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UEC European Track Championships

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The European Track Cycling Championships are a set of elite level competition events held annually for the various disciplines and distances in track cycling, exclusively for European cyclists, and regulated by the European Cycling Union (UEC). They were first held in their current format in 2010, when elite level cyclists competed for the first time following an overhaul of European track cycling.

The UEC agreed with the governing bodies of six other major European sports from 2018 to integrate its four Olympic-class events, including track cycling, into the new European Championships event on a quadrennial basis. Beginning with 2018, every fourth edition of the competition will form part of the multi-sport event.

While track cycling will also form part of the 2019 European Games in Minsk, these events will not be European Championships, and the UEC event will also be held later in the same year.

In line with cycling tradition, winners of an event at the championships are presented with, in addition to the gold medal, a special, identifiable jersey. This UEC European Champion jersey is a blue jersey with gold European stars.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The first European Track Championships were held in Berlin in 1886 and featured only 5 km and 10 km men's scratch races.[1]

Age group championshipsEdit

Prior to 2010, championship events were run under the same name, but solely for junior and under-23 cyclists, and the 2010 event is recognised as the first elite level senior championships. Since 2010, separate annual European championships for under-23 and junior riders have continued, described explicitly as such.

European Track Cycling Championships have been held for junior and under-23 athletes for a long time, though records in earlier editions are incomplete. They provided useful experience for young riders with winners automatically qualifying to compete at the UCI Track Cycling World Championships in which no age limit applied, and the world's best track cyclists competed.[2]

A European Masters Track Championships also exists for riders over 35 years old.

Derny, Madison and Omnium championshipsEdit

Men's European Track Championships for the "motor-paced" or "derny" track cycling discipline have been held since 1896. A separate European Madison championship event was also run for men.

Separate elite European Omnium Championships have been held since 1959, which were later incorporated into the senior European Track Championships on their introduction in 2010.[3][4]

Founding of the Elite ChampionshipsEdit

In 2010 the UEC instigated a significant overhaul of how cyclists qualify for the Olympic Games. As a result, the European Championships was also introduced for elite level European cyclists. The first elite championships thereafter took place at the beginning of November 2010. It followed the same ten event schedule for the 2012 Olympics but also included the Madison "due to popular demand".[5]

The Under 23 and Junior championships thereafter were run as an annual separate event.

CompetitionsEdit

EliteEdit

Number Year Date Country City Velodrome Events
1 2010 5–7 November   Poland Pruszków BGŻ Arena 11
2 2011 21–23 October   Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn 13
3 2012 19–21 October   Lithuania Panevėžys Cido Arena [6] 13
4 2013 18–20 October   Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn[7] 13
5 2014 16–19 October   France Baie-Mahault, Guadeloupe Vélodrome Amédée Détraux 19
6 2015 14–18 October    Switzerland Grenchen Velodrome Suisse 21
7 2016 19–23 October   France Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines 22
8 2017 18–22 October   Germany Berlin Velodrom 23
9 2018[a] 2–7 August[8]   Great Britain Glasgow Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome[9][10] 22

Elite Championships all-time Medal table : 2010–2018Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Great Britain (GBR)34131562
2  Germany (GER)21272169
3  Russia (RUS)20222365
4  Netherlands (NED)16131746
5  France (FRA)15191650
6  Italy (ITA)1081028
7  Poland (POL)7111028
8  Spain (ESP)64515
9  Lithuania (LTU)63716
10  Belgium (BEL)59519
11  Denmark (DEN)46212
12  Czech Republic (CZE)40610
13   Switzerland (SUI)36312
14  Ukraine (UKR)35715
15  Belarus (BLR)24511
16  Austria (AUT)1012
17  Portugal (PRT)0314
18  Greece (GRE)0213
19  Ireland (IRL)0123
20  Hungary (HUN)0101
Totals (20 nations)157157157471

Juniors and U23'sEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill (2011). Historical Dictionary of Cycling. Scarecrow Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-8108-7175-5.
  2. ^ "UK European Track Championships team". Cycling News. 11 July 2001. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  3. ^ "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite". www.cyclingarchives.com.
  4. ^ "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite (F)". www.cyclingarchives.com.
  5. ^ "European Track Championships". Track Cycling News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  6. ^ "2012 m. Europos dviračių treko čempionatas vyks Panevėžyje". delfi.lt.
  7. ^ "2013 Calendar". uec-federation.eu. Archived from the original on 29 December 2012.
  8. ^ "Sports Programme: 2–12 August 2018" (PDF). Glasgow 2018. Culture and Sport Glasgow. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2017.
  9. ^ "European Athletics – Leading sports bring together their European championships in 2018". european-athletics.
  10. ^ Grohmann, Karolos (26 March 2015). "New kid on the block as European sports championships launched for..." Reuters.

External linksEdit