Ernesto Henrique Fraga Araújo (born 15 May 1967) is a Brazilian career diplomat and Brazil's current Minister of Foreign Affairs. Chosen by Brazil's president Jair Bolsonaro following a suggestion made by Olavo de Carvalho, Araújo subscribes to conspiracy theories such as man-made climate change is untrue and a "communist plot", and that "globalism" is a process driven by "Cultural Marxism".
Araújo in 2019
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Assumed office |
1 January 2019
|Preceded by||Aloysio Nunes|
Ernesto Henrique Fraga Araújo
15 May 1967
Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
|Spouse(s)||Maria Eduarda de Seixas Corrêa Araújo|
|Alma mater||University of Brasília|
Rio Branco Institute
Araújo is a career diplomat at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (often called Itamaraty after its headquarters).  He served in Itamaraty's division of Mercosur affairs from 1991 to 1995, and from 2007 to July 2010 was a deputy chief at the Brazilian Embassy in Ottawa. In June 2018, he was promoted to the rank of First Class Minister in the Brazilian Foreign Service, a career diplomat's top rank, that allows them to be posted as Ambassadors. In the custom of the Brazilian Foreign Service, First Class Ministers are styled "Ambassador" even when they have not yet assumed the direction of an embassy, as was the case with Araújo.
Foreign Affairs Minister (2019–present)Edit
After the election of Jair Bolsonaro as President of Brazil in October 2018, the newly promoted Ambassador Araújo was chosen to be the Foreign Minister in the new Administration. The choice was considered unusual. Araújo was not an influential member of Itamaraty, being described by The Economist as "hitherto-obscure diplomat", and got the job after a suggestion by Olavo de Carvalho. An anonymous group of Brazilian diplomats published a manifesto lamenting his appointment and claiming Araújo is "manifestly unprepared" and hold "ridiculous" and "absurd" opinions. Others, also speaking anonymously, described him as an "extremely scholarly man", with profound knowledge of ancient history.
During the PT administrations, Araújo publicly supported the core elements of Lula da Silva's and Dilma Rousseff's foreign policy. In 2008, for instance, he criticized those who called their progressive agenda "ideological" and defended the right of Hugo Chávez's Venezuela to be a member of Mercosur.
More recently, he began to state opinions that apparently denied his own previous positions. In a 2017 article published by the International Relations Research Institute (IPRI), Araújo praised U.S. President Donald Trump for his nationalist rhetoric and holds that he is restoring Western values that have been challenged by nihilism, which he believes is the Western enemy that replaced communism. In the same article, he praises the self-declared neo-fascist political analyst Aleksandr Dugin, whose books, according to Araújo, "should be studied".According to Paulo Roberto de Almeida, a senior Brazilian diplomat, Araújo's apparent ideological U-turn was a "deliberate" move to please Olavo de Carvalho and "get the job" in the Bolsonaro administration.
Araújo also maintains a blog entitled "Metapolitics 17 – Against Globalism", where he writes that globalism "is the economic globalization that has been driven by cultural Marxism" and that is "essentially anti-human and anti-Christian". On his blog, Araújo has also claimed that climate change is a "cultural Marxism" plot to undermine Western countries in order to support China's growth, and has also lamented the "criminalisation" of red meat, oil and heterosexual sex.
He has also falsely claimed that Nazism was a leftist movement. His statement was criticised by German historians and scholars, such as Stefanie Schüler-Springorum and Wulf Kansteiner, as "nonsense" and "scientifically absurd".
Araújo was born in Porto Alegre on 15 May 1967. He graduated from the University of Brasília, where he studied linguistics and literature, and was trained as a diplomat at the Rio Branco Institute. He is married and has a daughter. Araújo is a practising Roman Catholic.
His father, Henrique Fonseca de Araújo, worked as an Attorney General of the Brazilian military dictatorship. During his tenure, Henrique Fonseca de Araújo acted to prevent Gustav Franz Wagner, a Nazi official and deputy commander of the Sobibór extermination camp, from being extradited to Germany. After the War, Wagner had managed to escape to Brazil, where he died some years after having his extradition denied by the Brazilian dictatorship. In his blog, Araújo defended his dad, saying that he was not a Nazi supporter and only acted according to the "rule of law".
- "Brazil President-Elect Picks Ernesto Araujo as His Foreign Minister, U.S. News, accessed 14 November 2018". Usnews.com. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Watts, Jonathan (15 November 2018). "Brazil's new foreign minister believes climate change is a Marxist plot". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- Coletta, Ricardo Della (15 November 2018). "Ernesto Araújo, o chanceler contra o "marxismo cultural" que mira Trump". Brasil.edpais.com. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Bolsonaro foge de nomes 'óbvios' e escolhe diplomata pró-Trump: Ernesto Araújo". Noticias.uol.com.br. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Ernesto Fraga Araujo" (PDF). Brazilcouncil.org. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "What to make of Brazil's new firebrand president, Jair Bolsonaro". The Economist. 3 January 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Novo chanceler, Ernesto Araújo foi indicado por Olavo de Carvalho". Folha de S.Paulo. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Diplomatas criticam futuro chanceler do Brasil, Ernesto Araújo". Brasildefato.com.br. 22 December 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Brazil Confirms Exit From UN Global Migration Compact - Reports". Sputnik. 8 January 2019. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- "Como o chanceler de Bolsonaro defendia o governo Lula em 2008". Nexojornal.com.br. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "O Mercosul : negociações extra-regionais" (PDF). Funag.gov.br. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Cadernos do IPRI no 6" (PDF). Funag.gov.br. pp. 323–359.
- "Cadernos do IPRI no 6" (PDF). Funag.gov.br. p. 353.
- "Bolsonaro anuncia diplomata Ernesto Araújo para Relações Exteriores". Exame.abril.com.br. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Akron Council on World Affairs - Speaker Series - Brazil's Economic Success Brings New Challenges". Akronworldaffairs.org. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Embaixador Ernesto Araújo é escolhido para Relações Exteriores". Agênciabrasil.ebc.com. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Futuro chanceler relaciona 'providência divina' à eleição de Bolsonaro". Noticias.uol.com.br. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Procurador-geral, pai do chanceler Ernesto Araújo dificultou extradição de nazista". Folha.uol.com.br. 12 February 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- "Metapolítica 17". Metapolíticabrasil.com. Retrieved 20 February 2019.