Exoprosopa is a large cosmopolitan genus of flies belonging to the family Bombyliidae (bee-flies), with over 325 described species.[2] The genus parasitizes a wide range of insects, including locust and larvae of wasps.

Exoprosopa italica
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Bombyliidae
Tribe: Exoprosopini
Genus: Exoprosopa
Macquart, 1840
Type species
Bibio capucina
Fabricius, 1781
  • Litorhynchus Macquart, 1840
  • Trinaria Mulsant, 1852
  • Argyrospila Rondani, 1856
  • Defilippia Lioy, 1864
  • Litorrhynchus Verrall in Scudder, 1882
  • Exoptata Coquillett, 1887
  • Cladodisca Bezzi, 1922
  • Litomyza Hull, 1973[1]
Exoprosopa caliptera in Great Sand Dunes National Park, Colorado, US - note the silvery mirror stripes formed by patches of specialized hairs modified into reflecting scales

Description Edit

This genus contains the largest bee flies, of about 14 mm, sometimes larger, up to 22 mm, though a few species are as small as 6 mm. The proboscis is short. The head is large and only loosely attached to the thorax. The antenna are small and well separated. Wings are large, with wingspan 40 mm, up to 64 mm in the largest species, nearly always boldly patterned; abdomen patterned (often banded) with white or pale scales on segment 6 and 7 or on each segment. Many species are sexually dimorphic.[2]

Distribution Edit

Species are found worldwide, however Southern Africa is especially species rich with over 135 species.[2]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "World Catalog Family Bombyliidae Latreille (Catalog - part 3 (Anthracinae)" (PDF). Bishop Museum. 2003. pp. 291–535. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Hull, F.M. (1973). Bee flies of the world. The genera of the family Bombyliidae. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 687 pp. ISBN 0-87474-131-9.