|Pre-grouping||Great Northern Railway|
|Post-grouping||London North Eastern Railway|
Eastern Region of British Railways
|2 October 1853||Opened|
|15 June 1959||Closed|
The main line and the station opened in 1853. The Stamford and Essendine Railway branch line to Stamford and the line to Bourne were opened in 1856 and 1860. Due to its status as a junction, it was served by some express trains as well as by stopping trains. For many years a commuter train left King's Cross at around 5pm and terminated at Essendine, before returning the next morning. The Bourne branch closed in 1951. The Stamford branch closed in 1959 along with Essendine station itself and the Peterborough to Grantham local services. Peterborough to Grantham is the longest distance between adjacent stations in England.
The 'South' Signal-box at Essendine was enlarged, not long after it was built, and by the time the station closed, had well over a hundred levers. Many of these, however had become 'spare' by that time. About the first 21 or 22 were for working the Bourne Branch and some related sidings.
The world speed record for steam locomotives at 125.88 mph (202.58 km/h) was achieved on 3 July 1938 by LNER Class A4 4468 Mallard. Taking place on the slight downwards grade of Stoke Bank south of Grantham on the East Coast Main Line, the highest speed was recorded at milepost 90¼, between Little Bytham and Essendine. It broke the German (DRG Class 05) 002's 1936 record of 124 mph (200.4 km/h).
Summary of former servicesEdit
|Preceding station||Historical railways||Following station|
Line open, station closed
|Great Northern Railway||
Line open, station closed
|Great Northern Railway|
|Terminus||Great Northern Railway|
In 1863 there were 5 services to London with a best time of 2 hours 30 min via the York - London train at 13.30. In April 1910 this had improved to 10 services, although some required a change at Peterborough, and the best time was 1 hour 46 mins via the Nottingham - London express at 08.54. By July 1922, this had reduced to 7 services, with the best time now being 2 hours 10 mins via the Leeds - London express at 10.10. In 2009, it is possible to travel to London by public transport in under 2 hours. The fastest route is by bus to Stamford and then train to London, changing at Peterborough.
Train timetable for July 1922Edit
The table below shows the train departures from Essendine on weekdays in July 1922.
|Departure||Going to||Calling at||Arrival||Operator|
|06.35||York||Grantham, Newark, Retford, Ranskill, Bawtry, Doncaster, Selby, York. Also through coaches to Leeds and Bradford||09.18||GNR|
|06.40||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||06.50||GNR|
|07.59||Retford||Little Bytham, Corby, Great Ponton, Grantham, Barkston, Hougham, Claypole, Newark, Carlton, Crow Park, Dukeries Junction, Tuxford, Retford||09.45||GNR|
|08.10||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||08.20||GNR|
|08.30||Bourne||Braceborough Spa, Thurlby, Bourne||08.50||GNR|
|08.54||London Kings Cross||Peterborough North, Yaxley, Holme, Huntingdon, Offord, St Neots, Sandy, Biggleswade, Hitchin, Finsbury Park, London Kings Cross||11.15||GNR|
|08.56||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||09.06||GNR|
|09.52||Grantham||Little Bytham, Corby, Great Ponton, Grantham||10.35||GNR|
|10.05||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||10.15||GNR|
|10.05||Bourne||Braceborough Spa, Thurlby, Bourne||10.25||GNR|
|10.10||London Kings Cross||Tallington, Peterborough North, Finsbury Park, London Kings Cross||12.20||GNR|
|11.07||Grantham||Little Bytham, Corby, Great Ponton, Grantham||11.40||GNR|
|11.27||Peterborough North||Tallington, Peterborough North||11.46||GNR|
|11.30||Bourne||Braceborough Spa, Thurlby, Bourne||11.45||GNR|
|11.35||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||11.45||GNR|
|13.25||Peterborough North||Peterborough North||13.41||GNR|
|13.30||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||13.39||GNR|
|13.58||York||Grantham, Newark, Retford, Ranskill, Bawtry, Doncaster, Selby, York||16.22||GNR|
|14.08||Retford||Little Bytham, Corby, Great Ponton, Grantham, Barkston, Hougham, Claypole, Newark, Carlton, Crow Park, Dukeries Junction, Tuxford, Retford||15.48||GNR|
|14.10||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||14.20||GNR|
|14.22||Bourne||Braceborough Spa, Thurlby, Bourne||14.37||GNR|
|15.59||London Kings Cross||Peterborough North, Huntingdon, Sandy, Biggleswade, Hitchin, Finsbury Park, London Kings Cross||18.20||GNR|
|16.05||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||16.15||GNR|
|16.05||Bourne||Braceborough Spa, Thurlby, Bourne||16.25||GNR|
|17.17||Peterborough North||Tallington, Peterborough North||17.36||GNR|
|17.17||Retford||Little Bytham, Corby, Great Ponton, Grantham, Barkston, Hougham, Claypole, Newark, Carlton, Crow Park, Dukeries Junction, Tuxford, Retford||19.00||GNR|
|17.25||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||17.35||GNR|
|17.25||Bourne||Braceborough Spa, Thurlby, Bourne||17.40||GNR|
|18.48||Grantham||Little Bytham, Grantham||19.13||GNR|
|18.58||London Kings Cross||Peterborough North, Huntingdon, Sandy, Biggleswade, Hitchin, Finsbury Park, London Kings Cross||11.46||GNR|
|19.09||Stamford East||Ryhall & Belmesthorpe, Stamford East||19.19||GNR|
|19.12||Bourne||Braceborough Spa, Thurlby, Bourne||19.26||GNR|
|21.05||Peterborough North||Tallington, Peterborough North||21.24||GNR|
- Passengers No More by G.Daniels and L.Dench second edition page50
- Historic England. "Essendine Station (509049)". Research records (formerly PastScape). Retrieved 15 December 2010.
- "Opening timetable". Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
- Shown in Bradshaw's Feb 1863, April 1910 and July 1922 railway guides.
- Bradshaw Railway Guide, July 1922
- Photo of 'Bourne Bay' at Essendine'[dead link]
- Bourne & Essendine timetable, 1860
- Brief history of Stamford railways