Born in Dijon, Foveau is a former student of Merri Franquin at the Conservatoire de Paris. In 1907, he won a First Prize for trumpet. In 1925, he succeeded Alexandre Petit in his cornet class. In 1945 he took over the direction of a trumpet class. Marcel Caens, Robert Pichaureau, (in French) Pierre Pollin, Pierre Thibaud, Raymond Sabarich and Roger Delmotte were some among his many students.
Foveau died in Paris at age 70.