Erzsébet Schmuck (born 19 February 1954) is a Hungarian environmentalist, economist and politician, member of the National Assembly (MP) from Politics Can Be Different (LMP) National List since 2014. She was elected leader of the party's parliamentary group in September 2016, serving in this capacity until February 2017.
|Member of the National Assembly|
|Assumed office |
6 May 2014
|Born||19 February 1954|
|Political party||MZP (1989–1993)|
LMP (2009– )
After finishing secondary studies in Szerb Antal Secondary Grammar School in 1972, she graduated as an economist from the Karl Marx University of Economic Sciences (today Corvinus University of Budapest) in 1977. She began to work as a payroll manager at the Budapest Directorate of the Hungarian State Railways (MÁV). In 1979 she joined the Hungarian Young Communist League (KISZ) staff, where she served as Secretary of the Youth Environmental Council between 1984 and 1989. She earned a doctorate in 1984.
In 1989, she was one of the founders of the Society of Hungarian Conservationists (MTVSZ), where she functioned as Chairperson until 2002 and from 2004 to 2008. Beside that she was also Secretary of the Central and Eastern European Network of NGOs For the Enhancement of Biodiversity between 1994 and 1996. She was elected to the leadership of the European Environmental Bureau (EBU) in 1996, where she served as a vice-president between 2000 and 2006. She was also Deputy Chairperson of the National Environmental Council three times (1997–1998, 1999–2000, 2006–2007).
Schmuck was a founding member of several green political initiatives in the 1990s. From 1989 to 1993, she was a member of the Green Party of Hungary (MZP), where she was delegated to the 7-member presidency. Following the radical right-wing ideological turnout within the party, a number of environmentalist members, including Schmuck, decided to left the party and establish the Green Alternative (ZA) in June 1993. György Droppa and Schmuck were elected co-leaders of the party during its inaugural congress. During the 1994 parliamentary election, she was a MP candidate of the Agrarian Alliance (ASZ), in accordance with the two parties' agreement. Following the failure 1998 parliamentary election, Schmuck resigned from her position and quit the party on 21 June 1998.
After the 2002 parliamentary election, she was appointed Deputy Secretary of State for EU Integration and International Relations in the Ministry of Environment and Water. She held that office until 2003. She became Secretary of the National Council for Sustainable Development within the National Assembly in 2008. Two years later she returned to MTVSZ.
She participated in the foundation of the Politics Can Be Different (LMP). She served as secretary of the party's national board for a short time in 2012. She functioned as co-President of the party's Ökopolisz Foundation from 2012 to 2015, alongside economist Péter Róna. In the 2014 parliamentary election, she was elected Member of Parliament. She served as one of the recorders of the National Assembly between 6 May 2014 and 19 October 2015. After that she became deputy leader of her party's parliamentary group. She was appointed Vice-Chairperson of the Committee on Budgets on 6 May 2014.
Schmuck was elected leader of the Politics Can Be Different's parliamentary group on 6 September 2016, replacing András Schiffer, who retired from politics earlier. Before that, co-president Bernadett Szél was considered the biggest favorite for the position, however the party board entrusted with the establishment of branches in countryside. Schmuck's position of group leader was confirmed by the caucus on 13 September. In a few months, Schmuck resigned from her position, giving reason that she intend to concentrate on organizational work within the party.
- "Biography" (PDF). Országgyűlés.
- "Register". Országgyűlés.
- Vida 2011, p. 430.
- Vida 2011, p. 467.
- "Schmuck legyőzte Széll [sic] Bernadettet a frakcióban". Index. 2016-09-13.
- "Lemondott Schmuck Erzsébet, az LMP frakcióvezetője". Heti Világgazdaság. 2017-01-24.
- Vida, István (2011). Magyarországi politikai pártok lexikona (1846–2010) [Encyclopedia of the Political Parties in Hungary (1846–2010)] (in Hungarian). Gondolat Kiadó. ISBN 978-963-693-276-3.
|Party political offices|
| Co-President of Green Alternative
alongside György Droppa
|National Assembly of Hungary|
| Leader of the LMP parliamentary group