FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives is a most wanted list maintained by the United States's Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The list arose from a conversation held in late 1949 between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, and William Kinsey Hutchinson, International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) editor-in-chief, who were discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI's "toughest guys". This discussion turned into a published article, which received so much positive publicity that on March 14, 1950, the FBI officially announced the list to increase law enforcement's ability to capture dangerous fugitives.
Individuals are generally only removed from the list if the fugitive is captured, dies, or if the charges against them are dropped; they are then replaced by a new entry selected by the FBI. In ten cases, the FBI removed individuals from the list after deciding that they were no longer a "particularly dangerous menace to society". Machetero member Víctor Manuel Gerena, added to the list in 1984, was on the list for 32 years, which was longer than anyone else. Billie Austin Bryant spent the shortest amount of time on the list, being listed for two hours in 1969. The oldest person to be added to the list was Eugene Palmer on May 29, 2019, at 80 years old. On rare occasions, the FBI will add a "Number Eleven" if that individual is extremely dangerous but the Bureau does not feel any of the current ten should be removed. Despite occasional references in the media, the FBI does not rank their list; no suspect is considered "#1 on the FBI's Most Wanted List" or "The Most Wanted".
The list is commonly posted in public places such as post offices. In many cases, fugitives on the list have turned themselves in on becoming aware of their listing. On May 18, 1996, after surrendering at the U.S. embassy in Guatemala City, Leslie Isben Rogge became the first person on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list to be apprehended due to the Internet. The FBI maintains other lists of individuals, including the FBI Most Wanted Terrorists, along with crime alerts, missing persons, and other fugitive lists.
On June 17, 2013, the list reached a cumulative total of 500 fugitives having been listed. As of October 2020,[update] 524 fugitives had been listed, ten of them women, and 490 of them were captured or located (94%), 162 (31%) of them due to public assistance.
The Criminal Investigative Division (CID) at FBI Headquarters calls upon all 56 Field Offices to submit candidates for the FBI's "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list. The nominees received are reviewed by special agents in the CID and the Office of Public Affairs. The selection of the "proposed" candidate(s) is forwarded to the Assistant Director of the CID for his/her approval and then to the FBI's Director for final approval. This process takes some time, which is why James Joseph "Whitey" Bulger Jr., who was arrested in Santa Monica, California on June 22, 2011, remained on the list until May 9, 2012 despite no longer being at large. Osama bin Laden similarly remained on the list for almost a year after his death at the hands of U.S. forces on May 2, 2011.
Rewards are offered for information leading to capture of fugitives on the list; the reward is a minimum of $100,000 for all fugitives, currently exceeded in the cases of Jason Derek Brown at $200,000, Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez at $1,000,000, and Rafael Caro Quintero at $20,000,000.
|Robert William Fisher||June 29, 2002||475||Fisher is wanted for the 2001 murder of his wife Mary and their two children, Robert Jr. and Brittney, and then blowing up the Scottsdale, Arizona, house in which they lived. Investigators believe he murdered his family because he felt threatened by his wife's intent to divorce. He is believed to be the one who rigged the natural gas explosion.|
|Alexis Flores||June 2, 2007||487||Flores is wanted for the kidnapping, rape and murder of five-year-old Iriana DeJesus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in July 2000. He was deported to his native Honduras in 2005 after serving a prison term for forgery in Arizona. He was added to the list after deportation when his DNA was matched to the DeJesus crime.|
|Jason Derek Brown||December 8, 2007||489||Brown is wanted for murder and armed robbery in Phoenix, Arizona. Authorities allege that in November 2004, he shot and killed an armored car guard outside a movie theatre and fled on a bicycle with $56,000 in a duffel bag. The FBI is offering a reward of up to $200,000 for information leading to his capture. Authorities believe he may have fled the country and could be living in France or Thailand.|
|Yaser Abdel Said||December 4, 2014||504||Said is wanted for the double murder of his daughters in Irving, Texas on January 1, 2008. He was captured on August 26, 2020, in Justin, Texas.|
|Bhadreshkumar Chetanbhai Patel||April 18, 2017||514||Patel allegedly stabbed and killed his wife in a doughnut shop in Hanover, Maryland on April 12, 2015. He was last seen taking a shuttle to Pennsylvania Station in Newark. According to authorities, he has connections to Canada, India, New Jersey, Kentucky, Georgia, and Illinois.|
|Alejandro Castillo||October 24, 2017||516||Castillo is wanted in connection with the 2016 murder of a 23-year-old woman, Truc Quan “Sandy” Ly Le, whom he had previously dated. The two became acquainted while working together in a Charlotte restaurant.|
|Rafael Caro Quintero||April 12, 2018||518||Caro Quintero, a former Mexican cartel leader, is wanted for his role in the kidnapping and murder of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique Camarena Salazar, his pilot Alfredo Zavala Avelar, American writer John Clay Walker and dentistry student Alberto Radelat in 1985. He spent 28 years in jail in Mexico before being released in 2013; a new arrest warrant was issued shortly after his release. A reward of $20,000,000 is offered for information leading to his capture.|
|Arnoldo Jimenez||May 8, 2019||522||Jimenez is wanted for the murder of his wife on May 12, 2012. Jimenez allegedly stabbed his wife to death just hours after their wedding. Her body was found in a bathtub at her apartment in Burbank, Illinois.|
|Eugene Palmer||May 29, 2019||523||Palmer is wanted for the murder of his daughter-in-law on September 24, 2012 in Stony Point, New York.|
|Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez||October 13, 2020||524||Villarreal-Hernandez is wanted for directing individuals to track and murder a man in Southlake, Texas in May 2013. A reward of up to $1,000,000 is offered for information leading to his capture.|
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- Douglas, John; Mark Olshaker (July 1999). The Anatomy of Motive: The FBI's Legendary Mindhunter Explores the Key to Understanding and Catching Violent Criminals. Mindhunters, Inc. ISBN 0-671-02393-4.
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- "Wanted by the FBI: Another Milestone for the Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. March 14, 2019. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
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- Melley, Brian and Greg Risling (June 23, 2011). "FBI arrests mob boss Whitey Bulger in Calif." Associated Press.
- "FBI Ten Most Wanted". Retrieved November 27, 2011.
- Pelofsky, Jeremy (April 10, 2012). "FBI replaces bin Laden on Ten Most Wanted list". Yahoo! News. Reuters.
- Zoellner, Tom; Slivka, Judd (August 7, 2002). "Report portrays suspect in family killing as cruel, controlling". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "Robert William Fisher". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "Alexis Flores". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on June 29, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "AMW Fugitive Data File for Alexis Flores". America's Most Wanted. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- "Jason Derek Brown". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on December 11, 2007. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "AMW Fugitive Data File for Jason Derek Brown". America's Most Wanted. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
- The Nation (April 4, 2013). "Tarit: Thailand is region's No 1 terror target – The Nation". Nationmultimedia.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Yaser Abdel Said Wanted for Alleged Murder of His Two Daughters Amina and Sarah in Irving, Texas | Fugitive Watch". Fugitive Watch. April 16, 2016. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
- "FBI's Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives". CBS News. September 26, 2017. Retrieved October 14, 2017.
- Henderson, Jennifer; Lavandera, Ed; Killough, Ashley (August 26, 2020). "One of the FBI's Most Wanted Fugitives has been taken into custody". CNN. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
- "Bhadreshkumar Chetanbhai Patel". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- Bui, Lynh (April 18, 2017). "Latest on FBI's most wanted list: Man accused of killing wife in Md. doughnut shop". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- "New Top Ten Fugitive". Federal Bureau of Investigation. April 18, 2017. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "New Top Ten Fugitive". Federal Bureau of Investigation. October 24, 2017.
- "New Top Ten Fugitive". Federal Bureau of Investigation. April 12, 2018.
- "Arnoldo Jimenez Added to Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. May 8, 2019.
- "Eugene Palmer Added to Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. May 28, 2019. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Jose Rodolfo Villarreal-Hernandez Added to Ten Most Wanted Fugitives List". Federal Bureau of Investigation. October 13, 2020. Retrieved October 14, 2020.
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