Eurasian Economic Commission
The Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC) is the executive body of the Eurasian Economic Union responsible for implementing decisions, upholding the EEU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the Eurasian Economic Union. The main task of the Eurasian Economic Commission is to ensure the functioning and development of the EEU, and to prepare proposals for its further integration.
|Current college||Sarkisyan Commission|
|Chairman of the Board||Tigran Sarkisyan|
|Members of the Council of the Commission||Mger Grigoryan|
The Board of the Commission operates as a cabinet government, with 10 members of the Commission ("commissioners"). There are two members per member state. The Chairman of the Commission (currently Tigran Sargsyan) is nominated by the heads of state of the member states of the EEU. The usual working language of the Commission is Russian.
The EEC was constituted by the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission, signed on November 18, 2011 and which entered into force on 1 January 2012. It began it operations on February 2, 2012. On 1 January 2015 it became the principle organ of the Eurasian Economic Union, upon entry into force of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union.
The legal basis for the Eurasian Economic Commission is the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission, which entered into force on 1 January 2012 for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. The commission started its work 1 month later as an executive body for the Single Economic Space. All the powers of the Customs Union's Commission, which had been established in 2010 are delegated to the commission. With the entry into force of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union, the Commission became the main executive organ of Union.
With the enlargement of the Eurasian Economic Union, more Board and Council Members were appointed. Both Armenia and Kyrgyzstan received one Board member from the moment of their accession to the Union, as well as 3 respectively 2 Council Members. The Council members were however not assigned a specific portfolio, until the next commission is appointed in February 2016.
The EEC is a two level body, consisting of:
- Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission (5 members, 1 each from all EEU member states)
- Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission (10 members, 2 each from all EEU member states)
The Council of the CommissionEdit
|Deputy Prime Minister of Armenia||Mger Grigoryan|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Belarus||Igor Petrishenko|
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Kazakhstan||Askar Mamin|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan||Zhenish Razakov|
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia||Anton Siluanov|
The Presidency of the Council rotates every year among the deputy prime-ministers of EEC member states. Rotation of the Presidency of the Council is carried out in turn in Russian alphabetical order by name of the Party. The Council's decisions are taken by consensus.
The Board of the CommissionEdit
The executive power of the EEC is held by the Board of the Commission, providing development and implementation of policies for further integration. The Board of the Commission is composed of 10 commissioners, 2 per member state. One of the commissioners is the Chairman of the Board of the Commission. The Chairman of the Board of the Commission and Members of the Board of the Commission are appointed for four years with a possible extension of powers by Heads of States. The decisions of the Board of the Commission are made by " qualified majority voting". Each member of the Board of the Commission has one vote.
|Chairman of the Board||Tigran Sarkisyan||Armenia|
|Commissioner for Domestic Markets, Informatisation, and Information-Communications Technology||Karine Minasyan||Armenia|
|Commissioner for Industry and the Agro-Industrial Complex||Aleksandr Subbotin||Belarus|
|Commissioner for Technical Regulation||Viktor Nazarenko||Belarus|
|Commissioner for Economics and Financial Policy||Timur Zhaksylykov||Kazakhstan|
|Commissioner for Competition and Antimonopoly Regulation||Serik Zhumangarin||Kazakhstan|
|Commissioner for Energy and Infrastructure||Emil Kaikiyev||Kyrgyzstan|
|Commissioner for Customs Cooperation||Nurlan Akmatov||Kyrgyzstan|
|Commissioner for Trade||Veronika Nikishina||Russia|
|Commissioner for Integration and Macroeconomics||Tatyana Valovaya||Russia|
Advisory Bodies of the CommissionEdit
The Commission is divided into several departments, and each of which is further divided into sections.
The College of the Commission has overall charge of the departments. Each department is managed by one of the Members of the Board (of Ministers) in accordance with the division of responsibilities between them.
- Department of Integration Development;
- Department of Macroeconomic Policy;
- Department of Statistics;
- Department of Financial Policy;
- Department of Entrepreneurial Activity Development;
- Department of Labor Migration and Social Protection;
- Department of Industrial Policy;
- Department of Agro-Industrial Policy;
- Department of Customs, Tariff, and Non-Tariff Regulation;
- Department of Internal Market Protection;
- Department of Trade Policy;
- Department of Technical Regulation and Accreditation;
- Department of Sanitary, Phytosanitary, and Veterinary Measures;
- Department of Customs Legislation and Law Enforcement Practice;
- Department of Customs Infrastructure;
- Department of Transport and Infrastructure;
- Department of Energy;
- Department of Antimonopoly Regulation;
- Department of Competition Policy and Policy in the Field of Public Procurement;
- Department of Information Technology;
- Department of Internal Market Function;
- Department of Protocol and Organizational Support;
- Department of Finance;
- Legal Department;
- Department of Managerial Affairs
From January 1, 2012 the Commission include the administrative body of about 600 international civil servants. From July 1, 2012 the number of employees increased to 850 staff members and from January 1, 2013 – to 1,071. All persons employed by the Commission as officials are international civil servants.
Powers and functionsEdit
The Competences of the Eurasian Economic CommissionEdit
The Competences of the Eurasian Economic Commission were originally defined in the Article 3 of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Commission dated November 18, 2010. All the powers of the Customs Union's Commission have been delegated to the Eurasian Economic Commission. The present competences of the commission are defined in the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union.
The Competences of the Commission include
- customs tariff and non-tariff regulation;
- customs administration;
- technical regulation;
- sanitary, veterinary and phytosanitary measures;
- enrolment and allocation of import customs duties;
- establishment of trade regimes with third countries;
- statistics of external and internal trade;
- macroeconomic policy;
- competition policy;
- industrial and agriculture subsidies;
- energy policy;
- natural monopolies;
- state and municipal procurement;
- internal trade in services and investment;
- transport and transportation;
- currency policy;
- intellectual property and copyright;
- migration policy;
- financial markets (banking, insurance, foreign exchange market, stock market);
The Commission ensures the implementation of international treaties, forming the legal base of the Customs Union (CU) and Single Economic Space (SES). The Commission is also the depositary of international treaties, forming the legal base of the CU and the CES as well as decisions of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council. Within its competence, the Commission issues non-binding instruments, such as recommendations and also may take decisions that are binding on the Parties.
The budget of the Commission is to be made up of contributions from member states and it is approved by the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council.
- "About the Eurasian Economic Commission". eurasiancommission.org.
- "Structure of the Eurasian Commission". eec.eaeunion.org. Eurasian Commission. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- "Eurasian Economic Integration: Facts and Figures" (PDF). EEC. Retrieved 25 October 2015.