King World Productions
King World Productions, Inc. (also known as King World Entertainment, King World Enterprises, or simply King World) was a production company and a syndicator of television programming in the United States independently established in 1964 until acquired by CBS in 2000, with its eventual 2007 incorporation into CBS Television Distribution. The company continues to exist on paper as an intellectual property holder and under the moniker of KWP Studios (the initials standing for King World Productions) to hold the copyright for TV shows like the Rachael Ray show.
The company's logo from 1984 to 1999
|In-name only unit of CBS Television Distribution. Operating as KWP Studios.|
|Successor||CBS Television Distribution|
|Headquarters||New York City|
Los Angeles, California
Westinghouse Electric Company/CBS Corporation (2000)
National Amusements (2000–present)
CBS Corporation (2000, 2006–present)
|Divisions||Camelot Entertainment Sales|
Founding with The Little RascalsEdit
The division was started in 1964 by Charles King (c.1910-1973). It was a company that expressly handled television distribution of the classic Hal Roach produced Our Gang short comedy films from the 1930s. When Roach lost the rights to the name Our Gang (it was retained by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer movie studio, who bought the series from Roach in 1938), the shorts were retitled as The Little Rascals.
It was through this acquisition that the comedy shorts made from 1929 through 1938 have been made available to audiences for the past fifty years. King World later co-produced an animated version of the shorts as a TV series with Hanna-Barbera. King died in 1973 and the company was taken over by King's children: Roger M. King (1944-2007), a producer (who died in December 2007), Michael (who died in 2015) andother children: Robert, Diana, Richard, and Karen.
Camelot Entertainment Sales and Harpo ProductionsEdit
In 1984, King World formed an ad-sales barter division called Camelot Entertainment Sales. A year later, company chairmen / brothers Roger M. King (1944-2007), a producer; and together with brothers: Michael, and Robert acquired the syndication rights to Merv Griffin's famous game show, Wheel of Fortune when no other studio would step in. The acquisition paid off, and Wheel of Fortune became the most popular show in the history of TV syndication, and has continued to be for over a quarter of a century since. At one point, the program was generating a 21% of the audience national rating. The same year, the KWP company acquired the syndication rights of The Merv Griffin Show from Metromedia Producers Corporation.
A year later, King World bought the syndication rights to another Griffin show, Jeopardy!, and the latest version of the series (with longtime host Alex Trebek), which has since become the number-two show in syndication. The company co-produced two pilots of the game show; one in September 1983 and the other on January 9, 1984. Robert King, (son of Charles, brother of producer Roger M.) and the president of King World Productions left the company to form The Television Program Source; a television syndication company that was founded on October 15 as a joint venture between King, Alan Bennett, and Columbia Pictures Television.
On August 6, 1984, King World Productions acquired Leo A. Gutman, Inc. which included 66 feature films including Joan of Arc, Anna Karenina, 14 Sherlock Holmes movies and 13 East Side Kids movies/shorts films and two late 1960s westerns television shows, Branded (with Chuck Connors) and The Guns of Will Sonnett (with Walter Brennan).
Shortly after this, King World in partnership with Oprah Winfrey and with her, launched Harpo Productions' successful The Oprah Winfrey Show in 1986, which eventually led to the creation of the spin-off series Dr. Phil, in 2002 as well as the latest Harpo Productions contribution, Rachael Ray.
On February 11, 1985, King World formed the King World Enterprises division to develop joint-venture programs with advertisers and station groups and to handle international distribution for King World and Camelot.
1990s: King World Direct and KWPEdit
In the 1990s, King World operated an "As Seen On TV" VHS service called King World Direct.
Stuart Hersch, a lawyer by trade, was the financial expert who helped to take the company public, making it one of the hottest stocks on Wall Street at the time. The company traded as "KWP". King World had virtually no debt and generated hundreds of millions of dollars in revenues after going public.
Television stations that broadcast King World programming had first choice on any series King World offered to distribute.
On September 28, 1998, King World acquired the worldwide leasing rights to the solo-developed game shows by Merrill Heatter Productions for a limited time.
CBS and Viacom acquisitionEdit
On January 19, 2000, King World was acquired by CBS. After CBS' purchase of the company, Eyemark Entertainment, the successor to Group W Productions following the CBS/Westinghouse merger, was folded into King World. CBS Enterprises was bought by Viacom, Inc. around the time of CBS's acquisition of King World, thus becoming owned by the post-split CBS Corporation as well as all of Viacom's former TV production and distribution operations.
In its latter days, King World was considered the syndication branch of the CBS network (a role Viacom actually first served upon its creation), having succeeded Eyemark in that role. King World, however, distributed newer CBS shows such as Everybody Loves Raymond while the older shows were syndicated by corporate affiliate CBS Paramount Television, the successor to the original distributor Viacom Enterprises. Additionally, from 2000 to 2006, King World distributed archive programs from Group W, such as The Mike Douglas Show.
On September 26, 2006, CBS announced that King World and CBS Paramount Television's syndication operations would be combined to form the CBS Television Distribution Group (CTD). Roger King was announced as CEO of the new entity. However, he died on December 8, 2007, after suffering a stroke the previous day. Paul Franklin currently serves as President of CTD.
For one year, the King World on-screen identity was kept for the programs it distributed at its closure. However, most of the programs handled by King World were distributed under CTD. On September 27, 2007, CBS Television Distribution introduced a new closing logo to replace the old logos of King World, CBS Paramount Domestic Television, and its predecessors.
King World was responsible for the highest rated shows in syndication for over two decades. They also had the television rights to a large library of theatrical films. When it was acquired by CBS Enterprises in 2000, it distributed a number of CBS-produced series for syndication, such as Everybody Loves Raymond (ancillary rights to this series are owned by HBO), CSI, CSI: NY, and CSI: Miami. King World turned part of its attention to producing in-house newsmagazines including American Journal and Inside Edition.
- Petski, Denise (2015-05-28). "Michael King Dead: TV Exec Who Helped Launch 'Oprah' Show Was 66". Deadline. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
- "In Brief". Broadcasting: 96. 1984-10-15.
- "In Brief: King World Productions acquired Leo A. Gutman Inc. for $5 million in cash" (PDF). Broadcasting Magazine. August 6, 1984. p. 98.
- "In Brief" (PDF). Broadcasting: 94. 1985-02-11. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- "KING GETS THE SQUARE". Broadcasting: 26. 1991-11-25.
- KING WORLD INTERNATIONAL ACQUIRES EXCLUSIVE INTERNATIONAL FORMAT RIGHTS TO GAME SHOW CATALOGUE FROM MERRILL HEATTER PRODUCTIONS, INC., prnewswire.co.uk
- "The Free Library" CBS Television Merges King World Productions, Eyemark Entertainment and CBS Broadcast International to Create New Worldwide Distribution Organization. thefreelibrary.com, Retrieved on January 31, 2013
- Littleton, Cynthia (2016-07-06). "Paul Franklin to Head CBS Television Distribution, Armando Nunez Returns Focus to International". Variety. Retrieved 2019-01-04.