European Collectivity of Alsace

The European Collectivity of Alsace (French: Collectivité européenne d'Alsace; Alsatian: D'Europäischa Gebiatskärwerschàft Elsàss; German: Europäische Gebietskörperschaft Elsass[6]) is a territorial collectivity in the Alsace region of France. On 1 January 2021, the departments of Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin merged into a territorial collectivity but remained part of the region Grand Est. The creation of this new entity was voted by the French Parliament on 25 July 2019 and Law 2019-816 delimiting its powers was promulgated on 2 August 2019.[2][7]

European Collectivity of Alsace
Collectivité européenne d'Alsace (fr)
Location of Alsace in the european part of the French Republic
StatusCollectivity of the French Republic
Capital
and largest city
Strasbourg
48°35′N 7°45′E / 48.583°N 7.750°E / 48.583; 7.750
Official languageFrench
Regional languagesAlsatian
Welche
Meridional Frankish
Rhine Frankish
Demonym(s)Alsatian
Government
• President of the Assembly
Frédéric Bierry[1]
LegislatureAssembly of Alsace
Establishment
• Creation
1 January 2021[2]
Area
• Total
8,280 km2 (3,200 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 estimate
1,895,811[3]
• 2017 census
1,889,589[4][5]
ISO 3166 codeFR-6AE

Alsatian voters had already voted in favour of the creation of a single territorial collectivity in a referendum in 2013; however, in the less populous of the two departments, Haut-Rhin, a majority of voters had rejected the proposal.[8]

HistoryEdit

The original Region of Alsace, created in 1956, ceased to exist on 1 January 2016 when the French parliament voted to merge some administrative regions, reducing their number from 22 to 18.[9]

StatusEdit

Alsace has an intermediary status: its competencies are those of a department, plus some of the competencies of a region. Alsace is therefore less autonomous than Corsica or the overseas departments and regions.

LanguagesEdit

While French is the sole official language of the country according to Article 2 of the Constitution of France, Law 2019-816 contains provisions to promote regional languages at school. The collectivity will also be tasked to create a Committee related to the German language in Alsace. This last provision is closely related to Chapter 3 and Chapter 4 of the Aachen Treaty.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Résultat de l'élection du président de la Collectivité européenne d'Alsace". www.alsace.eu (in French). 2021-01-02. Archived from the original on 2021-01-02. Retrieved 2022-06-27.
  2. ^ a b Government of the French Republic (2 August 2019). "LOI n° 2019-816 du 2 août 2019 relative aux compétences de la Collectivité européenne d'Alsace". legifrance.gouv.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (14 January 2020). "Estimation de la population au 1er janvier 2020". insee.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  4. ^ Combined 2017 population of the departements of Bas-Rhin and Haut-Rhin.
  5. ^ National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (30 December 2019). "Populations légales des départements en 2017". insee.fr (in French). Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Aus zwei mach eins". Eurojournalist(e) (in German). 2019-06-26. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  7. ^ "The government validates the creation of a "European collectivity of Alsace" in 2021". Teller Report. 29 October 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  8. ^ "Echec du référendum alsacien : "Un signe fort pour la classe politique en place"". Le Monde (in French). 7 April 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Le 1er janvier, la France passe à 13 régions en métropole". Le Point (in French). 30 December 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2020.

External linksEdit