Ermenonville

Ermenonville is a commune in Oise, France. Ermenonville is notable for its park named for Jean-Jacques Rousseau by René Louis de Girardin. Rousseau's tomb was designed by the painter Hubert Robert, and sits on the Isle of Poplars in its lake.

Ermenonville
Castle of Ermenonville
Castle of Ermenonville
Coat of arms of Ermenonville
Coat of arms
Location of Ermenonville
Ermenonville is located in France
Ermenonville
Ermenonville
Ermenonville is located in Hauts-de-France
Ermenonville
Ermenonville
Coordinates: 49°07′36″N 2°41′48″E / 49.1267°N 2.6967°E / 49.1267; 2.6967Coordinates: 49°07′36″N 2°41′48″E / 49.1267°N 2.6967°E / 49.1267; 2.6967
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentOise
ArrondissementSenlis
CantonNanteuil-le-Haudouin
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Michel Cazeres
Area
1
16.49 km2 (6.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
1,007
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
60213 /60950
Elevation71–122 m (233–400 ft)
(avg. 92 m or 302 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

In 1974 Turkish Airlines Flight 981 crashed in the Ermenonville Forest in Fontaine-Chaalis, Oise, near Ermenonville.[2]

Three town councilors died on 1st June 2009 when Air France Flight 447 crashed into the Atlantic.[3]

ParkEdit

The garden at Ermenonville was one of the earliest and finest examples of the French landscape garden. The garden at Ermenonville was planned beginning in 1762 by Marquis René Louis de Girardin, the friend and final patron of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Girardin's master plan drew its inspiration from Rousseau's novels and philosophy of the nobility of Nature. Rousseau's tomb is prominently situated on the artificial island in Ermenonville's lake. It is remarked that Hubert Robert was the architect. Completed by 1778 with care and craft, the garden came to resemble a natural environment, almost a wilderness, appearing untouched by any human intervention. Girardin admired the work of William Shenstone at The Leasowes and made a ferme ornée (decorative farm) at Ermenonville. An imitation of Rousseau's island is at Dessau-Wörlitz Garden Realm, Germany.

During the early nineteenth century it was much visited and admired.[citation needed] The garden at Ermenonville was described by Girardin's son in 1811 in an elegant tour-book with aquatint plates that reveal Girardin's love of diverse vistas that capture painterly landscape effects. Enhancing the elegiac mood of these views were the altars and monuments, the 'Rustic Temple', and other details meant to evoke Rousseau's Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse.

Nearby is Rousseau's 'cabin' in the secluded désert of Ermenonville.

Napoleon Bonaparte visited Ermenonville, where he remarked to Girardin that it might have been better for the French peace if neither he nor Rousseau had ever been born. Girardin retold this story again and again after the fact.[4]

PopulationEdit

Its proximity to Charles de Gaulle Airport causes it to have the highest-density of Air France employees among French communes.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ "Accident Details." Accident to Turkish Airlines DC-10 TC-JAV in the Ermenonville Forest on 3 March 1974 Final Report Archived 2 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine. French State Secretariat for Transport. 1. Retrieved on 13 February 2011.
  3. ^ a b Amón, Rubén (5 June 2009). "El accidente del Airbus se ceba con Ermenonville | Mundo | elmundo.es". www.elmundo.es (in Spanish). El Mundo. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  4. ^ Memoirs of Meneval, p. 22, https://books.google.com/books?id=MhQRAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover#PPA22,M1

External linksEdit