Eskimo Trade Jargon

Eskimo Trade Jargon was an Inuit pidgin used by the Mackenzie River Inuit as a trade language with the Athabaskan peoples to their south, such as the Gwich'in (Loucheux). It was reported by Stefánsson (1909), and was apparently distinct from the Athabaskan-based Loucheux Jargon of the same general area.[1]

Eskimo Trade Jargon
Native toWestern Canadian Arctic
Native speakers
  • Herschel Island Eskimo Pidgin
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

A reduced form of the pidgin was used for ships' trade at Herschel Island off the Arctic coast near Alaska.[2]


  1. ^ Stefánsson, V. (Apr–Jun 1909). "The Eskimo Trade Jargon of Herschel Island". American Anthropologist. 11 (2): 217–232. doi:10.1525/aa.1909.11.2.02a00050. hdl:2027/hvd.32044086537768. JSTOR 659464.
  2. ^ Schuhmacher, W. W. (July 1977). "Eskimo Trade Jargon: Of Danish or German Origin?". International Journal of American Linguistics. The University of Chicago Press. 43 (3): 226–227. doi:10.1086/465485.