Esteghlal F.C.

  (Redirected from Esteghlal Tehran FC)

Esteghlal Tehran Football Club (Persian: باشگاه فوتبال استقلال تهران‎), commonly known as Esteghlal, is an Iranian football club based in capital Tehran, that competes in the Persian Gulf Pro League. The club was founded in 1945 as Docharkheh Savaran (Persian: دوچرخه سواران‎; meaning 'the bikers') and previously known as Taj Tehran Football Club (Persian: باشگاه فوتبال تاج تهران‎; meaning 'the crown') between 1949 and 1979. The club is part of the multisport club Esteghlal of Iran Athletic and Cultural Company (Persian: شرکت فرهنگی ورزشی استقلال ایران‎). They are the first team which got 1000 points in Persian Gulf Pro League.

Esteghlal
استقلال
Esteghlal FC logo.png
Full nameEsteghlal Tehran Football Club
Nickname(s)استقلال تهران
Taj
SS
Capital Blues
Founded26 September 1945; 75 years ago (1945-09-26) as Docharkhe Savaran
GroundAzadi Stadium
Capacity78,116[1]
OwnerMinistry of Sport and Youth
ChairmanAhmad Madadi (acting)
Head CoachMahmoud Fekri
LeaguePersian Gulf Pro League
2019–20Persian Gulf Pro League, 2nd
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Since the beginning of the 1973–74 season, Esteghlal has played its home games at the Azadi which has a seating capacity of 78,116,[1] though it is able to hold more people during important matches. Esteghlal set an attendance record for an Asian Club Championship match in 1999 when 125,000 supporters watched their final against Júbilo Iwata in Tehran.[2] The club is owned and supported by the Ministry of Sport and Youth.

Esteghlal is one of the oldest football clubs in Tehran and Iran, and carries a deep history in Iranian football. It is one of the most supported and successful clubs in Iranian football, having won two AFC Champions League trophies, eight national titles and a record of seven national cups. Esteghlal is also leading the all-time table of the Persian Gulf Pro League. The club's historical crest was holding a crown, giving the club its nickname Crown of Asia. Esteghlal holds a long-standing enmity with local rivals Persepolis known as the Sorkhabi (red-blue) derby or the Tehran derby.[3]

History

1945–69: Early years, the Crown of Tehran

 
Parviz Khosravani, the founder and the first president of the club

On 20 September 1945, some young athletes and students including a 23-year-old military officer Parviz Khosravaani (first manager of the club), Asghar Navaab (Bicycle Mechanic), Enayat Jananpour (National Sports Organisation staff member), Mirzaee (carpenter) and Khashaaei (bank guard) established a sports club on Ferdowsi Street, Tehran. Since the founders of the club were mostly interested in cycling, the club's original name was Docharkhe Savaran (Persian: دوچرخه سواران‎), meaning 'The Cyclists' in Persian. Ali Danaeifard coach and player of tour joined to them and became the first coach and Captain of Esteghlal. Esteghlal football club played its first official match in 1946.

In the first year, the 1946 season, they stood in second place of Tehran Football League and Tehran Hazfi Cup. They played against strong teams like Daraei, Sarbaaz and Shahin.

The 1947 season ended with the first ever Esteghlal's cup, after victories against Daraei, Shahin and Oghaab to reach the Tehran Hazfi Cup.

Docharkhe Savaran founders and players consisted of Ali Danaeifard, Parviz Khosravani, Amou Oghli, Graeeli and Seyyed Ali Agha agreed with the rename of the club to TAJ in 1949.

From the beginning Taj or Docharkeh Savaran competed in the Tehran Local League, which at the time was the highest ranked league in Iran. On 6 March 1950, Taj played its first official game in front of over 20,000 spectators in Amjadieh Stadium against Shahin; Taj managed a close 1–0 win.

Taj won seven first titles in the 1950s and 1960s; 1949–1950, 1951–1952, 1957–1958 and the three consecutive championships in 1959–1960, 1960–1961 and 1961–1962 (in the following years Taj added its first titles from the Tehran Provincial League and the Tehran Hazfi Cup) and again in 1963–1964 season (Persepolis established in this year at Tehran's 3rd Division).

Taj also won four Tehran Hazfi Cup in 1947, 1951, 1958 and 1959. The most successful club in Iran between that years, so far than other great teams like Daraei with three first titles and Shahin with two first titles and four-second place.[4] The first national cup was obtained in 1957 National Football League after victory against Tabriz team by three goals.Taj represented tehrans's football in those games which played in Bagh-e-Homayun ground.

 
Ali Danaeifard, club player and manager from 1946 until 1969

Ali Danaeifard managed Esteghlal for about twenty years, first as midfielder and coach and later in 1950 until 1967 as Coach of Taj. His son Iraj Danaeifard became the star of Taj and National team in the 70s and his daughter is a football coach. Fans call him Father of Esteghlal. Iraj scored the First ever Iranian goal during a World Cup Finals in 1978, with the equaliser against Scotland.

Some of the best players of those years as follows: Boyuk Jeddikar, Aref Gholizadeh, Parviz Koozehkanani, Mahmoud Bayati, Mohammad Ranjbar, Mohammad Amir Khatami, Nader Afshar Alavinejad, George Markarian, Kambozia Jamali, Karam Nayyerloo, Hassan Habibi, Heshmat Mohajerani, Fariborz Esmaeili, Parviz Aboutaleb, Mohammad Reza Adelkhani and Ali Jabbari.

 
Büyük Jeddikar is known for being the first footballer in Iranian football history to be transferred from an Iranian club TAJ (Esteghlal) to a foreign club in 1957.

Tehran old derby was a sensitive match which played between TAJ and Shahin in mid century, until 1967. After desolation of Shahin. Other teams Added Shahin's players to their teams including Newborn team Persepolis. Shahin returned at 1974 as Shahbaz and in the 1980s as Shahin and was not related to Persepolis. Boyuk Jeddikar is best scorer of that rival matches for Taj.

1970–78: Champion of Asian and Iran

The 1970 Asian Club Championship was the 3rd edition of the annual Asian club football competition hosted by Asian Football Confederation. Seven clubs from seven countries competed in the tournament. The tournament was held in Tehran, Iran in April. The clubs were split in two groups and the group winners and runners-up advanced to semi-finals. Taj defeated Hapoel Tel Aviv of Israel 2–1 in the final to win its first ever Asian Club Championship and started new era in Iranian football with announced of professionalisation of football in Iran.

This year had another honour for TAJ, the first Iranian national league title: 1970–71 Local League under management of legendary Rajkov. TAJ defeated PAS 2–1 in final match. Captain Ali Jabbari introduced as best player of the league. TAJ have reached to third place of 1971 Asian Club Championship, a year after the first Asian Cup of club. They were defeated ROK Army of Korea 3–2 in Third place match.

 
TAJ squad in 1970 as national and continental champions

Esteghlal stood at second place in the 1973–74 league, with only two points less than Persepolis. Gholam Hossein Mazloumi was the top scorer of the league, with 15 goals. TAJ reached the 1974–75 Takht Jamshid Cup the next year, the second official Iranian Football League for Club. Mazloumi was still the best scorer. After the championship, Taj stars who had some problems with the manager left the club and went to Shahbaz FC (new name of Shahin FC); Mazloumi, Mohammad Reza Adelkhani and Naser Hejazi. Some old players like Captain Ali Jabbari, Mansour Pourheidari, Akbar Kargarjam, Abbas Mojdehi, Ezzat Jaanmaleki (Barbed Wire), Karo Haghverdian preferred to leave football. Social tensions came to the club, a rebellion against the system which named revolution in next years.

1979–2001: Revolution and post-revolution

After the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran, the club was taken over by the newly established Islamic government and put under the control of the Physical Education Organization of the Islamic republic of Iran (Persian: سازمان تربیت بدنی جمهوری اسلامی ايران‎), a governmental organisation, and changed its name to Esteghlal (Persian: استقلال‎), 'Independence' in Persian; Taj (Persian: تاج‎) means 'Crown' in Persian. After the revolution, any sign of the previous monarchist regime was not tolerated.

During the 1980s, Esteghlal won the Tehran Football League twice. The 1989–90 season was a memorable one for Esteghlal. The club finished 1st in Group B of the Qods League and advanced to the semi-finals. Esteghlal defeated Malavan 4–0 on aggregate to advance to the final against the hated rival: Persepolis. Esteghlal defeated Persepolis 2–1 with a 74th-minute goal by Samad Marfavi to win the Qods League; this proved to be one of the most memorable derbies for Esteghlal. In the following season, Esteghlal made it to the final of the Hazfi Cup only to lose to Malavan on penalties.

1990–91 proved to be one of Esteghlal's most memorable years as they won the Asian Club Championship for the 2nd time defeating Chinese club Liaoning 2–1. Mansour Pourheidari added another Asian Cup for Esteghlal as head coach, he played as defender in 1970 championships. In next year Esteghlal reached to 1991 Asian Club Championship final match again and they're lose the match in penalties to Al-Hilal FC. Esteghlal once again reached the final of the Asian Club Championship in 1999, this time losing to Japanese club Júbilo Iwata 1–2 in Tehran. It was an emotional match under coaching of Naser Hejazi.

2001–present: Iran Pro League Era

2001 marked the first year of the newly founded Iran Pro League. Going into the final day, Esteghlal was on top of the league's table; however, with an Esteghlal loss and a Persepolis win, Persepolis was crowned as the league's inaugural champion. However, the 2001–02 Hazfi Cup provided some consolation for Esteghlal as they beat Fajr Sepasi 4–3 on aggregate to win the cup. The 2002–03 season was one of the worst years in club history, as they finished 9th under the management of Roland Koch and were eliminated in the group stage of the AFC Champions League.

In July 2003, Amir Ghalenoi was appointed manager of Esteghlal. In his first year, Esteghlal finished runner-up in the league, finishing two points behind the champion Pas Tehran. Ghalenoi also made it to the final of the Hazfi Cup losing 2–5 on aggregate to Sepahan. His second season proved to be less successful as Esteghlal finished 3rd and failed to qualify to the AFC Champions League. However, the 2005–06 season was a completely different year; Esteghlal were crowned champions of the Iran Pro League for the first time in the Pro League era. At the end of the season, Ghalenoi left Esteghlal for the national team job.

In 2006 after the departure of Amir Ghalenoi, his assistant and youth team coach Samad Marfavi took over the head-coaching job. Esteghlal had a disappointing season, finishing fourth, thus failing to secure a spot in the AFC Champions League, as well as only reaching the Round of 16 in the Hazfi Cup with a shock defeat by Fajr Sepasi. After Marfavi's departure in August 2007, another Esteghlali great, former goalkeeper Nasser Hejazi took over; but after only 14 games and 4 defeats, Hejazi was fired as manager in November 2007. Firouz Karimi was hired as the temporary head coach for the remainder of the season; he did not fare much better than Hejazi and the team finished 13th in the league, its lowest finish ever. Firouz Karimi was fired in May 2008 and Amir Ghalenoi was hired again in July 2008. He quickly regrouped the team and the Hazfi Cup proved to be a valuable consolation, as Esteghlal became champions after defeating Pegah Gilan 3–1 on aggregate, thus securing a Champions League spot after a two-year absence. During Ghalenoi's first full and only season in his second stint with Esteghlal, he led the team to an Iran Pro League championship, finishing ahead of Zob Ahan on goal difference. However, after a group stage exit in the AFC Champions League, Ghalenoi resigned.

Samad Marfavi took the reins of Esteghlal for a second time; Marfavi led the team to a 3rd place league finish in the 2009–10 season and also led the team to the Round of 16 of the AFC Champions League, losing to Al Shabab of Saudi Arabia 2–3 on aggregate. In the spring of 2010, Marfavi extended his contract for another year, but strangely a few days later he resigned. This time Esteghlal turned to Parviz Mazloumi, a former Esteghlal player in the 1980s. During his 2-year tenure with Esteghlal, he led the team to 2nd and 3rd place league finishes, as well as a Hazfi Cup trophy in 2012. After a 0–2 loss to fellow countrymen Sepahan in the Round 16 of the AFC Champions League, Mazloumi was sacked by the club and Amir Ghalenoi took the reins of Esteghlal for a third time.

The new era started with an exciting year for Esteghlal as both former Aston Villa man Jlloyd Samuel and Iran national football team captain Javad Nekounam joined the team. With these players, Ghalenoi had no trouble leading Esteghlal to a comfortable league victory in his first season back. The team also made it to the semi-finals of the Hazfi Cup which they eventually lost to Sepahan. The year was also marked by advancing to the AFC Champions League semi-finals where they met Korean side FC Seoul. After a 0–2 away loss in the first leg, Esteghlal faced an uphill task; they returned to Azadi Stadium with much belief but eventually lost to FC Seoul 2–4 on aggregate.

The next season however was a disappointing one for Ghalenoi and his team. With a chance to win the league on the final match day, Esteghlal lost 1–3 to Tractor Sazi and dropped to 5th place, and out of a champions league slot. Esteghlal also faced a shock defeat at the hands of Mes Kerman in the Hazfi Cup semi-finals. To top off Esteghlal's horrendous year, the team failed to reach the AFC Champions League knock-out stage, finishing 3rd in its group. Amir Ghalenoi earned the title of "General" from the club's fans for his performance.

After Esteghlal's defeat to Zob Ahan in the Hazfi Cup final on 29 May 2016, Parviz Mazloomi was fired and replaced by former player and Naft Tehran's head coach Alireza Mansourian on 1 June 2016. Esteghlal started the season poorly and were knocked out of the Hazfi Cup in the Quarter-finals by Naft Tehran. The club was also issued a transfer ban for the 2017 winter period for outstanding debts to Adil Chihi. On 7 February 2017, Esteghlal defeated Qatari club Al Sadd on penalties to advance to the 2017 AFC Champions League group stage. Esteghlal was defeated by Al Ain 6–1 on quarter final of 2017 AFC Champions League and was eliminated. Mansourian was the head coach of Esteghlal until 7th week of 2017–18 season of Persian Gulf Pro League. Mansourian resigned after accumulating only 5 points in 7 matches and standing on 16th position. German coach Winfried Schäfer was appointed as new manager of Esteghlal Tehran on 1 October 2017, replacing Alireza Mansourian. He was fired in the spring of 2019 and Farhad Majidi replaced him, but was fired at the end of the season.

In June 2019, Italian coach Andrea Stramaccioni was appointed as Esteghlal's coach, but he later left the club in December 2019 due to financial insolvency.[5]

Crest and colours

Docharkhe Savaran (Cyclists) club found in 1945 after end of Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran; this dark years brought football for Iran with foreign soldiers. Cycling in those days, was a sign of modernity in country and some of founders are champions in that. The club was active in Cycling, Football, Basketball, Volleyball, Weightlifting، Wrestling, Swimming and ping pong. After early success in football; the club was inevitably renamed. TAJ was new name, means crown, the crown traditionally represents power, legitimacy, victory, triumph, honour, and glory, as well as immortality, righteousness, and resurrection. In Persian literature Taj is more than a sign of monarchy and usually refers to highest point or best thing; for example Taj Mahal. Fans calls Esteghlal: Taj-e Asia (Crown of Asia). After Iranian Revolution in 1979 all things those have relation with monarchy was not tolerated and after three years club opened with new name Esteghlal, means independence in Persian. The first part of the motto of Iranian Revolution. The colour of blue and shape of circles are main elements which saved in new simplified badge.

Esteghlal wearing blue shirt from the beginning with white or blue short and socks. The second colour of club is white, colour of Team Melli.

Historical kits

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1945
The First
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
50s–60s Champions
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1982
Rebirth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Rivalries

Tehran derby

The club's biggest rival and its opponent in the Tehran derby is Persepolis. The first derby match between the clubs took place on 5 April 1968, at Amjadieh Stadium. Today, all derbies and home matches are played at Azadi Stadium which is usually sold out for the derby. Esteghlal has the most wins in the Tehran derby with 26 victories.

In 1995, IRIFF began to invite foreign referees to officiate the derby to ease fans' and players' suspicions of referee bias. This occurred after the events of the 38th derby (20 January 1995) in which Persepolis was leading by a score of 2–0 until the 79th minute when Esteghlal scored two goals within 8 minutes to erase the deficit; the 1st goal was scored from the penalty spot which angered the Persepolis fans and players who felt the referee was biased towards Esteghlal. Persepolis fans stormed the field in the 88th minute and fights broke out on the pitch between fans and players. Following the match, it was decided that Iranian referees would no longer be used for the derby. After 14 years of foreign referees, the second leg of the 2008–09 season saw an Iranian once again refereeing the derby. The game ended in a draw with goals coming from Mojtaba Jabari and Maziar Zare.

Supporters

 
Esteghlal fans at Tehran derby

Esteghlal is one of the most supported teams in Iranian and Asian football. The club is based in Tehran and is popular in all parts of the country. Esteghlal also has a fan base in the United States, Europe and Persian Gulf countries.

Grounds

Azadi Stadium is Iran's national stadium and the largest in the country. Azadi Stadium officially had a capacity of 100,000 people at the beginning[6][7] and was built to host the 1974 Asian Games. The stadium is part of the much larger Azadi Sports Complex and is surrounded by a rowing river, football training pitches, a weightlifting complex, swimming facilities and indoor volleyball and futsal courts, among many other amenities. Today, Azadi Stadium has a capacity of 78,116 after renovations in 2016.[8]

Esteghlal's home stadium is Azadi (Persian: ورزشگاه آزادی‎), a football stadium in Tehran, Iran. The stadium's former name was Aryamehr Stadium which was changed after the Iranian Revolution. The stadium has been filled over capacity on numerous occasions; for example, when it has faced rivals Persepolis in the Tehran derby or in several AFC Champions League matches. Prior to the construction of Azadi, Esteghlal used to play their games at Amjadieh Stadium.

Players

 
Esteghlal squad against Tractor in 2019–20 Pro League, 1 November 2019.

Current squad

See also: 2020–21 Esteghlal F.C. season
As of 15 September, 2020.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK   IRN Hossein Hosseini (Vice Captain)
2 DF   IRN Mohammad Naderi (On loan from Kortrijk)
3 DF   IRN Mohammad Hossein Moradmand
4 DF   IRN Siavash Yazdani
5 DF   IRN Aref Gholami U25
6 MF   IRN Masoud Rigi
7 FW   MLI Cheick Diabaté
8 MF   IRN Farshid Esmaeili (3rd Captain)
9 MF   IRN Mehdi Mehdipour
10 FW   IRN Mehdi Ghayedi U23
11 MF   IRN Dariush Shojaeian
12 GK   IRN Rashid Mazaheri
No. Pos. Nation Player
14 MF   IRN Farshid Bagheri
15 MF   IRN Sina Khadempour U25
20 DF   IRN Ahmad Mousavi
21 DF   IRN Voria Ghafouri (captain)
22 MF   IRN Babak Moradi
27 DF   IRN Matin Karimzadeh U23
33 DF   CRO Hrvoje Milić
70 DF   IRN Mohammad Daneshgar
72 FW   IRN Amir Arsalan Motahari
77 MF   IRN Reza Azari U23
88 MF   IRN Arash Rezavand
99 FW   IRN Sajjad Aghaei U23
  • U21 = Under 21 year player. U23 = Under 23 year player. U25 = Under 25 year player. INJ = Out of main squad due to injury.

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
17 FW   IRN Zakaria MoradiU23 (at Malavan until 30 June 2022)
19 GK   IRN Hossein Pour Hamidi U23 (at Aluminium Arak until 30 June 2021)
80 FW   IRN Mohammad BolboliU23 (at Naft MIS until 30 June 2021)

Other players under contract

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
FW   IRN Morteza Tabrizi INJ

Reserve squad

Note: These players are on the team list. They also participate in team training and are under the contracts. Mostly they are not on the list of 18 players.

As of 31 July 2020

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
34 DF   IRN Ali Shafiei U23
38 DF   IRN Ali Tari U21
40 MF   IRN Amir Hossein Khodamoradi U21
41 DF   IRN Arash Dajliri U23
42 MF   IRN Fardin Rabet U21
43 FW   IRN Amir Mohammad Abedi U23
74 DF   IRN Erfan Rohani U21
78 GK   IRN Alireza Ansari U21
No. Pos. Nation Player
80 FW   IRN Hamed Bakhshi U19
MF   IRN Sobhan Khaghani U21
DF   IRN Mikaeil Sheikhi U19
MF   IRN Alireza Khodabakhshi U19
FW   IRN Mohammad Hossein Fallah U21
GK   IRN Amir Mohammad Bahrehmand U19
GK   IRN Erfan Khalili U21
FW   IRN Hossein Bijani U19

Club captains

 
Voria Ghafouri, current captain of the team

Esteghlal captains since 1990.

# Name Captaincy
1
  Shahin Bayani 1990–1992
2
  Amir Ghalenoei 1992–1997
3
  Javad Zarincheh 1997–2000
4
  Mehdi Pashazadeh 2000–2003
5
  Mahmoud Fekri 2003–2007
6
  Ali Reza Mansourian 2007–2008
7
  Farhad Majidi 2008–2013
8
  Mehdi Rahmati 2013–2014
2015–2019
9
  Amir Hossein Sadeghi 2014–2015
10
  Reza Enayati 2015
11
  Voria Ghafouri 2019–

World Cup players

Olympic players

Personnel

Club managers

Current technical staff

 
Mahmoud Fekri is the current manager of the club.
Position[9] Name
Caretaker Manager   Mahmoud Fekri
Assistant coach   Hanif Omranzadeh
Goalkeeper coach   Saeid Azizian
Analyst   Hadi Asghari
Physiotherapist   Mohammad Pouretezad
  Mohammadreza Diani
Doctor   Mahdi Siahpoosh
Fitness Trainer   Masoud Mo'meni
Masseur   Mehrshad Rahbari
Team manager   Parviz Mazloumi
Technical manager   Samad Marfavi
U23 manager   Arash Borhani
U19 manager   Mohammad Navazi
U16 manager   Alireza Akbarpour
U14 manager   Davoud Hosseini
Procurement   Madad Jabari

Notable managers

 
Zdravko Rajkov was Esteghlal's first international coach.

Only managers who have won at least one trophy are listed.

Name Period Trophies
Domestic International
IPL HC TJC/AL ACL
  Zdravko Rajkov 1969–76 0 0 2 1
  Vladimir Đekić 1977–79 0 1 0 0
  Mansour Pourheidari 1983–86
1989–92
1995–96
2000–02
0 2 2 1
  Nasser Hejazi 1996–99 0 0 1 0
  Amir Ghalenoei 2003–06
2008–09
2012–15
3 2 0 0
  Parviz Mazloumi 2010–12
2015–16
0 1 0 0
  Winfried Schäfer 2017–19 0 1 0 0

IPL managers

Last updated: 10 October 2020

Name Nat From To Record
P W D L Win %
Mansour Pourheidari   February 2000 July 2002 26 13 9 4 50%
Roland Koch[10]   July 2002 June 2003 26 8 8 10 31%
Amir Ghalenoei[11][12][13]   July 2003 July 2006 95 52 31 12 54%
Samad Marfavi[14]   July 2006 August 2007 30 14 10 6 47%
Nasser Hejazi   August 2007 November 2007 14 5 5 4 36%
Firooz Karimi   November 2007 May 2008 20 6 5 9 30%
Amir Ghalenoei[15]   July 2008 June 2009 45 21 15 9 46%
Samad Marfavi[16]   July 2009 June 2010 43 20 13 10 46%
Parviz Mazloumi   June 2010 May 2012 95 51 27 17 53%
Amir Ghalenoei   June 2012 June 2015 121 64 32 25 52%
Parviz Mazloumi   June 2015 June 2016 34 17 13 4 50%
Alireza Mansourian[17]   June 2016 September 2017 50 26 13 11 52%
Mick McDermott (caretaker)   September 2017 October 2017 1 1 0 0 100%
Winfried Schäfer   October 2017 April 2019 67 37 19 11 55%
Farhad Majidi (caretaker)   April 2019 June 2019 3 2 1 0 75%
Andrea Stramaccioni   June 2019 December 2019 13 7 4 2 54%
Farhad Majidi   January 2020 September 2020 21 9 8 4 43%
Majid Namjoo-Motlagh (caretaker)   September 2020 October 2020 3 1 1 1 33%
Mahmoud Fekri   October 2020 Present 0 0 0 0

Chairmen

Current management board

Chairman   Ahmad Madadi
Board president   Esmail Khalilzadeh
Other board members   Hojjat Nazari
  Mahdi Abdian

Chairmen

Chairman Tenure
  Parviz Khosravani September 1945 – June 1960
  Parviz Sheikhan June 1960 – February 1979
  Ali Abdullahi Nourozi May 1979 – May 1983
  Kazem Oliaei January 1988 – May 1996
  Ali Fathollahzadeh May 1996 – May 2003
  Mohammad Hossein Gharib June 2003 – July 2005
  Kazem Oliaei July 2005 – December 2005
  Mohammad Hossein Gharib December 2005 – September 2006
  Meghdad Najafnejad September 2006 – May 2007
  Ali Fathollahzadeh May 2007 – September 2008
  Amir Reza Vaezi-Ashtiani September 2008 – May 2010
  Ali Fathollahzadeh June 2010 – May 2014
  Bahram Afsharzadeh May 2014 – August 2016
  Reza Eftekhari August 2016 – July 2018
  Amir Hossein Fathi July 2018 – December 2019
  Esmaeil Khalilzadeh (acting) December 2019 – February 2020
  Ali Fatollahzadeh (acting) February 2020 – March 2020
  Ahmad Saadatmand March 2020 – September 2020
  Ahmad Madadi (acting) October 2020 – present

Honours

 
Docharkheh Savaran (Taj) Team in 1946

Domestic

League

  Winners (8): 1970–71, 1974–75, 1989–90, 1997–98, 2000–01, 2005–06, 2008–09, 2012–13
  Runners-up (10): 1973–74, 1991–92, 1994–95, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2016–17, 2019–20

Cups

  Winners (7): 1976–77, 1995–96, 1999–2000, 2001–02, 2007–08, 2011–12, 2017–18
  Runners-up (5): 1989–90, 1998–99, 2003–04, 2015–16, 2019–20


Provincial

  Winners (13): 1949–1950, 1952–1953, 1956–1957, 1957–1958, 1959–1960, 1960–61, 1962–63, 1968–69, 1970–1971, 1972–73, 1983–84, 1985–86, 1991–92
  Runners-up (7): 1946–47, 1951–52, 1958–59, 1969–70, 1982–83, 1989–90, 1990–91
  • Tehran Hazfi Cup
  Winners (3): 1946–1947, 1950–1951, 1958–1959
  Runners-up (2): 1945–46, 1969–70
  • Tehran Super Cup
    • Winners (1): 1994

Continental

  Winners (2): 1970, 1990–91
  Runners-up (2): 1991, 1998–99
  Third place (2): 1971, 2001–02
Fourth place (2): 1996–97,[18] 2000–2001[19]

Friendly

Statistics and records

 
Arash Borhani is Esteghlal's all-time leading goalscorer with 108 goals in all competitions

Statistics in IPL

Statistics in ACC/ACL

  • Most goals scored in a match: 8 – 0 (1 time)
  • Most goals conceded in a match: 6 – 1 (1 time)
  • Player with the most goals in a single match: Ali Jabari with 3 goals

Statistics in Hazfi Cup

  • Most goals scored in a match: 13 – 0 (1 time)
  • Most goals conceded in a match: 0 – 3 (1 time)
  • Player with the most goals in a single match: Arash Borhani with 5 goals

Season-by-season

Esteghlal Women's Football Club

 
Friendly match of Taj F.C. Women's Football team and selected team of Italian women footballers in 1970

Esteghlal was the first club in Iran that established a team for women's football. To reach this goal the club has made some Camps for training players.[20][21]

The first attempts to launch women's soccer in Iran began in the late 1960s. In 1969, with the increase in the number of women interested in football in Iran, the Football Federation sent several talented women to FIFA training courses. During the trip, Iranian coaches were able to watch matches of Asian women's soccer teams such as South Korea, India and Singapore, held at the venue. Iranian football authorities then decided to form women's soccer teams at the club level. Esteghlal F.C. (TAJ) was the first Iranian club to establish a women's soccer training class and set up its own women's team.

The women's team which competed in the Kowsar Women Football League was dissolved in 2016 due to financial issues.

References

  1. ^ a b "22". varzesh3.com. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  2. ^ "استقلال و حسرت ستاره سوم؛ شادی سامورايی ها در تهران | ورزش 11". www.varzesh11.com. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Esteghlal the Iranian Crown". FIFA.
  4. ^ "۱۳۸۳ هفته نامه کیهان ورزشی شماره ۲۵۲۳ فروردین". kayhan.ir.
  5. ^ "Andrea Stramaccioni cancels contract with Esteghlal". Tehran Times. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Azadi Sport Complex [www.AzadiSportComplex.com]". Azadisportcomplex.com. 3 April 2001. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  7. ^ "Stadium List :: 100 000+ Stadiums". World Stadiums. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  8. ^ "دکتر گودرزی:ورزشگاه آزادی تا پایان مردادماه آماده می شود". msy.gov.ir. 22 May 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  9. ^ "مبلغ قرارداد ها و مدت قرارداد بازیکنان تیم استقلال تهران". iranleague.ir. Archived from the original on 2 August 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  10. ^ "League table (overall)". Iplstats.com. 27 December 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  11. ^ "League table (overall)". Iplstats.com. 28 December 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  12. ^ "League table (overall)". Iplstats.com. 29 December 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  13. ^ "League table (overall)". Iplstats.com. 21 April 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  14. ^ "League table (overall)". Iplstats.com. 28 May 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  15. ^ "League table (overall)". Iplstats.com. 27 April 2009. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  16. ^ "League table (overall)". Iplstats.com. 6 February 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  17. ^ Official: Alireza Mansourian is Esteghlal's new manager Archived 3 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ 1996–97 Asian Cup Winners' Cup
  19. ^ 2000–01 Asian Cup Winners' Cup
  20. ^ "تاریخچه فوتبال زنان در ایران". farhangestanefootball.ir. 4 January 2017. Archived from the original on 9 November 2018. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  21. ^ "فوتبال زنان ایران؛ آغاز، فراموشی و احیای دوباره". iranwire.com. Retrieved 4 January 2017.

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Maccabi Tel Aviv
 
Champions of Asia
1970
Succeeded by
Maccabi Tel Aviv
 
Preceded by
Liaoning FC
 
Champions of Asia
1990–91
Succeeded by
Al-Hilal