Eye, Cambridgeshire

Eye is a village in the unitary authority area of Peterborough in England. The village is 4.5 miles (7 km) south from Crowland. The hamlet of Eye Green is 1⁄2 mile (800 m) to the north, separated by the A47 trunk road.

Eye
Eye parish church 2006-07-31 002web2.jpg
Eye parish church of St.Matthew's
Eye is located in Cambridgeshire
Eye
Eye
Location within Cambridgeshire
OS grid referenceTF2202
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPeterborough
Postcode districtPE6
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°36′07″N 0°12′00″W / 52.602°N 0.200°W / 52.602; -0.200Coordinates: 52°36′07″N 0°12′00″W / 52.602°N 0.200°W / 52.602; -0.200

HistoryEdit

According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Eye derives from the Old English ēg, meaning a place at "the island or well-watered land, or dry ground in marsh". In the 10th century, this particular 'Eye' was spelt "Ege".[1]

There has been a church at Eye since at least 1543. The present church, St Matthew's, was built in 1846. Originally built with a spire, this was removed for safety reasons and now has a roofed tower.[citation needed] Adjoined to the southeast corner of the churchyard, and on Back Lane, stands the former village fire station dating from 1826 when it housed a Merryweather fire engine. Closed after 1945, it was repaired by the parish council in 2011.[citation needed]

Eye Cornmill was a windmill with eight sails. Eye was previously one of the brickmaking villages of the Peterborough area, along with Fletton, Yaxley and Stanground. There was a brickpit (a quarry for clay for making bricks). Northolme in Crowland Road was the site of the Brick works Social club. When this closed the buildings and pit were taken over by the British Sub Aqua Club and run as a National Dive Site, managed by the Peterborough Branch. When this closed the buildings were demolished; the brickpit is now a nature reserve.[citation needed]

There was an Eye Green railway station (originally named Eye) on the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway line between Peterborough and Wisbech, which closed on 2 December 1957.[2]

Eye war memorial, of granite, was erected in Crowland Road Cemetery in 1920. It is dedicated to forty-one killed in the First World War, with fourteen Second World War deaths added later. The memorial was Grade II listed on 23 March 2016.[3]

Eye was in Cambridgeshire until Peterborough became a unitary authority. It was formerly in the Soke of Peterborough in Northamptonshire.[when?]

The three-mile £7m A47 Eye bypass opened in October 1991.

Community facilitiesEdit

Local facilities include a GP surgery, a dentist's surgery, a library, a community centre, a care home, a household recycling centre, a cemetery and a skate park.

Commercial amenities include public house, a Nisa store, a Sue Ryder shop, a Co-op food store, a Boots pharmacy, a farming industry seed supplier, two MOT garages, a car and a caravan dealership, a caravan site, a garden centre, an Esso fuel station. Food outlets include an Italian restaurant, a McDonald's restaurant, a Starbucks coffee shop, a kebab & pizza takeaway, a fish and chip shop, and a Chinese takeaway.

There is a Church of England primary school on Eyebury Road.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011), p.181. ISBN 019960908X
  2. ^ "Eye Green Railway Station and the M&GN". Personal web site for Eye village. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Eye War Memorial (1432921)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 January 2019.

External linksEdit