Escualosa thoracata

The white sardine (Escualosa thoracata) is a species of fish in the family Clupeidae. It was described by Achille Valenciennes in 1847. It is a tropical fish of the Indo-Pacific distributed from Thailand to Indonesia and Australia.[2] Other common names include deep herring and northern herring.[3]

Escualosa thoracata
Clupea lile Achilles 162.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Clupeiformes
Family: Clupeidae
Genus: Escualosa
E. thoracata
Binomial name
Escualosa thoracata
(Valenciennes, 1847)
  • Kowala thoracata Valenciennes, 1847
  • Esculaosa thoracata (Valenciennes, 1847)
  • Clupea coval Cuvier, 1829
  • Kowala coval (Cuvier, 1829)
  • Meletta lile Valenciennes, 1847
  • Clupeoides lile (Valenciennes, 1847)
  • Clupoides lile (Valenciennes, 1847)
  • Rogenia argyrotaenia Bleeker, 1852
  • Clupea argyrotaenia (Bleeker, 1852)
  • Rogenia argijrotaenia Bleeker, 1852
  • Clupea macrolepis Steindachner, 1879
  • Alausa champil (non Gray, 1834)
  • Clupea huae (non Tirant, 1883)[1]

This species is amphidromous. It is known to swim at a maximum depth of 50 metres. The largest known standard length for the species is 10 cm.[2] It is distinguished from its sister species, Escualosa elongata, the slender white sardine, by its deeper body and broader silver band. The white sardine feeds on zooplankton and phytoplankton. It is a commercially important fish, used fresh and dried.[2]


  1. ^ "Synonyms of Escualosa thoracata (Valenciennes, 1847)".
  2. ^ a b c Froese, R. and D. Pauly, Eds. Escualosa thoracata. FishBase. 2017.
  3. ^ Escualosa thoracata. Fishes of Australia.

External linksEdit