Flynn Rider(Redirected from Eugene Fitzherbert)
Flynn Rider (born Eugene Fitzherbert) is a fictional character who appears in Walt Disney Animation Studios' 50th animated feature film Tangled, its short film Tangled Ever After, and the 2017 television series Tangled: The Series. The character is voiced by American actor Zachary Levi, who decided to audition for the role upon learning that he would also be providing the character's singing voice. Levi's duet with singer and co-star Mandy Moore, "I See the Light", would go on to become the actor's first professionally recorded song and musical debut.
Flynn Rider as he appears in Disney's Tangled.
|First appearance||Tangled (2010)|
(Tangled: The Musical)
|Voiced by||Zachary Levi (Tangled)|
|Inspired by||The Prince from the Brothers Grimm's fairy tale|
|Title||Prince of Corona|
|Nationality||Kingdom of Corona|
|Pet(s)||Pascal and Maximus|
Loosely based on the prince in the Brothers Grimm fairy tale "Rapunzel", Flynn is a wanted thief who seeks refuge in Rapunzel's tower after stealing a crown. Blackmailed by Rapunzel into taking her to see the kingdom's floating lanterns in time for her eighteenth birthday, Flynn undergoes a change of heart as he gradually begins to fall in love with Rapunzel. Flynn was created by directors Nathan Greno and Byron Howard because they felt that the incarcerated Rapunzel needed someone to escort her out of the tower. He was conceived as a thief as opposed to a traditional prince in favor of making him a funnier and edgier character. Originally written as a British farmer, Flynn was ultimately developed into a swashbuckling thief inspired by fictional characters Han Solo and Indiana Jones, and actors Gene Kelly and Errol Flynn; Flynn Rider was named after the latter.
Flynn has divided film critics. While some reviewers enjoyed the character's refreshing humor, rebelliousness and sarcasm in comparison to traditional Disney princes, others found his personality to be annoying and obnoxious, while panning his narration. Additionally, Flynn has also been strongly accused of being a marketing tool exploited by Disney to attract a larger male audience to Tangled. However, both the character's romantic comedy-esque relationship with Rapunzel and Levi's vocal performance have received widespread acclaim. Flynn is also considered to be among the most appealing Disney heroes by Vanity Fair, E! and Cosmopolitan.
Filmmaker Walt Disney himself had first attempted to adapt the Brothers Grimm fairy tale "Rapunzel" into a feature-length animated film during the 1930s and 1940s. However, the project was eventually abandoned because the original fairy tale was considered too "small". When they were first approached to direct Tangled in 2008, directors Nathan Greno and Byron Howard decided that it would be best "to blow up the scale of the film" and transform it into a "big event", while updating and modernizing the story for a new audience. Flynn was conceived because the directors felt that "Rapunzel needed to get out [of the tower] ... So she needed to meet a guy to take her to where she's going." In the original fairy tale, Rapunzel's love interest is a prince. However, Greno and Howard decided to make him a thief – dubbed "a subtle yet startling twist for Disney" by The New York Times – in order to avoid creating a character who is too "safe", opting for a funnier and "edgier" antihero instead. Greno elaborated, "When you look back at some of the past Disney princes ... a lot of them are kind of soft and they're not like people we think are that cool," continuing, "They're good guys, so I guess we sort of took that to the other extreme." However, some of the filmmakers themselves were concerned that Flynn was becoming too edgy. Greno revealed that "There were people ... who were a little worried because they were hearing these rumors, 'Well, it's not a prince it's a thief. He's kind of a ladies' man, and he's very arrogant.'" Greno summarized Flynn's conception and development to Orange:
When we were putting it together and trying to figure out who Flynn Rider was in this movie, we looked at a bunch of different sources ... When you look back at some of the past Disney princes or something, a lot of them are kind of soft and they're not like people we think are that cool, I guess. They're good guys, so I guess we sort of took that to the other extreme. We like cocky, arrogant sort of characters, and I think there were people in our building that were a little worried because we were up in the story room and they were hearing these rumours of, well, it's not a prince, it's a thief, and he's kind of a ladies' man and he's very arrogant ... But, I think the trick is when you're creating a character like that, if you have this cocky character, you have to hit him over the head with a frying pan a dozen times or something, and he needs to kind of pay for being that way. Those characters, if they're done right, can be so funny. On the flip side, if they're not done right, they can be really off putting.— Director Nathan Greno on Flynn's conception and subsequent development.
Originally, Flynn was conceived as a British farmer named Bastian until his voice actor was finally cast. The directors cited actors Errol Flynn and Gene Kelly, and Star Wars character Han Solo, among several individuals by whom Flynn was inspired. Greno explained that "Having Flynn as a thief seemed like a fresh spin, especially in contrast to Rapunzel, who is a really smart girl but is just locked away in this tower. So she has a very limited world view and Flynn could complement that as this worldly guy." The film's change in title from Rapunzel to the more gender-neutral Tangled is due in part to Flynn's role and involvement. First observing that the Disney tradition is "to name the movie after the Princess", the directors had initially thought that the film "would be structured like Cinderella where there's Cinderella and then a Prince that pops into the movie once in a while". This changed, however, as Flynn was gradually developed into a much more prominent character. Howard explained that "When Nathan and I figured out that this film was really about two characters, Flynn and Rapunzel, we knew that changing the title would be a good idea." Meanwhile, the title Tangled summarizes the relationship between protagonists Flynn and Rapunzel, and antagonist Mother Gothel. Additionally, Flynn also narrates the film, providing it with "an ironic counterpoint", according to Children's Literature and Learner Empowerment: Children and Teenagers in English Language Education author Janice Bland. As "an example of first-person voice-over narration", Flynn's narration "compels the viewer to identify empathetically with" Flynn and Rapunzel.
Greno and Howard were not particularly interested in casting solely A-list actors as the voices of main characters Flynn and Rapunzel. Instead, the directors simply searched for actors who had "the right voice" for these characters. Writing for ReelViews, film critic James Berardinelli felt that the directors' decision mirrored "Disney's approach during the late 1980s and early 1990s, when big name stars were often bypassed in favor of lesser known talents". Hundreds of actors and singers auditioned and were considered for the role of Rapunzel's love interest, among them comedian Dan Fogler and American Idol alum Clay Aiken. However, the role of Flynn Rider was ultimately won by American actor Zachary Levi because he, according to Greno, "nailed" his audition. Levi auditioned for the role after he first received a telephone call from his agent informing him about the film. Identifying himself as "a huge Disney nut", Levi was immediately "sold" on the project. His interest was further cemented by the fact that he would also be providing the character's singing voice. Additionally, Levi appears to have a history playing male "characters who are surrounded by tough, strong women". Required to audition a song in the style of a singer-songwriter, Levi decided to perform James Taylor's "Sweet Baby James" for the directors.
When Levi was first cast as the voice of Flynn, the character had been scripted as a British farmer at the time, requiring Levi to voice him with a British accent until Flynn was eventually developed into a bandit with an American accent. Although Flynn and Rapunzel share several scenes together during the film, Levi and singer Mandy Moore, his co-star who provides the voice of Rapunzel, recorded virtually none of their dialogue together due to scheduling conflicts, which Levi cited as one of the challenges he endured while working on the film, in addition to having to star in the television series Chuck simultaneously. Levi's starring role on Chuck required the actor to constantly "shed a character and take on another character and shed that character and then go back to something else". However, Levi and Moore did meet on one occasion to record their romantic duet "I See the Light", Levi was not intimidated by the thought of recording the song, describing the experience as "an added bonus". However, he admitted to having been nervous to sing with Moore, a professional singer, and working with composer Alan Menken. Although the actor identifies himself as "no stranger to singing" due to his background in musical theatre, Levi's performance of "I See the Light" is considered to be his "big singing debut" because it was his first time recording a song professionally.
It took Levi approximately one year to record all of his dialogue due in part to his busy schedule. Levi recorded once every six weeks for six hours at a time, recording each of his lines at least twice. The actor's voice ultimately helped shape and develop Flynn's character. Howard explained, "He's so smart and clever, and his adlibs are so great, and you like him straight away ... he brings that to Flynn." On Levi's own influence on his character, the actor explained that Flynn's "voice was really just a slight variation of [his] own". Wanting to sound "more appropriate" for the film's medieval setting, Levi "cleaned up [his] own diction and made things a little bit more polished", referring to Flynn's accent as Mid-Atlantic. Describing Tangled as a "very family friendly" version of Romancing the Stone (1984), Levi studied and channelled the film's star, American actor Michael Douglas, and English legend Robin Hood. However, when Levi heard his performance in its entirety for the first time after the film's release, the actor admitted that he was ultimately dissatisfied with his performance, explaining, "I felt like I sounded incredibly nasally and I was plugged up," likening the experience to hearing one's voice played back on an answering machine.
Characterization, design and analysisEdit
Greno and Howard wanted Flynn to be funny and sarcastic as opposed to snarky. One occasion in particular involved an animator having Flynn respond to Rapunzel's excitement by simply walking away from her in silence. The directors did not like this because, according to Greno, Flynn "did this reaction where [he] treated her like she's nuts". Although both directors agreed that Flynn's reaction was funny, Greno and Howard wanted the characters to "connect" emotionally during this scene. Screenwriter Dan Fogelman said that Flynn is "at his best ... when he's playing little mind games with other people and entertaining himself along with them", likening him to English actor Cary Grant. Fogelman concluded, "At his heart, he's really kind of a lost soul who doesn't quite know what he wants and who he is." Howard cited fictional characters Ferris Bueller and Indiana Jones as influences because these characters, like Flynn, "are skilled but have a human side to them". Flynn is considered an antihero because "He is quick-witted and agile, stealing to survive" and "he is also extremely narcissistic".
Originally, the character resembled a "burlier leading man", described by Greno as "a muscular commoner/farm boy". However, the directors had always envisioned Flynn as "a dashing thief". To assist with the development of Flynn's design, Howard and Greno held a large meeting with thirty of Tangled's female employees. Calling it the "Hot Man Meeting", the employees were encouraged to "bring in pictures of their favorite hunky men". The Hot Man Meeting was created because the directors, who found that they were very much impressed with Rapunzel's design, felt that "Flynn [needed] to be up to [Rapunzel's] level". Greno described the Hot Man Meeting as "crazy", elaborating, "Photos of all the hottest men in Hollywood [were] being thrown around a room. Photos being torn in half and pasted back together. Eyes were ripped from one picture and put on another. Heads were torn from photos," concluding, "I've never seen anything like it." Howard cited American actor Clark Gable and English footballer David Beckham among several celebrities by whom Flynn was influenced during the meeting, joking that the employees eventually "started using Nathan and me as examples of what not to do".
Defending Flynn's personality, Levi explained that "Deep down, Flynn has a good core, although that characteristic is brought out of him through the purity, love and naiveté of Rapunzel." The actor concluded that "These are two very different characters that end up learning a lot from each other on a rather crazy adventure." According to Colin Covert of the Star Tribune, Flynn "teaches [Rapunzel] about courage". Rob Vaux of Mania.com described the character's relationship with Rapunzel as a "partners-in-crime sort of chemistry, filled with mischief and the odd pratfall while establishing a rhythm wholly their own." Rapunzel eventually convinces Flynn to go by his birth name, Eugene Fitzherbert, which Conny Eisfeld described in her book How Fairy Tales Live Happily Ever After: (Analyzing) The Art of Adapting Fairy Tales as "more humane". Stephen D. Greydanus of Decent Films Guide called Flynn "a charismatic bad boy", comparing him to Sinbad from DreamWorks' Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas (2003). Similarly, The New York Times' Brooks Barnes felt that "Making the leading man an unlikable thief is a subtle yet startling twist for Disney, and Flynn ... is glib in a way that many people now associate with DreamWorks." On Flynn's thievery, Entertainment Weekly's Lisa Schwarzbaum determined that the character "only steals because he's basically a nice-guy underachiever who needs a better outlet for his leadership abilities". According to Tison Pugh, author of The Disney Middle Ages: A Fairy-Tale and Fantasy Past, Flynn "amalgamates the comedy-action hero with the swashbuckling romantic sensations of Errol Flynn, layering them over a fairy-tale hero attributed with comedic lines that undermine the romantic nostalgia of the film's setting", while serving as a source of comic relief at times. Steve Persall of the Tampa Bay Times believes that Flynn carries "most of the [film's] modern humor". Likewise, Jennie Punter of The Globe and Mail described Flynn as the film's "main source of action, humour and, eventually, romance".
Flynn debuted in Tangled (2010) as a sought-after bandit who discovers refuge in Rapunzel's secluded tower after stealing a crown. There the character is blackmailed by Rapunzel, who seizes the crown in order to convince Flynn to guide her to the floating lanterns in time for her eighteenth birthday, while Mother Gothel, her vain, controlling guardian, is absent. Flynn is pursued by a police horse named Maximus; the vengeful Stabbington Brothers, two former accomplices of his; and Gothel, who grows increasingly obsessed with retrieving Rapunzel in order to continue using her hair to grant her eternal life. Meanwhile, Flynn falls in love with Rapunzel and undergoes a change of heart, only to be apprehended by the Stabbington Brothers, who hand him over to the officials, who sentence him to death. Maximus helps him escape and return to Rapunzel's tower in time to cut her hair, which in turn ages Gothel into dust. By falling in love with Rapunzel, Flynn undergoes a dramatic change of heart; he stops thieving and returns to using his birth name, Eugene.
Kirk Baird of The Blade described the character as irresistible, while Columbus Alive's Brad Keefe called him "loveable". Georgie Hobbs of Little White Lies lauded Flynn as "a hero invested with enough colour to liven up what could have been a monochromatic role". Margot Harrison of Seven Days concluded that the character is "better than a prince". Meanwhile, Amy Nicholson of Inland Empire Weekly reviewed the character as a significant improvement upon traditional Disney heroes, writing, "If anything, Tangled is hommepowerment—one more step forward in Disney's slow march to treat male suitors like equals, from its early nameless princes ... to here, a dude with a full-on personality and nearly equal screen time." Tyler Hanley of the Palo Alto Weekly observed that "Flynn talks in a laid-back way that helps make his character both likable and relatable". Ian Bunting of the Daily Record concluded that although "Male characters sometimes get shortchanged in Disney movies ... Flynn is one of their better efforts to add to Aladdin, Mowgli and the Beast." Virtually an equal amount of critics were less impressed with Flynn. Anthony Quinn of The Independent described the character as a "fop", while Tom Huddleston of Time Out called him "bland". The Scotsman wrote, "it's a shame the prominence of Rapunzel's wayward love interest ... needlessly distracts from" the film. Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune called Flynn "a second-rate Nickelodeon TV punk". Jeff Meyers of the Metro Times dismissed Flynn as not "all that heroic". The Houston Chronicle's Amy Biancolli quipped that Flynn's "sensitive chin fur, and the way he talks out of the side of his mouth – makes him look like Dick Cheney at a poetry slam". The Los Angeles Times'Kenneth Turan believes that the film's "initial shakiness" is "amplified by the irritating and overly glib nature of" Flynn. Accusing the character of "lacking both superficial and emotional individuality", Jake Coyle of the Southtown Star panned Flynn as "rather obnoxious", Dan Kois of The Village Voice dismissed him as "vanilla". Flynn's narration has also been widely panned. Joe Williams of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch referred to it as "flippant". A. O. Scott of The New York Times described it as "annoyingly smart-alecky". Justin Chang of Variety described the character's opening monologue as "clunky". William Goss of Moviefone compared Flynn to "a modern-day Chris Evans/Pine type, and his glib narration – combined with a hasty prologue – almost makes it feel like writer Dan Fogelman is trying too hard to make this a boys' AND girls' club". However, Goss relented, "The voice-over tapers off, though, and Levi proves to be a suitably cocky foil to the neurotic love interest."
|“||Disney presents the Rapunzel/Flynn relationship as gag-strewn romantic comedy – she hits him several times with a frying pan before they have their first conversation. Once they do start talking, however, writers and animators fashion some fairly decent road-movie chemistry – Flynn takes the sheltered Rapunzel out to see the world (and perhaps meet her real parents) in a protective way, she punctures his exterior of false bravado, they fall in love.||”|
|— Much of the character's praise was directed towards his relationship with Rapunzel, as mentioned by Gary Thompson of the Philadelphia Daily News.|
Meanwhile, critics lauded the character's relationship and chemistry with Rapunzel enthusiastically, likening it to that of a romantic comedy. Writing for the Mountain Xpress, Ken Hanke felt that "what works best is the interplay between the two leads", concluding, "these animated characters are frankly more believable and charismatic than the human ones in ... Love and Other Drugs." Sandie Angulo Chen of Common Sense Media wrote that the characters' "relationship is built on mutual respect and trust, something completely missing in many earlier Disney movies." The Miami Herald's Rene Rodriquez opined, "Even though they may seem to be boilerplate fairy-tale heroes, you genuinely come to care about Rapunzel and Flynn and root for them to be together," while Joe Neumaier of the Daily News simply called their relationship "cute". Ted Fry of The Seattle Times wrote, "The back-and-forth banter of what inevitably becomes a courtship is consistently witty and given extra sparkle from adroit characterizations by Moore and Levi." Similarly, Cathy Jakicic, writing for the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, opined, "Moore and Levi, meanwhile, breathe new life into the classic love-hate romance." Colin Covert of the Star Tribune felt that both "characters are equally strong and funny". Ann Hornaday of The Washington Post wrote that the characters' relationship makes the film "engaging". BuzzFeed author Arielle Calderon compiled "19 Reasons Rapunzel And Flynn Rider Are The Best Disney Couple", citing their meeting and opposite personalities among them. Babble.com ranked Flynn and Rapunzel among the "Top 10 Cutest Disney Couples".
Levi's performance has garnered widespread acclaim from critics, who enjoyed the actor's comedic delivery and singing voice. Praising the directors' decision to "[bypass] big-name stars in favor of lesser-known talent", TV Guide described Levi's performance as "charming, roguish, and, well, generic enough". Similarly, Mike Scott of The Times-Picayune wrote that Levi "comes off as an exaggerated, narcissistic version of the rascally Tory Belleci from TV's MythBusters", complimenting the fact that "the cast's names are less than household stature". Rafer Guzman of Newsday described Levi's performance as "terrific". ABC Online appreciated the fact that "the voices of the hero and heroine were not recognisable", concluding, "Zachary Levi and Mandy Moore ... do a really good job on the voices". Dustin Hucks of Film School Rejects wrote that Levi "creates a significant amount of range and emotion with his voice that truly makes the suave thief with a heart of gold Flynn pop on the screen". Hucks went on to call Flynn "one the better [Disney heroes] that have come out of the Disney stable in quite a while". Mathew DeKinder of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch appreciated the comedy in Levi's "quick-tongued delivery", while Rolling Stone'sPeter Travers wrote that the actor "does a nice job" as Flynn. James Luxford of The National wrote that both Levi and Moore "adeptly flesh out what could have been basic characters", while Digital Spy's Simon Reynolds described Levi as "excellent as the rogueish hero". Stephen Whitty of The Star-Ledger called Levi "a surprisingly perfect choice for the self-mocking Flynn". Also pleasantly surprised, David Nusair of About.com wrote that "Levi effortlessly captures the character's transformation from a vain (yet charismatic) rogue to a compassionate love interest". Praising the actor's singing voice, Jim Vejvoda of IGN described it as "impressive".
Flynn is often regarded as one of Disney's most attractive heroes. In 2012, Vanity Fair conducted a poll for which readers were asked to vote for the sexiest Disney hero of all-time. Pairing Flynn against Prince Eric from The Little Mermaid, Flynn beat his competition by less than one percent, garnering 50.35 percent of the total votes. E! ranked the character third in its article "The Definitive Ranking of Disney Princes Based on Overall Dating Eligibility". Writing for Seventeen, YouTube personality Tyler Oakley ranked Flynn the sixth most "dateable" Disney prince. Oakley joked, "I like a man who is unaplogetically himself", continuing, "If you gotta go around with a fake name ... then you're simply not on my level." BuzzFeed author Louis Peitzman ranked Flynn the fourth most attractive Disney prince, praising the character's hair and eyebrows in 2013. BuzzFeed also ranked Flynn second on the website's list of the "Top Ten Hottest Male Cartoon Characters", calling him a "bad boy with a heart of gold".
Marketing controversy and criticismEdit
Critics harshly criticized the film's controversial change in title from Rapunzel to Tangled. Holding Flynn's role and characterization partially responsible for it, they accused the character of being a marketing tool manipulated by Disney to attract larger male audiences via the film's trailers. Writing for the Los Angeles Times, Dawn C. Chmielewski observed that Tangled's marketing campaign involved "amp[ing] up the role of the dashing Errol Flynn-styled male lead to share the spotlight with the golden-haired namesake of the classic Brothers Grimm story". Tom Charity of CNN received Flynn as "an attempt to lure boys and men into the theater". One of the film's trailers features Flynn "trying to win over ... Rapunzel by giving her 'the smolder'" while "emphasiz[ing Flynn's] ... action components ... over the more girl-oriented fairy tale stuff", according to Christian Blauvelt of Slant Magazine. Jennie Punter of The Globe and Mail felt that Flynn was "obviously designed to keep the young male audience from spurning yet another princess movie". Richard Corliss of Time mocked the film's marketing and the idea that "The trailers suggest that the movie is an action comedy about a roguish guy ... whose mission is to storm the tower and free the girl inside." Referring to the film's title as "idiotic", Matt Neal of the Standard-Examiner wrote, "Disney claims it changed the film's title from Rapunzel to Tangled to emphasise Flynn Rider's role in the film ... but that title-change excuse doesn't fly." The Daily Mail's Chris Tookey felt that Flynn's narration "feels wrong", describing it "as a commercially calculated move to reassure males in the audience that the film won't be too 'girly'." Similarly, A. O. Scott of The New York Times received Flynn as a "hijacking of a princess's tale", panning the character as "a crude commercial calculation, a sign to the anxious boys in the audience that things aren't going to be too girly, or to Disneyphobes that the studio can bring some DreamWorks-style attitude." Claire Martin of The Denver Post felt that Flynn's sole purpose in the film was for potential merchandising opportunities, specifically to "take Ken's role as [Barbie's] male arm candy".
Empire's Helen O'Hara defended Disney's claim "that the new title reflects the fact that [Tangled] is very much a two-hander, with Mandy Moore's innocent but (inevitably) feisty Rapunzel and Zachary Levi's street-wise yet clueless Flynn sharing the lead". O'Hara went on to argue that both characters "get decent character development too, and base their growing love story on more than a single longing glance". Todd Hertz of Christianity Today observed that "Disney changed the film's title and showcased the swashbuckling Aladdin-meets-Robin-Hood character who replaces the original story's prince", but felt that "Luckily, these marketing moves don't compromise Tangled's phenomenal storytelling or considerable charm. Hertz concluded, "Still, the movie wisely takes a page from Pixar's playbook to fill the movie with so much well-done slapstick humor, action, goofy characters, and genuine fun that boys won't feel like the ads gave them the old bait-and-switch to trick them into a 'girl' movie."
- Bonanno, Luke (March 28, 2011). "Interview: Tangled Directors Nathan Greno & Byron Howard". DVDizzy.com. DVDizzy.com. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- Miraudo, Simon (December 28, 2010). "Interview – Nathan Greno and Byron Howard, Tangled". Quickflix. Quickflix Limited. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Sztypuljak, David (January 26, 2011). "Exclusive Interview – Directors Nathan Greno & Byron Howard Talk Tangled". HeyUGuys. HeyUGuys Ltd. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C; Eller, Claudia (March 9, 2010). "Disney restyles 'Rapunzel' to appeal to boys". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Barnes, Brooks (November 19, 2010). "Disney Ties Lots of Hopes to Lots of Hair". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- Brew, Simon (January 28, 2011). "Byron Howard & Nathan Greno interview: Tangled, Disney, animation and directing Disney royalty". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing Limited. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Amos, Joel D. (November 19, 2010). "Zachary Levi's Tangled interview". SheKnows. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Carnevale, Rob. "Tangled – Nathan Greno and Byron Howard interview". IndieLondon. IndieLondon.co.uk. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "Directors proud of 'cool' Tangled star". Yahoo News. Yahoo News Network. January 29, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2014.
- Carnevale, Rob (February 1, 2011). "Tangled - Nathan Greno and Byron Howard". Orange. orange.co.uk. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
- Hischak, Thomas S. (2011). Disney Voice Actors: A Biographical Dictionary. United States: McFarland. p. 127. ISBN 9780786486946.
- Hall, Sandra (January 8, 2011). "Tangled". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Desowitz, Bill (November 19, 2010). "Nathan Greno & Byron Howard Talk 'Tangled'". Animation World Network. AWN, Inc. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- "Tangled – Directors Byron Howard and Nathan Greno". The Diva Review. The Diva Review.com. November 22, 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Bland, Janice (2013). Children's Literature and Learner Empowerment: Children and Teenagers in English Language Education. England: A&C Black. pp. 119–120. ISBN 9781441144416.
- Eisenberg, Eric (November 23, 2010). "Exclusive Interview: Tangled Directors Nathan Greno And Byron Howard". Cinema Blend. Cinema Blend LLC. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Graham, Bill (2010). "Directors Byron Howard and Nathan Greno Interview TANGLED". Collider.com. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Berardinelli, James (2010). "Tangled". ReelViews. James Berardinelli. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
- "Tangled: Byron Howard & Nathan Greno Interview – The directors talks Disney's Rapunzel project". Movie Muser. Muser Media Site. Archived from the original on October 11, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Jedeikin, Desi (2010). "8 Facts About "Tangled" You May Not Have Known". Smosh. Defy Media, LLC. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Figueroa, Justine (November 14, 2014). "8 Fact's About Disney's "Tangled" That Even The Biggest Disney Fans Don't Know". Omgfacts. Archived from the original on December 2, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
- Graham, Bill (2010). "Zachary Levi Interview TANGLED". Collider. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- "Exclusive Interview: Zachary Levi Gets 'Tangled' and Talks 'Chuck'". I AM ROGUE. Relativity Media. November 17, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Cornet, Roth (2010). "Zach Levi on Being a Disney Hunk in 'Tangled', A Singer, A Superhero & 'Chuck'". Screen Rant. Screen Rant, LLC. Archived from the original on December 9, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Tanswell, Adam (January 25, 2011). "Zachary Levi ('Tangled')". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Mullins, Jenna (May 13, 2014). "The Faces & Facts Behind Disney Characters". E!. Entertainment Television, Inc. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- "Disney's Tangled: Interview with Zachary Levi". Kidzworld. Kidzworld. 2010. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Snetiker, Marc (August 26, 2013). "Zachary Levi on First Date Fans, His Tangled Musical Past and Why Every Actor Should Aim for Broadway". Broadway.com. BROADWAY.COM. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "Mandy Moore & Zachary Levi Tangled Interview". Girl.com.au. Girl.com.au. 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Lee, Michael J (October 24, 2010). "ZACHARY LEVI on 'TANGLED'". Radio Times. RadioFree.com. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Murray, Rebecca (2010). "Exclusive Interview with Mandy Moore and Zachary Levi from 'Tangled'". About.com. About.com. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
- Connelly, Brendon (January 28, 2011). "Nathan Greno And Byron Howard On Tangled, Animation, Storytelling And Their Next Action Movie". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Beames, Robert (2010). "Review: TANGLED – Uncle Walt Himself Would Approve This Brilliant 3D Animated Beauty". WhatCulture.com. Archived from the original on December 16, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "Tangled directors' hot man meetings". Belfast Telegraph. Belfasttelegraph.co.uk. January 27, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Lee, Marc (January 27, 2011). "Tangled directors on the latest Disney animation". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- Covert, Colin (November 23, 2010). "Disney's golden hair surprise". Star Tribune. StarTribune. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Vaux, Rob (November 23, 2010). "Tangled: Movie Review". Mania.com. Demand Media. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Eisfeld, Conny (2014). How Fairy Tales Live Happily Ever After: (Analyzing) The Art of Adapting Fairy Tales. United States: Anchor Academic Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 9783954891016.
- Greydanus, Stephen D. (2010). "Tangled (2010)". Decent Films Guide. Steven D. Greydanus. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Schwarzbaum, Lisa (July 28, 2012). "Tangled (2010)". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly and Time Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Pugh, Tison; Aronstein, Susan (2012). The Disney Middle Ages: A Fairy-Tale and Fantasy Past. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 185. ISBN 9780230340077.
- Persall, Steve (November 24, 2010). "Review: Disney's 'Tangled' is enchanted holiday treat". Tampa Bay Times. Tampa Bay Time. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Punter, Jennie (November 24, 2010). "Tangled: The roots of animated tradition, with 3-D highlights". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Howard, Byron (director) (November 24, 2010). Tangled (Motion picture). United States: Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
- Iannucci, Rebecca (June 3, 2015). "Disney Channel Making Tangled Series; Mandy Moore, Zachary Levi to Star". TVLine. TVLine Media, LLC. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Baird, Kirk (November 23, 2014). "Get 'Tangled' up in Rapunzel's adventure". The Blade. The Blade. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "Movie review: Tangled". Columbus Alive. The Dispatch Printing Company. 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Hobbs, Georgie (January 21, 2011). "Tangled Review". Little White Lies. Archived from the original on December 13, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Harrison, Margot (December 8, 2010). "Tangled". Seven Days. Da Capo Publishing, Inc. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Nicholson, Amy (November 24, 2010). "Tangled". Inland Empire Weekly. Inland Empire Weekly. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Hanley, Tyler (November 24, 2010). "Tangled". Palo Alto Weekly. Palo Alto Online. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Bunting, Ian (February 2, 2011). "Movie Review: Tangled". Daily Record. Archived from the original on February 24, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- Quinn, Anthony (January 28, 2011). "Tangled (PG)". The Independent. independent.co.uk. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Huddleston, Tom (2010). "Tangled (PG)". Time Out. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- "Film reviews: Biutiful | Barney's Version | Tangled | How Do You Know | The Mechanic ". The Scotsman. Johnston Publishing Ltd. January 27, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
- Phillips, Michael (November 22, 2010). "Locked up: Disney climbs its heroine's tresses to animation renewal". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Meyers, Jeff (November 24, 2010). "Tangled". Metro Times. Detroit Metro Times. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Biancolli, Amy (November 23, 2010). "Tangled". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Turan, Kenneth (November 24, 2010). "Movie review: 'Tangled'". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Coyle, Jake (2010). "Disney's 'Tangled' updates 'Rapunzel'". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Kois, Dan (November 24, 2010). "Tangled Looks and Feels Great, So Why Is Disney Selling It Short?". The Village Voice. Village Voice, LLC. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Williams, Joey (November 24, 2014). "Limp humor, weak songs mar Disney's 'Tangled'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. stltoday.com. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Scott, A. O (November 23, 2010). "Back to the Castle, Where It's All About the Hair". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Justin, Chang (November 7, 2010). "Review: 'Tangled'". Variety. Variety Media, LLC. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
- Goss, William (November 22, 2010). "'Tangled' Review: A Disney Twist on the Princess Formula". Moviefone. Moviefone Canada. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Thompson, Gary (November 23, 2010). "Rapunzel gets a makeover in Disney's 'Tangled'". Philly.com. Interstate General Media, LLC. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
- Hanke, Ken (November 30, 2010). "Tangled". Mountain Xpress. Mountain Xpress. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Chen, Sandie Angulo (November 14, 2010). "Tangled". Common Sense Media. Common Sense Media Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Rodriguez, Rene (November 24, 2010). "'Tangled' (PG)". The Miami Herald. Miami.com. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Neumaier, Joe (November 23, 2010). "'Tangled' review: Mandy Moore's Rapunzel is chill Disney retelling of classic hair-raising tale". Daily News. NYDailyNews.com. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Fry, Ted (November 23, 2010). "'Tangled': Disney's twist on Rapunzel is tressed for success". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Jakicic, Cathy (November 23, 2010). "'Tangled' reconditions Rapunzel story". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Journal Sentinel, Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Hornaday, Ann (November 24, 2010). "Tangled". The Washington Post. The Washington Post. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Calderon, Arielle (January 3, 2014). "19 Reasons Rapunzel And Flynn Rider Are The Best Disney Couple". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Bielanko, Monica (2013). "Top 10 Cutest Disney Couples". Babble.com. Disney. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- Colautti, Benjo (November 22, 2010). "Tangled Review". We Got This Covered. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- "Tangled". TV Guide. CBS Interactive Inc. 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Scott, Mike (November 24, 2010). "'Tangled' is a return to princess-ly roots for Disney Animation". 'Tangled' is a return to princess-ly roots for Disney Animation. NOLA Media Group. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Guzman, Rafer (November 24, 2010). "A teen twist on Rapunzel in 'Tangled'". Newsday. Newsday. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
- "Tangled". ABC Online. 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Hucks, Dustin (November 30, 2010). "Review: Tangled". Film School Rejects. Reject Media, LLC. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- DeKinder, Mathew (November 23, 2010). "MOVIE REVIEW: Disney locks up fun in 'Tangled'". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. stltoday.com. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Travers, Peter (November 24, 2010). "Tangled". Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Luxford, James (December 2, 2010). "Movie review: Tangled". The National. Abu Dhabi Media. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Reynolds, Simon (January 24, 2011). "Movies Review". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Whitty, Stephen (November 23, 2010). "'Tangled' review: Disney returns to its magical roots with this golden girl". NJ.com. New Jersey On-Line LLC. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- David, Nusair (2010). "'Tangled' Movie Review". About.com. About.com. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Vejvoda, Jim (December 10, 2014). "Tangled Review". IGN. IGN Entertainment, Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- "Simba vs. Beast? Aladdin or Prince Phillip? Time for Part Two of Our Sexy-Toon March Bracket". Vanity Fair. Vanity Fair. March 14, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Mullins, Jenna (July 18, 2014). "The Definitive Ranking of Disney Princes Based on Overall Dating Eligibility". E!. Entertainment Television, LLC. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- Tyler, Oakley (September 17, 2014). "YouTube God Tyler Oakley's Definitive Ranking Of The Most Dateable Disney Princes". Seventeen. Hearst Communications, Inc. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
- Peitzman, Louis (February 12, 2013). "The Disney Prince Hotness Ranking". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Top Ten Hottest Male Cartoon Characters". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. April 18, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C.; Eller, Claudia (March 10, 2010). "Disney wrings the pink out of 'Rapunzel'". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 7, 2014.
- Charity, Tom (November 24, 2010). "'Tangled' is old, yet new". CNN. Cable News Network. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Blauvelt, Christian (November 18, 2010). "Tangled". Slant Magazine. Slant Magazine. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- McGranaghan, Mike (2010). "TANGLED". The Aisle Seat. www.aisleseat.com. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Corliss, Richard (November 26, 2010). "Tangled: Disney's Ripping Rapunzel". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Neal, Matt (May 13, 2011). "Review: Tangled". The Standard-Examiner. Fairfax Media. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Tookey, Chris (January 31, 2011). "Cute and clever, a fairy tale that's a cut above the rest". Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Martin, Claire (November 24, 2014). "Movie Review: "Tangled" takes a new look at "Rapunzel"". The Denver Post. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- O'Hara, Helen (2010). "Tangled". Empire. Bauer Consumer Media Ltd. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- Hertz, Todd (November 24, 2010). "Tangled". Christianity Today. Christianity Today. Retrieved December 9, 2014.