Heliotropium europaeum

  (Redirected from European Turnsole)

Heliotropium europaeum is a species of heliotrope known by the common names European heliotrope[1] and European turn-sole.[2] It is native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but it is widely naturalized elsewhere, such as in Australia and North America. It grows as a roadside weed in some places. This is an annual herb growing from a taproot and reaching maximum heights near 40 centimeters. The stem and oval-shaped leaves are covered in soft hairs. The inflorescences are coiled spikes of white flowers with fuzzy or bristly sepals. Each flower is just a few millimeters wide. The fruit is a bumpy nutlet.

Heliotropium europaeum
Heliotropium europaeum3.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Boraginales
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Heliotropium
H. europaeum
Binomial name
Heliotropium europaeum


Heliotropium europaeum contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids and is poisonous.[3]


  1. ^ "Heliotropium europaeum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ The MERCK Veterinary Manual, Table 5 Archived 2010-11-17 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit