Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl

"Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl" ("The mouth of fools doth God confess")[1] is a Lutheran hymn of 1524, with words written by Martin Luther in 1523, paraphrasing Psalm 14. It was published as one of eight songs in 1524 in the first Lutheran hymnal, the Achtliederbuch. It was also published later that year in the Erfurt Enchiridion. It has appeared in many hymnals, both in German and in translation. The text inspired vocal and organ music by composers such as Johann Pachelbel.

"Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl"
Hymn by Martin Luther
Enchiridion geistlicher Gesänge 27.jpg
Der XIII. Psalm. "Dixit insipiens in cor., Erfurt Enchiridion, 1524
English"The mouth of fools doth God confess"
Textby Martin Luther
LanguageGerman
Published1524 (1524)
Der XIII. Psalm. "Dixit insipiens in cor., p. 2, Erfurt Enchiridion, 1524

History and textEdit

At the end of 1523, Luther paraphrased Psalm 14 (Psalm 13 in Vulgata numbering), in Latin Dixit insipiens in cor, attempting to make the psalms accessible to Protestant church services in German. As he did with "Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh darein", Luther expanded the content of the psalm to show the precise situation of the early Reformation as a time of conflict.[2] Luther wrote six stanzas of seven lines each.[3]

The hymn was one of the eight hymns in the first Lutheran hymnal, published 1524 in Nuremberg under the title Etlich Cristlich lider (Some Christian songs), also called Achtliederbuch,[4] which contained four songs by Luther, three by Speratus, and one by Justus Jonas.[4] Later that same year it appeared in Erfurt in Eyn Enchiridion, and in Wittenberg in Johann Walter's choral hymnal Eyn geystlich Gesangk Buchleyn[3] in a five-part setting.[5]

Melody and settingsEdit

In the Achtliederbuch, "Es ist das Heil uns kommen her", by Paul Speratus, was indicated as the singing tune for "Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl".[6][7] The hymn appeared with its own melody in the Walter hymnal: that melody, Zahn No. 4436, remained associated with it.[5][8]

The hymn was set by composers for instruments and for voices. Johann Pachelbel composed three chorale preludes for organ as part of Erster Theil etlicher Choräle (Choräle zum praeambuliren) before 1693. Johann Sebastian Bach set the hymn in a four-part setting, BWV 308,[9] but without text. The text was added in the Neue Bach-Ausgabe.[10]

TranslationEdit

The hymn was translated to English as "The mouth of fools doth God confess" and appeared in R. Massie's M. Luther's Spiritual Songs in 1854. It was copied to other hymnals. Other, less common translations were published in the 19th century.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl". hymnary.org. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  2. ^ Hofreiter, Paul (1995). "Johann Sebastian Bach and Scripture / O God, from Heaven Look Down" (PDF). Concordia Theological Quarterly. 59 (2). Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl" (PDF) (in German). Luther-Gesellschaft. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Etlich christliche Lieder (Achtliederbuch) – 1523" (in Dutch). luther.wursten.be. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl (Walter, Johann): Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
  6. ^ Crist, Stephen A. (2007). "Early Lutheran Hymnals and Other Musical Sources in the Kessler Reformation Collection". Emory University. pp. 503–528. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |url= (help)
  7. ^ "Chorale Melodies used in Bach's Vocal Works / Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir (I) / Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir (II)". hymnary.org. 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  8. ^ Zahn, Johannes (1890). Die Melodien der deutschen evangelischen Kirchenlieder (in German). Vol. III. Gütersloh: Bertelsmann. p. 73.
  9. ^ "Es spricht der Unweisen Mund wohl BWV 308; BC F 62.1 / Chorale". Bach Digital. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  10. ^ "BWV 308". www.bach-chorales.com. Retrieved 13 October 2017.

External linksEdit