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Erlendur Patursson (20 August 1913 – 16 June 1986) was a Faroese politician and writer.
He became cand.pol. in 1940 and was one of the founders of Tjóðveldisflokkurin, the Faroese Republican Party, in 1948. The Republicans are a left-wing Faroese political party in favor of national independence from Denmark. He was a member of the Løgting from 1958 to 1966 and again in 1970–86. From 1963 to 1967 he was minister of fishery and finance, and from 1973 to 1977 a member of the Folketing.
As a writer Patursson has been honoured for his work concerning Faroese fishermen from 1850 to 1970. In 1981 he received the Faroese Literature Prize, M. A. Jacobsens Heiðursløn, for these writings.