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Equipment of the Royal Malaysian Navy

The equipment of the Royal Malaysian Navy can be subdivided into: vessels, aircraft, munitions, radar, small arms, vehicles, and attire.


Current ships

All RMN ships carry the prefix KD (Malay: Kapal Di-Raja, literally "Royal Ship"), which is equivalent to "His Majesty's Ship" in English. The training vessel Tunas Samudra, however, carries a KLD prefix (Kapal Layar Di-Raja) to mean "His Majesty's Sailing Ship".

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Scorpéne   Attack Submarine KD Tunku Abdul Rahman
KD Tun Abdul Razak
  France 2 Armament:
Maharaja Lela   Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) KD Maharaja Lela[1]
KD Syarif Masahor[1]
KD Raja Mahadi[1]
[to be determined]
[to be determined]
[to be determined]
1+(5) Delivery schedule starting in 2019.[2][3][4][3][5][6]
Lekiu   Frigate KD Jebat
KD Lekiu
  UK 2 Armament:[9]
Hang Tuah   Frigate KD Hang Tuah   UK 1 Currently used as training ship
Kasturi   Corvette KD Kasturi
KD Lekir
  Germany 2 Armament:[10]
Laksamana   Corvette KD Laksamana Hang Nadim
KD Laksamana Tun Abdul Jamil
KD Laksamana Muhammad Amin
KD Laksamana Tan Pusmah
  Italy 4 Armament:[11]
Offshore Patrol Vessels
Kedah   Offshore patrol vessel KD Kedah
KD Pahang
KD Perak
KD Terengganu
KD Kelantan
KD Selangor
6 Armament:[12]
Littoral Mission Ship (LMS) Littoral Mission Ship (LMS) [to be determined]
[to be determined]
[to be determined]
[to be determined]
(4) Delivery schedule starting in 2019.[13][14]

Armament:Including guns,missiles and torpedo according to role.

Fast attack crafts
Perdana   Missile boat KD Perdana
KD Serang
KD Ganas
KD Ganyang
  France 4 Armament:[15]
Handalan   Missile boat KD Handalan
KD Perkasa
KD Pendekar
KD Gempita
  Sweden 4 Armament:[16]
Jerung   Gunboat KD Jerung
KD Todak
KD Paus
KD Baung
KD Pari
  Germany 6 Armament:[17]
Keris   Gunboat KD Sri Perlis
KD Sri Johor
  UK 2 Armament:[18]
Sri Tiga Fast troop vessel KD Sri Tiga
KD Sri Gaya
  Malaysia 2 Armament:
  • 1 x 20mm gun
CB90   Fast assault craft Tempur 11
Tempur 12
Tempur 13
Tempur 14
Tempur 15
Tempur 21
Tempur 22
Tempur 23
Tempur 24
Tempur 25
Tempur 32
Tempur 33
Tempur 34
Tempur 41
Tempur 42
Tempur 43
Tempur 44
  Sweden 17
Mines counter-measure vessels
Mahamiru   Minesweeper KD Mahamiru
KD Jerai
KD Ledang
KD Kinabalu
  Italy 4
Amphibious warfare ships/Multi-purpose support ships
Sri Indera Sakti   Multi-purpose support ship KD Sri Indera Sakti
KD Mahawangsa
  Germany 2
Auxiliary ships
Bunga Mas Lima Auxiliary ship KA Bunga Mas Lima
KA Bunga Mas Enam
  Malaysia 2 132m ship with combat capabilities.
Tun Azizan Auxiliary ship KA Tun Azizan   Malaysia 1 102m ship with combat capabilities.[19]
Submarine rescue ships
Mega Bakti Submarine rescue ship MV Mega Bakti   Singapore 1
Training ships
Gagah Samudera Training ship KD Gagah Samudera
KD Teguh Samudera
  South Korea
Tunas Samudera   Training ship KLD Tunas Samudera   UK 1
Hydrographic survey vessels
Perantau Hydro ship KD Perantau   Germany 1
Dayang Sari Hydro ship MV Dayang Sari   Malaysia 1
Aishah Hydro ship MV Aishah   Malaysia 1 [20]


Aircraft Image Version Type Origin Quantity Notes
Westland Lynx Super Lynx 300 Anti-submarine warfare   UK 6 Equipped with torpedoes or MBDA Sea Skua anti-ship missile and also use as OTHT.
Eurocopter Fennec AS 555SN Surface surveillance   France 6 Combat and OTHT capable.


Helicopter/ship missiles and ship/submarine torpedoes

Model Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Air-to-surface missile (ASM) and surface-to-air missile (SAM)
Sea Skua   Air-to-surface missile   UK 50[21] Used by Westland Lynx helicopter.[22][23]
Aspide   Surface-to-air missile   Italy 18 Used by Laksamana class corvette.[24][25]
MICA   Point defence missile system, surface-to-air missile   France unknown To be installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[26]
Sea Wolf   Guided missile system, surface-to-air missile   UK 65[21] Used by Lekiu class frigate.[27][28][29]
Anti-ship missile (AShM) and land-attack missile (LACM)
NSM   Anti-ship and land-attack missile   Norway 100 (ordered)[21] To be installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[26]
Exocet   Anti-ship missile   France 50[21] MM40 Block 2. Used by Lekiu class frigate and Kasturi class corvette.[29][30]
Otomat   Anti-ship and coastal attack   Italy 48[21] Otomat Mk 2. Used by Laksamana class corvette.[25]
A244-S Torpedo   Italy 75[21] Used by Lekiu class frigate,Kasturi class corvette and Laksamana class corvette.[31][32]
Black Shark Torpedo   Italy 30[21] Used by Perdana Menteri class submarine.[33]
Exocet   Torpedo   France 40[21] SM39. Used by Perdana Menteri class submarine.[34]


Model Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Thales Nederland SMART-S Mk.II   Search radar   Netherlands 6 Installed on Maharaja Lela class frigate/SGPV.[35]
Ericsson SEA-GIRAFFE   Search radar   Sweden 2 Installed on Lekiu class frigate.[36]
TRS-3D   Search radar   Germany 6 Installed on Kedah class corvette/NGPV.[37]


The standard weapons of all RMN personnel is Glock 17, Heckler & Koch P9S service pistols, M4 carbines, M16 rifles and FN MAG 58 general purpose machine guns. The RMN PASKAL units are often equipped with the most common specialised firearms including combat shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, carbines, sniper rifles, light machine guns, and grenade-based weapons that are generally found in most counter-terrorist tactical teams. The following are some of the weapons of the RMN ground forces:

Model Image Type Calibre Origin Version Details
Glock   Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum   Austria Glock 17
Glock 18C
Glock 19
Glock 26
Glock 34
Glock 17 is the standard service pistol for navy personnel.
Glock 18C to Glock 34 is used by PASKAL.[38]
P9   Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum   Germany P9S Limited service.[38]
P11   Underwater Pistol 7.62×36mm   Germany P11 Used by PASKAL.[38]
P30   Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum   Germany P30 Used by PASKAL.[38]
SP1   Pistol 9×19mm Parabellum   South Africa SP1 Limited service.[38]
FP6   Shotgun 12 bore   Italy FP6 Used by PASKAL.[38]
M870   Shotgun 12-gauge   USA M870 Used by PASKAL as a breaching shotgun.[38]
M1100   Shotgun 12-gauge   USA M1100 Used by PASKAL.[38]
Submachine guns
MP5   Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum   Germany MP5A5
The weapon comes in multiple variants, from the standard MP5A5, MP5K-A5, MP5N and the suppressed MP5SD6. Used by PASKAL in night operations, close quarters (especially VBSS/GOPLATS), hostage rescue, and escort. A standard MP5A5 has been fitted with an RM Equipment M203PI grenade launcher.[38]
MP7   Submachine gun HK 4.6×30mm   Germany MP7A1
Used by PASKAL.[38]
P90   Submachine gun FN 5.7×28mm   Belgium P90 Used by PASKAL.[38]
UMP   Submachine gun .45 ACP   Germany UMP45 Used by PASKAL.[38]
M4   Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO   USA
Standard service rifle for Malaysian Armed Forces
Equipped with SOPMOD kit features a shortened quick-detachable M203 grenade launcher and leaf sight, an Insight Technologies AN/PEQ-2A visible laser/infrared designator, along with ECOS-N optical sight (a variant of the Aimpoint CompM2) and a night vision sight. Used by PASKAL.[38]
M16   Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO   USA M16A1 Still in used reservists or ceremonial only.
AK-100   Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO   Russia AK-101
Used by PASKAL. Limited service.[38]
G36   Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO   Germany G36C
Used by PASKAL.[38]
HK416   Carbine 5.56×45mm NATO   Germany D10RS
Used by PASKAL.[38]
M8   Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO   Germany
XM8 Compact
XM8 Carbine
Used by PASKAL. Available in four variants: the XM8 Compact Carbine or PDW, XM8 Carbine, Automatic Rifle, Designated marksmen rifle and Light machine gun.[38]
Machine guns
Ameli   Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO   Spain Ameli Standard general purpose machine gun. Used by PASKAL.[38]
Minimi   Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO   Belgium Minimi Belt-fed but can be used with STANAG magazines. Standard squad automatic weapon. Used by PASKAL.[38]
MG4   Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO   Germany MG4-KE Standard squad automatic weapon, in service since 2010. Used by PASKAL.[38]
MAG   General purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO   Belgium MAG Standard general purpose machine gun. Used by all branches of the Royal Malaysian Navy. It can be attached to both navy assault vessels and tripods.[38]
SS-77   General purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO   South Africa SS-77 Standard general purpose machine gun. Mounted on PASKAL's Rigid Hull Fender Boat (RHFB).[38]
M2   Heavy machine gun .50 BMG   USA M2HB
Mounted on vessels or tripods.
Anti-aircraft machine gun, mounted on navy helicopters.
Designated marksman rifle (DMR) and Sniper rifles
AR-50   Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG   USA AR-50 Used by PASKAL.
AW   Sniper rifle .308 Winchester   UK AW Used by PASKAL.[38]
AW50   Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG   UK AW50 Standard long range and anti-materiel sniper rifle. Used by PASKAL as counter-sniper.[38]
DSR-1   Sniper rifle .308 Winchester   Germany DSR-1 Used by PASKAL.[38]
HK417   Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO   Germany HK417 Used by PASKAL.[38]
MSG-90   Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO   Germany MSG-90A1 Used by PASKAL.[38]
M24   Designated marksman rifle 7.62×51mm NATO   USA M40A1 Used by PASKAL.[38]
M14   Sharpshooter rifle 7.62×51mm NATO   USA M14 Limited service.[38]
RC-50   Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG   USA RC-50F Standard long range and anti-materiel sniper rifle. Used by PASKAL as counter-sniper.[38]
Grenade-based weapons
AG36   Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR   Germany AG36 Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to HK416, G36 and XM8 some in stand-alone system. Used by PASKAL.[38]
M320   Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR   Germany M320 Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to M4A1, HK416, G36 and XM8 some in stand-alone system. Used by PASKAL.[38]
HK GMG   Automatic grenade launcher 40x53mm   Germany GMG Has a 320rpm rate of fire and an effective range of 1,500 m (4,900 ft)-2,000 m (6,600 ft). It is used for the suppression of enemy infantry and can be mounted on PASKAL assault boats and tripods.[38]
M203   Grenade launcher 40×46mm SR   USA M203
Single-shot underbarrel grenade launcher. Attached to M4/M4A1 (M203A1/A2), MP5A5 (M203PI) and M16A1 (M203).[38]
Mk 3   HE grenade   USA Mk3A2
AN-M14   Incendiary grenade   USA
Mk 141 Mod 0 Flashbang   USA
AN M18   Smoke grenade   USA


Current attire
Name Pattern name(s) Pattern Image Notes
Digitalise grey camouflage   The Royal Malaysian Navy (Malay: Tentera Laut Diraja Malaysia, TLDM) introduces the new digital camo pattern during 59th Merdeka Day Parade on 31 August 2016.
Harimau Gurun desert pattern   It is a variant of Malay Tigerstripe Woodland pattern but with earth-brown stripes on a light green and sand-coloured background.
Working Dress Uniform  


In 2014, Malaysia signed a contract agreement worth MYR9 billion (USD2.2 billion) which awarded to Boustead Naval Shipyard (BNS) to built six Second Generation Patrol Vessel.[39] The ship will be built based on the Gowind 2500 corvette designed by French shipbuilder DCNS.[39] In 2015, it was reported that French defence minister has visited Malaysia to discuss on the selling of Mistral-class helicopter carrier.[40] However, Malaysian defence minister has denied any talks on Mistral and stated the talks were more focused to the Dassault Rafale fighters deal for the Royal Malaysian Air Force.[41] The Malaysian government is also considering to increase the total of helicopters for the Royal Malaysian Navy with either AW-159, Sikorsky MH-60R Seahawk or the Airbus Helicopters H225M.[42] In 2016, an Italian-aerospace defence company, the Finmeccanica has signed a teaming agreement with Malaysian-defence vehicle company, the Global Komited to jointly distribute AgustaWestland AW159 helicopters if it was selected by the Malaysian government.[43][44] In the same year, Malaysia signed a deal with China for the purchasing of Littoral Mission Ship (LMS).[14]

Former Asset


Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Agosta class   Submarine Ouessant (S623)   France 1 Used submarine transferred by French Navy to Royal Malaysian Navy.RMN operates this submarine before the commissioning of new Scorpene class submarine.
KD Hang Tuah (First Generation)   Frigate KD Hang Tuah (F433)   UK 1
KD Rahmat   Frigate KD Rahmat (F24)   UK 1
Patrol vessels
Musytari class Offshore patrol vessel KD Musytari
KD Marikh
  Malaysia 2 Transferred to Malaysian Coast Guard
Keris class   Patrol vessel KD Keris
KD Sundang
KD Badek
KD Renchong
KD Tombak
KD Lembing
KD Serampang
KD Panah
KD Kerambit
KD Beladau
KD Kelewang
KD Rentaka
  UK 12
Multi-purpose support ships/Amphibious warfare ships
KD Sri Inderapura   Landing Ship Tank KD Sri Inderapura   USA 1
Hydrographic survey vessels
KD Mutiara Hydro ship KD Mutiara   Malaysia 1 Retired on 20 July 2018[45]


Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Westland Wasp   Anti-submarine warfare Wasp MK 1   UK 12

See also


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b "Malaysian Ministry of Defence Confirms Construction of Gowind ships for LCS program". Navy Recognition. 28 October 2013. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Royal Malaysian Navy Releases First Official Image of its LCS-SGPV Corvette". Navy Recognition. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  5. ^ "Boustead to Build Malaysian Navy's SGPV LCSs". DCNS. Naval Today. 17 July 2014. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  6. ^ "LCS will begin operations in 2018, saya Hishammuddin". Bernama. The Borneo Post. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Malaysia's SGPV-LCS Gowind Frigates". Defense Industry Daily. 23 September 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  8. ^ "Letter of Award for NSM ships equipment with Malaysian Boustead Naval Shipyard Sdn Bhd". Navy Recognition. 9 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Lekiu Class, Malaysia". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  10. ^ "Kasturi Class Corvettes, Malaysia". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  11. ^ "Laksamana Class Missile Corvette, Malaysia". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Kedah Class Offshore Patrol Vessels - Naval Technology". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b Sue-Lin Wong; Michael Martina; Jeremy Gaunt (1 November 2016). "China and Malaysia sign deals on navy vessels". Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  15. ^ "KD PERDANA (3501)". Royal Malaysian Navy. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  16. ^ "KD HANDALAN (3511)". Royal Malaysian Navy. 18 November 2013. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  17. ^ "KD JERONG (3505)". Royal Malaysian Navy. 19 November 2013. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  18. ^ "KD SRI PERLIS (47)". Royal Malaysian Navy. 19 November 2013. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  19. ^
  20. ^ " - Connecting People Through News". Retrieved 2017-08-05.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h "Trade Registers". Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.
  22. ^ "Royal Malaysian Navy Orders Sea Skua". MBDA. 11 October 2001. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  23. ^ Ridzwan Rahmat (16 March 2015). "LIMA 2015: MBDA proposes Sea Venom for Malaysian navy's Super Lynx helicopters". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  24. ^ "TLDM berjaya uji peluru berpandu Aspide" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 4 July 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  25. ^ a b Ridzwan Rahmat; Mrityunjoy Mazumdar (27 April 2015). "Malaysian Navy mulls Chinese kit for Laksamana-class upgrades". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 28 April 2015.
  26. ^ a b Dzirhan Mahadzir (22 March 2015). "LIMA 2015: Malaysia selects NSM, VL Mica for littoral combat ships". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  27. ^ "Britain Signs Through-Life Support Deal for Seawolf Missiles". Defense Industry Daily. 21 July 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  28. ^ "Penembakan misil Seawolf, bukti siap siaga tinggi TLDM" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 25 October 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  29. ^ a b "Penembakan Misil Bersepadu TLDM dan TUDM di Laut China Selatan" (in Malay). Royal Malaysian Navy. 11 September 2014. Archived from the original on 27 April 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  30. ^ Andrew T. H. Tan (22 May 2014). The Global Arms Trade: A Handbook. Taylor & Francis. pp. 74–. ISBN 978-1-136-96953-9.
  31. ^ "Nelayan terkejut jaring tersangkut torpedo" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 15 November 2007. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  32. ^ Antonia Chiam (21 January 2016). "'Sarawak waters safe from external threats'". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  33. ^ "Malaysian Navy successfully test-fires Black Shark torpedo in South China Sea". Bernama. The Malay Mail. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  34. ^ "Malaysian sub fires first shot". The Star. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2015.
  35. ^ "Thales SMART-S Mk2 radar and CAPTAS- 2 towed sonar confirmed for Malaysia LCS program". 18 February 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  36. ^ "Lekiu Class Frigates, Malaysia". 2010. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
  37. ^
  38. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Dan, Alex (9 February 2016). "PASKAL Malaysian Special Forces Weapons". Military Factory (Small Arms). Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  39. ^ a b Ridzwan Rahmat (9 March 2016). "Malaysia lays keel for first SGPV-LCS". IHS Jane’s 360. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  40. ^ Cyril Altmeyer; Andrew Callus (25 August 2015). "France to discuss Mistral sale to Malaysia - source". Reuters. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  41. ^ Pierre Tran (1 September 2015). "Le Drian Talks Rafale but Not Mistral in Malaysia". Defense News. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  42. ^ "AW-159 – Asian Navies Evaluate Acquisition of ASW Helicopters". Defense Update. 23 February 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  43. ^ Jon Grevatt (20 April 2016). "DSA 2016: Finmeccanica and Weststar to offer AW159 to Malaysian navy". IHS Jane’s 360. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  44. ^ Supriya Surendran (20 April 2016). "Weststar Defence unit teams up with Finmeccanica to sell naval helicopters to M'sian govt". The Edge Markets. Retrieved 20 April 2016.
  45. ^

External links