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European route E22 in the Netherlands

European route E 22 (E 22) is a west–east European route, running from Holyhead in the United Kingdom, through the Netherlands, Germany, Sweden and Latvia, to Ishim in Russia.

European route E 22 shield}}

European route E 22
European routes in the Netherlands with E 22 in dark green
Route information
Maintained by Rijkswaterstaat[1]
Length249 km[3] (155 mi)
Existed16 September 1950[2]–present
Major junctions
West end E 19 / A4 / A10 in Amsterdam
 
East end E 22 / A 280 at Germany border
Location
ProvincesNorth Holland, Friesland, Groningen
Highway system
E 19E 25

The highway is maintained by Rijkswaterstaat.[1]

Contents

Route descriptionEdit

In the Netherlands, E 22 starts in southwestern Amsterdam at De Nieuwe Meer Interchange where A4 starts its course and branches of from A10, the ring road around Amsterdam. E 22 runs north concurrent with Ring A10. After a few exits A5 joins E 22/A10 just before E 22/A10, concurrent, pass under the IJsselmeer using a group of tunnels called the first and second Coen Tunnel. Through the Coen Tunnels, E 22/A10/ have extra lanes only used in rush hour. Shortly after they get to Coenplein-Noord Interchange, where Ring A10 continues east and E 22 branches of to the northwest, now concurrent with A8. After the first and only exit of the section where E 22 and A8 run concurrently, A8 has extra lanes used in rush hour only, these extra rush hour lanes are also present on the next road, A7, until Purmerend, that crosses A8 at Zaandam Interchange, and that E 22 starts running concurrently with from there on to the northeast. From Purmerend, the E 22/A7 runs about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north, passing by Hoorn and Medemblik, until it reaches Den Oever, where the southwestern end of the Afsluitdijk is located. E 22/A7 continues over the Afslutidijk for about 30 kilometres (19 mi) with no exits, with the Wadden Sea on the left and the IJsselmeer on the right. After running over the Afsluitdijk, the road continues to the southeast, passing by Bolsward and Sneek until it reaches the town of Joure. In Sneek though, A7 turns into N7 to function as the southern part of the ring road around Sneek, with a lowered speed limit. In Joure, A6 joins E 22/A7 from the south on a traffic circle which also functions as an exit allowing traffic from Joure to enter the motorway. It is the last traffic circle in the Netherlands on a motorway with no grade separated ramps, though it will be upgraded from 2015 to 2017 to half a stack interchange.

From Joure E 22/A7 continues to the north east, passing by Heerenveen and Drachten, where near both cities it crosses A32 and N31 respectively, both of the interchanges are build as cloverleaf interchanges. After passing by Drachten, the road continues to Groningen, where it touches the border between the Groningen and Drenthe provinces, but doesn't enter Drenthe. In Groningen, A7 becomes N7 and functions as the southern part of the ring road around Groningen, and is designed as freeway with some at grade intersections, and traffic lights at Julianaplein Interchange, where E 232/A28 arrives from the south and has its northern terminus here in Groningen. N7 continues running to the east in Groningen until it reaches N46 at Interchange Euvelgunne, where you have to make a right to stay on E 22/N7 going to the southeast. From here on, it is only about 40 kilometres (25 mi) to the German border. Before that, it passes by Hoogezand and Winschoten, and between the two it crosses N33 at a partial cloverleaf interchange. Continuing east it finally arrives at the town of Nieuweschans, located at the Dutch side of the border. This is the eastern terminus of A7, and E 22 continues east in Germany, here concurrent with the German A280.

HistoryEdit

European route alignment historyEdit

  • In 1950, when the e-roads were first aligned, part of E10 and part of E35 followed the current alignment of E22 in the Netherlands. E10 from Amsterdam to Groningen, though in Friesland following N31 / A31 instead of N7 / A7 as E22 does nowadays. And E35 from Groningen to the German border. E22, back then, ran from Berlin in Germany to Przemysl in the USSR.[2]
  • In 1954, E10, originally running from Paris, through Brussels, Antwerpen, Breda, Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Leeuwarden and Groningen, now had its Northern terminus in Amsterdam and thereby no longer followed any section of the current E22 in the Netherlands.[4]
  • In 1963, E10 was back to its 1950 alignment, putting its northern terminus back in Groningen and following the current alignment of E22.[5]
  • In 1975, E22 was realigned from its route that it followed then, from Germany to the USSR, to its current alignment from Amsterdam to the German border east of Groningen (the part in the Netherlands). E10, the road that used to follow E22's current alignment was no longer in use (it would be used in a few years, but not on E22's current alignment). E35 was realigned to a totally different course from Hoek van Holland to Arnhem in the Netherlands (and to Cologne, Frankfurt am Main, Basel and Rome beyond that).[6]

Dutch underlying road construction historyEdit

In 1950, when E10 and E35 followed the course of current E22, most of the underlying road wasn't constructed yet. There were only the N7 from Hoorn-Noord to Lambertschaag, from Middenmeer in North Holland to Bolsward in Friesland over the Afsluitdijk, from Sneek to Heerenveen and from Sappemeer to Scheemda, and the provincial road S14 from Zaandijk to Purmerend-Zuid, all with at grade intersections and one lane in each direction.[7][8][9]

In North HollandEdit

From 1966 to 1975, motorway A10, the ring road around Amsterdam was constructed with grade separated intersections and mostly three lanes in each direction between E22's western terminus in the Netherlands at Interchange De Nieuwe Meer and Interchange Coenplein (now known as Interchange Coenplein-Noord), where E22 will stop following A10 and starts running over A8's alignment to the northwest. Between 1966 and 1968 A8, the road E22 runs concurrently with between Amsterdam and Zaandam, was constructed with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction. In 1959, a missing link between two parts of N7 was constructed, from Lambertschaag to Middenmeer, with at grade intersections and one lane in each direction. Between 1976 and 1982, the last missing link in N7/A7 in North Holland was constructed as A7, in parts, between Purmerend-Zuid and Hoorn-Noord, with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction. By 1985, the entire road from Interchange Zaandam to Zurich, east of the Afsluitdijk, the part of N7/A7 in North Holland, was upgraded to A7 with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction.

Between 2007 and 2014, a second tunnel, the second Coentunnel, under the IJ was constructed, widening A10 here to three lanes in each direction with two additional reversible lanes to help traffic flow in rush hour.

A8 between Coenplein Interchange and Zaandam Interchange was widened to three lanes in each direction in 1990, and then widened again to four lanes in each direction in 2013. In 2015, a fifth southbound lane was added between Zaandam Interchange and Coenplein Interchange, and northbound between a gas station just north of exit Oostzaan and Zaandam Interchange, which are narrower and only opened in rush hour.

Between Zurich and JoureEdit

In Friesland, N7 was extended east beyond Bolsward to Nijland as A7 with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction. Between 1972 and 1978, all of N7 between Zurich and Joure Interchange was opened and/or upgraded to A7 with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction, except for the section that was the southern part of the ring road around Sneek, which remained N7 with a much lower maximum speed, though with grade separated intersections as well. The part of N7 that functions as the ring road around Sneek was upgraded again between 2008 and 2010, and now has two lanes in each direction.

Between Joure and the German borderEdit

Between 1956 and 1960, N7 was extended east from Heerenveen to Groningen, and the part between Sappemeer and Scheemda was also extended in both directions between 1955 and 1957 and would then run between Hoogezand and Winschoten, all with at grade intersections and one lane in each direction. In 1969 N7 was opened between Winschoten and the German border near Nieuweschans with grade separated intersections and one lane in each direction. Between 1972 and 1973, the missing link between Groningen and Hoogezand was opened as A7 with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction, though with a slightly different course through Groningen than it has nowadays, it used to go over the Europaweg, until Euvelgunne Interchange was opened in 2009. Between 1972 and 1983, N7 between Heerenveen and western Groningen was upgraded to A7 with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction. Between 1988 and 1993, N7 between Hoogezand and the German border was upgraded to A7 with grade separated intersections and two lanes in each direction. It was also then realigned to go north of Scheemda instead of through it. In 2009, as before mentioned, Euvelgunne Interchange was opened, and N7 would now approach this interchange from the west and then go south to Engelbert, with two lanes in each direction, grade separated intersections, but a lowered speed, meaning it would still be called N7.

FutureEdit

Owing to increasing numbers of commuters, a number of upgrades will be seen before 2030 from the western terminus of E22, where it is concurrent with A10, to the city of Purmerend, comprising the roads A10, A8 and A7. The Coentunnels currently only use 8 of their 10 lanes, when A7 and A8 will be upgraded, all lanes in the Coentunnel might have to be used to funnel through all the extra traffic. A8 will see an upgrade to six lanes in each direction between Coenplein Interchange and Zaandam interchange. Between Zaandam Interchange and exit Purmerend Zuid, A7 will be upgraded from its current two lanes in each direction to four lanes in each direction. Money for the project is already reserved by the Dutch government and will be available in 2023.[10][11][12]

Interchange Joure, where A6 meets E22, that is concurrent with A7 there, is currently build as a traffic circle. It has no grade separated parts which results in some traffic being favoured over other traffic. This is why a new interchange is being constructed between 2015 and 2017, which will be half a stack interchange. It will be placed southwest of the current traffic circle and traffic from A6 from the south will get onto A7 without having to use an exit, thus being the dominant route. When arriving from the west on A7/E22, this means you have to use ramps to stay on A7/E22. A new exit, Joure, will be created just south of where the current traffic circle is now, since an exit used to be incorporated in the traffic circle.[13]


Exit listEdit

ProvinceMunicipalitykm[14]miExitNameDestinationsNotes
North HollandAmsterdamDe Nieuwe Meer Interchange    E 19 / A4 west / A10 east – Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht, HengeloNo connection to E 22 in the United Kingdom; south end of A10 overlap
7Amsterdam-Slotervaart  S107 (Henk Sneevlietweg) – Amsterdam-Slotervaart
6Osdorp  S106 (Cornelis Lelylaan) – Osdorp
5Amsterdam-Geuzenveld  S105 (Jan van Galenstraat) – Slotermeer, Geuzenveld, De Baarsjes
4Amsterdam-Bos en Lommer  S104 (Bos en Lommerplein) – Bos en Lommer, Slotermeer
3Westerpark   S103 (Haarlemmerweg) / N200 west (Haarlemmerweg) – Haarlem, Bos en Lommer, WesterparkNorthbound exit and southbound entrance only
2Amsterdam-Sloterdijk  S102 (Basisweg / Transformatorweg) – Amsterdam-Sloterdijk, Amsterdam-Centrum, Haarlem
1Amsterdam-Hemhavens   N203 / S101 – Rotterdam, Zaandam
Coenplein-Zuid Interchange  A5 – Rotterdam, HaarlemNorthbound entrance and southbound exit only
Coenplein-Noord Interchange   E 35 west / A10 west – Utrecht, Amersfoort, VolendamNorth end of A10 overlap; south end of A8 overlap
Oostzaan1Oostzaan   N516 (Kolkweg) / S118 south (Verlengde Stellingweg) – Zaanstad, Oostzaan
ZaanstadZaandam Interchange   A7 west / A8 north – Alkmaar, Beverwijk, ZaanstadNorth end of A8 overlap; west end of A7 overlap
Wormerland2Zaandijk   N515 west (Leeghwaterweg) / S153 west (Leeghwaterweg) – Zaandijk
3WijdewormerOosterdwarsweg
Purmerend4Purmerend-Zuid  N235 (Laan der Continenten) – Purmerend-Zuid, Ilpendam
5Purmerend  N235 east (Zuiddijk) / Zuiddijk – Purmerend, Zuidoostbeemster, Oosthuizen
6Purmerend-Noord  N244 – Purmerend-Noord, Middenbeemster, Alkmaar, Volendam
Koggenland7Avenhorn   N243 west / N247 south – Avenhorn, Heerhugowaard, Hoorn-West, Zuid-Scharwoude
Hoorn8HoornProvincialeweg
9Hoorn-Noord  N302 east (Westfrisiaweg) – Hoorn-Noord, Enkhuizen, Lelystad
Medemblik10Wognum  N241 west (A.C. de Graafweg) / Tender – Wognum, Nibbixwoud, Benningbroek, Opmeer, Schagen
10aAbbekerkTuinstraat / Broerdijk / Reigerweg
11Medemblik  N239 (Dijkweg) – Medemblik, Opperdoes, Lambertschaag
Wieringermeer12Middenmeer  N242 west (Alkmaarseweg) – Middenmeer, Schagen
13Wieringerwerf  N240 (Westerterpweg / Oosterterpweg) / Havenweg – Wieringerwerf, Slootdorp
Wieringen14Den Oever  N99 west (Rijksstraatweg) / Stontelerweg – Den Helder, Den Oever
IJsselmeer / Wadden SeaAfsluitdijk
FrieslandSúdwest FryslânZurich Interchange  N31 north – Harlingen, Leeuwarden
15ZurichHouwdijk / Viaduct
16WitmarsumWeersterweg / Van Aylvaweg
17Bolsward  N359 (Sudergoawei) / Oude Rijksweg – Bolsward, Workum
18Bolsward-OostKloosterlaan
19NijlandTsjaerddyk / Hottingawei
West end of N7 road designation
20IJlstState As
21Sneek-Centrum  N354 south (Lemmerweg) / Lemmerweg – Sneek-Centrum, Hommerts, Woudsend
21aIndustrie WoudvaartAkkenwinde / SelfhelpwegWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
22Sneek-Oost  N354 north / Oppenhuizerweg / Lorentzstraat / Burgemeester Rasterhofflaan – Sneek-Oost, Oppenhuizen, Leeuwarden
East end of N7 road designation
Skarsterlân23Joure-WestWoudfennen
Joure Interchange  A6 south / Geert Knolweg – Lemmer, Emmeloord
24JoureGeert Knolweg
25OudehakseDe Dolten / Nije Fjildwei
Heerenveen26Heerenveen-WestWetterwille / Weinmakker / Nije FjildweiWestbound exit and eastbound entrance only
Heerenveen Interchange  A32 – Heerenveen, Zwolle, Leeuwarden
26aTjalleberdZestienroeden / Pastoriesingel
Opsterland27Tijnje  N392 (Koaibosk) – Tijnje, Gorredijk
28BeetsterzwaagBeetsterweg
Smallingerland29Drachten-CentrumZuiderhogeweg
30Oosterwolde  N381 south – Oosterwolde, Ureterp
30aDrachten  N31 north – Drachten, Burgum, Dokkum, Leeuwarden
Opsterland31Frieschepalen  N358 north (De Scheiding) / De Scheiding – Frieschepalen, Surhuisterveen, Buitenpost
GroningenMarum32Marum  N980 north (Noorderweg) / Noorderweg / Noorderringweg / Parallelweg – Marum, Kornhorn, Grootegast
33Boerakker  N388 north (Boerakkerweg) / Boerakkerweg – Boerakker, Zuidhorn, Grijpskerk, Tolbert
Leek34Leek   N372 south (Oude Postweg) / N978 north (Oude Postweg) / Pasop / Blinkweg / Lage Traan / Kapteynlaan – Leek, Roden
Groningen34aIndustrie WestpoortWestpoortboulevard / Matsloot
35Hoogkerk  N372 south (Ruskenveen) / Zuiderweg / Roderwolderdijk – Hoogkerk, Peize
West end of N7 road designation
36Ring Groningen-West  N370 north (Laan 1940-1945) / Jan Evert Scholtenlaan / Laan Corpus Den Hoorn / Paterswoldseweg / Muntinglaan – Groningen-West, Groningen-Centrum, Winsum, Zuidhorn
36aGroningen-Stadspark  N370 north – Groningen-Corpus den HoornWestbound exit only
Julianaplein Interchange   E 232 south (Julianaweg) / A28 / Emmaviaduct / Hoornsediep – Utrecht, Assen, Emmen
37Groningen-HelpmanHereweg
37aGroningen-OosterpoortMeeuwerderbaan / Europaweg / WinschoterdiepWestbound entrance and eastbound exit only
38Groningen-ZuidoostEuropaweg / Bergenweg / Lübeckweg / Osloweg / Euvelgunnebrug / Gotenburgweg / Kieler Bocht / Skagerrak
Euvelgunne Interchange  N46 north (Beneluxweg) – Eemshaven, Winsum, Bedum, Delfzijl
39WesterbroekEuropaweg
East end of N7 road designation
Hoogezand-Sappemeer40Foxhol  N386 south (Rengerslaan) / Rengerslaan / A.B. Nobellaan – Foxhol, Harkstede
41Hoogezand   N385 south (Kerkstraat) / N387 north (Provinciale Weg) / Rijksweg West / Rijksweg Oost / Knijpslaan – Hoogezand, Slochteren
42SappemeerNoordbroeksterstraat / Rijksweg oost
Menterwolde43ZuidbroekKerkstraat / Europaweg / Burgemeester Omtaweg
Zuidbroek Interchange  N33 – Zwolle, Assen, Veendam, Eemshaven, Delfzijl
Oldambt45Scheemda  N362 north (Rijksweg) / Rijksweg – Scheemda, Midwolda, [[Oostwold|Oostwold]]
46Heiligerlee  N964 south – Heiligerlee, Winschoten-West
47Winschoten    N367 south (Oostereinde) / N966 north (Oostereinde) / N967 north (Nieuweweg) – Winschoten, Pekela, Beerta
48OudeschansUlsda / Ulsderweg / Heeresloot
49NieuweschansHamdijk
Reiderland   E 22 east / A 280 eastContinuation into Germany; east end of A7 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Wegbeheerders". Rijkswaterstaat. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Declaration on the construction of main international traffic arteries". 16 September 1950. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  3. ^ Google (29 January 2017). "Route description from E22 near Amsterdam to E22 at the German border east of Winschoten" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  4. ^ "Tractatenblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden - Jaargang 1954 No. 123" [Treaty Series of the Kingdom of the Netherlands - Volume 1954 No. 123] (in Dutch, English, and French). 2 October 1954. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Tractatenblad van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden - Jaargang 1963 Nr. 95" [Treaty Series of the Kingdom of the Netherlands - Volume 1963 No. 95] (in Dutch, English, and French). 17 July 1963. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  6. ^ "European Agreement on main international traffic arteries" (PDF) (in English, French, and Russian). United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. 15 November 1975. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Dossier A7" [Dossier A7] (in Dutch). Autosnelwegen.nl. 6 August 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  8. ^ "Dossier A8" [Dossier A8] (in Dutch). Autosnelwegen.nl. 6 August 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  9. ^ "Dossier A10" [Dossier A10] (in Dutch). Autosnelwegen.nl. 6 August 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  10. ^ "Knooppunt A7/A8 herbouwd na 2020" [A7/A8 Interchange reconstructed after 2020] (in Dutch). Noordhollands Dagblad. 24 August 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Uitvoeringsagenda aanpak noordkant Amsterdam" [Implementation agenda approach north side of Amsterdam] (in Dutch). North Holland province. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Startdocument MIRT-verkenning Corridorstudie Amsterdam-Hoorn" [Initial document MIRT-exploration corridor study Amsterdam-Hoorn] (in Dutch). Rijksoverheid. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  13. ^ "A6/A7: Knooppunt Joure" [A6/A7: Joure Interchange] (in Dutch). Rijkswaterstaat. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Stichting Incident Management Nederland". Retrieved 25 January 2017.


  European route E22
Previous country:
United Kingdom
Netherlands Next country:
Germany