Eve's Hangout was a New York City lesbian nightclub established by Polish feminist Eva Kotchever in Greenwich Village, Lower Manhattan, in 1925. The establishment was also known as "Eve Adams' Tearoom", a pun on the names Eve and Adam.[a]
Eve Adams' Tearoom
|Address||129 MacDougal Street|
Manhattan, New York City
|Coordinates||40°43′52″N 74°00′01″W / 40.73098°N 74.00018°WCoordinates: 40°43′52″N 74°00′01″W / 40.73098°N 74.00018°W|
|Type||Speakeasy, Lesbian bar, Tearoom|
After running "The Gray Cottage" with Ruth Norlander in Chicago in 1921–1923 , Kotchever left Norlander and moved to Greenwich Village, which had become an important area for the gay and lesbian community in New York City.
In 1925, Kotchever opened "Eve's Hangout" at 129 MacDougal Street, a mecca for bohemian New Yorkers. The only source that mentions a famous sign on the door that allegedly read "Men are admitted, but not welcome" is a 1926 article in Variety, which accused Adams of being financed by "a ring of rich women cultists" and inviting "mannish" women preying on girls. This led Adams's biographer, Jonathan Ned Katz, to claim that the sign "probably never existed".
The place was a haven for lesbians and migrants, working-class people, and intellectuals. It became a popular club, especially for artists like Berenice Abbott. Kotchever organized concerts and readings and meetings where it was acceptable to talk about love between women, political matters, and liberal ideas. Consequently, Kotchever became a notable figure of "The Village".
Police raid and closureEdit
Bobby Adward, writing for the conservative newspaper the Greenwich Village Quill, described the club as a place "where it is not very healthy for teenagers or comfortable for men." An upstairs neighbor complained to the police. On June 11, 1926, the Vice Squad of NYPD organized a raid on the bar. One of the detectives, the young Margaret Leonard, discovered the book Lesbian Love, that Kotchever wrote under the pseudonym Evelyn Adams. Kotchever was charged with and found guilty of obscenity and disorderly conduct. The bar did not survive the arrest of its owner and soon closed. Kotchever was imprisoned at Jefferson Market before being deported from the United States to Europe, but Greenwich Village did not forget her.[b]
Eve's Hangout is notable for LGBT history as well as for New York's Jewish history. It is considered one of the first lesbian bars in the United States and is recognized as part a New York City's heritage, and is recognized as historic by the National Park Service. It is included on tours for Europeans on official US websites. and has become a must-see.
Playwright Barbara Kahn wrote a play, "The Spring and Fall of Eve Adams," and musical, "Unreachable Eden," about Eve's Hangout.
As of 2020, the building houses an Italian restaurant and jazz club named La Lanterna di Vittorio.
- LGBT culture in New York City
- List of LGBT culture in New York City
- Timeline of LGBT history in New York City
- United States obscenity law
- ^ Eva Kotchever was born Chawa Zloczower in Poland and it seems that her name has been spelled as "Eva Kotchever" at Ellis Island in 1912 when she was 21-year-old. In fact, she was in Greenwich Village better known as Eve Adams (sometimes spelled Eve Addams), and the Eve's Hangout is therefore often said "Eve's Adams Tearoom". Otherwise, Kotchever's pen name was Evelyn Adams
- ^ Eva Kotchever was arrested in Nice by the French police and Nazis in 1943, just before she was scheduled to join her family in Palestine. She was emprisonned near Paris at Drancy internment camp before to be murdered at Auschwitz's gas chambers. The city of Paris paid tribute to Kotchever by naming a school and street after her.
- ^ a b "Eve Adams' Tearoom". NYC LGBT Historic Sites Project.
- ^ "Grey Cottage Chicago Tribune (Chicago, Illinois) 08 Dec 1922, Fri Page 23". Chicago Tribune. Newspapers.com. 2018-10-08. p. 23. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
- ^ a b Katz, Jonathan Ned (2021). The daring life and dangerous times of Eve Adams. Chicago. ISBN 978-1-64160-517-5. OCLC 1242879685.
- ^ Chauncey, George (June 26, 1994). "A Gay World, Vibrant and Forgotten". The New York Times. Section 4; p. 17.
- ^ Hampshire, Audrey (May 2008). "The Lavendar Lens: Lesbianism in the United States 1870-1969". Nonviolent Social Change. Manchester College. 35.
- ^ "LGBTQ History: MacDougal Street - GVSHP | Preservation | Off the Grid". GVSHP. 2014-10-30. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
- ^ Haaften, Julia Van (10 April 2018). Berenice Abbott: A Life in Photography - Julia Van Haaften - Google Livres. ISBN 9780393292794. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
- ^ Scelfo, Julie (15 November 2016). The Women Who Made New York - Julie Scelfo - Google Livres. ISBN 9781580056540. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
- ^ Gattuso, Reina (September 3, 2019). "The Founder of America's Earliest Lesbian Bar Was Deported for Obscenity". Atlas Obscura.
- ^ Wallace, Kreg (May 28, 2011). "Eve's Hangout". Lost Womyn's Space.
- ^ Gonzalez, Alexander (2017-11-02). "A Herstory of Lesbian Bars in NYC: Gwen Shockey Charts No Man's Land". Bedfordandbowery.com. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
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- ^ Carpenter, Julia (26 June 2019). "A Woman to Know: Eve Adams". A Woman to Know. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
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- ^ "Holocaust Survivors and Victims Database -- EVA ZLOCZOWER". secure.ushmm.org.
- ^ "Ecole polyvalente Eva Kotchever". www.paris.fr.
- ^ Shockey, Gwen; Loew, Karen (2018). "Photo-Documenting the Lost Landscape of Lesbian Nightclubs in New York City". Change over Time. muse.jhu.edu. 8 (2): 186–205. doi:10.1353/cot.2018.0014. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
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- ^ "NEW YORK: Stadtgeschichten". 12 December 2019.
- ^ "GREENWICH VILLAGE - PASSION NEW YORK CITY". passionnyc.canalblog.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-11.
- ^ Manfre, Katelyn (15 February 2012). "Lesbian Tearoom Before Its Time". The Forward.
- ^ "All About Eve (Adams)". jewishweek.timesofisrael.com. 13 April 2010.
- ^ "At 129 MacDougal, circa 1926, lesbian tearoom ruled". The Villager. April 20, 2010.
- ^ Jim Naureckas. "Macdougal Street: New York Songlines". Nysonglines.com. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
- ^ Miller, Tom (August 2, 2010). "Daytonian in Manhattan: "Men Are Admitted, But Not Welcome" -- 129 MacDougal Street".