Erik Axelsson Tott

Erik Axelsson (Tott) (c. 1419–1481) was a Dano-Swedish statesman and regent of Sweden under the Kalmar Union, jointly with Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna in 1457 and alone from 1466 to 1467.[1][2]

Erik Axelsson Tott
COA family sv Tott.svg
Tott family coat of arms.
Regent of Sweden
Reign1457 (with Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna)
PredecessorCharles VIII of Sweden
SuccessorChristian I
Reign1466–1467
PredecessorJöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna
SuccessorCharles VIII of Sweden
Bornc 1419
Died1481
Burial
Consorts1) Bengta Mattsdotter (Lillie)
2) Elin Gustavsdotter (Sture)
HouseHouse of Tott

BiographyEdit

He was born in Scania during the reign of King Eric of Pomerania, as the son of Axel Pedersen Thott, lord of Herlev and Lilloe, and his second wife Ingeborg Ivarsdotter. Entered the service of his mother's first cousin, King Charles VIII of Sweden (c. 1408–1470), at an early age when Charles was Lord High Constable and Castellan.

 
Construction of Olavinlinna Castle in Savonlinna was ordered by Erik Axelsson in the 1470s

Erik Axelsson was the "Swedish anchor" of his family, of whom most regarded themselves as Danish subjects. His father's first wife was from Scania, a region then integral to the (Danish) kingdom. In two generations during the latter half of the 15th century, the nine Tott brothers (Axelssöner), held high and mighty positions just when Denmark and Sweden were struggling to shape the Kalmar Union, however trying to preserve their own family's position and often act in concert. A few of them changed sides in certain occasions, but mostly each of them aligned according to their most important personal landholdings. For longer periods Eric held for the Swedish crown the key Finnish castles and fiefdoms of Viborg, Tavastehus (and built Olofsborg), and was always on the Swedish side, accepting the Danish monarch when Swedish nobility wanted that, and supported separate state/monarchy when the Swedes wanted that. His brother, Iver Axelsen Tott, established a veritable principality for himself by taking the island of Gotland, and sometimes surrounding regions.[3][4]

Eric opposed his older kinsman the king in 1457 when he as king had gathered much dissatisfaction among Swedish high nobility. In 1467 Eric yet again supported King Charles VIII, in his third election. He acquired the former Swedish estates of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in 1467, including Årsta Castle. As overlord of Finland (Österland) he initiated the construction of the border fortress Olavinlinna in Savonlinna and the Vyborg town wall, both in the 1470s.[5]

Eric Axelsson was married to Bengta Mattsdotter Lillie (d. 1452) and Elin Gustavsdotter Sture (d. 1495), but died childless. His brothers Ivar Tott (d. 1487) and Laurens Axelsson Tott (d. 1483) survived him, inheriting most of his properties, together with his various nephews and nieces.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Erik Axelsson (Tott)". Nordisk familjebok. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  2. ^ "Jöns Bengtsson (Oxenstierna)". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  3. ^ "Thott, Erik Axelsen". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Thott, Iver Axelsen". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Årsta Slott" (PDF). haninge.org. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  6. ^ "Laurens Axelsson till Årstad, Södertörn,". Nordisk familjebok. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
Erik Axelsson Tott
Born: c. 1419 Died: 1481
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Karl Knutsson
as King of Sweden
Co-regent of Sweden
1457
with Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna
Succeeded by
Christian I
as King of Sweden
Preceded by
Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna
Regent of Sweden
1466–1467
Succeeded by
Karl Knutsson
as King of Sweden