Ercheu (French pronunciation: ​[ɛʁʃø]) is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

Ercheu
Location of Ercheu
Ercheu is located in France
Ercheu
Ercheu
Ercheu is located in Hauts-de-France
Ercheu
Ercheu
Coordinates: 49°42′06″N 2°56′32″E / 49.7017°N 2.9422°E / 49.7017; 2.9422Coordinates: 49°42′06″N 2°56′32″E / 49.7017°N 2.9422°E / 49.7017; 2.9422
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentSomme
ArrondissementMontdidier
CantonRoye
IntercommunalityCC Grand Roye
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) François Lamaire[1]
Area
1
14.15 km2 (5.46 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
769
 • Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
80279 /80400
Elevation58–95 m (190–312 ft)
(avg. 70 m or 230 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Etymology of the place nameEdit

Diverting from the Latin word " Arx-Arcis ", strengthened place:

 988 : Arceium 
1048 : Archeium
1150 : Erceium
1170 : Erchive
1237 : Herciaus
1248 : Erchieu
1633 : Erchu
1705 : Archeu
1764 : Ercheu

The name of the municipality is unchanged since 1764.

IntermunicipalitiesEdit

Ercheu is part of the communauté de communes du Grand Roye as from January 1, 2012.

GeographyEdit

Ercheu lies on the D15 and D168 junction, and is around 7.5 kilometres (5 mi) south of Nesle and 13 kilometres (8 mi) east of Roye, stretching from the Canal du Nord to the Petit Ingon, which originates in the neighbouring municipality of Libermont, in the Département of Oise. Although peak tunnel "Souterrain de Panneterie" of the Canal du Nord lies outside the neighbouring municipality, it is named after Ferme La Panneterie located in Ercheu.

The castle-like Ferme Lannoy was a monastery named Notre Dame ('Our Lady') in the 14th century.

HistoryEdit

There was once an Merovingian cemetery in Ercheu. Since 1120 there was also a leper colony.

In the First World War, the village was destroyed. The community received the Croix de guerre 1914-1918 as an award.

The former villages Bessancourt, Ramecourt, and Wailly-lès-Ercheu were abandoned.

PopulationEdit

Historical population of Ercheu
Year19621968197519821990199920062012
Population431576601648709704791813
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

AdministrationEdit

Eric Bertout has been mayor (maire) since 2008.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.