Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Equity feminism

Equity feminism (also stylized equity-feminism) is a form of liberal feminism discussed since the 1980s,[1][2] specifically a kind of classically liberal or libertarian feminism.[3]



The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy refers to Wendy McElroy, Joan Kennedy Taylor, Cathy Young, Rita Simon, Katie Roiphe, Diana Furchtgott-Roth, Christine Stolba, and Christina Hoff Sommers as equity feminists.[3] Camille Paglia also describes herself as an equity feminist.[4][5] Steven Pinker, an evolutionary psychologist, identifies himself as an equity feminist, which he defines as "a moral doctrine about equal treatment that makes no commitments regarding open empirical issues in psychology or biology".[6] Barry Kuhle asserts that equity feminism is compatible with evolutionary psychology, in contrast to gender feminism.[7]

Distinctions have been made between conservative and radical forms of equity feminism.[8] Many young conservative women have accepted equity feminism.[9]

There are differences between this and equality feminism[2] or social feminism[10][11] or difference feminism.[12]


Anne-Marie Kinahan claims that most American women look to a kind of feminism whose main goal is equity;[13]

Louis Schubert et al claim "principles of equity feminism remain in the vision of the vast majority of women in the United States".[14]

German, Herrad Schenk identifies three goals which equity feminists would like to see:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Black, Naomi (1989). Social feminism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801422614. 
  2. ^ a b c Halfmann, Jost (1989). "Social change and political mobilization in West Germany". In Katzenstein, Peter. Industry and politics in West Germany: toward the Third Republic. Ithaca, N.Y: Cornell University Press. p. 79. ISBN 9780801495953. Quote: Equity-feminism differs from equality-feminism in the depth and scope of its strategic goals. A feminist revolution would pursue three goals, according to Herrad Schenk: 
    • Citing:
  3. ^ a b "Liberal Feminism". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2016.  (revised 30 September 2013)
  4. ^ Paglia, Camille (2018). "The modern battle of the sexes". Free women, free men: sex, gender, feminism. Edinburgh: Canongate Books Ltd. ISBN 9781786892171. Quote: I am an equity feminist - that is, I believe in equality of the sexes before the law and the removal of all obstacles to women's advance in society. However, I oppose special protections for women, which had been sought from the start by some leading feminists... I represent the pro-sex wing of feminism that has turned the tide and that is close to winning the culture wars of the past fifteen years.... And I think that a younger generation of women are no longer in sympathy with the censorious, anti-pleasure wing of feminism. 
  5. ^ Smith, Rich (22 March 2017). "Who's worse: Camille Paglia, sanctimonious liberals, or my sniveling self? (blog)". SLOG. Retrieved 9 December 2017. 
  6. ^ Pinker, Steven (2002). "Gender". The blank slate: the modern denial of human nature. New York: Viking. p. 341. ISBN 9780142003343. 
  7. ^ Kuhle, Barry X. (January 2012). "Evolutionary psychology is compatible with equity feminism, but not with gender feminism: A reply to Eagly and Wood". Evolutionary Psychology. Sage. 10 (1): 39–43. doi:10.1177/147470491201000104. 
    • See also:
  8. ^ Almeder, Robert F. (13 August 2003). "Equity Feminism and Academic Feminism". In Pinnick, Cassandra L.; Koertge, Noretta. Scrutinizing Feminist Epistemology: An Examination of Gender in Science. p. 183. I defend the stronger or more conservative form of equity feminism…I identify these latter more radical forms of equity feminism with academic feminism 
  9. ^ Iannello, Kathleen (18 August 2010). "8: Women's Leadership and Third-Wave Feminism (in Part II: History of Women's Public Leadership, in Volume One)". In O'Connor, Karen. Gender and Women's Leadership: A Reference Handbook. SAGE Publications, Inc. p. 76. The concept of equity feminism has taken hold among many younger conservative women 
  10. ^ Buechler, Steven M. (1 September 1990). "3: Ideologies and Visions". Women's Movements in the United States: Woman Suffrage, Equal Rights, and Beyond. Rutgers University Press. p. 118. Equity feminism, whether liberal, Marxist or socialist, relies on male classifications…Social feminism, whether maternal, cultural or radical, appeals to female values 
  11. ^ Black, Naomi; Brandt, Gail Cuthbert (16 April 1999). "7: Towards a New Analysis". Feminist Politics on the Farm: Rural Catholic Women in Southern Quebec and Southwestern France. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 200. we found two strands, both of which we wanted to include as political: an equity feminism seeking equal rights…and women's collective action that looked more like a social feminism 
  12. ^ Kramarae, Cheris; Spender, Dale, eds. (16 April 2004). "Equality". Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. Routledge. p. 672. There are two dominant strains within the equality debate: "equity feminism" and "difference feminism". 
  13. ^ Kinahan, Anne-Marie (3 August 2004). "One: Foundations: Women Who Run from the Wolves: Feminist Critique As Post-Feminism". In Prince, Althea; Silva-Wayne, Susan. Feminisms and Womanisms: A Women's Studies Reader. p. 120. Most American women subscribe philosophically to that older "First Wave" kind of feminism whose main goal is equity… A First Wave, "mainstream," or "equity" feminist wants for women what she wants for everyone…equity feminism has turned out to be a great American success story. 
  14. ^ Schubert, Louis; Dye, Thomas R.; Zeigler, Harmon (2014). "13: Civil Rights: Diversifying the Elite: Women's Rights in the United States". The Irony of Democracy: An Uncommon Introduction to American Politics (17th ed.). p. 331. The principles of equity feminism remain in the vision of the vast majority of women in the United States.