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The Exarchate of the Philippines (Bicolan: Eksarkado nin Filipinas; Cebuan: Eksarkado sa Filipinas; Ilocan: Eksarkado ti Filipinas; Ilongan: Eksarkado sang Filipinas; Pampangan: Eksarkadu ning Filipinas; Spanish: Exarcado de Filipinas; Tagalog: Eksarkado ng Filipinas; Zambal: Iksarkado nin Filipinas) is the Philippine jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, governed by the Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia.[1][2] The exarchate has three parishes and three chapels in the country.

HistoryEdit

Around the beginning of the seventeenth century, Greek sailors settled in Manila and Legazpi.[3]

In 1989, Adamopoulos saw the need to establish the first Greek Orthodox church in the Philippines and thus established the Hellenic Orthodox Foundation, Inc., but he died in 1993 before the church was completed. The Annunciation Orthodox Cathedral[4] in Sucat, Parañaque City, Metro Manila, was finished in 1996. Constructed in true Byzantine style and with interior furnishings imported from Greece, it serves hundreds of Filipino Orthodox and Orthodox expatriates in the national capital.

On 20 April 1990, a Filipino hieromonk, Fr. Vincentius Escarcha (a former Benedictine Abbot and a Roman Catholic priest for more than 20 years in Bajada, Cataingan, Masbate), together with four nuns and faithful members of his community, were received into the Orthodox Church by Metropolitan Dionysios of the Greek Orthodox Metropolis of New Zealand and assisted by Bishop Sotirios of Zelon. On 19 January 1994, Metropolitan Dionysios and Bishop Sotirios received several Filipino Christians in Manila by Holy Chrismation.

In 1996, the Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia was created for the needs of the faithful under the Church of Constantinople. In 2004, the Theotokos Orthodox Church in Bajada was consecrated by Metropolitan Nikitas of Hong Kong and South East Asia. As of 2014 the nuns of the Theotokos Orthodox Monastery in Bajada ran a kindergarten.

On 5 March 2000, the Church of the Annunciation of the Theotókos was consecrated by His All-Holiness Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I,[5] with Metropolitans Ioakeim and Nikitas, Bishop Dionysios, and a significant number of clergy from overseas assisting. During the service, the entire congregation followed the Patriarch in circumambulating the church. The Patriarch told the people present that the only thing which can really lead man to the land of gladness is the perfect love for his fellow man and for God. The message from the Church of Constantinople is one of love for the people of Southeast Asia, one which assures people everywhere of the immeasurable love of Christ.[6] Despite not being the bishop's seat—the cathedra—the church is sometimes called a "cathedral" because it is the only church in the metropolis blessed by the Ecumenical Patriarch.[7]

Two other churches, in Cataingan and Los Baños, have since been established, along with a few other chapels.

There are three major centres of Orthodoxy in the Philippines: Sucat, Parañaque in Metro Manila; around Los Baños; and in Bajada, Cataingan, Masbate. There are currently five priests and two monastic nuns in the Philippines.[7]

LanguageEdit

The Divine Liturgy and other Orthodox worship services are said in English, Greek and the local language.[8][9]

Parishes and chapelsEdit

ParishesEdit

ChapelsEdit

One more church, the Holy Cross Orthodox Church in Siniloan, Laguna, is functioning alternatively, in connection with the Holy Trinity parish of Los Baňos.

ClergyEdit

Within the Ecumenical Patriarchate's Orthodox Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia, there are currently six (6) active Filipino Orthodox priests in the Philippines (Fr. Vincentius having already retired from active service), along with a couple of nuns, and are now administratively under Metropolitan Nektarios of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Profiles of Parishes and Organizations throughout the Metropolis". Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia. Archived from the original on 2007-08-15. Retrieved 2007-08-02.
  2. ^ "Nikitas of Hong Kong". Retrieved 2007-08-02.
  3. ^ a b Miltiadis Adamopoulos (Milton Adamson). "Greeks in the Philippines and their contributions to the country". Hellenic Resources Network. Archived from the original on 2008-02-03. Retrieved 2007-08-02. (archived from the original on 2008-02-03)
  4. ^ "aoc.ph". www.aoc.ph. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  5. ^ "PHILIPPINES: ORTHODOX PATRIARCH VISITS FLEDGLING LOCAL ORTHODOX CHURCH". www.orthodox.cn. Retrieved 30 April 2018.
  6. ^ http://archive.ocl.org/?id=7354
  7. ^ a b "THE WEBSITE OF ANNUNCIATION ORTHODOX CATHEDRAL MANILA". ANNUNCIATION ORTHODOX CATHEDRAL MANILA. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  8. ^ Philemon Castro. "Philippines In Review 1998". Metropolitanate of Hong Kong and Southeast Asia. Archived from the original on 2008-01-17. Retrieved 2007-08-22.
  9. ^ "Clergy : OMHKSEA". www.omhksea.org. Retrieved 30 April 2018.

External linksEdit