The equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington is an outdoor sculpture of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, a British soldier and statesman, located at the Royal Exchange in London. It overlooks Bank junction in the historic City of London. The sculptor was Francis Leggatt Chantrey. The statue commemorates Wellington's assistance to the City of London in ensuring that a bill was passed to allow the rebuilding of London Bridge.
|Equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington|
|Artist||Francis Leggatt Chantrey|
|Year||18 June 1844|
|Subject||Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington|
While sitting for a later portrait by Charles Robert Leslie, Wellington recalled that Chantrey had told him he had a square head. After Chantrey's sudden death his studio assistant Henry Weekes completed the sculpture.
Wellington attended the unveiling of his statue on 18 June 1844. The date was chosen to commemorate the Battle of Waterloo, where Wellington led an allied army to victory against Napoleon, in 1815. Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony, who was in London visiting Queen Victoria, also attended the unveiling.
The equestrian statue was erected to show the City's gratitude for Wellington's help in assisting the passage of the London Bridge Approaches Act 1827. This Act led to the creation of King William Street.
"Wellington" is inscribed on each side of the plinth; on its ends is the inscription "Erected June 18, 1844". A brass plaque at the plinth's base reads:
On 19th July 1838 the Court of Common Council of the City of London agreed to a contribution of £500 toward the cost of the above statue of the Duke of Wellington in appreciation of his efforts in assisting the passage of the London Bridge Approaches Act 1827. This Act led to the creation of King William Street. The government donated the metal, which is bronze from captured enemy cannon melted down after the Battle of Waterloo, and valued at the time at £1500. The total cost of the statue was £9000. The remainder being raised by public subscription.
The sculptor, Sir Francis Chantrey (1781 to 1841), was commissioned in 1838 but died before the work was completed. It was finished by his assistant Henry Weekes (1807 to 1877).
The Lord Mayor, William Magnay, unveiled the statue on 18th June 1844, the anniversary of Waterloo, in the presence of his guest the King of Saxony.
Adjoining the statue, a piece of granite from London Bridge (1825 to 1967) has been set into the pavement by the Corporation of London. The elevational stonework from the same bridge was re-erected over the Colorado River in Lake Havasu City, Arizona, USA, in 1971.
- "Statue: Duke of Wellington statue – EC2". LondonRemembers.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Margaret Baker (2002). Discovering London Statues and Monuments. Osprey Publishing. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-7478-0495-6.
- "Open air sculpture and monuments in the City of London". Archived from the original on 31 August 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- George Robert Gleig (1865). The life of Arthur, Duke of Wellington. Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer. p. 442.
- "Stevens T. 'Weekes, Henry (1807–1877)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. 2004. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28969. Retrieved 22 September 2014. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- John Timbs (1852). Wellingtoniana: anecdotes, maxims, and characteristics, of the duke of Wellington, selected by J. Timbs. p. 66.
- Effingham Wilson (1844). Wilson's Description of the New Royal Exchange, Including an Historical Notice of the Former Edifices: And a Brief Memoir of Sir Thomas Gresham, Knt., Founder of the Original Burse in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth ... E. Wilson. pp. 114–116.
- Media related to Equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington, Royal Exchange, London at Wikimedia Commons