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Eva Matthews Sanford

Eva Matthews Sanford (6 July 1894 – 26 March 1954) was a scholar of Classical and Medieval history and Assistant Professor of History at Sweet Briar College. Sanford is known for her work on the Medieval sources for Classical texts, particularly works of Juvenal and Augustine.[1][2][3]

Eva Matthews Sanford
Born6 July 1894
Died26 March 1954
Parent(s)Edgar Lewis and Anna Eugenia (Munson) Sanford
Academic background
Alma materRadcliffe College, Harvard University
ThesisQuibus rationibus auctorum Latinorum opera in libris manuscriptis collecta sint
Academic work
DisciplineClassics, Medieval History
InstitutionsWestern Reserve University, Sweet Briar College
Notable worksThe Mediterranean World in Ancient Times


Sanford gained her AB from Radcliffe College in 1916. Following some years at Yale University (1917-1919), Sanford obtained her MA and PhD from Harvard University in 1922 and 1923 with the thesis "Quibus rationibus auctorum Latinorum opera in libris manuscriptis collecta sint".[1] She was then a Whitney Travelling Fellow at the American Academy in Rome in 1923-4. Sanford was a member of the faculty of Mather College and of the graduate school of Western Reserve University in Cleveland until 1937 when she was appointed Assistant Professor of History at Sweet Briar College. Shortly afterwards Sanford published her textbook The Mediterranean World in Ancient Times (New York 1938) which became a standard reference for students and a revised edition was published in 1951.[4]

Sanford's work focused on the translation, understanding, and transmission of the medieval sources for classical literature. She was the section editor for commentaries of Latin authors 1300-1600 in the Bibliographical Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Commentaries and Translations of Classical Authors and also consulting editor for the Corpus of Roman Law.[1] As a Fulbright Scholar in 1950 Sanford travelled to Italy and France in search of Medieval commentaries on Juvenal.[5]

Sanford was also engaged in early work on finger signs in calculations in antiquity and published a text on the subject in 1928.[6][7]

Before she died Sanford was in the process of translating the De Civitate Dei of Augustine for the Loeb Classical Library. Her work on Volumes XVI-XVIII was subsequently completed by William M. Green and published as LCL 415 in 1965.[8][9]

An obituary for Sanford was published in the American Historical Review in July 1954.[10]

Select publicationsEdit

  • 'Honorius, Presbyter and Scholasticus' Speculum 23 (3): pp. 397–425 (1948)[11]
  • The Mediterranean World in Ancient Times (New York 1938)[12][13]
  • Saslvian: On the Government of God (1930)


  1. ^ a b c Gordon, Laura. "SANFORD, Eva Matthews". Departmental Web Site Template | Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Sanford, Eva Matthews (1894–1954) - Medieval History". Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  3. ^ Scanlon, Jennifer; Cosner, Shaaron (1996). American Women Historians, 1700s-1990s: A Biographical Dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313296642.
  4. ^ Sanford, Eva Matthews (1951). The Mediterranean World in Ancient Times. Ronald Press Company.
  5. ^ "Fulbright Scholar Grantee Directories | University of Arkansas Libraries". Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  6. ^ Sanford, Eva Matthews (1928). "De Loquela Digitorum". The Classical Journal. 23 (8): 588–593. JSTOR 3289380.
  7. ^ "Finger signs and finger notation | Kairos @". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  8. ^ "AUGUSTINE, The City of God against the Pagans | Loeb Classical Library". Loeb Classical Library. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  9. ^ Henri-Irénée, Marrou (1966). "Eva Matthews Sanford et William McAllen Green, Saint Augustine. The City of God against the Pagans". L'Antiquité Classique (in French). 35 (1).
  10. ^ "Historical News". The American Historical Review. 59 (4): 1065–1082. 1954. doi:10.1086/549063. JSTOR 1845181.
  11. ^ Sanford, Eva Matthews (1948). "Honorius, Presbyter and Scholasticus". Speculum. 23 (3): 397–425. doi:10.2307/2848428. ISSN 0038-7134. JSTOR 2848428.
  12. ^ Trever, A. A. (1939). "The Mediterranean World in Ancient Times. Eva Matthews Sanford". Classical Philology. 34 (3): 291–293. doi:10.1086/362275. ISSN 0009-837X.
  13. ^ Mallowan, M. E. L. (1939). "THE MEDITERRANEAN WORLD IN ANCIENT TIMES. By Eva Matthews Sanford. New York: The Ronald Press Company. pp. 618, 64 plates and 11 maps. Price 4 dollars 50 cents". Antiquity. 13 (50): 252–253. doi:10.1017/S0003598X0002799X. ISSN 0003-598X.