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ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. is an United States airline headquartered in College Park, Georgia. ExpressJet operates as United Express, on behalf of United Airlines, to serve more than 100 airports across the United States, Canada and Mexico. The airline flies more than 3,300 weekly flights from bases in Chicago, Cleveland, Houston and Newark, using Embraer E175 and Embraer ERJ 145 jet aircraft.

ExpressJet logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
EV ASQ ACEY
Founded1986
AOC #ASOA029B[1]
Operating bases
Frequent-flyer programMileage Plus (United Airlines)
AllianceStar Alliance (United Airlines)
Fleet size118
Destinations100+
Parent companyUnited Airlines Holdings (UAL)
HeadquartersCollege Park, Georgia, U.S.
Key people
  • Subodh Karnik, Chairman & CEO
  • John Varley, SVP - Chief Administrative Officer & General Counsel
  • John Greenlee, Chief Financial Officer and SVP of Planning and Operations Control
  • Scott Hall, SVP of Flight Operations
Employees5,000
Websitewww.expressjet.com

It was purchased on December 18, 2018 by ManaAir, LLC and United Airlines for $70 million and the assumption of all debts.[2][3] Before the acquisition it was an independent airline, and previously, a subsidiary of Continental Airlines.[4]

Although an autonomous business entity since its divestiture from Continental Airlines, Inc. in 2002, it continued to operate as Continental Express for Continental Airlines from hubs at George Bush Intercontinental Airport, Houston, Newark Liberty International Airport, Newark, New Jersey, and Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Cleveland, Ohio.[5] It has two training centers on the grounds of George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston, Texas.[6]

In August 2010, SkyWest, Inc. merged with ExpressJet Holdings, whereby SkyWest Inc.'s wholly owned subsidiary, Atlantic Southeast Airlines, would purchase ExpressJet for $6.75 per share. Atlantic Southeast Airlines and ExpressJet became the world's largest regional airline on November 12, 2010, once the purchase was final.

On November 22, 2011, both ExpressJet and Atlantic Southeast Airlines achieved a single operating certificate that allowed them to operate as one carrier, using Atlantic Southeast's former call sign "Acey". Effective December 31, 2011, all flights began operating under the name ExpressJet.[7] ExpressJet currently operates as United Airlines Express.

HistoryEdit

 
ExpressJet Domiciles 2019
 
ExpressJet E175 in Chicago, Illinois
 
ExpressJet E175 landing in Toronto, Canada
 
E175 New Livery
 
United Express Embraer ERJ-145 ExpressJet ERJ 145 in Houston, Texas

The airline was established in 1986 and started operations in 1987. Its origins were in a group of small commuter airlines acquired by Texas Air Corporation / Continental Airlines. These included Bar Harbor Airlines in Maine, Provincetown-Boston Airlines in New England, Rocky Mountain Airways in Denver, Colorado, and Britt Airways in Terre Haute, Indiana. ExpressJet operates under the original Federal Aviation Administration Part 121 certificate issued to Britt, which began operations as Continental Express in April 1987 and was later acquired by Continental Airlines.[citation needed] ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. incorporated in 1996.[8]

ExpressJet was spun off from Continental in 2002. Afterwards the company began plans to move into a corporate headquarters location.[9] ExpressJet has over 8,000 employees. ExpressJet Holdings also owns American Composites LLC, Saltillo Jet Center, and InTech Aerospace Services. Together with other facilities throughout the U.S. they make up ExpressJet Services which provides third-party maintenance, repair and overhaul services for a variety of aircraft types. ExpressJet Holdings also has non-controlling interests in Wings Holdings LLC 49% and Flight Services and Systems Inc 44%.

Before ExpressJet became independent, it was headquartered in Continental Center I in Downtown Houston.[10][11][12]

Following a December 2005 decision by Continental to reduce ExpressJet's Continental Express flying by 69 aircraft, the airline elected to operate the aircraft independently. On December 31, 2006, the airline began its charter operation. It currently operates 6 aircraft for charter services under the Corporate Aviation Division. On February 5, 2007, the airline announced service to 24 cities in the west coast, southwest, and midwest regions of the United States beginning in April 2007.[13]

On April 2, 2007, the airline began point-to-point services under its own name from locations throughout the U.S. The airline had a total of 42 aircraft in their branded operation. According to ExpressJet CEO James Ream, LA/Ontario International Airport in Ontario, California (alternate airport to nearby Los Angeles International Airport) would become the airline's "biggest center of operation".[14]

 
Continental Center I, Continental Airlines's headquarters in Downtown Houston, ExpressJet's headquarters

In March 2007, ExpressJet operated four of its Embraer 145 jets on JetBlue routes while JetBlue's Embraer 190 jets were being serviced.[15]

In June 2007, the airline began service at Los Angeles International Airport to western ski markets and Mexico on behalf of Delta Air Lines under the Delta Connection banner using 10 EMB 145XR aircraft.[16] In July 2007, the agreement was increased to 18 aircraft. In July 2008, the agreement was terminated and ExpressJet ended all Delta Connection flying by September 1.[17] A few days after announcing the end of its agreement with Delta, ExpressJet announced on July 8, 2008, that it would also end its independent ExpressJet-branded flying on September 2 due to the oil price increases since 2003.[18] This resulted in the furlough of 347 pilots.

In September 2007, the airline agreed to provide feeder service for Frontier Airlines from Denver International Airport while federal certification for Frontier's Lynx Aviation turboprop subsidiary was underway. ExpressJet flew to 5 cities from Frontier's Denver hub using 50-seat ERJ 145 regional jets until Frontier's subsidiary, Lynx Aviation, received DOT approval in December 2007. As of December 7, ExpressJet discontinued providing feeder service for Frontier Airlines.[19]

On August 21, 2009, an incident occurred where passengers were forced to stay on a parked plane at Rochester, Minnesota for six hours with no food and overflowing toilets. The airline crew tried over thirty times to call the contract carrier, Delta Connection, (which services the Rochester airport) to let the passengers off. The agents for the regional Mesaba Airlines refused. The Department of Transportation cited the main cause of the incident as the Mesaba Airlines station's refusal to park the aircraft.[20] However, Continental Airlines and ExpressJet were also fined for the part they played in the incident.

ExpressJet began a temporary contract with United Airlines to fly as a United Express carrier beginning in June 2009. The contract was for approximately 10 aircraft that operated out of United's O'Hare and Washington (Dulles) hub. The aircraft were flown in ExpressJet livery. The contract ended on September 2, 2009.

In late 2010 ExpressJet signed a multiple year contract with United Airlines for 22 ERJ-145 aircraft. The aircraft were flown, for the first time, in full United Express colors. Additionally, 10 more ERJ-145s; in ExpressJet colors, operated for United during the peak Summer travel season in 2010. The first flights under this new contract started December 1, 2009 and all 22 aircraft were in United Express service by Spring 2010.

In May 2010, ExpressJet began operating Branson AirExpress, non-stop air service between Branson, Missouri and Houston, Texas; Austin, Texas; Nashville, Tennessee; Des Moines, Iowa; Shreveport, Louisiana and Terre Haute, Indiana; Chicago Midway and Indianapolis.[21][22] ExpressJet last flight operating under Branson Air Express was on Oct 30 2010.

ExpressJet operated its own point-to-point service with its main hub at LA/Ontario International Airport in Ontario, California. This service ended on September 2, 2008.

In April 2008, SkyWest, Inc. proposed an acquisition of ExpressJet at a price of $3.50/share. ExpressJet Holdings Inc. said its special committee unanimously rejected the proposal. SkyWest rescinded the offer in early June after ExpressJet Holdings and Continental signed a new 7-year Capacity Purchase Agreement. This proposal was ultimately not successful.

On November 12, 2010, the financial transaction between Atlantic Southeast Airlines (a subsidiary of SkyWest, Inc.) and ExpressJet was closed. Thus as a legal entity the original (legacy) ExpressJet airlines effectively ceased to exist. Atlantic Southeast Airlines continued to operate ExpressJet during that time under the terms of their then current operating certificate with the FAA as "ExpressJet Airlines" while a new name for the recently merged companies was being considered.

In October 2011, the employees of ExpressJet and Atlantic Southeast Airlines voted to keep the name ExpressJet as the combined airlines new name, while Atlantic Southeast's "Acey" callsign would remain.[23]

In October 2013, ExpressJet opened a new crew domicile in Kansas City, Missouri, at Kansas City International Airport.[24] ExpressJet also opened a crew domicile in Denver, at Denver International Airport.

In August 2017, Delta Air Lines terminated its contract with ExpressJet, which took effect in late 2018. The fleet of CRJ-900 aircraft, which were owned by Delta and leased, were transferred to Endeavor Air.[25]

American Airlines terminated their contract with ExpressJet in May 2018. As a result, ExpressJet ceased to operate American Eagle flights as of 2019.[26]

ExpressJet currently has crew bases in Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, Knoxville, and Newark. There are maintenance bases in Baton Rouge, Chicago-O'Hare, Cleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, Knoxville, Newark, and Richmond.

DestinationsEdit

ExpressJet, as an independent carrier, flew to 20 destinations throughout the United States until the airline suspended independent flying on September 2, 2008.

Today, ExpressJet operates flights to over 100 destinations across the United States, Canada and Mexico on behalf of its parent company, United Airlines.

FleetEdit

As of November 2019, the ExpressJet fleet consists of the following aircraft:[27][28]

Aircraft In
service
Orders Passengers Operated for Notes
F E+ E Total
Embraer ERJ-145LR 68 6 44 50 United Express
Embraer ERJ-145XR 28
Embraer E175 22 3[29] 12 28 30 70 Deliveries began in April 2019 painted with new United Airlines livery.
Total 118 3

United Airlines has committed to purchasing additional E-175 jets. The additional order is comprised of 20 firm orders for the E-175, which is configured to seat 70 passengers, with an option to acquire 19 more E-175. Total value of the order was put at $1.9 billion, based on the current list price for the aircraft. Deliveries of the new planes are expected to begin in the second quarter of 2020.[30]

As United has begun aggressively expanding its route network into more second- and third-tier markets in recent years, the Embraer E-175 has proved a popular option to service smaller markets where traffic may not be heavy enough to fill larger mainline planes. But the E-175 still provides a level of service and comfort comparable to that typically available on United mainline flights.[30]

Corporate headquartersEdit

 
Former Atlantic Southeast Airlines headquarters at A-Tech Center at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport

ExpressJet has its headquarters in College Park, Georgia, in Greater Atlanta, in the A-Tech Center, a hangar at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport.[31] That facility previously housed the headquarters of Atlantic Southeast Airlines before Skywest acquired and merged ExpressJet with Atlantic Southeast Airlines.[32]

ExpressJet previously had its headquarters in the North Belt Office Center IV, a building in the Greens Crossing office park, a 484-acre (1.96 km2) mixed-use office park; the office park is in the Greenspoint area of Houston.[8][33][34]

 
Former ExpressJet headquarters in Greenspoint, Houston.

ExpressJet was one of three tenants that leased space in the two-building, 107,200-square-foot (9,960 m2) North Belt Office Center complex, which includes buildings III and IV. FORT Properties manages both buildings. ExpressJet uses the location due to the proximity to George Bush Intercontinental Airport and to Continental Center I, the Continental Airlines headquarters in Downtown Houston.[8] ExpressJet had relocated its headquarters to its final Houston location by 2006.[35] FORT had acquired the buildings in 2007, which were built in 2003.[36]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On May 1, 2013, Scandinavian Airlines Flight 908, an A330 that was readied for takeoff at Newark, clipped an ExpressJet Embraer E145 aircraft, operating as United Express flight 4226.[37][38]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Federal Aviation Administration - Airline Certificate Information - Detail View". av-info.faa.gov. Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  2. ^ "[1] Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved on December 18, 2018
  3. ^ "Expressjet about Archived 2017-06-29 at the Wayback Machine." Expressjet Airlines. Retrieved on February 23, 2011
  4. ^ "Commission File Number 0-9781." (Archive) Continental Airlines. February 8, 2002. "[...]together with our wholly owned subsidiaries, ExpressJet Airlines, Inc. (formerly Continental Express, Inc. and referred to in this Form 10-K as "ExpressJet") and Continental Micronesia, Inc. ("CMI"), each a Delaware corporation,[...]"
  5. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 80.
  6. ^ "Mailing Addresses." ExpressJet Airlines. January 28, 2007. Retrieved on June 17, 2009. "ExpressJet Training Center Physical and Mailing Address: 17445 JFK Boulevard Houston, TX 77032"
  7. ^ "About". expressjet.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "FORT X $79,800,000 Available for Real Estate Investment & 1031 Exchange." Fort Properties. Retrieved on October 22, 2009.
  9. ^ "NEC Helps ExpressJet Scale Operations Nationwide." Business Wire. March 17, 2008. Retrieved on October 25, 2009.
  10. ^ "Headquarters Location Archived 2012-03-01 at the Wayback Machine." Continental Airlines. Retrieved on December 7, 2008.
  11. ^ "Air Transportation." Opportunity Houston. Retrieved on December 10, 2008.[dead link]
  12. ^ "Expressjet.com Terms, Conditions, And Notices." ExpressJet Airlines. June 8, 2003. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  13. ^ "ExpressJet Airlines Begins Flying Under Its Own Banner" (PDF) (Press release). ExpressJet Airlines. 2007-02-05. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2007-02-05.
  14. ^ Newell, Jason (2007-02-06). "ONT unveils expansion". Inland Valley Daily Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
  15. ^ "ExpressJet JetBlue to pull E-Jets to repair software glitch". Aero-News Network. 2007-03-07. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  16. ^ "ExpressJet Announces Capacity Purchase Agreement with Delta Air Lines" (Press release). ExpressJet Airlines. 2007-03-01. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  17. ^ Rigby, Bill (2008-07-03). "Delta, ExpressJet ditch regional pact". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-07-03.
  18. ^ Hamilton, Dane; Michael Erman (2008-07-09). "ExpressJet suspends commercial operations". Reuters. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  19. ^ Yamanouchi, Kelly (2007-09-27). "Frontier to use alternative jet service". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  20. ^ "Regional carrier, not crew, at fault in plane's tarmac stranding." CNN. Friday August 21, 2009. Retrieved on October 22, 2009.
  21. ^ "Branson Air to begin Houston flights." Houston Business Journal. February 23, 2010. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  22. ^ "Branson Airport adds nonstop service to Chicago and Indianapolis". News-Leader. June 2010.
  23. ^ "Atlantic Southeast to take ExpressJet's name - Yahoo! Finance". yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 21 November 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  24. ^ "ExpressJet Airlines opens crew base at KCI". kansascity.com. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  25. ^ Karp, Aaron (10 August 2017). "Delta ends regional contract with ExpressJet, moves 31 CRJs to Endeavor". Air Transport World. Aviation Week Network. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  26. ^ "American Airlines Drops Two Regional Carriers as It Streamlines". Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  27. ^ "ExpressJet Fleet". ch-aviation.com. ch-aviation. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  28. ^ "ExpressJet fleet". www.planespotters.net. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  29. ^ "New E175-SCs, new ownership!". Expressjet. December 18, 2018.
  30. ^ a b https://www.bizjournals.com/chicago/news/2019/06/17/united-airlines-commits-to-more-embraer-jets.html
  31. ^ Tobin Ramos, Rachel and Douglas Sams. "ASA lands headquarters at Hartsfield hangar." Atlanta Business Chronicle. Monday December 10, 2007. Retrieved on July 28, 2012.
  32. ^ "Contact." Atlantic Southeast Airlines. Retrieved on May 19, 2009. "Atlantic Southeast Airlines A-Tech Center 990 Toffie Terrace Atlanta, GA 30354-1363"
  33. ^ "Contact Us Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine." ExpressJet Airlines. Retrieved on May 19, 2009. "Corporate Mailing address & Phone 700 N. Sam Houston Parkway West, Suite 200 Houston, TX 77067"
  34. ^ "Boundary Map Archived October 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Greenspoint Management District. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  35. ^ "ExpressJet profit slips, shares fall." Reuters. November 8, 2006. Retrieved on October 25, 2009.
  36. ^ "Fort Properties, Inc. Acquires Class 'A' Office Buildings in Phoenix, Houston and Omaha." PR Newswire. July 26, 2007. Retrieved on March 5, 2010.
  37. ^ United Express, SAS planes clip each other at Newark. Usatoday.com (2013-05-02). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-02-20. Retrieved 2013-05-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit