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Escarpment Dogon

Escarpment Dogon is a continuum of Dogon dialects of the Bandiagara Escarpment, including the standard language. There are three principal dialects:

  • Toro So Tɔrɔ sɔɔ, called Bomu Tegu in the plains languages and also known as Dɔgɔsɔ,[3] is the standard variety of Dogon, which is one of thirteen official languages of Mali.
  • Tommo So Tɔmmɔ sɔ, called Tombo so by Bondum Dom speakers, is spoken in a region from Kasa to Bandiagara. It is more linguistically conservative than Toro So.
Escarpment Dogon
Native to Mali
Region Bandiagara Escarpment
Native speakers
160,000 (1998)[1]
Standard forms
Tɔrɔ sɔɔ
  • Tɔrɔ sɔɔ
  • Tɔmmɔ sɔɔ
  • Donno sɔ
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
dts – Tɔrɔ sɔɔ
dds – Donno sɔ
dto – Tɔmmɔ sɔ
Glottolog esca1235[2]

The third dialect commonly listed is two subdialects without a common name:

  • Donno So Donno sɔ in the Bandiagara area, and
  • Kamma So Kamma sɔ also known as Kamba So, in the Kamba area.

Hochstetler confirms that these are intelligible with each other, but not with the more populous varieties of Dogon on the neighboring plains.

While Toro So was chosen as the official standard, because it has the most in common with the largest number of Dogon languages due to its central location, and is used in educational and official contexts, Jamsay Dogon is the prestige variety and is the variety used for radio broadcasts.



  1. ^ Tɔrɔ sɔɔ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Donno sɔ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tɔmmɔ sɔ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Escarpment Dogon". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Apparently 'Dogon language', using the exonym Dɔgɔ 'Dogon'


Further readingEdit

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