International Ski and Snowboard Federation

The International Ski and Snowboard Federation, also known as FIS (French: Fédération Internationale de Ski et de Snowboard), is the highest international governing body for skiing and snowboarding. It was previously known as the International Ski Federation (Fédération Internationale de Ski) until 26 May 2022 when the name was changed to include snowboard.[9][2][10][11]

International Ski and Snowboard Federation
SportSkiing[1] and Snowboarding[2]
Membership132 members[1]
Founded2 February 1924 (1924-02-02)[1]
in Chamonix, France
HeadquartersMarc Hodler House
Blochstrasse 2
Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland
PresidentSweden Johan Eliasch
Vice president(s)
SecretaryFrance Michel Vion
Operating incomeDecrease CHF 14.6 million (2018)[8]
Official website
  • Official languages: English, French,
    German and Russian[3]

Founded on 2 February 1924 in Chamonix, France during the inaugural Winter Olympic Games, FIS is responsible for the Olympic skiing disciplines, namely Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, freestyle skiing, and snowboarding. The FIS is also responsible for setting the international competition rules. The organization has a membership of 132 national ski associations, and is based in Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland.[9]

Most World Cup wins edit

More than 45 World Cup wins in all disciplines run by International Ski Federation for men and ladies:

Rank Wins Discipline Code
1   Amélie Wenger-Reymond 158 Telemark skiing TM
2   Conny Kissling 106 Freestyle skiing FS
3   Mikaela Shiffrin 89 Alpine skiing AL
4   Ingemar Stenmark 86 Alpine skiing AL
5   Marit Bjørgen 84
Cross-country skiing CC
6   Lindsey Vonn 82 Alpine skiing AL
7   Mikaël Kingsbury 70 Freestyle skiing FS
8   Karine Ruby 67 Snowboarding SB
  Marcel Hirscher 67 Alpine skiing AL
10   Annemarie Moser-Pröll 62 Alpine skiing AL
11   Sara Takanashi 60 Ski jumping JP
12   Phillipe Lau 58 Telemark skiing TM
13   Jan Bucher 57 Freestyle skiing FS
  Jan Němec 57 Grass skiing GS
15   Vreni Schneider 55 Alpine skiing AL
16   Hermann Maier 54 Alpine skiing AL
17   Gregor Schlierenzauer 53 Ski jumping JP
18   Alberto Tomba 50 Alpine skiing AL
19   Hannu Manninen 48 Nordic combined NK
20   Matti Nykänen 46 Ski jumping JP
  Donna Weinbrecht 46 Freestyle skiing FS
  Bjørn Dæhlie 46 Cross-country skiing CC
  Renate Götschl 46 Alpine skiing AL
  Hannah Kearney 46 Freestyle skiing FS

Updated as of 21 March 2021

Ski disciplines edit

The federation organises the following ski sport disciplines, for which it oversees the FIS Games as well as World Cup competitions and World Championships:

Alpine skiing
Disciplines World Championships
Alpine combined FIS Alpine World Ski Championships
Giant slalom
Nordic skiing
Disciplines World Championships
Cross-country skiing FIS Nordic World Ski Championships
Ski jumping
Nordic combined
Ski flying FIS Ski Flying World Championships
Freestyle skiing
Disciplines World Championships
Moguls FIS Freestyle World Ski Championships
Big air
Ski Ballet/Acro Ski (defunct with FIS)
Disciplines World Championships
Parallel giant slalom FIS Snowboarding World Championships
Parallel slalom
Big air
Snowboard cross
Disciplines World Championships
Para-alpine skiing FIS Para Alpine World Championships
Para-nordic FIS Para Nordic World Championships
Para-snowboard FIS Para Snowboard World Championships
Disciplines World Championships
Grass skiing FIS sprint slalom, giant slalom, super combined, super-G, parallel slalom – World Cup (s)
Speed skiing FIS speed skiing championships
Telemark skiing Sprint, classic, parallel sprint, team parallel sprint – World Cup (s)
Masters FIS World Criterium Masters (amateur, senior)
Roller skiing (amateur, senior)

FIS Congress history edit

Founding and the first years edit

After ski club federations and national associations were created in Norway (1883 and 1908), Russia (1896), Bohemia and Great Britain (1903), Switzerland (1904), United States, Austria and Germany (all in 1905) and Sweden, Finland and Italy (all in 1908), and competitions had begun such as the Nordic Games,[12] early international cross-country races (Adelboden, 1903), international participation at Holmenkollen (1903)[13] and Club Alpin Français (CAF) International Winter Sports Weeks, an international Ski Congress was convened to develop standard rules for international competitive skiing.

The founding of a predecessor association, the International Ski Commission (CIS), was decided on February 18, 1910, in Christiania, Norway by delegates from ten countries to the first International Ski Congress.[14] This Congress then met every year or so to hear from the CIS and refine and adopt rule changes. The commission was to consist of two members - a representative of Scandinavia and Central Europe. Ultimately, two Scandinavians sat on the commission. A year later, in March 1911, the first internationally valid set of rules was approved. At that time, the commission was enlarged to five members, and Oslo was elected as headquarters.

In 1913, the number of members of the commission was increased to seven: two Norwegians, two Swedes, a Swiss, a German and an Austrian.

On February 2, 1924, in Chamonix as part of the "International Winter Sports Week", which was later to be recognized as the first Olympic Winter Games, 36 delegates from 14 countries (Great Britain, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Yugoslavia, Norway, Poland, Romania, USA, Switzerland, Sweden, Hungary and Italy) decided to found the FIS, which replaced the CIS.

Initially, the FIS was only responsible for Nordic skiing. FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1925 in Janské Lázně, Czechoslovakia, were given status as the first official World Championships. After the Scandinavian countries had relented, it was decided at the 11th FIS Congress (February 24–26, 1930 in Oslo) to also include alpine skiing (downhill, slalom and alpine combined) in the rules. This was upon a proposal by Great Britain, in which the British ski pioneer Arnold Lunn played a major role as co-founder of the Arlberg-Kandahar races. The simple sentence "Downhill and slalom races may be organized" was written into the rules - a sentence that was to change skiing in the long term.[15] The first FIS Alpine World Ski Championships were held 19–23 February 1931 in Mürren, Switzerland.

Ski flying, a variation of ski jumping, was recognized as a discipline in 1938, but rules were not finalized until after World War II.

List of Ski Congresses edit

Presidents edit

The Crystal Globe trophy awarded by the FIS to the winner of the Alpine Ski World Cup. Similar trophies are awarded in all FIS world cups.
# Name Nationality Term
1. Ivar Holmquist   Sweden 1924–1934
2. Nicolai Ramm Østgaard   Norway 1934–1951
3. Marc Hodler    Switzerland 1951–1998
4. Gian-Franco Kasper    Switzerland 1998–2021[17][18]
5. Johan Eliasch   Great Britain

Members edit

Official FIS ski museums edit

Exhibit at the FIS Skimuseum Damüls in Vorarlberg (Austria)

As of 2017, there are 31 official FIS Ski Museums worldwide in 13 countries which are devoted to the history of skiing, taking into account the region's own history of skiing and tourism.[19]

List of FIS ski museums edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c "Facts & Figures". 17 September 2018. Archived from the original on 29 October 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Decisions of the 53rd International Ski Congress". 26 May 2022. Archived from the original on 27 June 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2023. The new name of the organisation is the International Ski and Snowboard Federation. The acronym of the organisation will remain FIS.
  3. ^ a b "General Regulations". June 2018. Archived from the original on 29 October 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Roman Kumpost". Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  5. ^ "Dexter Paine". Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Aki Murasato". Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  7. ^ "Peter Schroecksnadel". Retrieved 6 March 2020.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Accounts. Comptes. Rechnung 01.01.2018 – 31.12.2018" (PDF). 25 February 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  9. ^ a b "History of FIS". 17 September 2018. Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2023. The International Ski Federation - Fédération Internationale de Ski, Internationaler Ski Verband - is abbreviated in all languages as FIS.
  10. ^ "Behind the decision: It's all in a name". 1 June 2022. Archived from the original on 6 January 2023. Retrieved 6 January 2023. the General Assembly voted to formally change the name of the International Ski Federation to be the International Ski and Snowboard Federation ... Since the acronym FIS is widely recognised in the world of international sports, the Organization will remain FIS, but now with "Snowboard" as an official part of the long-form name.
  11. ^ Roepke, Michele (8 June 2022). "FIS gets a new name, hint: snowboard starts with "S" too". Park City News. Archived from the original on 29 September 2022. Retrieved 15 April 2023.
  12. ^ Edgeworth, Ron (1994) “The Nordic Games and the Origins of the Olympic Winter Games” Archived 18 August 2021 at the Wayback Machine Citius, Altius, Fortius
  13. ^ Vaage, Jakob (1968) The Holmenkollen Ski Jumping Hill and the Ski Museum Archived 16 April 2023 at the Wayback Machine Oslo: Tanum OCLC 492547534 Page 19
  14. ^ FIS Congress History Archived 4 August 2022 at the Wayback Machine at FIS
  15. ^ Ski-ing and Olympism Archived 3 August 2022 at the Wayback Machine Olympic Review
  16. ^ List of past Congress summaries at Archived 14 March 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "FIS President". Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  18. ^ "Ski: FIS-Präsident Gian Franco Kasper tritt zurück". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). 23 November 2019. Archived from the original on 27 November 2019. Retrieved 6 March 2020.
  19. ^ "FIS Official Ski Museums". Archived from the original on 17 July 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Kulisse Pfarrhof Ski Museum | Culture | REGION". Archived from the original on 22 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  21. ^ "Home- Winter!Sport!Museum!". Archived from the original on 3 February 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  22. ^ "Skimuseum Werfenweng" (in German). Archived from the original on 22 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  23. ^ "Skimuseum ist Geschichte". Vaterland online. Archived from the original on 22 August 2019. Retrieved 22 August 2019.

External links edit