Esperanza Emily Spalding (born 1984) is an American jazz bassist and singer. Spalding was raised in Portland, Oregon, and was a musical prodigy, playing violin in the Chamber Music Society of Oregon at five years old. She was later both self-taught and -trained on a number of instruments, including guitar and bass. Her proficiency earned her scholarships to Portland State University and the Berklee College of Music. In 2017 she was appointed Professor of the Practice of Music at Harvard University.
Spalding performing in 2012
|Birth name||Esperanza Emily Spalding|
|Born||October 18, 1984|
Portland, Oregon, United States
|Genres||Jazz, jazz fusion, bossa nova, neo soul, R&B|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, educator, bandleader|
|Instruments||Double bass, bass guitar, vocals|
|Associated acts||Stanley Clarke, Patti Austin, Joe Lovano|
Spalding was born in Portland, Oregon, to an African-American father and a mother of Welsh, Native American, and Hispanic descent. She was raised in the King, Alberta neighborhood in Northeast Portland, which at that time was at its height of gang violence. Her mother raised her and her brother as a single parent.
Spalding has an interest in the music of other cultures, including that of Brazil, commenting that the melody and language of songs in Portuguese are inextricably connected. Spalding's mother shares her interest in music, having nearly become a touring singer herself. Spalding's mother took note of her musical proclivity when Spalding was able to reproduce Beethoven by ear on the family's piano. Spalding has credited watching classical cellist Yo-Yo Ma perform on an episode of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood as an integral part of her childhood, and what inspired her to pursue music.
By the time Spalding was five, she had taught herself to play the violin and was playing with the Chamber Music Society of Oregon. Spalding stayed with the group until she was fifteen years old, and left as concertmaster. Due to a lengthy childhood illness, Spalding spent much of her elementary school years being home-schooled, but also attended King Elementary School in northeast Portland. During this time, she also found the opportunity to pick up instruction in music by listening to her mother's college teacher instructor, who instructed her mother in guitar. According to Spalding, when she was about eight, her mother briefly studied jazz guitar in college. Spalding said that she accompanied her mother to the classes, sat listening under the piano, then at home repeated what the teacher had played. Spalding also played oboe and clarinet before discovering the double bass in high school. She sings in English, Spanish and Portuguese.
2000–03: Early projects and educationEdit
Spalding began performing live in clubs in Portland, Oregon, as a teenager, securing her first gig at fifteen years old in a blues club, when she could play only one line on bass. One of the seasoned musicians with whom she played that first night invited her to join the band's rehearsals to help her learn, and her rehearsals soon grew into regular performances spanning almost a year. According to Spalding, it was a chance for her to stretch as a musician, reaching and growing beyond her experience. Her early contact with these musicians who played with her fostered her sense of rhythm and helped nurture her interest in her instrument.
She does not consider herself a musical prodigy, having said, "I am surrounded by prodigies everywhere I go, but because they are a little older than me, or not a female, or not on a major label, they are not acknowledged as such." Spalding had intended to play cello, but discovered the bass when she was fourteen at the performing arts high school, The Northwest Academy, to which she had won a scholarship.
The bass was a good fit for her. Spalding found school in general easy and dull, and dropped out. When she was 15 or 16 years old, she started writing lyrics for music for the local indie rock/pop group Noise for Pretend, touching on any topic that came to mind. Although she had taken a few private voice lessons, which taught her how to project her voice, she said that her primary singing experience had come from singing in the shower, before she started performing vocals for Noise for Pretend. Her desire to perform live evolved naturally out of the compositional process, when she would sing and play simultaneously to see how melody and voice fit together, but she acknowledges that performing both roles can be challenging.
Spalding left high school at 16, and after completing her GED, enrolled in a music scholarship in the music program at Portland State University, where she remembers being "the youngest bass player in the program." Although she lacked the training of her fellow students, she feels that her teachers nevertheless recognized her talent. She decided to apply to Berklee College of Music on the encouragement of her bass teacher, and did well enough in her audition to receive a full scholarship. In spite of the scholarship, Spalding found meeting living expenses a challenge, so her friends arranged a benefit concert that paid her airfare. Spalding's savings did not last long and she considered leaving music for political science, a move jazz guitarist and composer Pat Metheny discouraged. He told her that she had "the 'X Factor'" and could make it if she applied herself.
2004–07: Musical beginnings, teaching and JunjoEdit
Gary Burton, Executive Vice President at Berklee, said in 2004 that Spalding had "a great time feel, she can confidently read the most complicated compositions, and she communicates her upbeat personality in everything she plays."
Ben Ratliff wrote in The New York Times in 2006 that Spalding's voice is "light and high, up in Blossom Dearie's pitch range, and [that] she can sing quietly, almost in a daydream" and that Spalding "invents her own feminine space, a different sound from top to bottom." Spalding was the 2005 recipient of the Boston Jazz Society scholarship for outstanding musicianship. Almost immediately after graduation from college later the same year, Spalding was hired by Berklee College of Music, becoming one of the youngest instructors in the institution's history, at age 20. As a teacher, Spalding tries to help her students focus their practice through a practice journal, which can help them recognize their strengths and what they need to pursue.
Her debut album, Junjo, was released in April 2006 by Ayva Music. It was created to display the dynamic that she felt among her trio. Though Junjo was released solely under her name, Spalding considers it a group effort.
When asked in 2008 why she plays the bass instead of some other instrument, Spalding said that it was not a choice, but the bass "had its own arc" and resonated with her. Spalding has said that, for her, discovering the bass was like "waking up one day and realizing you're in love with a co-worker." By the time she randomly picked up the bass in music class and began experimenting with it, she had grown bored with her other instruments. Her band teacher showed her a blues line for the bass that she later used to secure her first gig. After that, she went in to play the bass daily and gradually fell in love.
Ratliff wrote in 2008 that one of Spalding's central gifts is "a light, fizzy, optimistic drive that's in her melodic bass playing and her elastic, small-voiced singing," but that "the music is missing a crucial measure of modesty." He added, "It's an attempt at bringing this crisscrossing [of Stevie Wonder and Wayne Shorter] to a new level of definition and power, but its vamps and grooves are a little obvious, and it pushes her first as a singer-songwriter, which isn't her primary strength."
Pat Metheny said in 2008 it was immediately obvious "that she had a lot to say [...] she has that rare 'x' factor of being able to transmit a certain personal kind of vision and energy that is all her own." Andrés Quinteros wrote in the Argentinian periodical 26Noticias in 2008 that Spalding is one of the greatest new talents on the jazz scene today. Patti Austin hired Spalding to tour with her internationally after Spalding's first semester at Berklee, where Spalding supported the singer on the Ella Fitzgerald tribute tour "For Ella".
In 2008 Spalding recalled the tour as educational, helping her learn to accompany a vocalist and also how to sustain energy and interest playing the same material nightly. She continued to perform with Austin periodically for three years. During the same period, while at Berklee, Spalding studied under saxophonist Joe Lovano, before eventually touring with him. They began as a trio, expanding into a quartet before joining quintet US5 and traveling across the United States from New York to California. As of 2008, she was also in the process of developing several courses for students at Berklee, including one learning harmony and theory through transcribing. Due to touring commitments, Spalding stopped giving classes at Berklee. She lives in New York and Austin, Texas.
Esperanza is Spalding's second studio album. After Spalding's Grammy win in February 2011, the album entered the Billboard 200 at 138. With Esperanza, Spalding's material was meant to be more reflective of herself as an artist, with musicians selected to best present that material. Ed Morales wrote in PopMatters on June 23, 2008, that Esperanza is "a sprawling collage of jazz fusion, Brazilian, and even a touch of hip-hop."
In December 2009 at the Nobel Peace Prize ceremonies, Spalding performed at Oslo City Hall in honor of the 2009 Laureate U.S. President Barack Obama, and again at the Nobel Peace Prize Concert the following day. She was personally selected by Obama, as per the tradition of one laureate-invited-artist to perform.
Spalding also was the featured final act for the opening night of the 2009 Park City Jazz Festival in Park City, Utah. She closed the show with a number along with bass artists Brian Bromberg and Sean O'Bryan Smith, who also performed earlier that day. As a tribute to Prince, Spalding was invited to sing along with Patti LaBelle, Alicia Keys and Janelle Monáe. Spalding performed the 1987 hit single "If I Was Your Girlfriend".
On February 7, 2010, Spalding became the most searched person and second most searched item on Google Search as a result of her appearance the previous evening on the PBS television program Austin City Limits.
2011–2015: Chamber Music Society and Radio Music SocietyEdit
Spalding collaborated with Tineke Postma on the track '"Leave Me a Place Underground" from the album The Dawn of Light in 2011. She also collaborated with Terri Lyne Carrington on the album The Mosaic Project, where she features on the track "Crayola". Spalding also sang a duet with Nicholas Payton on the track "Freesia" from the 2011 album Bitches of Renaissance.
Chamber Music Society is the third album by Spalding. After her surprise Grammy win, the album re-entered the Billboard 200 at number 34 with sales of 18,000. A video was made for the song "Little Fly". The song is a poem by William Blake set to music by Spalding. A vinyl version of the album was released in February 2011. Commenting on the album, NPR Music's Patrick Jarenwattananon wrote that, "the finished product certainly exudes a level of sophisticated intimacy, as if best experienced with a small gathering in a quiet, wood-paneled room."
Spalding was the best-selling contemporary jazz artist of 2011, and her album Chamber Music Society was the best-selling contemporary jazz album. In February 2012, Spalding performed at the 84th Academy Awards, singing the Louis Armstrong standard What a Wonderful World, alongside the Southern California Children's Chorus to accompany the video montage that celebrated the film industry greats who died in 2011 and early 2012.
Radio Music Society is Spalding's fourth studio album, released by Heads Up International in March 2012. Spalding hoped this album would showcase jazz musicians in an accessible manner suitable for mainstream radio, while incorporating her own musical compositions with covers of such artists as the Beach Boys and Wayne Shorter.
Spalding also made guest appearances during this time, appearing on Janelle Monáe's 2013 album, The Electric Lady, on the track "Dorothy Dandridge Eyes". She also sang a jazz duet on Bruno Mars' album, Unorthodox Jukebox, called "Old & Crazy". In November 2013, Spalding released a single "We Are America" to protest the Guantánamo prison camps, with cameo performances by Stevie Wonder and Harry Belafonte.
2016–present: Emily's D+Evolution, Exposure, and 12 Little SpellsEdit
In March 2016, she released her fifth studio album, Emily's D+Evolution, released by Concord Records. The album was co-produced by Spalding and longtime David Bowie collaborator Tony Visconti. On the album, Spalding sings through the alter ego of Emily, which is her middle name. In an interview, Spalding stated that Emily "is a spirit, or a being, or an aspect who I met, or became aware of. I recognize that my job...is to be her arms and ears and voice and body". The album and corresponding tour featured musicians Matthew Stevens on guitar, Justin Tyson and Karriem Riggins on drums, and Emily Elbert, Corey King, and Nadia Washington on vocals.
In December 2017 Spalding released Exposure, which is her sixth studio album. For this project, she embarked on a creative experiment beginning on September 12, 2017, setting out to create the album from start to finish in 77 consecutive hours, while streaming the whole creative process live on Facebook. Once completed, she released 7,777 limited edition recordings of the album. The packaging of the physical album included a piece of the original notepaper Esperanza used to write the lyrics and music, allowing those who witnessed the process to own a piece of the creation itself, directly from the source. About the experiment, Spalding stated that it being live forced her to be more creative, because there was no option to return to the same thing and try again.
Spalding was mentored by Thara Memory. She has cited jazz bassists Ron Carter and Dave Holland as important influences on her music—Carter for the orchestration of his playing and Holland for the way his compositional method complements his personal style. She has described the saxophone player Wayne Shorter, and singer-songwriter Milton Nascimento, as heroes. She has also noted her preference for the music of Brazil.
Spalding has said she loves fusion music and was influenced by a "wonderful arc that started 40 years ago where people kept incorporating modern sounds into their music." Spalding, who has expressed a desire to be judged for her musicianship rather than sex appeal, believes that female musicians must take responsibility to avoid oversexualizing themselves. And, to write original music, one must read and stay informed about the world. She has said she models her career on those of Madonna and Ornette Coleman, and also cited Joni Mitchell as a major musical inspiration. Spalding says that her mom was and will always be her role model.
- Fender Jaco Pastorius Jazz Bass (fretless)
- Godin A5 (semi-acoustic, 5-string, fretless)
- South Paw Fretless 5-string
- Moollon Chambered Double P5 Fretless Bass
- Fender 9050M Stainless Steel Flatwound Long Scale (.055–.105)
During her 2012 tour, Spalding donated a portion of proceeds from merchandise sales to the non-profit organization Free the Slaves. The organization, based in Washington, D.C., works to combat human trafficking around the world.
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions||Sales|
|Chamber Music Society||
|Radio Music Society||
|12 Little Spells||
|"Little Fly"||July 15, 2011|
|"Black Gold"||January 31, 2012|
|"Radio Song"||March 19, 2012|
|"Crowned & Kissed"||June 29, 2012|
|"I Can't Help It"||July 3, 2012|
|"We Are America"||November 18, 2013|
|"Good Lava"||January 8, 2016|
|"One"||February 25, 2016|
Guest appearances and other albumsEdit
(with Noise for Pretend)
|Happy You Near
(with Noise for Pretend)
|Transfiguration of Vincent
(with Nando Michelin)
|The Toys of Men
(with Nando Michelin)
(with Jack DeJohnette)
Awards and nominationsEdit
|2011||Grammy Awards||N/A||Best New Artist||Won|
|Boston Music Awards||N/A||Jazz Artist of the Year||Won|
|2012||Smithsonian magazine's American Ingenuity Award||N/A||Performing Arts||Won|
|2012||Soul Train Music Awards||N/A||Best Contemporary Jazz Artist/ Group||Won|
|2013||Grammy Awards||Radio Music Society||Best Jazz Vocal Album||Won|
|"Radio Music Society"||Best Long Form Music Video||Nominated|
|"City of Roses"||Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)||Won|
|2014||Grammy Awards||"Swing Low"||Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)||Won|
- Balkin, Nicholas (July 14, 2003). "Press Release: Jazz at the Fort". Berklee College of Music. Archived from the original on August 2, 2003. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- Palmer, Alex (10 July 2017). "Esperanza Spalding: Jazz Musician, Grammy Award Winner and Now Museum Curator". Smithsonian. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Jazz star Esperanza Spalding, flutist Claire Chase join Harvard faculty". Harvard Gazette. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Nominees and Winners". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on December 1, 2011. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- Allen, Floyd (13 July 2011). "Spalding has made history for winning best new artist award - Entertainment & Stars". Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Esperanza Spalding has won the GRAMMY Award for Best New Artist". Smooth Jazz Buzz. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Ramírez, Deborah (August 14, 2008). "Touching Bass – Jazz Phenom Sings, Plays and Talks Norah Jones". South Florida Sun-Sentinel.
- Peña, Tomas (May 28, 2008). "In Conversation With Esperanza Spalding". Jazz.com. Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- Bancud, Michaela (December 14, 2001). "Esperanza in the Wings". Portland Tribune. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
- Martins, Chris (January 28, 2016). "Esperanza Spalding on Her Alter Ego and Being Inspired 'By Stuff People in Suits Don't Give a Shit About'". Billboard. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- Hughley, Marty (15 February 2011). "Esperanza Spalding didn't come out of the blue to beat Justin Bieber at the Grammys -- she came from Portland's jazz community". OregonLive.com. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "All About Me". Esperanza Spalding — Chamber Music Society. Archived from the original on February 17, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- Carpenter, Ellen (July 27, 2008). "Up to Her Ears: A Night Out with Esperanza Spalding". The New York Times.
- Booth, Philip (May 2008). "At Only 24, Jazz Phenom Esperanza Spalding Has the Ultimate 'X-Factor'". Bass Player. Archived from the original on January 25, 2009. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
- Peña, Tomas; Spalding, Esperanza (May 28, 2008). "In Conversation with Esperanza Spalding". Jazz Magazine (c/o Jazz.com). Archived from the original on June 9, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
- Leggett, Steve. "Esperanza Spalding". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Dickens, Tad (February 4, 2009). "Pop, Funk, and All That Jazz". The Roanoke Times.
- Murphy, Sarah (April 2004). "Student Profile: Esperanza Spalding | Berklee College of Music". www.berklee.edu. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- De Barros, Paul (January 15, 2008). "A Hopeful Outlook for Jazz – Esperanza Spalding". The Seattle Times.
- Nokware Knight (July 30, 2008). "Esperanza Spalding Interview". Archived from the original on February 15, 2009. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- "Amoeblog Interview With Esperanza Spalding At The Amoeblog". Amoeba.com. 2008-06-27. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- Murphy, Pat (14 February 2011). "Grammy talent evident, back in 2008". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Ratliff, Ben (July 9, 2006). "Suite for Gas Pump and Coffin Lid". The New York Times.
- "Esperanza Spalding, "Grooves"". The Early Show's "The Second Cup Café" television programme. August 23, 2008. Retrieved June 28, 2010.
- Nastos, Michael G. "Junjo". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Norris, Michele (May 15, 2008). "Esperanza Spalding: Voice of the Bass" (radio). All Things Considered. National Public Radio. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
- Ratliff, Ben (26 May 2008). "CRITICS' CHOICE; That Ladies' Man With Some New Lines". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Esperanza Spalding y su jazz en Buenos Aires". Diario26 (in Spanish). 28 October 2008. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Morales, Ed (June 23, 2008). "Esperanza Spalding's debut picks up where jazz fusion of the 1970s left off". Newsday (c/o PopMatters PopMatters.com).
- Mitter, Siddhartha (23 May 2008). "Making a statement". Boston.com. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Chinen, Nate (February 15, 2011). "Critic's Notebook: Esperanza Spalding Is a Surprise Winner at the Grammys". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "Notes from PCTV: PC Jazz Fest Announces Lineup". Park City TV. May 4, 2009. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "Patti Labelle, Janelle Monae & Esperanza Spalding Honor Lifetime Achievement Award Winner Prince with Tribute Performances at the 2010 BET Awards". GossipOnThis.com. June 28, 2010. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- Fritz, Kelly (10 February 2010). "Esperanza Spalding is the most searched person on Google | InsideLux - The Daily Luxury News & Lifestyle News Source". Archived from the original on 10 February 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Esperanza Spalding / Madeleine Peyroux (Full Episode) | Austin City Limits | PBS Video". 24 February 2010. Archived from the original on 24 February 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Esperanza Spalding Wins Jazz Artist of the Year at Boston Music Awards". allaboutjazz.com. November 22, 2011. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2011.
- "Challenge Records International | Product - The Dawn Of Light - Canção de Amor (Suite I Na Floresta do Amazonas) - Review by Scott Yanow: Tineke Postma - The Dawn of Light". Challenge.nl. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- The Mosaic Project (Media notes). Carrington, Terri Lyne. Concord Jazz. 2011. CJA-33016-02.
- Bitches (Media notes). Payton, Nicholas. In+Out Records. 2011. IOR CD 77111-2.
- Richard Skelly. "Nicholas Payton". AllMusic. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- Vozick-Levinson, Simon (14 February 2011). "Esperanza Spalding: Who is the surprise Best New Artist?". EW.com. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Zakarin, Jordan (14 February 2011). "Esperanza Spalding: Grammy Award 2011 Winner For Best New Artist". Huffington Post. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Justin Bieber Scores Second No. 1 Album (The Week in Music Sales)". The Hollywood Reporter. 1969-12-31. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- "Esperanza Spalding | Little Fly music video". YouTube. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- Jarenwattananon, Patrick (8 August 2010). "First Listen: Esperanza Spalding, 'Chamber Music Society'". NPR.org. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Burlingame, Jon (February 27, 2012). "The Artist and The Muppets Score Oscar Music Gold". The Film Music Society.
- La Rosa, David (7 January 2012). "Esperanza Spalding to Release 'Radio Music Society' on March 20". Jazz Line News. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Graff, Gary (1 March 2011). "Esperanza Spalding to Record 'Radio Music Society' Album in May". Billboard. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Esperanza Spalding Releasing New Album". Glide. January 5, 2012. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Rosenberg, Carol (18 November 2013). "Let 'em out,' Esperanza Spalding sings in Guantánamo protest video". Miami Herald. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Chinen, Nate (11 September 2017). "Esperanza Spalding's 'Exposure': A Creative Marathon, Live In The Studio". NPR.org. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Phillips, Tony (May 2015). "The Great Math Mystery on NOVA". www.ams.org. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Booth, Philip (December 2006). "Esperanza Spalding". Bass Player. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
- "Chamber Music Society: The Making Of". (via YouTube). Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- Spanos, Brittany (8 January 2016). "The Lenny Interview: Esperanza Spalding". Lenny Letter. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- Rotondi, James (March 9, 2012). "Girl Gone Bad: Esperanza Spalding". Premier Guitar. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- "Bass of the Week: Esperanza Spalding’s South Paw Fretless 5-String". no treble. Retrieved October 4, 2015.
- "What beauties… Esperanza Spalding and... - Moollon Musical Instrument". Facebook. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
- Freddy Villano May 19, 2016 (2016-05-19). "Esperanza Spalding: Soul Mining". Premier Guitar. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
- "The Czech-Ease Acoustic Road Bass". David Gage String Instruments. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- Sarah Gardner. "Esperanze Spalding, Paul Simon, Bobby McFerrin, Gretchen Parlato – and Prince's Sock – Make FTS Benefit Concert a Phenomenal Success". Archived from the original on March 18, 2014. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
- "Lions of Justice Festival". www.lionsofjustice.org. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "#OurLand: Esperanza Spalding on the music of parks". The Trust for Public Land. Retrieved 2018-10-13.
- "Esperanza Spalding Album Chart History". Billboard 200 for Esperanza Spalding. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- "Esperanza Spalding Album Chart History". Billboard Top Jazz Albums for Esperanza Spalding. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- "Discographie Esperanza Spalding". lescharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- "Discografie Esperanza Spalding". dutchcharts.nl. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- "Discography Esperanza Spalding". norwegiancharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- "Discography Esperanza Spalding". swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- "Discographie Esperanza Spalding". hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 22, 2014.
- "Upcoming Releases". Hits Daily Double. HITS Digital Ventures. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Esperanza Spalding.|