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Eric Robert Greitens (/ˈɡrtənz/;[1] born April 10, 1974) is an American politician and former Navy SEAL who served as the 56th Governor of Missouri from January 2017 until his resignation in June 2018.[2]

Eric Greitens
Eric Greitens 2018.jpg
56th Governor of Missouri
In office
January 9, 2017 – June 1, 2018
Lieutenant Mike Parson
Preceded by Jay Nixon
Succeeded by Mike Parson
Personal details
Born Eric Robert Greitens
(1974-04-10) April 10, 1974 (age 44)
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
Political party Republican (2015–present)
Other political
affiliations
Democratic (before 2015)
Spouse(s)
Sheena Chestnut (m. 2011)
Children 2
Education Duke University (BA)
Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford (MPhil, DPhil)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Navy
Years of service 2001–2017
Rank U.S. Navy O-4 infobox.svg Lieutenant commander
Awards Bronze Star
Purple Heart
Combat Action Ribbon

Born and raised in St. Louis, Greitens earned a doctorate from Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford as a Rhodes scholar. During his four tours of duty as a U.S. Navy SEAL officer, he rose to the rank of lieutenant commander, commanded a unit targeting Al-Qaeda, and was awarded a Bronze Star and a Purple Heart. Later, after serving as a White House Fellow, Greitens founded a non-profit organization, The Mission Continues, to serve veterans.[3] Time included him in its list of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2013.[4]

Greitens joined the Republican Party in 2015 after having been a Democrat. He ran for Governor of Missouri as a Republican in 2016. After defeating three opponents in the Republican primaries, he faced state Attorney General Chris Koster, whom he defeated in the general election.[5]

Greitens's tenure as Governor was marred by controversy, including campaign finance and open records statute violations. In February 2018, Greitens was indicted and arrested on felony invasion of privacy charges relating to alleged actions associated with an affair in which he had engaged prior to becoming Governor.[6] The charges were later dropped.[7] On June 1, Greitens resigned from office.[8]

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Greitens was born on April 10, 1974 in St. Louis, Missouri, a son of Becky and Rob Greitens.[9] He was raised in his mother's Jewish faith; his father is Catholic.[3][10] Greitens graduated from Parkway North High School.[11]

Greitens was an Angier B. Duke Scholar at Duke University, where he studied ethics, philosophy, and public policy.[12] While at Duke, he contributed photographs with a joint project of the Save the Children Foundation involving refugees from the Rwandan genocide and the war in Bosnia. Some of his work appeared in the publication Children in War: Community Strategies for Healing.[13][14]

Before graduating from Duke in 1996, he was selected as a Rhodes[15][16] and a Truman Scholar.[17] Greitens went on to attend Lady Margaret Hall, a constituent college of the University of Oxford, where he earned an Master's degree in philosophy in development studies in 1998 and a Doctorate in Philosophy in 2000.[18]

Greitens is a former Senior Fellow at the Harry S. Truman School of Public Affairs at the University of Missouri.[19] He has taught public service at the Truman School of Public Affairs and was an adjunct professor of business ethics in the MBA program at the Olin School of Business at Washington University in St. Louis.[20][21][22]

CareerEdit

Armed servicesEdit

Greitens attended the United States Navy's Officer Candidate School in Pensacola, Florida, in January 2001, graduating in May of that year as an ensign in the United States Navy Reserve.[23][24] He then began Basic Underwater Demolitions/SEAL (BUD/S) training in Coronado, California,[25][26] graduating with Class 237 in February 2002.[27]

Greitens rose to be a lieutenant commander in the United States Navy Reserve. During his active duty career, he was deployed four times, to Iraq, Afghanistan, the Horn of Africa, and Southeast Asia. He served as the commander of a joint special operations task unit, commander of a Mark V Special Operations Craft detachment,[28] and commander of an al Qaeda targeting cell.[29] Some of his military awards are the Bronze Star, Purple Heart, and the Combat Action Ribbon.[14][30]

He has directed criticism at the Veterans Administration, saying of its employees "Even if you’re only 40 percent disabled, they’ll give you 100 percent disability in some cases." "You have to think about the incentives of government workers. Guys in the VA don’t get paid to help veterans lead productive lives. Their metrics are on how many people sign up for benefits." He feels such overuse strains the VA system and actually prevents vets from reintegrating into general society.[14]

White House FellowshipEdit

 
Greitens speaking in 2011

In 2005, he was appointed by President George W. Bush to serve as a White House Fellow.[31] As a White House Fellow, Greitens worked in the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)[32] and developed a new program to assist with the rebuilding efforts after Hurricane Katrina. The program, called the Universities Rebuilding America Partnership (URAP),[33][34] was a $5.6 million effort to engage architecture and engineering students in the continued effort to rebuild New Orleans. During his time as a White House Fellow, he co-founded the President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll Program.[35]

Non-profit workEdit

After returning from Iraq, Greitens used his combat pay and the disability pay of two friends to start The Mission Continues, whose goal is to "challenge veterans to serve and lead in communities across America".[36] It encourages veterans to heal themselves through public service by engaging in volunteer organizations across the country.[37][38] In 2014 the organization won the CLASSY Award, recognizing its effectiveness in active-duty and veteran services.[39] He stepped down as CEO in July 2014 and resigned from the board of directors in 2015.[40][41][42][43][44]

As CEO of The Mission Continues, Greitens worked without a salary from 2007–08. Later, Greitens received compensation of between $150,000 and $200,000.[45] Daniel Borochoff, president and founder of CharityWatch, which evaluates nonprofit organizations, remarked that Greitens' wages "seem within a reasonable range" while the AP reported that his salary was about one-third higher than the $131,000 median compensation for chief executives of 237 medium-sized charities in the Midwest.[46] The Associated Press reported in March 2018 that Greitens had used the charity's email account to arrange political meetings about his intended gubernatorial campaign, which may not be allowed by federal tax law.[47]

In July 2018, Spencer Kympton, president of The Mission Continues, posted an open letter informing the members of the nonprofit that "Regardless of someone's (Eric Greiten's) history with The Mission Continues, we do not stand by actions that violate the core values we all strive to embody. And as uncomfortable as it may be, we must not fail to pronounce that." This letter also apologized to the volunteers and community leaders with The Mission Continues for unwarranted attention from media and civic leaders they may have experienced.[48]

AuthorEdit

 
Greitens with U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis in March 2017

Strength and Compassion is a collection of photographs and essays by Greitens. Published in 2008;[49] it is Greitens' first book, with a foreword by Rwandan humanitarian Paul Rusesabagina and an introduction by Bobby Muller, cofounder of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines.[50]

Greitens' second book, The Heart and the Fist: The Education of a Humanitarian, the Making of a Navy SEAL, was published on April 11, 2011, by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.[51][52]

The Heart and the Fist is Greitens' memoir of service, featuring stories of his humanitarian work, his training as a naval officer and SEAL and the military experiences that led him to adopt the philosophy that one has to be strong to do good, but one also has to do good to be strong. The book was ranked 10th on the New York Times bestseller list for hardcover nonfiction in May 2011,[53][54] debuting on the St. Louis Independent Bookstore Alliance Best Sellers list at No. 1 for the week of April 17, 2011.[55] The following year, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt also released a young adult edition of The Heart and the Fist, titled The Warrior's Heart.[56]

In March 2015, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt released Greitens' book Resilience: Hard-Won Wisdom for Living a Better Life. It draws on letters Greitens wrote to a fellow SEAL struggling with PTSD.[57][58]

As an author and former SEAL, Greitens was a popular speaker before beginning his political career.[22] In 2016, an anonymous political attack group charged in a YouTube video that Greitens had exaggerated his record and was unduly benefiting from his time in the SEALs; Greitens later responded to the claims by releasing his military records and publishing a video he uploaded to his channel with testimonials from SEALs and Marines with whom he had served.[59]

Governor of MissouriEdit

2016 electionEdit

 
Gubernatorial election campaign logo

On September 26, 2015, Greitens officially announced his candidacy for Governor of Missouri[60] as a Republican.[61] Shortly after a June 30, 2016, quarterly deadline for filing campaign contributions, he received the largest ever single contribution in a Missouri campaign, $1.975 million, which meant he did not have to reveal it until October, months after the primary. The source was a previously unknown Superpac, "SEALS for Truth".[62] SEALS for Truth had received the money from the American Policy Coalition (APC), still another Superpac, on the same day APC had received the entire amount. Greitens had assured voters he intended to increase transparency while reducing corruption in state politics as a campaign focus.[63] The dark money APC, for which there was almost no information on the Internet, was headed by Ohio lawyer David Langdon who had incorporated it in Kentucky in 2015.[63] Between the 2010 election cycle and early 2015, eleven or more groups connected to Langdon had spent at least $22 million on ballot initiatives against abortion and same-sex marriage, as well as on federal and state elections and around the country, as tabulated through records review by the Center for Public Integrity.[64] On March 12, 2017, the St. Louis Post Dispatch and The Kansas City Star editorial boards published a joint editorial criticizing the governor for "secret fundraising and secret spending" and for tactics such as ordering that "[s]ecurity staffers block reporters from getting close to him".[65] In 2018, Missouri Attorney General Josh Hawley, a Republican running for the U.S. Senate, announced the opening of an investigation of Greitens' 2016 campaign financing.[66]

Greitens won the August 2 Republican primary with 236,250 votes (34.6%), defeating businessman John Brunner's 169,425 (24.8%), Lieutenant Governor Peter Kinder's 141,498 (20.7%), and former Speaker Catherine Hanaway's 136,350 (19.9%).[67] Democrat-turned-Republican Greitens faced Republican-turned-Democrat Chris Koster in the general election on November 8, 2016, and won with 51.3% of the vote to Koster's 45.4%.[68]

On April 28, 2017, the Missouri Ethics Commission fined Greitens' campaign $1,000 for violating state campaign ethics rules regarding campaign disclosure. Greitens did not contest the fine.[69]

TenureEdit

 
Greitens meeting with Vice President Mike Pence, January 2017

Greitens assumed office as governor on January 9, 2017. His first two executive orders banned employees in the executive branch from accepting gifts from lobbyists and froze all new regulations through February 2017. He remained opposed to accepting a federal Medicaid expansion in Missouri.[70]

On February 6, 2017, Greitens signed a bill into law making Missouri the 28th right-to-work state.[71] In response, unions, who opposed the law, filed a referendum to overturn the law for 2018.[72] On August 7, 2018, Missouri voters voted to overturn the right-to-work law.[73]

On August 22, 2017, Greitens granted a stay of execution to Marcellus Williams, who had been set to be executed that day. DNA tests, using technology unavailable at the time of the killing, on the knife used in the killing matched an unknown male, not Williams. Greitens appointed a board of five retired judges to investigate the case and recommend commutation or execution. The panel has no deadline to report back to the governor.[74][75]

On October 27, 2017, the governor's office announced that 30 women had been appointed to state boards and commissions, joining "a majority-female cabinet". First Lady Sheena Greitens had announced October 3 that the Greitens administration would appoint 25 women in the next 25 days, in honor of the 25th anniversary of the Women’s Foundation of Kansas City.[76]

In December 2017, Greitens and senior members of his staff were accused by Democrats and government transparency advocates of subverting Missouri's open records laws after the Kansas City Star reported that they used Confide, a messaging app that erases texts after they have been read, on their personal phones.[77] Attorney General Hawley at first claimed conflict of interest, but on December 20 announced his office would investigate, saying that the matter was legally complex because the state Sunshine Law "was written decades and decades ago and has not been updated to take into account" technological changes.[78][79][80] In late December two attorneys filed suit, claiming that use of such "self-immolating" apps by elected officials and government employees violates Missouri's public records laws.[81][82] On January 3, 2018, Rep. Gina Mitten filed House Bill 1817 which would ban use of apps like Confide in conducting public business, and House Speaker Todd Richardson told the St. Louis Post-Dispatch that in its 2018 session the legislature might consider modernizing the state’s current open records laws.[80] Attorney General Hawley initiated an investigation regarding possible violations of the state's Sunshine laws, after allegations that a state employee had managed a social media account on behalf the governor.[83]

On May 29, 2018, Greitens announced that he would resign as governor, effective June 1, 2018 at 5:00pm CST. St. Louis Circuit Court Attorney Kimberly Gardner, who brought the charges against Greitens after Hawley demurred to prosecute, said she has “been in contact” with attorneys for Greitens and they had “reached a fair and just resolution of the pending charges.”[84]

At 508 days, Greitens's gubernatorial tenure is the tenth-shortest in Missouri history. Among elected governors, his tenure is the shortest of any Missouri governor since 1861, and the fourth-shortest overall (behind only Frederick Bates, Claiborne Fox Jackson, and Trusten Polk).[85]

Personal lifeEdit

 
Sheena Greitens in 2018
 
Eric and Sheena Greitens dancing at the inaugural ball

Greitens's marriage to his first wife ended in divorce in 2003.[86]

Greitens married Sheena Elise Chestnut on August 7, 2011, in Spokane, Washington.[9] They had lived in St. Louis, with their two sons, Joshua and Jacob.[87][88][9]

AffairEdit

In January 2018, ahead of an investigative report released by St. Louis CBS affiliate KMOV the same evening, Greitens publicly disclosed that he had engaged in an extramarital affair with his hair stylist in 2015 (prior to his campaign for governor). Greitens and his wife, Sheena, issued a joint statement in which Greitens acknowledged the affair, called it "a deeply personal mistake", and added that "we dealt with this together honestly and privately."[89] KMOV played a recording made by the hairstylist's then-husband in which she stated that Greitens had invited her to his home, where she consented to having her hands taped to exercise rings above her head while she was undressed and blindfolded. In the recording, she added that while she was blindfolded, Greitens took pictures of her without her consent and threatened to share them if she ever revealed their affair to anyone.[90]

Greitens denied the blackmail accusation.[90] After initially not commenting on the question, his attorney appeared to deny that any pictures were taken; in an e-mail, he stated, "No violence. No picture taken. No threat of blackmail."[91][92] Greitens himself has not said whether he took any such photos.[93]

After Attorney General Hawley's office said in a statement that it did not have jurisdiction to look into the matter, the Circuit Attorney for the City of St. Louis opened an investigation into the blackmail allegations.[94][95]

Reactions and indictmentEdit

On January 20, 2018, two U.S. officials alleged that Greitens was under inquiry by the FBI. The FBI, following its usual practice, did not confirm or deny the existence of an inquiry, and the sources could not confirm whether the blackmail allegations were the focus of the inquiry.[96]

Several Republican members of the Missouri House of Representatives called on Greitens to resign after the allegations were made public.[97]

On February 22, 2018, Greitens was indicted on felony invasion of privacy charges by a St. Louis grand jury. Shortly afterward he was taken into custody by St. Louis sheriff's deputies. He was released on his own recognizance[98][99] He waived his first appearance.[100] Greitens' team called the indictment "political" and labeled St. Louis Circuit Attorney Kim Gardner a "reckless liberal prosecutor"; in response, Gardner said she was confident that "a fair and just resolution" would be achieved in the legal system.[101] In March 2018, the Greitens defense team accused Gardner of committing a misdemeanor when she appointed Harvard law professor Ronald Sullivan Jr. to assist with the prosecution of the case. The Circuit Attorney's office responded that such claims by the defense were, "another form of harassment towards the prosecution".[102]

In a court filing in March, the defense said that no evidence had been presented to the grand jury that Greitens forwarded a nude cell phone photo of the alleged victim, which was reported to be a key element in determining whether he had committed a felony, but they did not say whether Greitens had taken such a photo with his phone.[93] On March 26, the judge denied defense motions to have a bench trial rather than a jury trial, would not dismiss the assistant prosecutor, kept the jury trial date as scheduled, and did not dismiss the indictment.[103] Attorney General Hawley, a Republican who is running for U.S. Senator, referred to the situation as being "very grave".[104] Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner, a Greitens campaign contributor and ally, called for Greitens to resign.[105]

On April 20, 2018, the Circuit Court Attorney charged Greitens with a second felony for tampering with a computer in taking email and donor lists from The Mission Continues for fundraising purposes.[106] The Associated Press first reported on the donor list in October 2016. Greitens initially denied using the list, though in April 2017 acknowledged its use, saying it was provided by his then-campaign manager. The former manager denied his provision of the donor list.[107]

On May 14, 2018, prosecutors dismissed the felony invasion of privacy charge, following the failure of investigators to find the alleged photo. The circuit attorney says she intends to refile the charge, and may appoint a special prosecutor or an assistant to pursue the case.[108] On May 18, 2018, Cole County Prosecutor Mark Richardson announced he would not be filing any additional charges against Greitens, suggested by Attorney General Josh Hawley, related to how his gubernatorial campaign reported the receipt of a charity donor list used for political fundraising.[109][110]

Sexual assault allegationsEdit

On April 11, 2018, a Special Investigative Committee (SIC) of the Missouri House of Representatives released an initial 24-page report detailing allegations made against Greitens by the hair stylist with whom he admittedly had been having an affair.[111] The stylist accused him of unwanted kissing and sexual touching, violently slapping and spanking her, coercing her into performing oral sex on him, and threatening to blackmail her.[112][113] In a four-page report issued on April 30, 2018, the Missouri House tasked with investigating the blackmail supplemented its report. The SIC chair, Republican Representative Jay Barnes said it found that the Greitens defense claims that the woman's testimony in a St. Louis interview was inconsistent with what she had told the committee, were without foundation.[106]

On May 3, the Missouri House and Missouri Senate collected enough signatures from members to call a special session to consider impeachment.[114] House Speaker Todd Richardson, a Republican, said 29 senators and 138 House members, more than the three-fourths required in each chamber, supported convening a 30-day special session. It began on May 18, the last day of the regular session.[115][116]

Honors and awardsEdit

On October 3, 2008, President George W. Bush personally awarded Greitens the President's Volunteer Service Award outside Air Force One at Lambert International Airport in St. Louis, Missouri, for his work at The Mission Continues.[117]

Greitens was honored with the HOOAH Award, commissioned by the Major George A. Smith Memorial Fund in 2009.[118] He was also named the 2010 Reader of the Year by Outside magazine.[119][120]

In June 2010, Major League Baseball and People announced Greitens as a winner in People's All-Stars Among Us competition. He was selected to represent the city of St. Louis and the Cardinals at the 2010 All-Star Game in Anaheim, California.[121][122]

On May 20, 2012, Greitens was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from Tufts University when he gave the commencement speech at the school's 156th commencement.[123] That same year, he received the Bronfman Prize, which recognizes dynamic leaders whose innovation and impact serve as inspiration for the next generations.[124]

On April 18, 2013, Time named Greitens to its 2013 100 Most Influential People in the World.[125] In 2014, Fortune featured Greitens as one of the World's 50 Greatest Leaders.[126]

PublicationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ "Politically Speaking: Eric Greitens on his latest mission to become Missouri's next governor". St. Louis Public Radio. 
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  10. ^ Miller, John J. (July 10, 2017). "Eric Greitens's Rising Star". National Review. 
  11. ^ "Home of the Parkway Alumni Association". Parkway Alumni Association. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
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  13. ^ Children in War: Community Strategies for Healing, ed.gov; accessed May 11, 2017.
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  37. ^ Klein, Joe "Clay Hunt's Legacy for Veterans", Time, February 16, 2015.
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  39. ^ "The Mission Continues Drives Progress for Active Duty & Veteran Services", CLASSY Award, February 16, 2015.
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  46. ^ Missouri governor candidate's salary from charity questioned, Associated Press, September 12, 2016.
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  48. ^ Kympton, Spencer (July 10, 2018). "A Letter to Our Veterans: Thank You for Continuing to Make Our Nation's Communities Stronger". The Mission Continues. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  49. ^ Strength and Compassion: Photographs and Essays by Eric Greitens. September 23, 2008. ISBN 0971007802. 
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  57. ^ Nelson, Marcia Spring 2015 Announcements: Lifestyle: Death and Dieting, Publishers Weekly, February 16, 2015.
  58. ^ Naughton, Julie "Rising After a Fall: PW Talks with Eric Greitens", Publishers Weekly, February 16, 2015.
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  64. ^ Meet the Suburban Ohio Lawyer Behind the Right’s Dark Money Machine, Politico, Carrie Levine, May 26, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  65. ^ Star, the editorial boards of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and The Kansas City. "Editorial: Attention, Gov. Greitens! Our joint call with The Kansas City Star for greater transparency, accountability". St. Louis Post Dispatch. Retrieved March 13, 2017. 
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  70. ^ McDermott, Kevin. "Governor-elect Greitens likely to make Missouri a right-to-work state". stltoday.com. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
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  76. ^ "Governor Greitens Appoints 30 Women to State Boards and Commissions". governor.mo.gov. October 27, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  77. ^ Hancock, Jason (December 7, 2017). "Greitens' penchant for secrecy goes digital with messaging app that leaves no trace". Kansas City Star. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  78. ^ Hancock, Jason (December 11, 201). "Greitens answers question about his use of secret texting app by attacking media". Kansas City Star. Retrieved January 11, 2018.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  79. ^ Hancock, Jason (December 20, 2017). "Missouri attorney general will investigate Gov. Greitens' use of secret texting app". Kansas City Star. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  80. ^ a b Erickson, Kurt (January 2, 2018). "New lawsuit seeks to stop Missouri governor from using secretive phone app". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  81. ^ Hancock, Jason (January 2, 2018). "Lawsuit alleges Gov. Greitens conspired to violate Missouri open records laws". Kansas City Star. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  82. ^ "Organization files lawsuit against Greitens over use of app". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. January 2, 2018. Retrieved January 11, 2018. 
  83. ^ Ruch, Amber (April 30, 2018). "AG Hawley opens inquiry into Gov. Greitens' social media accounts". KFVS. Retrieved April 30, 2018. 
  84. ^ Embattled Missouri Governor Eric Greitens says he will resign, Washington Post, May 29, 2018. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
  85. ^ "Eric Greitens Records 4th Shortest Tenure By An Elected Missouri Governor | Smart Politics". editions.lib.umn.edu. May 31, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 
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External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Dave Spence
Republican nominee for Governor of Missouri
2016
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Jay Nixon
Governor of Missouri
January 9, 2017 – June 1, 2018
Succeeded by
Mike Parson