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Erzhausen is a village in southern Hesse, Germany. It is part of the district of Darmstadt-Dieburg. It has about 7.500 inhabitants. Wixhausen, a borough of the City of Darmstadt, is just South of Erzhausen.

Erzhausen
Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Erzhausen
Coat of arms
Location of Erzhausen within Darmstadt-Dieburg district
ErzhausenWeiterstadtGriesheimPfungstadtBickenbachAlsbach-HähnleinSeeheim-JugenheimModautalMühltalOber-RamstadtMesselEppertshausenMünsterDieburgRoßdorfFischbachtalGroß-BieberauReinheimGroß-ZimmernOtzbergGroß-UmstadtSchaafheimBabenhausenDarmstadtBavariaOdenwaldkreisBergstraße (district)Groß-Gerau (district)Offenbach (district)Erzhausen in DA.svg
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Erzhausen is located in Germany
Erzhausen
Erzhausen
Erzhausen is located in Hesse
Erzhausen
Erzhausen
Coordinates: 49°57′N 08°38′E / 49.950°N 8.633°E / 49.950; 8.633Coordinates: 49°57′N 08°38′E / 49.950°N 8.633°E / 49.950; 8.633
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionDarmstadt
DistrictDarmstadt-Dieburg
Government
 • MayorClaudia Lange (GfE)
Area
 • Total7.4 km2 (2.9 sq mi)
Elevation
112 m (367 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total7,996
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
64390
Dialling codes06150
Vehicle registrationDA
Websitewww.erzhausen.de

HistoryEdit

Settlement in the area dates back to about 1500 B.C., as shown by several cairn burial sites found some kilometres west of the town.

The settlement itself is mentioned in documents from 900 A.D. onward under various names like 'Erardishusen', 'Erhartzhausen', 'Ebrichshusen' or 'Erndeshusen'. The oldest document of the Lorsch codex names it as 'Erhartshausen' ('Houses of Erhart').

After remaining a mostly unimportant farming village until the early 20th century, it grew strongly after the railway line from Frankfurt to Darmstadt was built several kilometers to the east of it. The habitation spread out towards it, and workers employed in the nearby cities (which could now be reached a lot easier) settled here.

Today, it is still mostly a residential village, with some commerce and office activities. There is a small seminary of the German Pentecostalism BFP movement situated in the town, Bible School Beröa also called Theologisches Seminar Beröa .[2][3]

Historic namesEdit

  • 10. century: Erhardeshusen
  • about 1200: Erhardeshusen
  • about 1250: Erharteshusen
  • 1264: Erardishusen
  • 1273: Erharthusen
  • 1273: in villa Erharthusen
  • 1282: Eradeshusen
  • 1282: Erndeshusen; Ebrathshusen
  • 1331: Erarshusen
  • 1331: Irtzhusen
  • 1413: Ebrichshusen; Erarthusen
  • 1413: Ehartzhusen
  • 1440: Eretzhusen
  • 1446: Erhartzhusen
  • 15. century: Erczhussen
  • 1451: Erhartshusen
  • 1452: Erhartshusen
  • 1453: Erhartshusen
  • 1454: Erhartßhussen
  • 1454: Erhartßhußen
  • 1497: Ertzhusen
  • 1506: Erhartzhausen
  • 1526: Ertzhusen
  • 1541: Erhartshaussen
  • 1549: Erhartshausen
  • 1576: Ertzhaussen
  • 1579: Ertzhausen
  • today: Erzhausen

DemographyEdit

Demography
 
Year Population
1618 ca. 250
1622 ca. 200
1629 29 "Hausgesessene"
1641 ca. 50
1648 uninhabited
1669 73
1771 559
1829 559
1834 567
1840 596
1846 643
1852 692
1858 726
1864 787
1871 829
1875 898
1885 1.053
1895 1.151
Year Population
1900 1.244
1905 1.390
1910 1.556
1925 1.872
1933 2.258
1939 2.342
1946 2.859
1950 3.086
1956 3.471
1961 4.098
1967 5.296
1970 5.663
1981 6.208
2004 7.186
2011 7.503
2012 7.578
2013 7.699
2014 7.716
Year Population
2015 7.864
2016 8.126

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2018". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ wordpress.com, Pentecostal Heritage Center, Jan, 29, 2014
  3. ^ wordpress.com, Pentecostal Heritage Center, History of the BFP, Jan, 3, 2010

External linksEdit