosi driver Callum Ilott was runner-up with Carlin's Yuki Tsunoda third.[20]

2021 edit

As part of a new cost-cutting measure, each round of the 2021 championship featured three races instead of two, and the number of rounds was reduced from twelve to eight. The calendar was also separated from the FIA Formula 3 Championship calendar, meaning the two series were scheduled to not appear at the same Grand Prix weekend.[c] As a result, the Red Bull Ring, Hungaroring, Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Circuit Paul Ricard and Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, tracks that traditionally appeared on the Formula 2 calendar prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, were no longer included. A round at the newly built Jeddah Street Circuit was added to the calendar. The championship began in Bahrain on 27 March and concluded in Abu Dhabi on 12 December.

Prema Racing claimed their second consecutive Teams' Championship with three races remaining. Prema driver Oscar Piastri took six race victories on his way to winning the Drivers' Championship in his debut year, becoming the first non-European to do so. Piastri's teammate Robert Shwartzman was the runner-up and UNI-Virtuosi driver Zhou Guanyu finished third.

2022 edit

The 2022 championship marked the return of the pre-2021 race format with two races per round,[d] but with the points offered for sprint races, pole positions and fastest laps reduced. The calendar was expanded, with twenty-eight races taking place over fourteen rounds. The Red Bull Ring, Hungaroring, Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya and Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps all returned to the calendar and rounds at Imola Circuit and Circuit Zandvoort took place for the first time. The round at Sochi Autodrom was cancelled along with the Formula One Russian Grand Prix due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine and was replaced by a round at Circuit Paul Ricard. The championship began in Bahrain on 19 March and concluded in Abu Dhabi on 20 November. HWA Racelab left the series and their place was taken by Van Amersfoort Racing.

MP Motorsport claimed their first Teams' Championship in Formula 2. Their driver Felipe Drugovich, in his third year of Formula 2, won the drivers' championship. He took five race victories and clinched the title with three races remaining. Runner-up was ART Grand Prix's Théo Pourchaire with Carlin's Liam Lawson third.

2023 edit

The 2023 championship featured a round at the Albert Park Circuit alongside the Australian Grand Prix for the first time. Circuit Paul Ricard was removed from the calendar as the French Grand Prix did not take place in 2023. The season was therefore set to feature fourteen rounds, however the round at Imola Circuit was cancelled along with the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix after severe flooding in the area. The championship began in Bahrain on 4 March and is due to conclude in Abu Dhabi on 26 November. Two teams changed ownership for 2023; Carlin became Rodin Carlin after New Zealand-based manufacturer Rodin Cars became the majority shareholder in the team, and Charouz Racing System, which had competed since 2018, sold their operation to PHM Racing whilst continuing to support the entry under the name PHM Racing by Charouz.

ART Grand Prix and their driver Théo Pourchaire clinched both championships at the final race; ART's Teams' Championship victory was their first in the second tier since 2015. Pourchaire's title came in his third year in the series, having been runner-up the previous year. Prema's Frederik Vesti placed second in the Drivers' Championship and Virtuosi driver Jack Doohan finished third.

2024 edit

The series is set to introduce a new car in 2024, having used the Dallara F2 2018 for the previous six years.[21] The calendar is due to feature fourteen rounds with the first race in Bahrain on 1 March and the finale in Abu Dhabi on 8 December. The round at Imola Circuit returned to the calendar after its cancellation in 2023, and the series is set to make its debut at Lusail International Circuit supporting the Qatar Grand Prix, replacing the round at Circuit Zandvoort.[22]

Champions and awards edit

Drivers' edit

Season Driver Team Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points % points achievable Clinched Margin
2017   Charles Leclerc   Prema Racing 8 7 10 4 282 53.409 Race 19 of 22 72
2018   George Russell   ART Grand Prix 5 7 11 5 287 49.826 Race 23 of 24 68
2019   Nyck de Vries   ART Grand Prix 5 4 12 3 266 50.000 Race 19 of 22 52
2020   Mick Schumacher   Prema Racing 0 2 10 2 215 37.885 Race 24 of 24 14
2021   Oscar Piastri   Prema Racing 5 6 11 6 252.5 51.583 Race 21 of 23 60.5
2022   Felipe Drugovich   MP Motorsport 4 5 11 4 265 48.535 Race 25 of 28 101
2023   Théo Pourchaire   ART Grand Prix 2 1 10 4 203 40.927 Race 26 of 26 11

Teams' edit

Season Team Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points % points achievable Clinched Margin
2017   Russian Time 1 6 14 6 395 46.037 Race 22 of 22 15
2018   Carlin 2 1 17 2 383 40.919 Race 23 of 24 33
2019   DAMS 2 6 16 7 418 48.492 Race 21 of 22 72
2020   Prema Racing 0 6 15 3 392 42.539 Race 23 of 24 37.5
2021   Prema Racing 5 8 19 9 444.5 55.252 Race 20 of 23 156.5
2022   MP Motorsport 4 5 12 5 305 33.516 Race 28 of 28 8
2023   ART Grand Prix 5 2 19 8 353 42.736 Race 26 of 26 31

Anthoine Hubert Award edit

The Anthoine Hubert Award was introduced at the prize-giving ceremony in Monaco in 2019, named in memory of Anthoine Hubert, who died during the 2019 Spa-Francorchamps round. The award is given to the highest-placed driver in their first Formula 2 season; the award is equivalent to 'Rookie/Newcomer of the Year' awards in other sports.[23]

Season Driver Team Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points D.C.
2019   Zhou Guanyu   UNI-Virtuosi Racing 1 0 5 2 140 7th
2020   Yuki Tsunoda   Carlin 4 3 7 1 200 3rd
2021   Oscar Piastri   Prema Racing 5 6 11 6 252.5 1st
2022   Ayumu Iwasa[e]   DAMS 2 2 6 1 141 5th
2023   Victor Martins   ART Grand Prix 3 1 9 6 150 5th

Drivers who graduated to Formula One edit

2017 champion Charles Leclerc was the only full-time driver of the season to graduate to Formula One, joining Sauber for 2018. Sergey Sirotkin also made his Formula One debut in 2018 with Williams; he had raced in the GP2 Series in 2015 and 2016, placing third in both championships, and made a one-round appearance in Formula 2 in 2017 as a replacement for an injured driver. The top three in the 2018 Drivers' Championship all graduated to Formula One for 2019, with George Russell, Lando Norris and Alex Albon joining Williams, McLaren and Toro Rosso respectively.

2019 runner-up Nicholas Latifi, who had raced in Formula 2 since 2017 and previously raced in the GP2 Series in 2014, 2015 and 2016, graduated to Formula One with Williams in 2020. 2019 fifth-placed finisher Jack Aitken also made his Formula One debut in 2020 with a single appearance at the Sakhir Grand Prix in his capacity as Williams' reserve driver. Three graduates of the 2020 season achieved promotions to Formula One in 2021. Champion Mick Schumacher and fifth-placed Nikita Mazepin joined Haas, and third-placed Yuki Tsunoda debuted with AlphaTauri.

2021 third-placed finisher Zhou Guanyu was the only Formula 2 driver to graduate to a full-time Formula One seat in 2022, joining Alfa Romeo. 2019 Formula 2 champion Nyck de Vries also made his Formula One debut in 2022. He had raced in the FIA World Endurance Championship and in Formula E (of which he was champion in 2021) since his Formula 2 win, and had also served as a Formula One reserve driver for Mercedes; it was through this role that he raced at the 2022 Italian Grand Prix for Williams as a replacement driver. De Vries would later gain a full-time seat with AlphaTauri in 2023. Two Formula 2 graduates debuted in Formula One at the start of 2023; Oscar Piastri, who was Formula 2 champion in 2021 and served as Alpine's reserve driver in 2022, signed with McLaren, and 2022 fourth-placed finisher Logan Sargeant signed with Williams. Liam Lawson, who finished third in 2022, made reserve driver appearances in 2023 for AlphaTauri whilst also competing in Super Formula.

The 2024 Formula One World Championship is set to feature no Formula 2 graduates from the previous year for the first time since the inception of the FIA Formula 2 Championship.

Driver Formula 2 Formula 1
Seasons Races Wins Podiums Best pos. Seasons First team Races Wins Podiums Points
  Charles Leclerc 2017 22 7 10 1st 20182023 Sauber 123 5 30 1074
  Sergey Sirotkin 2017 2 0 0 20th 2018 Williams 21 0 0 1
  George Russell 2018 24 7 11 1st 20192023 Williams 104 1 11 469
  Lando Norris 20172018 26 1 9 2nd 20192023 McLaren 104 0 13 633
  Alex Albon 20172018 44 4 10 3rd 20192020, 20222023 Toro Rosso 81 0 2 228
  Nicholas Latifi 20172019 67 6 20 2nd 20202022 Williams 61 0 0 9
  Jack Aitken 20182021 76 4 11 5th 2020 Williams 1 0 0 0
  Yuki Tsunoda 2020 24 3 7 3rd 20212023 AlphaTauri 63 0 0 61
  Mick Schumacher 20192020 46 3 11 1st 20212022 Haas 43 0 0 12
  Nikita Mazepin 20192020 46 2 6 5th 2021 Haas 21 0 0 0
  Zhou Guanyu 20192021 68 5 20 3rd 20222023 Alfa Romeo 44 0 0 12
  Nyck de Vries 20172019 67 8 23 1st 20222023 Williams 11 0 0 2
  Oscar Piastri 2021 23 6 11 1st 2023 McLaren 22 0 2 97
  Logan Sargeant 20212022 31 2 4 4th 2023 Williams 22 0 0 1
  Liam Lawson 20212022 51 5 13 3rd 2023 AlphaTauri 5 0 0 2

Wins edit

Drivers' total wins edit

# Driver Seasons Races Wins % Wins First win Last win
1   Nyck de Vries 2017-2019 68 8 11.76% 2017 Monte Carlo Sprint Race 2019 Sochi Feature Race
2   Artem Markelov 2017-2020 74 8 10.81% 2017 Sakhir Feature Race 2018 Spielberg Sprint Race
3   Felipe Drugovich 2020-2022 75 8 10.67% 2020 Spielberg Sprint Race 2022 Zandvoort Feature Race
4   Charles Leclerc 2017 22 7 31.82% 2017 Sakhir Sprint Race 2017 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race
5   George Russell 2018 24 7 29.17% 2018 Baku Sprint Race 2018 Abu Dhabi Feature Race
6   Frederik Vesti 2022-present 53 7 13.21% 2022 Baku Sprint Race 2023 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race
7   Oscar Piastri 2021 23 6 26.09% 2021 Sakhir Sprint Race 1 2021 Abu Dhabi Feature Race
8   Robert Shwartzman 2020-2021 47 6 12.77% 2020 2nd Spielberg Feature Race 2021 Silverstone Sprint Race 1
9   Théo Pourchaire 2020-2023 73 6 8.22% 2021 Monaco Feature Race 2023 Sakhir Feature Race
10   Nicholas Latifi 2017-2019 68 6 8.82% 2017 Silverstone Sprint Race 2019 Budapest Feature Race
11   Luca Ghiotto 2017-2020, 2022 94 6 6.38% 2017 Monza Sprint Race 2020 Budapest Sprint Race
12   Ayumu Iwasa 2022-present 48 5 10.42% 2022 Le Castellet Feature Race 2023 Monte Carlo Sprint Race
13   Liam Lawson 2021-2022 51 5 9.80% 2021 Sakhir Sprint Race 1 2022 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race
14   Nobuharu Matsushita 2017, 2019-2020 60 5 8.33% 2017 Barcelona Sprint Race 2020 Barcelona Feature Race
15   Guanyu Zhou 2019-2021 69 5 7.25% 2020 Sochi Sprint Race 2021 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race 2
16   Jack Doohan 2021-present 51 5 9.80% 2022 Silverstone Sprint Race 2023 Spa-Francorchamps Feature Race
17   Alexander Albon 2017-2018 46 4 8.70% 2018 Baku Feature Race 2018 Sochi Feature Race
18   Marcus Armstrong 2020-2022 75 4 5.33% 2021 Jeddah Sprint Race 1 2022 Zandvoort Sprint Race
19   Jack Aitken 2018-2021 77 4 5.20% 2018 Barcelona Sprint Race 2019 Monza Sprint Race
20   Jehan Daruvala 2020-present 99 4 4.04% 2020 2nd Sakhir Sprint Race 2022 Monza Feature Race
21   Dennis Hauger 2022-present 48 4 8.33% 2022 Monte Carlo Sprint Race 2023 Budapest Sprint Race
22   Oliver Bearman 2023-present 20 4 20.00% 2023 Baku Sprint Race 2023 Monza Feature Race
23   Yuki Tsunoda 2020 24 3 12.50% 2020 2nd Silverstone Sprint Race 2020 2nd Sakhir Feature Race
24   Antonio Fuoco 2017-2018 46 3 6.52% 2017 Monza Feature Race 2018 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race
25   Mick Schumacher 2019-2020 46 3 6.52% 2019 Budapest Sprint Race 2020 Sochi Feature Race
26   Callum Ilott 2017, 2019-2020 48 3 6.25% 2020 Spielberg Feature Race 2020 Monza Sprint Race
27   Dan Ticktum 2018, 2020-2021 49 3 6.12% 2020 Silverstone Sprint Race 2021 Sochi Sprint Race
28   Jüri Vips 2020-2022 59 3 5.09% 2021 Baku Sprint Race 2 2022 Monza Sprint Race
29   Sérgio Sette Câmara 2017-2019 68 3 4.41% 2017 Spa-Francorchamps Sprint Race 2019 Abu Dhabi Feature Race
30   Richard Verschoor 2021-present 68 3 4.41% 2021 Silverstone Sprint Race 2 2023 Spielberg Feature Race
31   Anthoine Hubert 2019 16 2 12.50% 2019 Monte Carlo Sprint Race 2019 Le Castellet Sprint Race
32   Oliver Rowland 2017 22 2 9.09% 2017 Monte Carlo Feature Race 2017 Budapest Feature Race
33   Logan Sargeant 2021-2022 31 2 6.45% 2022 Silverstone Feature Race 2022 Spielberg Feature Race
34   Nikita Mazepin 2019-2020 46 2 4.35% 2020 Silverstone Feature Race 2020 Mugello Feature Race
35   Christian Lundgaard 2019-2021 49 2 4.08% 2020 2nd Spielberg Sprint Race 2020 Mugello Sprint Race
36   Norman Nato 2017 22 1 4.55% 2017 Baku Sprint Race
37   Maximilian Günther 2018 22 1 4.55% 2018 Silverstone Sprint Race
38   Tadasuke Makino 2018 24 1 4.17% 2018 Monza Feature Race
39   Lando Norris 2017-2018 26 1 3.85% 2018 Sakhir Feature Race
40   Ralph Boschung 2017-present 114 1 0.94% 2023 Sakhir Sprint Race
41   Jak Crawford 2023 20 1 5.00% 2023 Spielberg Sprint Race
42   Victor Martins 2023 20 1 5.00% 2023 Silverstone Feature Race
43   Enzo Fittipaldi 2021-present 56 1 1.79% 2023 Spa-Francorchamps Sprint Race
44   Clément Novalak 2021-present 58 1 1.72% 2023 Zandvoort Feature Race

Teams' total wins edit

# Team Seasons Entries Wins Most successful drivers First win Last win
1   Prema Racing 2017-present 162 36 Leclerc (7), Piastri & Shwartzman (both 6) 2017 Sakhir Sprint Race 2023 Silverstone Sprint Race
2   ART Grand Prix 2017-present 162 24 Russell (7), Pourchaire (6), de Vries (4) 2017 Barcelona Sprint Race 2023 Silverstone Feature Race
3   DAMS 2017-present 162 21 Latifi (6), Iwasa (5), Albon (4) 2017 Monaco Feature Race 2023 Monte Carlo Sprint Race
4   Carlin 2018-present 140 18 Lawson (4), Daruvala & Tsunoda (both 3) 2018 Sakhir Feature Race 2023 Spa-Francorchamps Sprint Race
5   Virtuosi Racing 2019-present 115 16 Zhou (5), Ghiotto (4), Doohan & Ilott (both 3) 2019 Sakhir Sprint Race 2023 Spa-Francorchamps Feature Race
6   MP Motorsport 2017-present 162 13 Drugovich (8), Hauger (2), Matsushita, Sette Câmara, Verschoor (all 1) 2017 Spa-Francorchamps Sprint Race 2023 Budapest Sprint Race
7   Hitech Grand Prix 2020-present 95 11 Armstrong & Vips (both 3), Mazepin (2) 2020 Budapest Sprint Race 2023 Spielberg Sprint Race
8   Russian Time 20172018 46 10 Markelov (8), Ghiotto & Makino (both 1) 2017 Sakhir Feature Race 2018 Monza Feature Race
9   Arden International 20172019 68 4 Hubert (2), Günther & Nato (both 1) 2017 Baku Sprint Race 2019 Le Castellet Sprint Race
10   Campos Racing 2017-present 162 4 Aitken (3), Boschung (1) 2019 Baku Feature Race 2023 Sakhir Sprint Race
11   Charouz Racing System 2018-present 140 2 Fuoco (2) 2018 Monte Carlo Sprint Race 2018 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race
12   Trident Racing 2017-present 162 2 Verschoor (1), Novalak (1) 2022 Sakhir Sprint Race 2023 Zandvoort Formula 2 round
13   Rapax 2017 22 1 de Vries (1) 2017 Monte Carlo Sprint Race
14   Van Amersfoort Racing 2022-present 47 1 Verschoor (1) 2023 Spielberg Feature Race

Countries' total wins edit

# Country Seasons Wins First win Last win
1   Great Britain 2017-present 23 2017 Monte Carlo Feature Race 2023 Barcelona Feature Race
2   Russia 2017-2021 16 2017 Sakhir Feature Race 2021 Silverstone Sprint Race 2
3   Japan 2017-present 14 2017 Barcelona Sprint Race 2023 Monte Carlo Sprint Race
4   Brazil 2017-present 12 2017 Spa-Francorchamps Sprint Race 2023 Spa-Francorchamps Sprint Race
5   Netherlands 2017-2019, 2021-present 11 2017 Monte Carlo Sprint Race 2023 Spielberg Feature Race
6   France 2017-present 11 2017 Baku Sprint Race 2023 Zandvoort Formula 2 round
7   Australia 2021-present 10 2021 Sakhir Sprint Race 2 2023 Budapest Feature Race
8   New Zealand 2020-2022 9 2021 Sakhir Sprint Race 1 2022 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race
9   Italy 2017-2022 9 2017 Monza Feature Race 2020 Budapest Sprint Race
10   Monaco 2017, 2023 7 2017 Sakhir Sprint Race 2017 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race
11   Denmark 2019-present 6 2020 2nd Spielberg Sprint Race 2023 Silverstone Sprint Race
12   Canada 2017-2019 6 2017 Silverstone Sprint Race 2019 Budapest Feature Race
13   China 2019-2021 5 2020 Sochi Sprint Race 2021 Abu Dhabi Sprint Race 2
14   Thailand 2017-2018 4 2018 Baku Feature Race 2018 Sochi Feature Race
15   India 2018-present 4 2020 2nd Sakhir Sprint Race 2022 Monza Sprint Race
16   Germany 2018-2022 4 2018 Silverstone Sprint Race 2020 Sochi Feature Race
17   Norway 2022-present 4 2022 Monte Carlo Sprint Race 2023 Budapest Sprint Race
18   Estonia 2020-2022 3 2021 Baku Sprint Race 2 2022 Monza Sprint Race
19   USA 2017-2019, 2021-present 3 2022 Silverstone Feature Race 2023 Spielberg Sprint Race
20   Switzerland 2017-present 1 2023 Sakhir Sprint Race

Circuits edit

Number Countries, rounds Circuits Years
1   Sakhir Formula 2 round Bahrain International Circuit 2017–⁠2023
2   Barcelona Formula 2 round Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya 2017–⁠2020, 2022–2023
3   Monte Carlo Formula 2 round Circuit de Monaco 2017–2019, 2021⁠–2023
4   Baku Formula 2 round Baku City Circuit 2017–⁠2019, 2021–2023
5   Spielberg Formula 2 round Red Bull Ring 2017–⁠2020, 2022–2023
6   Silverstone Formula 2 round Silverstone Circuit 2017–2023
7   Budapest Formula 2 round Hungaroring 2017–2020, 2022–2023
8   Spa-Francorchamps Formula 2 round Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps 2017–2020, 2022
9   Monza Formula 2 round Autodromo Nazionale di Monza 2017–2023
10   Jerez Formula 2 round Circuito de Jerez 2017
11   Yas Island Formula 2 round Yas Marina Circuit 2017–2019, 2021⁠-2023
12   Le Castellet Formula 2 round Circuit Paul Ricard 2018–2019⁠, 2022[26]
13   Sochi Formula 2 round Sochi Autodrom 2018–2021⁠
14   Mugello Formula 2 round Mugello Circuit 2020
15   Jeddah Formula 2 round Jeddah Corniche Circuit 2021–2023
16   Imola Formula 2 round Imola Circuit 2022
17   Zandvoort Formula 2 round Circuit Zandvoort 2022–2023
18   Melbourne Formula 2 round Albert Park Circuit 2023

Television rights edit

The television rights are held by Formula One Management, which also manages the rights to Formula One. Sky Sports F1 show every practice, qualifying and race live in the United Kingdom, and so does Movistar Fórmula 1 in Spain and Sport TV in Portugal. Coverage in North America is available exclusively on TSN5 (Canada) and ESPN3 (USA). In South East Asia, the races are shown live on Fox Sports Asia. Polsat Sport shows races in Poland. Band Sports show the F2 in Brazil, and Fox Sports 3 in Hispanic America. In India, Star Sports covers the races live. In Russia, races were shown on Match! Arena channel, by showing races in 2019 (only 2019 Russian round), and all races in 2020 and 2021. Contract was denied in 2022 due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ The Monte Carlo Formula 2 round is run to 100 kilometres, instead of the usual 120 kilometres.
  2. ^ The Monte Carlo Formula 2 round is run to 140 kilometres and the Budapest Formula 2 round is run to 160 kilometres, instead of the usual 170 kilometres.
  3. ^ The final round of the 2021 FIA Formula 3 Championship, initially set to take place at the Circuit of the Americas, was moved to the Russian Grand Prix weekend. This meant that Formula 2 and Formula 3 coincided at this event.
  4. ^ The two-race format was altered; the sprint race now took place before the feature race with its starting grid based on the reversal of the top ten in qualifying.
  5. ^ Logan Sargeant finished first in the rookie standings, but the Anthoine Hubert award was awarded to Ayumu Iwasa.[24]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Newly renamed F2 series to feature at 10 Grands Prix". Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  2. ^ "Formula 2: Formula 2 retires #19 from future use in honour of Anthoine Hubert – Motorsport Week". 15 January 2020. Archived from the original on 15 January 2020.
  3. ^ Team, Media (27 August 2020). "The Star That Will Always Shine #AH19". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  4. ^ "FIA Formula 2 Championship The Rules and Regulations".
  5. ^ Rencken, Dieter (28 July 2021). "Is F2's $3 million admission price good value for aspiring F1 drivers?". Archived from the original on 8 May 2022. Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  6. ^ "FIA Formula 2 and FIA Formula 3 announce cost cutting measures for 2021 onwards". FIA_F2® – The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  7. ^ "Formula 2". FIA_F2® – The Official F2® Website.
  8. ^ "Formula 2 cars to use 18-inch Pirelli tyres from 2020". Formula 1. 9 May 2019. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  9. ^ Team, Media (21 April 2021). "Development of low-profile F1 tyres continues". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  10. ^ "GP2 Series aiming for V6 switch, but not wider tyres for 2018 car". 16 December 2016. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
  11. ^ Dhahran (2 September 2022). "Formula 2 and Formula 3 partner with Aramco to pioneer low-carbon fuels from 2023". Aramco. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  12. ^ Blow, Anna (19 September 2020). "Charles Leclerc". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  13. ^ Wilshaw, L. A. (21 September 2020). "George Russell". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  14. ^ Prydderch, Hannah (20 September 2020). "Lando Norris". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  15. ^ Wilshaw, L. A. (1 October 2020). "Alex Albon". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  16. ^ Benson, Andrew (1 September 2019). "Formula 2 driver Anthoine Hubert killed in Belgium crash". Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  17. ^ Duncan, Phil; Slater, Luke (1 September 2019). "Belgian Grand Prix winner Charles Leclerc dedicates maiden victory to Anthoine Hubert". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  18. ^ Newton, Adam (19 September 2020). "Nicholas Latifi". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  19. ^ Buckle, Luke-John (19 June 2021). "F2 Graduates: Mick Schumacher". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  20. ^ Buckle, Luke-John (19 June 2021). "F2 Graduates: Yuki Tsunoda". Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  21. ^ Wood, Ida (1 December 2022). "F2 will make sure new 2024 car "is not going to be an issue for female drivers"". Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  22. ^ Cobb, Haydn (4 August 2023). "F2 swaps Dutch for Qatar round as 2024 calendar revealed". Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  23. ^ Allen, Peter (12 December 2019). "F2 introduces Anthoine Hubert Award, presented to Guanyu Zhou". Formula Scout. Retrieved 12 December 2019.
  24. ^ "A triumphant swansong and the dawn of new beginnings". formula2. 21 December 2022. Retrieved 20 January 2023.
  25. ^ a b "FIA Formula 2 Records". Retrieved 4 December 2022.
  26. ^ "Le Castellet added to the 2022 FIA Formula 2 calendar". 18 May 2022. Retrieved 18 May 2022.

External links edit