European Institute of Peace

The European Institute of Peace (EIP) is an independent, non-profit public foundation that contributes to shaping conflict resolution.

European Institute of Peace
European Institute of Peace new logo 2020.png
Formation2014
HeadquartersTweekerkenstraat/Rue des Deux Eglises 25, Brussels, Belgium
President
Annika Söder
Executive Director
Michael Keating
Budget
€8 million (2019)
Websitewww.eip.org

Its activities range from facilitating high-level, quiet dialogues between political actors to local community reconciliation. Support is provided to negotiators, mediators and policy makers within Europe, to help those affected by conflict and to strengthen the role of Europe as an agent of peace. The Institute adopts a conflict-sensitive and do-no-harm approach. It advocates for the inclusion of gender perspectives and women’s meaningful participation across its activities as well as the application of a climate change lens to all of its work.

Since its creation in 2014, the Institute has operated globally in over a dozen countries in the Middle East, Central Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe providing practical experience, technical expertise and policy advice on conflict resolution.

MissionEdit

Mission: The European Institute of Peace’s mission is to shape responses to conflict, promote conflict sensitive engagements, and ensure an optimal European role in supporting sustainable, lasting peace agreements.[1]

Vision: The Institute’s vision is to achieve sustainable transitions from violence to peace through dialogue and partnership.

HistoryEdit

In 2009, former Finnish president and Nobel Peace Prize winner Martti Ahtisaari called for the establishment of a European Institute of Peace, underpinning the need for improved learning from past lessons.[2] In 2010 Sweden's Minister for Foreign Affairs Carl Bildt and Finnish Minister for Foreign Affairs Alexander Stubb developed a joint non-paper that was addressed to the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton.[3] They referred to the limits of traditional diplomacy and emphasised the added value that capacities beyond those available to high-level decision-makers could have. At the same time, the idea of a European Institute of Peace gained increasing attention among members of the European Parliament (MEPs) and was particularly supported by German MEP Franziska Brantner[4] and French MEP Alain Lamassoure.[5]

Subsequently, the European Parliament commissioned three major studies on the establishment of a European Institute of Peace, including a study on a blueprint for the Institute,[6] a cost-benefit analysis[3] and a study on the added value and financial appraisal.[7] The process for the establishment of the Institute was steered by a Core Group of States, which explored the best alternatives to make it fit with European efforts and realities.

Numerous workshops and seminars were held to discuss European mediation and the future role of the Institute. These events included a workshop in the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs,[8] three workshops organised by the Irish EU Council Presidency and the European Parliament in Paris, Berlin and Sofia in 2013, and a high-level conference in Brussels in May 2013, jointly organised by the Parliament, the Irish EU Council Presidency and the EEAS.[9]

After four years of consultations with European governments, international conflict resolution organisations, the European Union bodies, and experts on peace and security, the Institute’s statutes were signed on 18 February 2014.[10] On 5 May 2014, the Board was constituted and the President elected. On 12 May 2014, the Institute was launched by foreign ministers of the founding member states (Belgium, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland).  

Staffan de Mistura was appointed as the first President of the Board and served until October 2016. Pekka Haavisto replaced de Mistura in October 2016 and continued to serve until he was nominated as Minister for Foreign Affairs in June 2019.[11] The former Swedish State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Annika Söder was subsequently appointed as the Institute’s third President of the Board in July 2019.[12]

Martin Griffiths served as the Institute’s first Executive Director between 2014 and March 2018 before being nominated as the United Nations Special Envoy for Yemen.[13] Griffiths was replaced on an interim basis by Stine Lehmann-Larsen, who assumed responsibility as acting Executive Director.[14] In November 2018, Michael Keating was appointed as Executive Director of the Institute.[15] Previously, he was the United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG) and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia from 2016 to September 2018.[16]

BudgetEdit

The European Institute of Peace carries out work of a philanthropic nature and is devoid of any profit-making purpose. The Institute receives donations from several countries through membership fees and project funding from national governments and the European Commission.

In 2019, the Institute had a total operating income of approximately €8 million and corresponding expenditure.[17]

Organization and leadershipEdit

Board of GovernorsEdit

The Board of Governors provides strategic, political and technical support to the Institute. The Board comprises eight members (Belgium, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Poland, Spain and Sweden) and may be expanded to a maximum of fifteen.[1]

Annika Söder is the President of the Board. Marc Otte, serves a third term as Vice-President.

Partnerships and cooperationEdit

The European Institute of Peace is an independent and flexible partner, working with a range of actors while remaining autonomous to act rapidly and creatively.

The Institute works collaboratively with European decision-makers both in the European Union and within European states. It also works with parties to conflict and the conflict resolution and mediation support community, including the United Nations, inter-governmental organisations, national governments, and civil society such as NGOs, practitioners and academics.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Strategic Plan 2020-2022 - Shaping Conflict Resolution Together" (PDF). European Institute of Peace.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "EU could do more for peace, Ahtisaari says". EUobserver. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Foreign Minister Stubb and Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt propose establishment of the European Institute of Peace". Belgium. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  4. ^ Borsen, Peter. "European Institute of Peace costs, benefits and options" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Krümpelmann, Stefan; Major, Claudia. "Enter the European Institute of Peace: Competing with or strengthening the European Union?" (PDF). www.swp-berlin.org.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Establishing the Knowledge Base of a Smart Power : a Blue Print for an EU Institute for Peace - Think Tank". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  7. ^ "A European Institute of Peace? Value-added, Risks and Options" (PDF). europarl.europa.eu. mediatEUr.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ "Conference of Parliamentary Committees for Union Affairs". europarl.europa.eu.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ "The EU as a Peacemaker: enhancing the EU's mediation capacity Conference at the European Parliament" (PDF). europarl.europa.eu.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "New European Institute of Peace Prepares for Debut". United States Institute of Peace. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  11. ^ "New EIP president: Pekka Haavisto | EIP". www.eip.org. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Annika Söder elected as President of EIP | EIP". www.eip.org. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  13. ^ "LEADERSHIP". OSESGY. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Stine Lehmann-Larsen new Interim Executive Director | EIP". www.eip.org. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  15. ^ "Michael Keating | EIP". www.eip.org. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  16. ^ "Special Announcement: Michael Keating as new Executive Director | EIP". www.eip.org. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  17. ^ "| EIP". www.eip.org. Retrieved 3 November 2020.

External linksEdit