Ernest Binfield Havell
Ernest Binfield Havell (16 September 1861 – 31 December 1934), who published under the name E.B. Havell, was an influential English arts administrator, art historian and author of numerous books about Indian art and architecture. He was a member of the Havell family of artists and art educators. He was the principal of the Government School of Art, Calcutta from 1896 to 1905, where, along with Abanindranath Tagore, he developed a style of art and art education based on Indian rather than Western models, which led to the foundation of the Bengal school of art.
Ernest Binfield Havell
|Born||16 September 1861|
Reading, Berkshire, England
|Died||31 December 1934(aged 73)|
|Occupation||arts administrator, art historian, art critic|
In India, Havell initially served the Madras School of Art as Superintendent for a decade from 1884. He arrived Calcutta on 5 July 1896 and joined as Superintendent of the Government School of Art, Calcutta next day. In between, he went to England for a year from April 1902 to March 1903. While in England, he published two valuable articles on Indian art in the October 1902 and January 1903 issues of a well known art journal of London, The Studio. In January 1906 he left for England on long leave and finally in 1908, he was removed from the post.
Havell worked with Abanindranath Tagore to redefine Indian art education. He established the Indian Society of Oriental Art, which sought to adapt British art education in India so as to reject the previous emphasis placed on European traditions in favour of revivals of native Indian styles of art, in particular the Mughal miniature tradition.
Havell wrote numerous books on Indian art and history, including:
- Havell, E. B. (1903). The Taj and its designers. s.n.
- Havell, E. B. (1904). A Handbook to Agra and the Taj, Sikandra, Fatehpur-Sikri and the neighbourhood (1904). Longmans, Greens & Co., London.
- Havell, E. B. (1905). Benares, the sacred city: sketches of Hindu life and religion. Blackie and Sons Ltd., London.
- Havell, E. B. (1906). Monograph on stone-carving in Bengal. The Bengal Secretariat Book Depot.
- Havell, E. B. (1907). Essays on Indian art, industry & education. G. A. Natesan & Co., Madras.
- Havell, E. B. (1908). Indian sculpture and painting. John Murray, London.
- Havell, E. B. (1912). The Basis for Artistic and Industrial Revival in India. The Theosophist Office, Madras.
- Havell, E.B. (1913). Indian Architecture, its psychology, structure, and history from the first Muhammadan invasion to the present day. J. Murray, London.
- Havell, E. B. (1915). The Ancient and Medieval Architecture of India: a study of Indo-Aryan civilisation. John Murray, London.
- Havell, E. B. (1918). The History of Aryan Rule in India from the earliest times to the death of Akbar. Frederick A. Stokes Co., New York.
- Havell, E. B. (1920). The Ideals of Indian art. E. P. Dutton and Co., New York.
- Havell, E. B. (1920). A Handbook of Indian Art. John Murray, London.
- Havell, E. B. (1924). Himalayas in Indian art. Pilgrims Publishing. ISBN 81-7303-228-9.
- Mitter, Partha (2001). Indian art. Oxford University Press. p. 177. ISBN 0-19-284221-8.
- Cotter, Holland (19 August 2008). "Art Review: Indian Modernism via an Eclectic and Elusive Artist". New York Times.
- Descendants of Luke Havell
- Bagal, Jogesh Chandra (1966). History of the Govt. College of Art and Craft in the Centenary: Government College of Art & Craft, Calcutta, Calcutta: Government College of Art & Craft, pp.21–34