He studied medicine in Paris, earning his doctorate in 1868. Afterwards, he served as a préparateur under Paul Broca in the laboratory of anthropology at the Ecole pratique des hautes études. In 1872 he became an assistant naturalist at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, where he worked closely with Armand de Quatrefages. In 1892 he was appointed professor of anthropology at the Museum.
He was founder and curator of the Musée d'Ethnographie du Trocadéro as well as creator of the Revue d’ethnographie. He was vice-president (1886) and president (1895) of the Société des traditions populaires, and a founding member of the Société des américanistes (1892). Also, he was a member of the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris and the Société de géographie.
- Précis de paléontologie humaine (1870).
- Les Origines du musée d'ethnographie (1890).
- IDREF.fr Extensive bibliography
- Matthew R. Goodrum, "Ernest-Théodore Hamy (1842-1908)," Online Biographical Dictionary of the History of Paleoanthropology, Matthew R. Goodrum general editor (2015). Available at https://drive.google.com/file/d/13VdmR3-7R5b5oTleVblKrLsnRuA1Lf2O/view
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