Erlan Idrissov

Erlan Abilfayizuly Idrissov ((Kazakh: Ерлан Әбілфайызұлы Ыдырысов) Kazakh: Erlan Ábilfaıyzuly Ydyrysov, [jɪrˈlɑn æbɪlfɑjˌəzʊˈlə ədərˈəsof] ; born 28 April 1959)[1] is a Kazakh politician who served as Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan 1999 to 2002 and 2012 to 2016.

Erlan Idrissov
Erlan Idrissov (23101326859) (cropped).jpg
Idrissov in 2015
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
28 September 2012 – 28 December 2016
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Prime MinisterSerik Akhmetov
(2012–2014)
Karim Massimov
(2014–2016)
Bakhytzhan Sagintayev
(2016)
Preceded byYerzhan Kazykhanov
Succeeded byKairat Abdrakhmanov
In office
1 October 1999 – 29 January 2002
Prime MinisterKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Preceded byKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Succeeded byKassym-Jomart Tokayev
Ambassador of Kazakhstan to Iceland
Assumed office
8 August 2017
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Preceded byErzhan Kazykhanov
Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the Ireland
Assumed office
8 August 2017
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Preceded byErzhan Kazykhanov
Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the United Kingdom
Assumed office
30 December 2016
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Preceded byErzhan Kazykhanov
In office
14 June 2002 – 4 July 2007
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byAdil Ahmetov
Succeeded byKairat Abusseitov
Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the United States
In office
4 July 2007 – 28 September 2012
PresidentNursultan Nazarbayev
Preceded byMarat Tazhin
Succeeded byKairat Umarov
Personal details
Born (1959-04-28) 28 April 1959 (age 61)
Karkaraly, Soviet Union
(now Kazakhstan)
Political partyNur Otan
Other political
affiliations
CPSU (1986–1990)
Alma materMoscow State Institute of International Relations
Russian Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Photo of Minister Idrissov and US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel on a 2013 visit to Washington, DC

In June 2002 his Foreign Ministership ended. He became the Kazakh ambassador to the United Kingdom.[1] After serving in London, Idrissov assumed the role of Ambassador to the United States in July 2007. The Ambassador has been quoted in the past as being opposed to the film Borat, but has seemed to take a softer approach to the film more recently.[2]

In September 2012, Idrissov was appointed Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan after serving as the Ambassador to the United States until October 2012.[3] The appointment was widely viewed by western analysts as a sign of Nazarbayev's intent to maintain strong relations with the west. As Foreign Minister, Idrissov has sought to improve relations with states in the South and Central Asia region. During a March 2013 visit to Tajikistan, Idrissov met with President Emomali Rahmon and Foreign Minister Hamrokhon Zarifi and signed a “Program of Cooperation” that reaffirmed bilateral commitment to cooperation in the areas of energy, migration, political and water issues. Idrissov chaired the February and April meetings in Almaty of the P5+1 talks with Iran over the country's nuclear program, embodying Kazakhstan's multi-vector foreign policy and desire to act as a mediator in regional disputes, as it did during the 2010 conflict in Kyrgyzstan and is now attempting to do with respect to the development of hydropower resources in Tajikistan. Idrissov visited the offices of the European Commission in Brussels in January 2013, as well as with NATO Secretary general Anders Fogs Rasmussen at the organization's headquarters in Brussels to discuss key issues regarding security and the withdrawal of international forces from Afghanistan. During the first few months of 2013, Idrissov met with leaders in Europe, opening a new Embassy of Kazakhstan in Finland and announcing plans for a diplomatic presence in Sweden in 2013.

In February 2017, Idrissov was appointed Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.[4] On December 28, he was dismissed as foreign minister.

BiographyEdit

Early life and educationEdit

Idrissov was born in the city of Karkaralinsk (present-day Karkaraly). From 1976, he attended the commercial department of the Faculty of International Economic Relations in Moscow State University where he studied Urdu and English. He graduated from the university in 1981.[5]

In 1992, Idrissov graduated from the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.[5]

CareerEdit

In 1981, he became an assistant at the VO Tyazhpromexport in Pakistan. From 1985 to 1990, he served as a Second Secretary and the First Assistant Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR, head of the Press and Information Department, and head of the State Protocol Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1991, he was an employee at the Soviet Embassy in India.[5]

After graduating, he became the First Secretary and the head of the Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan. From 1992 to 1995, Idrissov served as a Second and First Secretary of the Permanent Representative of Kazakhstan to the UN. In 1995, he became the head of the Department of American Countries of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1995 to 1996, Idrissov was the Ambassador-at-Large of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 1996, he was appointed as the assistant to the President of Kazakhstan for International Affairs. In 1997, Idrissov became the First Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs and then was the Vice Minister and Director of the 1st Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[5]

From 1998, he served as the First Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs again until 13 October 1999, when he was appointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs.[6] Shortly after being dismissed on 28 January 2002, Idrissov served as the First Vice Minister until he was appointed as the Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the United Kingdom on 14 June 2002.[7][8] From 2 December 2002, he served as the ambassador to Sweden, Norway and Ireland concurrently.

On 4 July 2007, Idrissov was appointed as the Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the United States and from 11 September 2017, he served as Ambassador to Brazil concurrently.[9]

On 28 September 2012, he was appointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs again and served that position until he was relieved on 28 December 2016.[10][11] On 30 December 2016, he was reappointed as the Ambassador of Kazakhstan to the United Kingdom.[12]

US RelationsEdit

On 8–10 July 2013, Idrissov paid an official visit to the United States and held meetings with Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, National Security Adviser Susan Rice, Deputy National Security Adviser Anthony Blinken, U.S. Trade Representative Michael Froman, and Deputy Secretary of State William Burns. In his talks with high ranking U.S. officials the two sides highlighted the robust and growing bilateral ties between Kazakhstan and the United States, the Strategic Partnership Dialogue, and reaffirmed their commitment to deepen US-Kazakhstan relations.[13]

Erlan Idrissov took part in the meeting of foreign ministers of Central Asia and the United States in the C5+1 format. The meeting took place in Washington, D.C. on 3 August 2016. The six ministers agreed to launch five projects aimed at developing the transport, logistics and energy potential of Central Asia, as well as improving border infrastructure and strengthening regional security.[14] The U.S. plans to support these projects with up to $15 million.[14]

Latin AmericaEdit

On October 1, 2013, Minister Idrissov became the first Kazakhstan Foreign Minister to visit South America. He visited the countries of Ecuador, Argentina and Chile. The purpose of the visit was to speak about the Kazakhstan 2050 Strategy, Expo 2017, and creating bilateral cooperations.[15] During his meeting with Chilean Foreign Minister Alfonso Navarro, the milestone agreement was the abolishment of visas between Chile and Kazakhstan.[16] Chilean and Kazakhstan citizens can visit these countries without the need for a visa. In Ecuador, the same agreement was made for a 30-day trial period to strengthen trade, business, and tourism for both countries.[17] While visiting Argentina, Minister Idrissov discussed areas in travel, tourism, technology, energy, agriculture, beef, nuclear energy, and even space.[18]

United NationsEdit

Minister Idrissov has led Kazakhstan's candidacy for Kazakhstan's election to be a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2017–18.[19] Idrissov highlighted the key elements of the country's candidature since formally initiating the process in September this year, which is focused on ensuring global nuclear, water, food and energy security.[20] Idrissov has led Kazakhstan's advocacy effort at the United Nations to achieve a nuclear weapons-free world.

On 6 May 2016, Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov represented Kazakhstan at the high-level forum titled Religions for Peace at the United Nations General Assembly. He stressed that it was important to break the links between terrorism and religions and noted that on May 31 Astana would host an international conference under the title “Religions Against Terrorism.”[21]

Erlan Idrissov contributed to Kazakhstan's election as a non-permanent member of UN Security Council. It was announced in June 2016 that Kazakhstan would serve on the UNSC in 2017-2018.[22]

In September 2016, Erlan Idrissov participated in the 71st session of the UN General Assembly.[23] Within the session, Erlan Idrissov met with Foreign Ministers of other countries, including U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry. During his visit to New York Erlan Idrissov also participated in the meeting of Central Asian Foreign Ministers. The meeting had a symbolic meaning, since 2016 is the year when all Central Asian countries celebrate the 25th anniversary of their independence.[24]

Non-permanent membership in UNSC 2017-2018Edit

Kazakhstan set priority questions for its non-permanent membership in the UN Security Council in 2017-2018. One of them is security and development issues in the Central Asian region. In order to represent the interests of the entire region, Kazakhstan's Foreign Minister Erlan Idrissov conducted trips to the capitals of the Central Asian states and Afghanistan in late 2016.[25]

Small Island Developing StatesEdit

Erlan Idrissov visited Samoa for the Third International Conference of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) on 1–3 September 2014.[26] The participants of the Conference discussed the geographical isolation of the Pacific Islands that creates fundamental challenges hindering their growth and prosperity. Idrissov noted that Kazakhstan shares many challenges with SIDS.[26] Just as Kazakhstan is land-locked, the Pacific Islands are, in a way, sea-locked, with their encirclement by the ocean and their remoteness from major growth hubs, aggravating, not helping their lot.[26] This is why Kazakhstan felt it was important to participate in the event and share the story of what they, as an upper middle income country in the early years of its development, have done to overcome the challenges of geography and, more importantly, how that can be applied to support SIDS.[26]

Opinion Editorials by Erlan IdrissovEdit

  1. Regional integration is the "key" to stabilizing Afghanistan, EurActiv, November 21, 2013
  2. A New Step Forward to Greater Regional and Global Security, The Astana Times, May 13, 2014
  3. Kazakhstan leads green initiative, USA Today, June 10, 2014
  4. Kazakhstan looks to ‘Future Energy’ with EXPO 2017, Energy Global, June 10, 2014
  5. The Great Gain Not the Great Game: How Kazakhstan is Charting its Own Course in the World, The Diplomatic Courier, November 13, 2015
  6. Building a Joint Future for ASEM: View from Kazakhstan, ASEF, December 23, 2015
  7. Kazakhstan: Disarmament is key, EurActiv, January 20, 2016
  8. The Real Cause of the 21st Century, The Diplomat, April 19, 2016
  9. Kazakhstan’s experience can help promote greater understanding at UN Security Council, Financial Times, May 10, 2016
  10. Kazakhstan: An Exercise in Democracy, The Diplomat, May 19, 2016
  11. Kazakhstan Determined to Stay the Course of Sustainable Growth, The Diplomat, June 13, 2016
  12. High time for Central Asia and Kazakhstan to have a voice in UN Security Council, The Hill, June 22, 2016

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Index I RULERS
  2. ^ "Print Article". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  3. ^ "Ex Kazakhstan's Ambassador to USA appointed Foreign Minister". Tengrinews.kz English. Retrieved 21 May 2012.
  4. ^ Former Kazakh FM Erlan Idrissov Appointed Ambassador to UK
  5. ^ a b c d "Идрисов Ерлан Абильфаизович ▷ биография, фото, должность". kapital.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  6. ^ "Указ Президента Республики Казахстан от 13 октября 1999 года № 236 «О назначении Идрисова Е.А. Министром иностранных дел Республики Казахстан»". Информационная система ПАРАГРАФ. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  7. ^ "Постановление Правительства Республики Казахстан от 29 января 2002 года № 132 Об Идрисове Е.А., Абыкаеве Н." Информационная система ПАРАГРАФ. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  8. ^ "Указ Президента Республики Казахстан от 14 июня 2002 года № 892 О назначении Идрисова Е.А. Чрезвычайным и Полномочным Послом Республики Казахстан в Соединенном Королевстве Великобритании и Северной Ирландии". Информационная система ПАРАГРАФ. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  9. ^ "By presidential decree Erlan Abilphaizovich Idrisov has been appointed Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the United States of America and relieved of the post of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with concurrent accreditation to the Kingdom of Sweden, Kingdom of Norway and Republic of Ireland. — Official site of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan". Akorda.kz. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  10. ^ "Ерлан Идрисов стал министром иностранных дел". Радио Азаттык (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  11. ^ "Кайрат Абдрахманов назначен министром иностранных дел РК". kapital.kz (in Russian). Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  12. ^ "Erlan Idrissov appointed Kazakh Ambassador to UK". akipress.com. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  13. ^ "Joint Statement of Second Kazakhstan-United States Strategic Partnership Dialogue". US State Department.
  14. ^ a b "Washington C5+1 Ministerial Meeting Launches Five Projects Worth $15 Million". astanatimes.com.
  15. ^ http://www.bnews.kz/en/news/post/162203/
  16. ^ http://en.trend.az/regions/casia/kazakhstan/2196364.html
  17. ^ http://www.kazinform.kz/eng/article/2593119
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-31. Retrieved 2013-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Kazakhstan enhances participation in the UN". Kazakhstanskaya Pravda. Archived from the original on 2013-12-02.
  20. ^ "Kazakhstan in the United Nations: for peace and progress". Kazakhstanskaya Pravda. Archived from the original on 2013-12-03.
  21. ^ "UN Hosts Religions for Peace Discussion on Kazakhstan Initiative". astanatimes.com.
  22. ^ "High time for Central Asia and Kazakhstan to have a voice in UN Security Council". www.thehill.com.
  23. ^ "Kazakh FM had a number of meetings on sidelines of UNGA's 71st session". kazinform.
  24. ^ "Kazakh FM Addresses 71st Session of UN General Assembly in New York". The Astana Times.
  25. ^ "FM Idrissov Visits Kabul, Dushanbe, Gathers Concerns to Present on UNSC". astanatimes.com.
  26. ^ a b c d Idrissov, Erlan. "Of land- and sea-lockedness, and the pursuit of happiness". mfa.gov.kz. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2014-09-10.
Political offices
Preceded by
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1999–2002
Succeeded by
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev
Preceded by
Yerzhan Kazykhanov
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2012–2016
Incumbent