Fátima Báñez

María Fátima Báñez García (born 6 January 1967), better known as Fátima Báñez, is a Spanish politician, economist and jurist. She was Minister of Employment and Social Security from December 2011 until June 2018, when a vote of no-confidence against Mariano Rajoy ousted the government.

María Fátima Báñez García
Desayuna con Fernando Martínez-Maíllo2 (cropped).jpg
Minister of Employment and Social Security
In office
22 December 2011 – 1 June 2018
MonarchJuan Carlos I (2011–2014)
Felipe VI (2014–2018)
Prime MinisterMariano Rajoy
Preceded byValeriano Gómez
Succeeded byMagdalena Valerio
Member of the Congress of Deputies
In office
12 March 2000 – 21 May 2019
Personal details
Born (1967-01-06) 6 January 1967 (age 53)
San Juan del Puerto, Huelva, Spain
Alma materComillas Pontifical University


Báñez holds a degree in Law and in Economics and Business Studies from the Comillas Pontifical University (ICADE). She served as a councillor of the Andalusia Radio and Television (1997-2000).


Báñez was a member of the Spanish Parliament during the seventh, the eighth, the ninth and the tenth terms, representing Huelva Province. In this capacity, she held the following positions:

  • Economy and Finance Commission, Member of the Board
  • Committee on Budgets, Spokeswoman
  • Industry, Tourism and Trade Commission, Member of the Board
  • Spanish delegation of the Parliamentary Group of Friendship with the House of Representatives of Japan, Member of the Board
  • Presidency coordinator of the People's Party in Andalusia

Minister of Employment and Social Security, 2011–2018Edit

On 22 December 2011, Mariano Rajoy appointed her Minister of Employment and Social Security, replacing Valeriano Gómez[1] Unemployment at that time was the most serious problem for Spaniards, according to the Spanish Center for Sociological Research. The number of unemployed in Spain stood at 5,273,600; the number of households in which all their active members was unemployed stood at 1,575,000; the unemployment rate was 22.85%, double the average EU rate; the youth unemployment rate was closer to 50%; 1.2 million jobs had been lost since the fourth quarter of 2007; the percentage of the work force regarded as temporary workers was at 25%, one of the highest in the EU.[2] On Friday 10 February 2012, she launched the first labour reform of the PP government. This measure gained the support of the European Commission,[3] the Bank of Spain[4] and the OCDE,[5] but it couldn't get the approval of the trade unions. Although Báñez was open to dialogue, she confirmed that the basic lines of the reform would remain unchanged.[6] The most criticized point was that of making dismissal less costly, because the compensation for unfair dismissal for indefinite duration contracts was reduced from 45 to 33 days per year worked, while the compensation in the case of objective dismissals, was set at 20 days per year worked.[7] Redundancy compensation for workers in Spain was traditionally the highest in Europe.[8] The mobilizations against labor reform culminated on 29 March 2012, with the first general strike during the whole period of the governance of Mariano Rajoy.[9]

On 24 January 2013, thirteen months into her post of Minister of Employment and Social Security, the number of unemployed in Spain stood at 5,965,400 and the unemployment rate was 26.02%.[10] On 25 April 2013, according to the EPA (Spanish Labour Force Survey), the number of unemployed workers in Spain was 6,202,700 and the unemployment rate was 27.16% of the employable population.[11] Her reforms are widely credited with helping reduce unemployment, which stood at 18.9% in later 2016, still the second highest rate in the European Union after Greece.[12]



  1. ^ "Aguirre dimite como presidenta del Gobierno de la Comunidad de Madrid" (PDF). ABC. November 22, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  2. ^ "Datos de la Encuesta de Población Activa del cuarto trimestre de 2004". Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  3. ^ "La Comisión Europea celebra la reforma laboral". Cinco días. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  4. ^ "El Banco de España aprueba la reforma laboral y pide flexibilidad para que no suba el paro en 2012". RTVE. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  5. ^ "La OCDE aplaude la reforma laboral porque agilizará los ajustes de plantilla". El Mundo. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  6. ^ ("Fátima Báñez dice que el Gobierno no cambiará el grueso de la reforma laboral". ABC. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  7. ^ http://economia.elpais.com/economia/2012/02/10/actualidad/1328911729_685382.html Indemnización por despido. El País. Retrieved February 2, 2013))
  8. ^ Branine, Mohamed (2011). Managing Across Cultures: Concepts, Policies and Practices. SAGE. p. 375. ISBN 9781446210314. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  9. ^ http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/1333942/0/huelga-general/cronologia/sindicatos. Huelga general contra reforma laboral. 20 minutos. Retrieved February 1, 2013
  10. ^ "El paro roza los 6000000". El Mundo. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
  11. ^ "Más de seis millones de parados". El País. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
  12. ^ Spain’s Rajoy appoints EU-friendly Cabinet EurActiv, November 4, 2016.
  13. ^ "Evolución del paro en España". FeelMadrid Guía de Madrid. Retrieved February 2, 2013.
Political offices
Preceded by
Valeriano Gómez
Minister of Employment and Social Security
Succeeded by
Magdalena Valerio