Erin O'Brien-Moore (born Annette O'Brien-Moore, May 2, 1902 – May 3, 1979) was an American actress. She created the role of Rose in the original Broadway production of Elmer Rice's Pulitzer Prize-winning play, Street Scene (1929), and was put under contract in Hollywood and made a number of films in the 1930s. Her promising career on the stage and screen was interrupted by severe injuries she sustained in a 1939 fire. Following her recovery and extensive plastic surgery she returned to the stage and character roles in films and television, including four seasons of the primetime serial drama Peyton Place (1965–68).
ca. May 2, 1902
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Died||May 3, 1979 (aged 77)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
(m. 1936; div. 1946)
|Family||Ainsworth O'Brien-Moore (brother)|
Early life and beginning in the theaterEdit
O'Brien-Moore was born in Los Angeles,: 36 to J.B.L. and Agnes O'Brien-Moore. Her father was publisher of the Tucson Citizen; her older brother was classical scholar Ainsworth O'Brien-Moore. She was educated at a convent in Arizona, and planned to become a painter until she saw Alla Nazimova on the stage, when she turned her attention to the theatre. She first appeared on Broadway in 1926 as a maid in The Makropoulos Secret. In 1928, O'Brien-Moore played the female lead in E.E. Cummings' Him at the Provincetown Playhouse. She was the star of Elmer Rice's Street Scene (1929), a naturalistic drama about life in a New York City tenement that ran for 601 performances on Broadway, toured throughout the United States, and received the Pulitzer Prize. During the play's six-month run in London, Aldous Huxley became an ardent fan of O'Brien-Moore and saw her performance at least three times.
Career in HollywoodEdit
O'Brien-Moore's stage success led to a Hollywood contract and second-lead roles in films, including Black Legion (1937) with Humphrey Bogart. In The Life of Emile Zola (1937), with Paul Muni, she played the character who inspired the fictional character Nana. Her other films include Dangerous Corner (1934), Little Men (1934), His Greatest Gamble (1934), Seven Keys to Baldpate (1935), Streamline Express (1935), Our Little Girl (1935), Two in the Dark (1936), The Ex-Mrs. Bradford (1936), Ring Around the Moon (1936), The Leavenworth Case (1936), Green Light (1937) and The Plough and the Stars (1937).
Described by The New York Times as "a slender, dark-haired woman with fragile, beautiful features", O'Brien-Moore had a rising career that was interrupted by severe injuries she suffered January 22, 1939 in a fire. After she recovered from the accident, O'Brien-Moore resumed her acting career on radio, including Big Sister.
After extensive plastic surgery, O'Brien-Moore returned to the stage and resumed her career in films and television. In 1948, she performed on Kraft Television Theatre and in The Philco Television Playhouse presentation, "Street Scene". She took the role of Anna, and Betty Field played Rose, the role that O'Brien-Moore had created on the stage.
She co-starred with Charlie Ruggles in the situation comedy The Ruggles (1950–52),: 651 and in series including NBC Presents, General Electric Theater, Lux Video Theater, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, and Perry Mason ("The Case of the Deadly Verdict"). She portrayed Miss Kelly in the 1961 pilot episode, "The Return," of the series Window on Main Street (1961–62), appeared in a 1965 episode of Kentucky Jones and played the role of Nurse Esther Choate in the TV version of Peyton Place for four seasons (1965–68).: 596 
Her later feature films include Destination Moon (1950), The Family Secret (1951), Sea of Lost Ships (1954), Phantom of the Rue Morgue (1954), Peyton Place (1957) and How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1967).
Personal life and last yearsEdit
|1934||His Greatest Gamble||Florence Stebbins|
|1934||Dangerous Corner||Freda Chatfield|
|1934||Little Men||Jo Bhaer|
|1935||Our Little Girl||Sarah Boynton|
|1935||Streamline Express||Mary Bradley|
|1935||Seven Keys to Baldpate||Myra Thornhill|
|1936||Two in the Dark||Olga Konar|
|1936||The Leavenworth Case||Mrs. Silas (Gloria) Leavenworth|
|1936||Ring Around the Moon||Gloria Endicott|
|1936||The Ex-Mrs. Bradford||Mrs. Summers|
|1936||The Plough and the Stars||Rosie|
|1937||Black Legion||Ruth Taylor|
|1937||Green Light||Pat Arlen|
|1937||The Life of Emile Zola||Nana|
|1950||Destination Moon||Emily Cargraves|
|1951||The Family Secret||Ellen Clark|
|1953||Sea of Lost Ships||Mrs. Nora O'Malley|
|1954||Phantom of the Rue Morgue||Wardrobe Woman|
|1955||The Long Gray Line||Mrs. Koehler|
|1957||Peyton Place||Mrs. Evelyn Page|
|1967||How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying||Gertrude Biggley||uncredited|
- "St. Petersburg Times - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
- Liebman, Roy (2003). Vitaphone Films: A Catalogue of the Features and Shorts. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0786446971.
- "Mrs. O'Brien-Moore". The New York Times. May 19, 1964. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- "Auto Crash Kills Dr. O'Brien-Moore". The New York Times. January 1, 1937. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- "Erin O'Brien-Moore". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Archived from the original on October 30, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
- "Him Program (1928)". faculty.gvsu.edu. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
- Goodman, George, Jr. (May 5, 1979). "Erin O'Brien-Moore, 77, Is Dead; Actress of Stage, Screen and TV". The New York Times. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Erin Moore-O'Brien". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
- "Street Scene". Internet Broadway Database. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
- Brooks, Tim; Marsh, Earle (1988). The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows 1946–Present (4th ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-35610-1.
- Associated Press (December 8, 1936). "Film Actress and Newspaperman Wed". Amarillo Daily News.
- Winchell, Walter (June 5, 1946). "Walter Winchell on Broadway". Burlington Daily Times-News.
- "Actress Erin O'Brien-Moore". St. Petersburg Times. May 5, 1979. Retrieved October 17, 2015.
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