Evil Angels (film)
Evil Angels (released as A Cry in the Dark outside Australia and New Zealand) is a 1988 Australian drama film directed by Fred Schepisi. The screenplay by Schepisi and Robert Caswell is based on John Bryson's 1985 book of the same name. It chronicles the case of Azaria Chamberlain, a nine-week-old baby girl who disappeared from a campground near Uluru (then called Ayers Rock) in August 1980 and the struggle of her parents, Michael Chamberlain and Lindy Chamberlain, to prove their innocence to a public convinced that they were complicit in her death. Meryl Streep and Sam Neill star as the Chamberlains.
|Directed by||Fred Schepisi|
|Produced by||Verity Lambert|
|Screenplay by||Robert Caswell|
|Based on||Evil Angels|
by John Bryson
|Music by||Bruce Smeaton|
|Edited by||Jill Bilcock|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. (US)|
Cannon Films (International)
|Box office||$6.9 million (United States)|
The film was released less than two months after the Chamberlains were exonerated by the Northern Territory Court of Appeals of all charges filed against them. The film received generally favourable reviews with Streep's performance receiving high praise and a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress, but was a box office bomb, grossing only $6.9 million against its $15 million budget.
Seventh-day Adventist Church pastor Michael Chamberlain (Sam Neill), his wife Lindy Chamberlain (Meryl Streep), their two sons, and their nine-week-old daughter Azaria are on a camping holiday trip in the Outback. With the baby sleeping in their tent, the family is enjoying a barbecue with their fellow campers when a cry is heard. Lindy returns to the tent to check on Azaria and is certain she sees a dingo with something in its mouth running off as she approaches. When she discovers the infant is missing, everyone joins forces to search for her, without success. It is assumed what Lindy saw was the animal carrying off the child, and a subsequent inquest rules her account of events is true.
The tide of public opinion soon turns against the Chamberlains. For many, Lindy seems too stoic, too cold-hearted, and too accepting of the disaster that has befallen her. Gossip about her begins to swell and soon is accepted as statements of fact. The couple's beliefs are not widely practised in the country, and when the media report a rumour that the name Azaria means "sacrifice in the wilderness" (when in fact it means "blessed of God"), the public is quick to believe they decapitated their baby with a pair of scissors as part of a bizarre religious rite. Law-enforcement officials find new witnesses, forensics experts, and circumstantial evidence—including a small wooden coffin Michael uses as a receptacle for his parishioners' packs of un-smoked cigarettes—and reopen the investigation, eventually charging Lindy with murder. Seven months pregnant, she ignores her attorneys' advice to play on the jury's sympathy and appears emotionless on the stand, convincing onlookers she is guilty of the crime of which she is accused. As the trial progresses, Michael's faith in his religion and his belief in his wife disintegrate, and he stumbles through his testimony, suggesting he is concealing the truth. In October 1982, Lindy is found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment with hard labour, while Michael is found guilty as an accessory and given an 18-month suspended sentence.
More than three years later, while searching for the body of an English tourist who fell from Uluru, police discover a small item of clothing that is identified as the jacket Lindy had insisted Azaria was wearing over her jumpsuit, which had been recovered early in the investigation. She is immediately released from prison, the case is reopened and all convictions against the Chamberlains overturned.
- Meryl Streep as Lindy Chamberlain
- Sam Neill as Michael Chamberlain
- Bruce Myles as Ian Barker, Q.C.
- Neil Fitzpatrick as John Phillips, Q.C.
- Charles 'Bud' Tingwell as Justice James Muirhead
- Maurie Fields as Justice Denis Barritt
- Nick Tate as Det. Graeme Charlwood
- Lewis Fitz-Gerald as Stuart Tipple
- Dorothy Alison as Avis Murchison, Lindy's mother
John Bryson's book Evil Angels was published in 1985 and film rights were bought by Verity Lambert, who got the interest of Meryl Streep. Robert Caswell wrote a script and Fred Schepisi agreed to direct. The movie was one of the most expensive and elaborate ever shot in Australia, with 350 speaking cast and 4,000 extras.
In his review in The New York Times, Vincent Canby said the film "has much of the manner of a television docudrama, ultimately being a rather comforting celebration of personal triumph over travails so dread and so particular that they have no truly disturbing, larger application. Yet A Cry in the Dark is better than that, mostly because of another stunning performance by Meryl Streep, who plays Lindy Chamberlain with the kind of virtuosity that seems to redefine the possibilities of screen acting ... Though Sam Neill is very good as Lindy Chamberlain's tormented husband, Miss Streep supplies the guts of the melodrama that are missing from the screenplay."
"Mr. Schepisi has chosen to present the terrible events in the outback in such a way that there's never any doubt in the audience's mind about what happened. The audience doesn't worry about the fate of the Chamberlains as much as it worries about the unconvincing ease with which justice is miscarried. Mr. Schepisi may have followed the facts of the case, but he has not made them comprehensible in terms of the film. The manner by which justice miscarries is the real subject of the movie. In this screenplay, however, it serves only as a pretext for a personal drama that remains chilly and distant ... As a result, the courtroom confrontations are so weakened that A Cry in the Dark becomes virtually a one-character movie. It's Mr. Schepisi's great good fortune that that one character is portrayed by the incomparable Meryl Streep."
Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times observed, "Schepisi is successful in indicting the court of public opinion, and his methodical (but absorbing) examination of the evidence helps us understand the state's circumstantial case. In the lead role, Streep is given a thankless assignment: to show us a woman who deliberately refused to allow insights into herself. She succeeds, and so, of course, there are times when we feel frustrated because we do not know what Lindy is thinking or feeling. We begin to dislike the character, and then we know how the Australian public felt. Streep's performance is risky, and masterful."
In the Washington Post, Rita Kempley said, "Streep – yes, with another perfect accent – brings her customary skillfulness to the part. It's not a showy performance, but the heroine's internal struggle seems to come from the actress' pores. Neill, who costarred with Streep in Plenty, is quite good as a humble, bewildered sort who finally breaks under cross-examination."
Variety made note of the "intimate, incredible detail in the classy, disturbing drama." In June 2008, the American Film Institute revealed its "Ten Top Ten"—the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. A Cry in the Dark was acknowledged as the ninth best film in the courtroom drama genre.
The line from the Lindy Chamberlain character, "the dingo took my baby", usually incorrectly quoted as "a dingo ate my baby", became part of pop culture after the release of the movie, appearing on such shows as Seinfeld, The Simpsons, Supernatural, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
(1989 AFI Awards)
|Best Film||Verity Lambert||Won|
|Best Direction||Fred Schepisi||Won|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||Won|
|Best Actor||Sam Neill||Won|
|Best Actress||Meryl Streep||Won|
|Best Editing||Jill Bilcock||Nominated|
|Best Original Music Score||Bruce Smeaton||Nominated|
|Best Sound||Craig Carter||Nominated|
|Academy Award||Best Actress||Meryl Streep||Nominated|
|Cannes Film Festival||Best Actress||Won|
|Palme d'Or||Fred Schepisi||Nominated|
|Chicago Film Critics Association Award||Best Actress||Meryl Streep||Nominated|
|Golden Globe Awards||Best Motion Picture – Drama||Verity Lambert||Nominated|
|Best Director||Fred Schepisi||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama||Meryl Streep||Nominated|
|Motion Picture Sound Editors||Golden Reel Award for Best Sound Editing - Sound Effects||Tim Chau||Nominated|
|New York Film Critics Circle Award||Best Actress||Meryl Streep||Won|
|Political Film Society Award||Exposé||Won|
|Sant Jordi Awards||Best Foreign Actress||Meryl Streep||Nominated|
- Maddox, Garry. "Next year's 10 Best Films." Sydney Morning Herald, 13 July 1987, p. 16.
- "Box Office Information for: 'A Cry in the Dark'. " Box Office Mojo. Retrieved: 14 April 2012.
- Harper, Dan. "Review: 'A Cry in the Dark'." Archived 25 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine SensesOfCinema.com, March 2001. Retrieved: 25 April 2008.
- Stratton 1990, pp. 60-62.
- Canby, Vincent. "Reviews/Film; Meryl Streep in 'A Cry in the Dark'." The New York Times, 11 November 1988. Retrieved: 25 April 2008.
- Ebert, Roger. "Review: 'A Cry in the Dark'." Chicago Sun-Times, 11 November 1988. Retrieved: 25 April 2008.
- Kempley, Rita. "Review: 'A Cry in the Dark' (PG-13)." Washington Post, 11 November 1988. Retrieved: 25 April 2008.
- "Review: 'A Cry in the Dark', Australia: Evil Angels'." Variety, 1988. Retrieved: 25 April 2008.
- "AFI's 10 Top 10." American Film Institute, 17 June 2008. Retrieved: 18 June 2008.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- "AFI's 10 Top 10: Top 10 Courtroom Drama". American Film Institute. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
- "Film Victoria." Australian Films at the Australian Box Office. Archived 18 February 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Bryson, John. Evil Angels. Ringwood, Australia: Penguin Books, 1985 (first edition). ISBN 0-670-80993-4.
- Chamberlain, Lindy. Through My Eyes: Lindy Chamberlain, An Autobiography. Melbourne, Australia: William Heinemann, 1990. ISBN 0-85561-331-9.
- Stratton, David. The Avocado Plantation: Boom and Bust in the Australian Film Industry. London: Pan MacMillan, 1990. ISBN 978-0-7329-0250-6.