Erraid (Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Earraid) is a tidal island approximately one mile square located in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. It lies west of Mull (to which it is linked by a beach at low tide) and southeast of Iona. The island receives about 100 centimetres (39.4 in) of rain and 1,350 hours of sunshine annually, making it one of the driest and sunniest places on the western seaboard of Scotland. It is attended by numerous uninhabited small islets, the largest being Eilean Dubh (of which there are two), Eilean nam Muc, Eilean Chalmain, Eilean Ghomain and Eilean na Seamair.
|Gaelic name||Eilean Earraid|
|Pronunciation||[ˈelan ˈɛrˠɪtʲ] (listen)|
|Meaning of name||Tidal island (Old Gaelic name: Arthraigh)|
Rock near the summit of Cnoc Mor
Erraid shown within Argyll and Bute
|OS grid reference|
|Area||187 hectares (0.72 sq mi)|
|Area rank||112 |
|Highest elevation||Cnoc Mòr 75 metres (246 ft)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Council area||Argyll and Bute|
|Population rank||74= |
|Population density||3.2 people/km2|
|Pronunciation:||[ˈaɾhɾaj] ( listen)|
|Scots Gaelic:||Eilean Chalmain|
|Pronunciation:||[ˈelan ˈxal̪ˠamɛɲ] ( listen)|
|Scots Gaelic:||Eilean Dubh|
|Pronunciation:||[ˈelan ˈt̪uh] ( listen)|
|Scots Gaelic:||Eilean Earraid|
|Pronunciation:||[ˈelan ˈɛrˠɪtʲ] ( listen)|
|Scots Gaelic:||Eilean Ghomain|
|Pronunciation:||[ˈelan ˈɣomɛɲ] ( listen)|
|Scots Gaelic:||Eilean nam Muc|
|Pronunciation:||[ˈelan nə ˈmuxk] ( listen)|
|Scots Gaelic:||Eilean na Seamair|
|Pronunciation:||[ˈelan nə ˈʃɛmɪɾʲ] ( listen)|
Erraid is one of the locations featured in the novel Kidnapped by Robert Louis Stevenson. David Balfour, the hero of this tale was marooned for a while on the island having been shipwrecked on the Torran Rocks, which lie to the south. Stevenson's father, Thomas was involved in the construction of the nearby lighthouses, and the stones for Dhu Heartach were quarried on the island, and the young Robert Louis visited the island on several occasions, recalling one such excursion in his book Memories and Portraits. He later based the fictional island of Aros, the setting of his short story "The Merry Men", on the island.
Davie Balfour is trapped on the island by his ignorance, and as he says in Kidnapped: Chapter XIV-
A sea-bred boy would not have stayed a day on Earraid; which is only what they call a tidal islet, and except in the bottom of the neaps, can be entered and left twice in every twenty-four hours, either dry-shod, or at the most by wading. Even I, who had the tide going out and in before me in the bay, and even watched for the ebbs, the better to get my shellfish—even I (I say) if I had sat down to think, instead of raging at my fate, must have soon guessed the secret, and got free. It was no wonder the fishers had not understood me. The wonder was rather that they had ever guessed my pitiful illusion, and taken the trouble to come back. I had starved with cold and hunger on that island for close upon one hundred hours. But for the fishers, I might have left my bones there, in pure folly. And even as it was, I had paid for it pretty dear, not only in past sufferings, but in my present case; being clothed like a beggar-man, scarce able to walk, and in great pain of my sore throat.
Stevenson also includes a description of the island:
It was still the roughest kind of walking; indeed the whole, not only of Earraid, but of the neighbouring part of Mull (which they call the Ross) is nothing but a jumble of granite rocks with heather in among.
Davie Balfour stayed alive during his stay on the island by eating limpets:
I knew indeed that shell-fish were counted good to eat; and among the rocks of the isle I found a great plenty of limpets, which at first I could scarcely strike from their places, not knowing quickness to be needful. There were, besides, some of the little shells that we call buckies; I think periwinkle is the English name. Of these two I made my whole diet, devouring them cold and raw as I found them; and so hungry was I, that at first they seemed to me delicious.
- Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish. (2004) The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh. Canongate
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 48 Iona & West Mull (Ulva) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2014. ISBN 9780319229842.
- Mac an Tàilleir, Iain (2003) Ainmean-àite/Placenames. (pdf) Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
- Walker, Alex (Ed). (1994). The Kingdom Within: A Guide to the Spiritual Work of the Findhorn Community. Findhorn Press.
- Kumar, Satish. (1992). No Destination: An Autobiography. Green Books
- Lawrence, L. (1990) Yachtman's Pilot To The Isle Of Mull. Cornwall. Imray, Laurie, Norie & Wilson.
- Stevenson, R.L. (1988 - first published 1883). Kidnapped. Edinburgh. Canongate.
- Bathhurst, Bella. (2000) The Lighthouse Stevensons. London. Flamingo.
- Stevenson, R.L. (1887) Memories and Portraits.
- MacNab, Peter, (1999) Mull and Iona: Highways and Byways. Edinburgh. Luath Press.