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UEC European Track Championships

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The European Track Cycling Championships are a set of elite level competition events held annually for the various disciplines and distances in track cycling, exclusively for European cyclists, and regulated by the European Cycling Union (UEC). They were first held in their current format in 2010, when elite level cyclists competed for the first time following an overhaul of European track cycling.

The UEC agreed with the governing bodies of six other major European sports from 2018 to integrate its four Olympic-class events, including track cycling, into the new European Championships event on a quadrennial basis. Beginning with 2018, every fourth edition of the competition will form part of the multi-sport event.

While track cycling will also form part of the 2019 European Games in Minsk, these events will not be European Championships, and the UEC event will also be held later in the same year.

In line with cycling tradition, winners of an event at the championships are presented with, in addition to the gold medal, a special, identifiable jersey. This UEC European Champion jersey is a blue jersey with gold European stars.

Pre-HistoryEdit

The first European Track Championships were held in Berlin in 1886 and featured only 5 km and 10 km men's scratch races.[1]

Age group championshipsEdit

Prior to 2010, championship events were run under the same name, but solely for junior and under-23 cyclists, and the 2010 event is recognised as the first elite level senior championships. Since 2010, separate annual European championships for under-23 and junior riders have continued, described explicitly as such.

European Track Cycling Championships have been held for junior and under-23 athletes for a long time, though records in earlier editions are incomplete. They provided useful experience for young riders with winners automatically qualifying to compete at the UCI Track Cycling World Championships in which no age limit applied, and the world's best track cyclists competed.[2]

A European Masters Track Championships also exists for riders over 35 years old.

Derny, Madison and Omnium championshipsEdit

Men's European Track Championships for the "motor-paced" or "derny" track cycling discipline have been held since 1896. A separate European Madison championship event was also run for men.

Separate elite European Omnium Championships have been held since 1959, which were later incorporated into the senior European Track Championships on their introduction in 2010.[3][4]

Founding of the modern Elite ChampionshipsEdit

In 2010 the UEC instigated a significant overhaul of how cyclists qualify for the Olympic Games. As a result, the European Championships was also introduced for elite level European cyclists. The first elite championships thereafter took place at the beginning of November 2010. It followed the same ten event schedule for the 2012 Olympics but also included the Madison "due to popular demand".[5]

The Under 23 and Junior championships thereafter were run as an annual separate event.

CompetitionsEdit

EliteEdit

Number Year Date Country City Velodrome Events
1 2010 5–7 November   Poland Pruszków BGŻ Arena 11
2 2011 21–23 October   Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn 13
3 2012 19–21 October   Lithuania Panevėžys Cido Arena [6] 13
4 2013 18–20 October   Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn[7] 13
5 2014 16–19 October   France Baie-Mahault, Guadeloupe Vélodrome Amédée Détraux 19
6 2015 14–18 October    Switzerland Grenchen Velodrome Suisse 21
7 2016 19–23 October   France Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines Vélodrome de Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines 22
8 2017 18–22 October   Germany Berlin Velodrom 23
9 2018[a] 2–7 August   Great Britain Glasgow Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome 22
10 2019 16–20 October   Netherlands Apeldoorn Omnisport Apeldoorn 22

All-time medal table (2010-2019)Edit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Great Britain36171871
2  Russia23242471
3  Germany22322478
4  Netherlands21172159
5  France20201858
6  Italy1291233
7  Poland7111331
8  Denmark77216
9  Spain74516
10  Lithuania63716
11  Belgium59519
12  Czech Republic40610
13  Ukraine36918
14   Switzerland36312
15  Belarus25613
16  Austria1012
17  Portugal0325
18  Greece0314
19  Ireland0224
20  Hungary0101
Totals (20 nations)179179179537

Juniors and U23's and Open OmniumEdit

Exclude Men's Open Madison events from 2001-2009 and include Open Omnium events from 2001-2009.

Number Year Under 23 Junior Events
Country City Country City
as European Track Championships
1 2001   Czech Republic Brno   Italy Fiorenzuola 25
2 2002   Germany Buttgen   Germany Buttgen 27
3 2003   Russia Moscow   Russia Moscow 32
4 2004   Spain Valencia   Spain Valencia 32
5 2005   Italy Fiorenzuola   Italy Fiorenzuola 32
6 2006   Greece Athens   Greece Athens 32
7 2007   Germany Cottbus   Germany Cottbus 33
8 2008   Poland Pruszków   Poland Pruszków 37
9 2009   Belarus Minsk   Belarus Minsk 37
as UEC European Track Championships (under-23 & junior)
10 2010   Russia St Petersburg   Russia St Petersburg 38
11 2011   Portugal Anadia   Portugal Anadia 38
12 2012   Portugal Anadia   Portugal Anadia 38
13 2013   Portugal Anadia   Portugal Anadia 38
14 2014   Portugal Anadia   Portugal Anadia 38
15 2015   Greece Athens   Greece Athens 38
16 2016   Italy Montichiari   Italy Montichiari 38
17 2017   Portugal Sangalhos   Portugal Sangalhos 44
18 2018    Switzerland Aigle    Switzerland Aigle 44
19 2019   Belgium Ghent   Belgium Ghent 44

All-time medal table (2001-2019)Edit

Exclude Men's Open Madison events from 2001-2009 and include Open Omnium events from 2001-2009.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Russia135124112371
2  Italy854957191
3  France849477255
4  Great Britain837268223
5  Germany747465213
6  Netherlands444755146
7  Poland365762155
8  Ukraine36221573
9  Belgium25312884
10  Czech Republic23253987
11   Switzerland16181953
12  Spain8112443
13  Denmark811726
14  Belarus891835
15  Lithuania6151637
16  Greece46717
17  Ireland29516
18  Portugal27413
19  Latvia2125
20  Armenia2002
21  Moldova1214
22  Slovenia1001
  Turkey1001
24  Austria0123
25  Slovakia0101
Totals (25 nations)6866866832055
  • 2008,2014,2015 have share medals.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill (2011). Historical Dictionary of Cycling. Scarecrow Press. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-8108-7175-5.
  2. ^ "UK European Track Championships team". Cycling News. 11 July 2001. Retrieved 11 September 2008.
  3. ^ "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite". www.cyclingarchives.com.
  4. ^ "European Championship, Track, Omnium, Elite (F)". www.cyclingarchives.com.
  5. ^ "European Track Championships". Track Cycling News. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  6. ^ "2012 m. Europos dviračių treko čempionatas vyks Panevėžyje". delfi.lt.
  7. ^ "2013 Calendar". uec-federation.eu. Archived from the original on 29 December 2012.

External linksEdit