EuroHockey Nations Championship
The EuroHockey Nations Championship is an international men's field hockey competition organised by the European Hockey Federation (EHF) for the top eight European national teams. It is the top division of the EuroHockey Nations Championships. The tournament started in 1970. When the tournament is held close to the Summer Olympic games or the Hockey World Cup, the winner of the tournament is awarded a place in those competitions.
|Most recent season or competition:|
2019 Men's EuroHockey Nations Championship
|No. of teams||8|
| Belgium (1st title) |
|Most titles||Germany (8 titles)|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||EuroHockey Championship II|
Since 2005 the tournament is played in Divisions, normally consisting of 8 teams. The top division, containing the eight best national teams, is called the EuroHockey Championship, below which there is the EuroHockey Championship II, then the EuroHockey Championship III, then the EuroHockey Championship IV, and so on.
National teams qualify for a division based on their performance in the previous competition. Each time the competition is held, it is with each division's previous top two teams promoted (assuming there is a higher division), and its previous bottom two teams demoted (assuming there is a lower division).
Assuming divisions consisting of the standard 8 teams, the teams are separated into two pools of four teams. In each pool (pool A and B) the teams play one match against each of the other teams in their pool (three in total). The teams then go on to play classification matches based on their relative ranking from these pool matches to determine their final tournament position.
In each pool, A, and B, all the teams play each other once, with points awarded as follows:
- 3 points for a win
- 1 point for a draw
- 0 points for a loss
Upon completion of these matches, each team in the pool is ranked according to the number of points each has accumulated. If any teams in the pool have the same rank, then these teams are ranked:
- According to the number of matches they won, or else, if equal
- According to respective goal difference ('goals for' less 'goals against'), or else
- According to 'goals for', or else
- If only two teams are involved, according to the result of the match played between those teams, or else
- According to the results of a penalty stroke competition between those teams, or else
- This procedure is repeated using the penalty stroke result until the teams can be ranked
Once the relative ranking of the teams in pools A and B is settled, the semi-finals proceed with two games as follows:
- Second Pool A v first Pool B
- First Pool A v Second Pool B
The winners of these matches then play a match against each other for 1st and 2nd places (the final) and the losing teams play a match against each other for 3rd and 4th places (Bronze medal match).
The third and fourth placed teams in each pool are placed in Pool C (the Relegation Pool) in order to determine fifth to eighth places. Each team plays one match against the two teams that they did not previously play. The results from those games and from the game that was previously played against the other team in their original pool are used to rank each team according to the ranking procedure used in Pool A and B.
The senior (men's and women's) Nations tournaments are held over seven to eight consecutive days (including rest days) some time during the last two weeks of July and the first four weeks of August every odd numbered year (2009, 2011, etc.).
Top four statisticsEdit
|Germany[a]||8 (1970, 1978, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2011*, 2013)||3 (1974, 2009, 2015)||3 (1983, 1987, 2005)||3 (2007, 2017, 2019)|
|Netherlands||5 (1983, 1987, 2007, 2015, 2017*)||7 (1970, 1978, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011)||4 (1974, 2009, 2013, 2019)||1 (2003)|
|Spain||2 (1974, 2005)||3 (2003, 2007, 2019)||1 (1970)||3 (1978, 1983, 2009)|
|Belgium||1 (2019*)||2 (2013*, 2017)||1 (2007)||4 (1995, 1999, 2005, 2011)|
|England||1 (2009)||1 (1987)||7 (1978, 1991, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2011, 2017)||3 (1974, 2013, 2015*)|
|Soviet Union||1 (1983)||2 (1987*, 1991)|
- * = host
|Belarus||Part of the Soviet Union||9th||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||–||1|
|Czech Republic||Part of Czechoslovakia||–||–||–||–||8th||–||–||8th||–||–||–||–||2|
|Russia||Part of the Soviet Union||–||8th||12th||–||–||–||7th||–||8th||–||–||Q||5|
- Includes results representing West Germany between 1970 and 1990
- "Competitions Archive". p. 19. Retrieved 25 August 2018.