Ermesinda of Bigorre

Ermesinda of Bigorre (Aragonese: Ermisenda de Bigorra), born Gerberga or Gisberga[1] (1015 – 1 December 1049), was a Queen of Aragon, a daughter of Bernard-Roger, Count of Bigorre and his wife Garsenda, Heiress of Bigorre. She was a member of the House of Foix, the sister of Bernard II, Count of Bigorre, Roger I, Count of Foix, and perhaps of Stephanie who married García Sánchez III of Navarre.[2]

Gerberga (Ermesinda) de Foix, Rainha de Aragão - The Portuguese Genealogy (Genealogia dos Reis de Portugal).png
A depiction of Queen Ermesinda with a book
Queen consort of Aragon
Died1 December 1049
SpouseRamiro I of Aragon
IssueSancho Ramírez
García, Bishop of Jaca
Ermesinda (born Gerberga)
HouseHouse of Foix
FatherBernard-Roger, Count of Bigorre
MotherGarsenda, Heiress of Bigorre

Gerberga married on 22 August 1036 to King Ramiro I of Aragon.[3] After her wedding Gerberga changed her name to Ermesinda. The couple were married for thirteen years, in which time her husband elevated himself from a vassal holding scattered lands around Jaca into a de facto ruler of pocket-kingdom spanning the former counties of Aragon, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza, and is thereby credited with being the first King of Aragon. They had the following children:

  1. Sancho Ramírez (c. 1042 – 4 June 1094), succeeded his father[4]
  2. García, Bishop of Jaca (d. 17 July 1086)
  3. Teresa (b. 1037), married William Bertrand of Provence, no issue
  4. Sancha (d. 1097), possibly married firstly to Pons, Count of Toulouse, and secondly to Ermengol III, Count of Urgell
  5. Urraca (d. 1077), a nun

All of Ermesinda's children lived to adulthood. She died on 1 December 1049 and she was buried at the Monastery of San Juan de la Peña.[5] Her husband remarried four years later to Agnes.


  1. ^ Crónica de San Juan de la Peña
  2. ^ Márquez de la Plata, Vicenta María. 2009. LOS ESPAÑOLES DE HACE 900 AÑOS.
  3. ^ Durán Gudiol, Antonio (1978). La familia de Ramiro I. Ramiro I de Aragón. Zaragoza: Guara editorial. Pages 36-40. ISBN 84-85303-07-5.
  4. ^ Vicente Salas Merino, La Genealogía de los Reyes de España (Visionnet, 2007), 220.
  5. ^ TOULOUSE NOBILITY, Medieval Lands
Ermesinda of Bigorre
Born: circa 1015 Died: 1 December 1049
Royal titles
New Title Queen consort of Aragon
Succeeded by