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Lionel Messi's 2012–13 Golden Shoe

The European Golden Shoe (also known as the European Golden Boot) is an award that is presented each season to the leading goalscorer in league matches from the top division of every European national league. The trophy is a sculpture of a football boot. From its inception in the 1967–68 season, the award, originally called Soulier d'Or, which translates from French as Golden Shoe or Boot, has been given to the top goalscorer in all European leagues during a season, with a weighting in favour of the highest ranked leagues. Originally presented by L'Équipe magazine, it has been awarded by the European Sports Media since the 1996–97 season.

HistoryEdit

Between 1968 and 1991, the award was given to the highest goalscorer in any European league. This was regardless of the strength of the league in which the top scorer played and the number of games in which the player had taken part. During this period Eusébio, Gerd Müller, Dudu Georgescu and Fernando Gomes each won the Golden Boot twice.[1]

Following a protest from the Cyprus FA, which claimed that a Cypriot player with 40 goals should have received the award (though the official top scorers for the season are both listed with 19 goals), L'Équipe issued no awards between 1991 and 1996.

Since the 1996–97 season, European Sports Media have awarded the Golden Shoe based on a points system that allows players in tougher leagues to win even if they score fewer goals than a player in a weaker league. The weightings are determined by the league's ranking on the UEFA coefficients, which in turn depend on the results of each league's clubs in European competition over the previous five seasons. Goals scored in the top five leagues according to the UEFA coefficients list are multiplied by a factor of two, goals scored in the leagues ranked six to 21 are multiplied by a factor of 1.5, and goals scored in leagues ranked 22 and below are multiplied by a factor of 1.[2] Thus, goals scored in higher ranked leagues will count for more than those scored in weaker leagues.[3] Since this change, there has only been two winners who were not playing in one of the top five leagues (Henrik Larsson, 2000–01 Scottish Premier League) and (Mario Jardel, 1998–99 Primeira Divisão and 2001–02 Primeira Liga).

WinnersEdit

 
Lionel Messi has won the award a record six times and is the all-time record winner with 50 goals in 2011–12.
 
Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1970 and 1972.
 
Eusébio was the first winner of the prize in 1968.
Player (X) Denotes the number of times the player had won the award at that time
^ Denotes player's team won league that season
European Golden Shoe winners
Season Player Club League Goals Points
Winners were awarded by L'Équipe
1967–68   Eusébio Benfica^   Primeira Liga 42
1968–69   Petar Zhekov CSKA Sofia^   Parva Liga 36
1969–70   Gerd Müller Bayern Munich   Bundesliga 38
1970–71   Josip Skoblar Marseille^   Ligue 1 44
1971–72   Gerd Müller (2) Bayern Munich^   Bundesliga 40
1972–73   Eusébio (2) Benfica^   Primeira Liga 40
1973–74   Héctor Yazalde Sporting CP^   Primeira Liga 46
1974–75   Dudu Georgescu Dinamo București^   Liga I 33
1975–76   Sotiris Kaiafas Omonia Nicosia^   First Division 39
1976–77   Dudu Georgescu (2) Dinamo București^   Liga I 47
1977–78   Hans Krankl Rapid Wien   Bundesliga 41
1978–79   Kees Kist AZ   Eredivisie 34
1979–80   Erwin Vandenbergh Lierse   First Division 39
1980–81   Georgi Slavkov Botev Plovdiv   Parva Liga 31
1981–82   Wim Kieft Ajax^   Eredivisie 32
1982–83   Fernando Gomes Porto   Primeira Liga 36
1983–84   Ian Rush Liverpool^   First Division 32
1984–85   Fernando Gomes (2) Porto^   Primeira Liga 39
1985–86   Marco van Basten Ajax   Eredivisie 37
1986–87   Toni Polster[a] FK Austria Wien   Bundesliga 39
1987–88   Tanju Çolak Galatasaray^   Süper Lig 39
1988–89   Dorin Mateuț Dinamo București   Liga I 43
1989–90   Hugo Sánchez Real Madrid^   La Liga 38
  Hristo Stoichkov CSKA Sofia^   A PFG
1990–91[b]   Darko Pančev Red Star Belgrade^   First League 34
Winners were initially not awarded
1991–92   Ally McCoist Rangers^   Premier Division 34
1992–93   Ally McCoist (2) Rangers^   Premier Division 34
1993–94   David Taylor Porthmadog   League of Wales 43
1994–95   Arsen Avetisyan Homenetmen   Premier League 39
1995–96   Zviad Endeladze Margveti   Umaglesi Liga 40
Winners were awarded by European Sports Media
1996–97   Ronaldo Barcelona   La Liga 34 68
1997–98   Nikos Machlas Vitesse Arnhem   Eredivisie 34 68
1998–99   Mário Jardel Porto   Primeira Liga 36 72
1999–2000   Kevin Phillips Sunderland   Premier League 30 60
2000–01   Henrik Larsson Celtic^   Premier League 35 52.5
2001–02   Mário Jardel (2) Sporting CP^   Primeira Liga 42 63
2002–03   Roy Makaay Deportivo La Coruña   La Liga 29 58
2003–04   Thierry Henry Arsenal^   Premier League 30 60
2004–05   Thierry Henry (2) Arsenal   Premier League 25 50
  Diego Forlán Villarreal   La Liga
2005–06   Luca Toni Fiorentina   Serie A 31 62
2006–07   Francesco Totti Roma   Serie A 26 52
2007–08   Cristiano Ronaldo Manchester United^   Premier League 31 62
2008–09   Diego Forlán (2) Atlético Madrid   La Liga 32 64
2009–10   Lionel Messi Barcelona^   La Liga 34 68
2010–11   Cristiano Ronaldo (2) Real Madrid   La Liga 40 80
2011–12   Lionel Messi (2) Barcelona   La Liga 50 100
2012–13   Lionel Messi (3) Barcelona^   La Liga 46 92
2013–14   Luis Suárez Liverpool   Premier League 31 62
  Cristiano Ronaldo (3) Real Madrid   La Liga
2014–15   Cristiano Ronaldo (4) Real Madrid   La Liga 48 96
2015–16   Luis Suárez (2) Barcelona^   La Liga 40 80
2016–17   Lionel Messi (4) Barcelona   La Liga 37 74
2017–18   Lionel Messi (5) Barcelona^   La Liga 34 68
2018–19   Lionel Messi (6) Barcelona^   La Liga 36 72
Notes
  1. ^ Original 1986–87 season winner Rodion Cămătaru (with 44 goals) was disqualified later and the trophy was awarded to Polster in 1990. However, Cămǎtaru was allowed to keep his copy of the trophy.[4]
  2. ^ Darko Pančev got his prize for 1990–91 season later, only in 2006,[5] following a protest from Cyprus where a player supposedly scored 40 goals (though the official topscorers for the season, Suad Beširević and Panayiotis Xiourouppas, are listed with 19 goals each). Due to this affair, France Football decided to make the competition unofficial.[4]

StatisticsEdit

Multiple winnersEdit

Lionel Messi is the only player to win the award six times, all with Barcelona. Messi holds the all-time record for goals in a single season with 50 in 2011–12; it also accumulated to a record 100 points. Bayern Munich's Gerd Müller was the first player to win the award twice, in 1969–70 and 1971–72. Messi was the first player to win the award three times, Cristiano Ronaldo was the first player to win the award four times, and Messi again was the first, and so far only, player to win it five and six times. Only Lionel Messi (2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19) has won the award for three years in a row. Ally McCoist (1991–92, 1992–93), Thierry Henry (2003–04, 2004–05), Lionel Messi (2011–12, 2012–13 and 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19), and Cristiano Ronaldo (2013–14, 2014–15) have won the award in consecutive years. Diego Forlán (Villarreal, Atlético Madrid), Luis Suárez (Liverpool, Barcelona), Mário Jardel (Porto, Sporting CP) and Cristiano Ronaldo (Manchester United, Real Madrid) are the only players to have won the award with two clubs.

Multiple European Golden Shoe winners
Player Birthdate No. Seasons Age making record
  Lionel Messi 24 June 1987 6 2009–10, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 golden shoe when 24, 25, 29, 30, 31 years old, respectively
  Cristiano Ronaldo 5 February 1985 4 2007–08, 2010–11, 2013–14 (shared), 2014–15 2, 3, 4 golden shoe when 26, 29, 30 years old, respectively
  Eusébio 25 January 1942 2 1967–68, 1972–73 31
  Gerd Müller 3 November 1945 2 1969–70, 1971–72 26
  Dudu Georgescu 1 September 1950 2 1974–75, 1976–77 26
  Fernando Gomes 22 November 1956 2 1982–83, 1984–85 28
  Ally McCoist 24 September 1962 2 1991–92, 1992–93 30
  Mário Jardel 18 September 1973 2 1998–99, 2001–02 28
  Thierry Henry 17 August 1977 2 2003–04, 2004–05 (shared) 28
  Diego Forlán 19 May 1979 2 2004–05 (shared), 2008–09 30
  Luis Suárez 24 January 1987 2 2013–14 (shared), 2015–16 29

Winners by clubEdit

European Golden Shoe winners by club
Team Total Players
  Barcelona 8 3
  Real Madrid 4 2
  Dinamo București 3 2
  Porto 3 2
  CSKA Sofia 2 2
  Liverpool 2 2
  Ajax 2 2
  Sporting CP 2 2
  Arsenal 2 1
  Bayern Munich 2 1
  Benfica 2 1
  Rangers 2 1
  Homenetmen 1 1
  Austria Wien 1 1
  Rapid Wien 1 1
  Lierse 1 1
  Botev Plovdiv 1 1
  Omonia Nicosia 1 1
  Manchester United 1 1
  Sunderland 1 1
  Marseille 1 1
  Zestafoni 1 1
  Fiorentina 1 1
  Roma 1 1
  AZ 1 1
  Vitesse 1 1
  Celtic 1 1
  Atlético Madrid 1 1
  Deportivo La Coruña 1 1
  Villarreal 1 1
  Galatasaray 1 1
  Porthmadog 1 1
  Red Star Belgrade 1 1

Winners by nationalityEdit

European Golden Shoe winners by nationality
Nationality Total Player(s)
  Portugal 8 3
  Argentina 7 2
  Netherlands 4 4
  Uruguay 4 2
  Bulgaria 3 3
  Romania 3 2
  Brazil 3 2
  Austria 2 2
  Italy 2 2
  Wales 2 2
  Yugoslavia 2 2
  France 2 1
  West Germany 2 1
  Scotland 2 1
  Armenia 1 1
  Belgium 1 1
  Cyprus 1 1
  England 1 1
  Georgia 1 1
  Greece 1 1
  Mexico 1 1
  Sweden 1 1
  Turkey 1 1

Winners by leagueEdit

European Golden Shoe winners by league
league Total Player(s)
  La Liga 15 7
  Primeira Liga 7 4
  Premier League 5 4
  Eredivisie 4 4
  Parva Liga 3 3
  Premier Division 3 2
  Liga I 3 2
  Serie A 2 2
  Bundesliga 2 2
  Bundesliga 2 1
  Ligue 1 1 1
  First Division 1 1
  Division A 1 1
  Süper Lig 1 1
  First League 1 1
  Premier League 1 1
  Premier League 1 1
  Umaglesi Liga 1 1
  First Division 1 1

ReferencesEdit

General
  • Arotaritei, Sorin; Di Maggio, Roberto; Stokkermans, Karel (30 November 2017). "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
Specific
  1. ^ "Golden Boot: The Quotients Decide It All". soccerphile.com. Retrieved 20 February 2008.
  2. ^ "European Golden Shoe". European Sports Magazine. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Who will win the European Golden Shoe". FIFA. 13 March 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Golden Boot ("Soulier d'Or") Awards". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Macedonia's Pancev awarded Golden boot....15 years late". Dnaindia.com. 4 August 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2019.

NoteEdit

External linksEdit